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end of each paragraph, thus: [Gen. Acts, 1916, c. 21, §§ 1, 2 and 3], to indicate where may be found, in the official edition of the Revised Laws or of the Acts and Resolves, the complete text of the sections here presented. Such citations usually include only the last two amendments to the section in addition to its original date of enactment, with the chapter number, wherever such original act has not been repealed.
For the purpose of avoiding a considerable amount of repetition, those sections, the text of which permits of more than one classification, have generally been placed where it is deemed they are most pertinent. In a few instances, however, it was considered advisable to repeat a section under another caption.
Certain acts passed during the legislative session of 1916, which did not specifically amend any part of the text of the law as published in the Handbook, bear, nevertheless, closely upon the subject matter contained therein. In such cases the text of the law has been given the same paragraph number as that in the Handbook to which it most nearly corresponds, accompanied, however, by a capital letter, A, B, etc., indicating that such paragraph, while not amending the original paragraph in the Handbook, is supplementary thereto. In other words, these sections have been so designated as to correlate them with the corresponding section in the Handbook bearing most nearly on the subject matter of the new legislation. All sections stating that an act "shall take effect upon its passage" have been omitted, but those sections which state that the act shall take effect upon a definite date, other than that of its passage, have been included.
Under "Administrative Provisions" have been printed certain provisions of the laws governing the different State boards and commissions which are more directly concerned with the subject of labor. Special legislation affecting a particular city or town, except those provisions relative to the extension of the civil service, has been omitted in most instances.
The second main division of this Bulletin consists of an index, in tabular form, to the numerous bills affecting labor which were introduced during the legislative session of 1916, and in this index information is given with reference to the more important stages through which these several bills passed, namely, the committee to which referred, the report of such committee, the final disposition of the bill, and, if enacted, the chapter number assigned thereto, in order that the reader may observe at a glance the principal action taken thereon by the Legislature. A key to the abbreviations used in this index appears at the head of the table.
Approximately 691 bills directly or indirectly affecting labor, or about 25 per cent of the 2,820 bills of all kinds introduced, were considered during the session, but nearly all of these bills were proposed as amendments to laws already in effect. The total number of acts passed during the session, which may be properly classified as labor measures, was 70, of which 58 were "General Acts" and 12 were "Special Acts."
The third division of this Bulletin contains an opinion of the Attorney-General on legislation pending during the session of 1916; and in the fourth division have been reprinted the recommendations concerning labor which appeared in the inaugural address of the Governor.
A table showing the disposition of statutes cited in the text of the acts of 1916 is appended. By means of this table one may readily locate a specific act or section.
The index appended hereto corresponds closely with the index published in the Handbook and should serve as a means of locating readily any act or section passed during the current year, regardless of its classification in this compilation.
TEXT OF THE ACTS AFFECTING LABOR PASSED DURING THE LEGISLATIVE SESSION OF 1916.
2. Salaries and office hours of the commissioners. The chairman of the commission shall receive an annual salary of twenty-five hundred dollars and each of the other commissioners an annual salary of two thousand dollars, together with the travelling expenses incurred in the performance of their official duties. The commissioners shall devote so much of their time to the work of the commission and shall establish and maintain such office hours as shall be approved by the governor and council. At least one commissioner shall be present during office hours, except when all the commissioners are engaged elsewhere on business of the commission. [R. L., c. 19, § 1, as last am. by Acts, 1910, c. 608, and by Gen. Acts, 1916, c. 297, § 1.]
11A. Reorganization of the department and powers of the commission. The commissioners shall, upon the passage of this act, effect such reorganization of their department as may be required to perform the duties prescribed by this act, and may remove in their discretion any officers or employees then in the service of the commission, and may appoint, subject to the provisions of R. L., c. 19, and all acts in amendment thereof or in addition thereto, such officers and employees as may be necessary to the performance of their duties, and may incur other expenses not exceeding such sums as may be appropriated by the general court. [Gen. Acts, 1916, c. 297, § 2.]
11B. Powers of investigation given to the commission.- The commissioners may, from time to time, investigate in whole or in part the classified civil service, and the work, duties and compensation of the officers and employees therein, and the number employed, and the grades, titles, ratings and methods of promotion that have been established, and may report thereon. The commissioners may, at any time, and shall, upon the request of any appointing power in respect to such officers or employees by it appointed, inquire into the efficiency and conduct of any officers or employees in the classified civil service, and may recommend to the appointing power the removal of any such officers or employees, or make such other recommendations as shall seem fitting in the premises. [Gen. Acts, 1916, c. 297, § 3.]
11C. Policemen and firemen not subject to the preceding section. — Nothing contained in [paragraph 11B] shall apply to policemen or firemen. [Gen. Acts, 1916, c. 297, § 6.]
11D. Civil service rules to be revised. The commission shall forthwith prepare and submit to the governor and council for approval a revision of the civil service rules, and the rules so revised, when approved by the governor and council, shall supersede all rules then existing. [Gen. Acts, 1916, c. 297, § 4.]
11E. Eligibility to office of representative of the commission restricted. — Persons holding offices or positions to which they have been elected by the people, or by the aldermen or city council of a city, or by the selectmen of a town, shall not at the same time be eligible to the office of representative of the civil service commission. [Gen. Acts, 1916, c. 297, § 5.]
2. STATE BOARD OF LABOR AND INDUSTRIES.
15A. Powers and duties increased to include those of the Joint Board. The powers and duties of the state board of labor and industries and the industrial accident board, sitting jointly, in accordance with the provisions of Acts, 1913, c. 813, are hereby transferred to the state board of labor and industries. [Gen. Acts, 1916, c. 308, § 1.]
3. INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENT BOARD.
36A. Salary of the present secretary increased. The salary of Robert E. Grandfield, as secretary of the industrial accident board, shall be four thousand dollars a year so long as he shall continue to serve in that capacity; but the salary of his successor shall be three thousand dollars a year. [Gen. Acts, 1916, c. 275, § 1.]
36B. Acts Repealed. So much of Acts, 1911, c. 751, Pt. III, § 2, as amended by Acts, 1912, c. 571, § 7, and by Acts, 1913, c. 48, § 1, as is inconsistent herewith, is hereby repealed. [Gen. Acts, 1916, c. 275, § 2.]
4. JOINT BOARD OF THE STATE BOARD OF LABOR AND INDUSTRIES AND INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENT BOARD.
45-57. Joint Board abolished; powers and duties transferred to the State Board of Labor and Industries. (See above paragraph, 15A.)
5. DISTRICT POLICE.
58A. Reorganization of the department to be investigated. - Resolved, That a board of three persons shall be appointed by the governor to investigate the matter of reorganizing the district police and of establishing a state constabulary or police force which would relieve the militia of the commonwealth from all police duty. The board shall report upon the feasibility, expediency and cost of establishing such a state force, or of reorganizing the district police, and shall report to the general court not later than the second Wednesday in January, nineteen hundred and seventeen, with drafts of such legislation, if any, as the board may deem expedient. The members of the board shall serve without compensation, but shall be allowed for clerical assistance and for necessary expenses such a sum, not exceeding one thousand dollars, as shall be approved by the governor and council. [Res., 1916, c. 92.]
6. MINIMUM WAGE COMMISSION.
(See also under Wages, and Women and Children.)
100. Organization of the commission. — There is hereby established a commission to be known as the Minimum Wage Commission. It shall consist of three persons, one of whom shall be an employer of female labor and one of whom may be a woman and one a representative of labor, to be appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the council. One of the commissioners shall be designated by the governor as chairman. The first appointments shall be made within ninety days after the passage of this act, one for a term ending October first, nineteen hundred and thirteen,
one for a term ending October first, nineteen hundred and fourteen, and one for a term ending October first, nineteen hundred and fifteen; and beginning with the year nineteen hundred and thirteen, one member shall be appointed annually for the term of three years from the first day of October and until his successor is qualified. Any vacancy that may occur shall be filled in like manner for the unexpired part of the term. [Acts, 1912, c. 706, § 1, as am. by Gen. Acts, 1916, c. 303, § 1.]
7. OTHER BOARDS, COMMISSIONS, ETC.
[In addition to the boards and commissions named on the preceding pages, the following boards, commissions and officials are also directly concerned in the administration of the labor laws: Board of Boiler Rules, Board of Elevator Regulations, State Board of Conciliation and Arbitration, Bureau of Statistics, Homestead Commission, and, in certain respects also, the Governor and Council, Secretary of the Commonwealth, Treasurer and Receiver General, Attorney General, Public Service Commission, State Department of Health, Fire Prevention Commissioner, Supervisor of Loan Agencies, Highway Commission, Insurance Commissioner, Board of Education, Commissioner of Corporations, Massachusetts Bureau of Prisons, State Board of Charity, Gas and Electric Light Commissioners, Bank Commissioner, Board of Commissioners of the Massachusetts Nautical School, State Board of Agriculture, Sergeant-at-arms, Metropolitan Park Commission, State Actuary, Commissioner of Weights and Measures, the Library Commissioners and State Examiners of Electricians. For the respective duties of these Boards, etc., in this connection see Bulletins Nos. 104 and 110.]
B. GENERAL PROVISIONS.
(For the text of a resolve providing for the appointment of a special recess commission on unemployment and social insurance, see under Miscellaneous, page 37.)
2. INDUSTRIAL SAFETY.
EGRESSES AND PREVENTION OF FIRE.
236B. Enforcement of statutes relative to explosives and inflammable fluids. - There shall annually be allowed and paid out of the treasury of the commonwealth, from the first day of December, nineteen hundred and fifteen, a sum not exceeding two thousand seven hundred and fifty dollars, to be expended by the chief of the district police for the employment of expert assistance to aid in the enforcement of the statutes relative to explosives and inflammable fluids and compounds. [Acts, 1914, c. 421, § 1, as am. by Gen. Acts, 1916, c. 65, § 1.]
3. INDUSTRIAL SANITATION.
311A. Furnishing of lockers in certain factories. (a) Employees who make a substantial change in clothing before working to have lockers. — In any mercantile or manufacturing establishment in which the nature of the work renders it necessary for any or all employees, before beginning work, to make a substantially complete change of clothing, exclusive of underclothing, separate lockers, closets or other re
ceptacles, each with a lock and key, shall be provided for the use of such employees. [Gen. Acts, 1916, c. 115, § 1.]
(b) Board of Labor and Industries to enforce the act. It shall be the duty of the state board of labor and industries to investigate all reported violations of this act, and to enforce the same by prosecution. [Gen. Acts, 1916, c. 115, § 2.]
(c) Penalty. Any violation hereof shall be punished by a fine of not less than five or more than twenty dollars for each offence. [Gen. Acts, 1916, c. 115, § 3.]
4. WOMEN AND CHILDREN.
SCHOOL ATTENDANCE AND ATTENDANCE OFFICERS.
390. Compulsory attendance of certain illiterate minors at evening schools. — Every illiterate minor between sixteen and twenty-one years of age, except married women, shall attend some public evening school in the city or town in which he resides for the whole time during which the public evening schools are in session: provided, that such city or town maintains a public evening school. Attendance at a public day school, or at a private school approved for the purpose by the school committee, shall exempt such minor from attending a public evening school. This act shall not affect any existing laws regarding the compulsory school attendance of illiterate minors or their employment, but shall be in addition to such laws. [Acts, 1913, c. 467, § 1, as am. by Gen. Acts, 1916, c. 82, § 1.]
EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN.
408. Definitions of words and phrases. The following words and phrases as used in all laws relative to the employment of labor shall, unless a different meaning is plainly required by the context, have the following meanings:
"Co-operative courses" shall mean courses approved as such by the board of education and conducted in public schools in which technical or related instruction is given in conjunction with practical experience by employment in a co-operating factory, manufacturing, mechanical or mercantile establishment or workshop. [Acts, 1909, c. 514, § 17, as last am. by Acts, 1912, c. 191, and by Gen. Acts, 1916, c. 95, § 1.] 410. Employment certificate for minors between 14 and 16 years of age. No child between fourteen and sixteen years of age shall be employed or be permitted to work in, about or in connection with any factory, workshop, manufacturing, mechanical or mercantile establishment unless the person, firm or corporation employing such child procures and keeps on file accessible to the attendance officers of the city or town, to agents of the board of education, and to the state board of labor and industries or its authorized agents or inspectors, the employment certificate as hereinafter provided issued to such child, and keeps a complete list of the names and ages of all such children employed therein conspicuously posted near the principal entrance of the building in which such children are employed: provided, however, that children who are over fourteen but under sixteen years of age shall be permitted to work in mercantile establishments on Saturdays between the hours of seven in the morning and six in the evening, without such certificate; and, provided, further, that pupils in co-operative courses in public schools, as defined in section seventeen of this act [see paragraph 408]