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of creamery wastes. Testimony was given at a trial in Coshocton. Four days were devoted to a sanitary survey of the district near Wilbur Wright Aviation Field, Greene County. The Chief Engineer gave an address before the Cincinnati Engineers' Club April 18.
Fifteen plans of proposed sewers and sewage treatment improvements were received. Water supply plans were received from Alliance, Dayton and Youngstown.
Reports were submitted to the Commissioner of Health on the following subjects: proposed sewerage and sewage treatment plant for the Rotary Tire and Rubber Company, Muskingum County; pollution of Delamater Creek by Norwalk sewage; Defiance water supply; proposed sewerage and sewage disposal for Basil-Baltimore school, LibertyUnion District, Fairfield County; proposed sewerage and sewage treatment plant for the Victor Rubber Company, Clark County; proposed water disinfection plant for Youngstown; proposed sewage disposal for Bloomville Hotel, Bloomville; proposed low-service reservoir for Dayton; plans for additional filters for Alliance water purification plant.
In the matters of the Delamater Creek pollution and of the Defiance water supply (found impure), officials were cited to appear at hearings on July 12. Wooster was granted an extension of time to January 1, 1919, for the installation of a satisfactory water supply.
Approval was given a contract between Lucas County and the city of Toledo, arranging for joint use of a sewer, in accordance with a resolution passed by the county commissioners March 26, 1918, and accepted by the city council April 1, 1918. A Zanesville ordinance to prevent contamination of the city's new well water supply was approved. A sample of sand was approved for use in existing sand filters at the Mt. Gilead sewage treatment works.
Conferences were held with city officials, engineers, architects and others regarding water supplies and purification plants at Dayton, Youngstown, Dennison, East Liverpool, Delaware, Alliance, Wadsworth, Bellaire and Woodsfield, and regarding sewer systems and sewage disposal arrangements at Paint Township School, Fayette County; Monroe Township School, Preble County ; Clinton County Courthouse, Wilmington; Brown Township School, Miami County ; South Newburgh; Euclid : Standard Car Construction Company, Trumbull County; Hotel Grace, Portage County, and Truro Township School, Franklin County. The work of the Division was discussed with the principal assistant engineer of the Virginia state department of health.
Thirteen certificates of approval of railroad water supplies were granted.
DIVISION OF INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE
Summary of Activities in April, 1918 There were reported to the Division during the month six cases of occupational diseases, including two cases of lead poisoning, one of them being fatal, and four cases of benzine dermatitis. The diagnoses were investigated in four instances. In addition, 177 cases of tuberculosis among industrial workers were included in physicians' reports during this time.
Complaints were received in regard to the existence of health hazards in various establishments, including machine shops, shoe factories, automobile factories and oilcloth plants. A number of these have been disposed of while others are still pending. A number of requests for advice in regard to the elimination of health hazards were taken care of.
The occupational disease exhibit was loaned to the Wisconsin industrial commission for exhibition purposes and a stereopticon and sixty lantern slides on occupational diseases and industrial hygiene were loaned to the Toledo Department of Health. Several press articles were prepared and a considerable amount of literature distributed. Plans have been made to send circular letters together with leaflets and pamphlets giving instructions in regard to the avoidance of oil infections to firms in the state having this hazard in their plants. A number of abstracts of current industrial hygiene literature were prepared and published in the American Journal of Public Health, and the reference library of the Division kept up to date.
Twenty-four lectures and nine written examinations were given in the local aviation school.
A number of miscellaneous conferences were held.
DIVISION OF LABORATORIES
Summary of Activities in April, 1918 Examinations during the month numbered 1,601, including 1,253 'bacteriological examinations, 18 of chemical samples, 321 of samples submitted by the State Board of Agriculture and nine of samples from the State Liquor Licensing Board. Results of the bacteriological examinations were as follows:
Tuberculosis, positive 84, negative 378.
66 378 17 70 3
Chemical samples examined included four of water, one of sand and 13 miscellaneous. Samples from the Board of Agriculture were: foods un, drugs 42, miscellaneous I, fertilizers 44. stock foods 107, insecticides 16.
Outfits distributed numbered 5,772, grouped as follows: tuberculosis 856, diphtheria 678, typhoid 318, malaria 42, Wassermann 613. ophthalmia 3,104, miscellaneous 27, water (chemical) II, water (quarts) 4, water (bacteriological) 116, typhoid vaccine 3.
Of the ul food samples examined, 36 were found satisfactory, four misbranded, 36 adulterated, and a report of insufficient information was rendered in 35 cases. The misbranded products included two lemon
extracts and two miscellaneous foods. Those found adulterated were: 18 samples of milk, two of sausage, three of hamburg, seven of vinegar, and one each of cider, lemon extract, orange extract, vanilla extract, grape juice and miscellaneous foods.
Of the 42 drug samples, reports were: satisfactory 24, misbranded 2, adulterated 12, insufficient information 4. Both the misbranded products were classed under "miscellaneous drugs." The adulterated samples were five of tincture of iodine, one of camphorated oil, one of sodium salicylate and five of miscellaneous drugs.
DIVISION OF PLUMBING INSPECTION
Summary of Activities in April, 1918 Inspections were made in two stores, five garages and shops, thirteen schools, three hotels and restaurants, three churches, eight industrial plants, three apartments, one theater, four county and municipal buildings, three hospitals, one military barracks, three clubs and lodges, two dormitories and two rest rooms.
Certificates of approval were issued for the Big Four passenger station at Marysville, fire department building at Newark, school at Bridgetown, tuberculosis hospitals at Dayton and Springfield, Reformed Church at Delaware, gymnasium at Miami University, Carson Hotel at Chillicothe, Star Tractor Company factory at Findlay, comfort station controlled by county commissioners at Paulding, American Brake Shoe and Foundry Company factory at New Richmond.
Plans were examined for three schools, two factories, two clubs and lodge headquarters, a county jail, a hospital and a Turkish bath house. Seven conferences were held.
HAWAII NOW INCLUDED
IN REGISTRATION AREA
The recent inclusion of Hawaii has extended beyond the limits of the continental United States the area for which the census bureau annually collects and publishes death statistics. Within this area now reside about 73 percent of the total population of the continental United States and Hawaii. It comprises, in all, twenty-seven states, forty-three cities in other states, the District of Columbia and the territory of Hawaii. East of
. the Mississippi the only states not included are Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Mississippi, and West Virginia, while
west of the Mississippi the only states included California, Colorado, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Utah and Washington.
The annual collection of death statistics from states and cities maintaining adequate registration systems was begun by the Census Bureau in 1902, the first report covering the calendar years, 1900 to 1904, inclusive, and for each succeeding year a separate report has been published. The original registration area contained 40 percent of the total population of the country. It remained unchanged until 1906, since which year it has shown an almost uninterrupted increase.
HEALTH OFFICERS' ROUNDTABLE
Enforce Whooping Cough
Quarantine That any local board of health which adopts strict quarantine reg. ulations for the control of whooping cough will have the full support of the State Department of Health in enforcing these regulations is shown in recent correspondence between the Department and Health Officer J. A. Gosling of Tiffin.
Dr. Gosling informed the Department that the Tiffin board of health had adopted the policy of quarantining and placarding houses for whooping cough, adding that some difficulty was being experienced in enforcing the measure. The following letter, signed by the Commissioner of Health, was sent in reply:
I am in receipt of your letter of the 12th instant, enclosing notice of the action of your board of health with reference to the prevention of whooping cough. I take it from this notice that your board of health has adopted, advertised and corded as part of your standing regulations a regulation declaring whooping cough to be a quarantinable disease and prescribing the quarantine to be enforced.
If this has been done so that you can be assured of a successful prosecution for the violation of your orders and regulations, I trust you will cause the arrest and prosecution of any person who violates these regulations. It certainly is time that the general public is aroused to the necessity of preventing needless cases and deaths of whooping cough.
As mentioned elsewhere in this number, four children died of
Hogs Ruled Out of Kenton Hog-raising within the city limits will not be one of the food conservation measures followed in Kenton. The board of health recently voted against letting down the bars against the pork industry.
Blames Dust for Death Increase
Health Officer Landis of Cincinnati reports in the Cincinnati Sanitary Bulletin that the first four months of 1918 produced two hundred more deaths in the Queen City than the corresponding period in 1917.
Deaths in January and February were fewer than last year, the increase coming in March and April. Dr. Landis attributes the high rate in this period to the scattering of street dust by high winds, causing much infection
inhabitants. It will cost two million dollars. The system of treatment to be employed is to be decided upon after a report is received from experts who recently studied the situation.
The 1917 Red Cross Christmas seal campaign was the most successful Ohio has had, the Ohio Society for the Prevention of Tuberculosis reports. More than seven and one-half millions of seals were sold, as compared with fewer than six and one-quarter millions in 1916. The $75.342.36 raised in the recent campaign for the anti-tuberculosis fight has been divided among organizations as follows: local communities, $56,637.92; Ohio Society for the Prevention of Tuberculosis. $11.331.13: Amer? ican Red Cross, $6,623.97. Ohio will have to increase her stamp sales by 75 percent to meet her 1918 quota, it has been announced.
Three sewage disposal plants, of which two are under construction, will make up Cleveland's disposal system, which has been under discussion for several years.
The plants will be located as follows: one on the lake front at East One Hundred and Fortieth Street, one on the lake front at West FiftyEighth Street and one in Newburg Heights. The system has been planned to be adequate for a city of one-and-a-half to two million
Toledo physicians are urging two steps to combat venereal diseases in that city. The proposed measures are :
Immediate establishment of an emergency hospital and laboratory, and issuance of bonds for an adequate municipal hospital for these and other communicable diseases.