the navy

Better Reporting Sought

Dr. R. W. Colville is Mt. VerA new departure which should

non's new health officer. He fills bring about better reporting of

the vacancy created by the resignacommunicable diseases in Spring

tion of Dr. H. W. Blair, who has field is the publication of a table,

received an army commission. in Health Director Starr's annual

Dr. Charles A. La Mont has sucreport for 1917, showing the num- ceeded Dr. F. M. Sayre as health ber of cases of each notifiable dis- officer in Canton. The former inease reported by each physician cumbent is in the medical corps oi during the year:

Several physicians have no re- Dr. Henry Krone has been apports whatever to their credit, and pointed to the position of health many others are credited with only officer in Hamilton, vacated when one, two or three. An “advertis- Dr. H. L. Smedley entered the ing physician” reports more cases

army. of venereal disease than all other physicians combined.


City Has Two Health Boards physicians sent in no reports of whooping cough; all physicians to

Following the removal from gether reported only fifty-five cases

office of the members of the Hamof this disease, while health depart

ilton board of health, upon charges ment workers reported thirty and of neglect of duty, preferred by the neighbors reported seventy-seven. mayor, an entirely new board was Thirteen cases of lobar pneumonia appointed. The new board rewere reported by six doctors, the tained the employees of the old remaining sixty-six reporting no

board. The former board refused cases of this disease.

to recognize the removal as legal The Springfield authorities in a and continued to hold its regular recent prosecution had a fine of sessions, Health Officer Krone renfifty dollars assessed against a dering his regular reports to both physician who failed to report a

boards case of inflammation of the eyes of the newborn. The doctor's plea Pasteurization Kills Germs was ignorance of the law.

An incident mentioned in the

1917 report of the Winnipeg health Cities Have New Health Officers

department is worthy of note as Dr. H. L. Rockwood has been demonstrating the value of pasappointed commissioner of health teurization of milk. Several emin Cleveland, succeeding Dr. R. H. ployees of a creamery contracted Bishop, Jr., now engaged in Red typhoid fever by drinking raw Cross anti-tuberculosis work cream from the supply used for Italy

butter-making. Not one case oc


curred among users of the con- war showed the importance of it cern's butter. The explanation: and the menace to efficiency coulthe cream was pasteurized before tained in it. Early colonial troops churning.

were hard hit by it and were put out of action literally by the thou

sands. The army doctors found, Akron Charter on Health

too, that even in cases where the The Akron health department

department disease had been arrested the man will be a major division of the city was much less able to recover from administration, independent of wounds than he would ordinarily other branches, if voters of the city

have been, that he had less rein November adopt the charter cuperative power. drawn up by the charter commis- It became an important factor in sion. After extended study the maintaining the efficiency of the commission drew up health depart- army

So when the American ment provisions, providing for a army was organized the subject health commission of five mem

was tackled without gloves. The bers, two of whom are to be physi- banishing of booze, the twin cians, appointed by the chief ad- brother of sex disease, was a first ministrator. A director of health step. Methods of control were is to be named by the health com- gradually enlarged. The regions mission.

around training camps were Provision for a sound financial

cleaned up, clinics were established basis of health work is made in a

in camp, segregation of cases or

dered and medical treatment given. clause whereby council must make an annual appropriation of not less The army has demonstrated that than fifty cents per capita, the a large measure of control can be number of inhabitants to be esti- secured. Figures have been pulsmated at five times the number of lished showing that of all cases of children of school age, as enumer

disease in camp, only 17 per cent ated in the school census.

were acquired after the men enHealth department duties enuni

tered the army.

The other 83 erated in the proposed charter are:

brought the disease to camp with

them and were promptly segreprotection of the city from disease and insanitary conditions, enforce- gated and treated. Furthermore, ment of medical inspection and

it is stated, that no man so afflicted compulsory corrective

will be sent overseas, being held

measures among school children and other

for duty in this country. health activities.

The methods of the medical corps of the army, under direction

of Surgeon General Gorgas, have Social Disease

largely proved themselves effective.

And if this is the case, it is a logi(Akron Beacon-Journal.)

cal step to apply the same methods We are gradually getting up oui as far as possible to the civilian courage to face somewhat frankly population. We cannot expect, of the venereal disease problem, even course, the same degree of disciamong civilian population. pline among the people at home as The army had to meet it and to try can be instituted among men in to solve it. The early years of the camp. But a big city may be kept


reasonably clean if city officials are eases, and their direful effect on willing to insist that this can be the individual. It is none too soon done. And the establishment of to start on more aggressive and clinics where afflicted men can be constructive measures

toward treated is another big step ahead. stamping it out, or at least reduc

A great deal has been published ing it to less dangerous proporabout the prevalence of social dis- tions.



Ohio's two newest district tuber- health, the board of education, the culosis hospitals will be enlarged Public Health League and the if movements which have been physicians of the town. started in the districts meet with success. The Dayton Tuberculosis Society has asked the joint board W. I. Van Arnum, recently enof commisioners in the Dayton dis- gaged in water purification work trict to appropriate funds for add

in Bridgeport, Conn., and for ing cottages to the new Stillwater

seven years prior to that in charge Sanatorium, which now has ac- of the Cohoes (N. Y.) purification commodations for forty-six pa- plant, has been appointed superintients. Plans to enlarge the new tendent of the Youngstown filtraChilicothe hospital so as to provide tion plant. more room for incipient cases are being considered.

Resolutions endorsing proposals Changes in administrative per

that Fairfield County enter a tubersonnel have resulted at Stillwater

culosis hospital district and petiSanatorium from the resignations tioning the county commissioners of Mrs. M. E. Ahlborn, maintenance superintendent, and Dr. J. D.

to co-operate immediately with

such other counties as might be Kramer, medical superintendent.

selected in the organization of such Miss Martha E. Dull, accountant

a district were recently passed by for the institution, and Dr. E. B.

the Lancaster Chamber of ComMarkey, former medical superin

merce. The Lancaster newspapers tendent, were put in temporary

are giving strong support to the charge by the trustees.


School vaccination requirements were put into effect in Athens and Portsmouth before the opening of the fall term. In Greenfield methods of checking the spread of communicable diseases in the public schools were discussed at a recent joint meeting of the board of

Dr. Stephen A. Douglass, superintendent of the State Tuberculosis Sanatoriuin, in his annual report for 1917 to the Board of Administration, recommended either the establishmeni of a state sanatorium for tuberculuus children or the enlargement of the present Mt. Ver


non institution to provide accom- bureau of fly prevention, proposes modations for clildren.

to improve health conditions in the Dr. Douglas has been granted a Sixth City. leave of absence in order to enable The council, as proposed by Dr. him to take up work with the Red Dawson, would include a chief Cross tuberculosis commisison in municipal housekeeper and an asItaly.

sistant for each of the city's twenty-six wards. The duties of

the council would include prevenTo educate the people of Chillicothe in methods of typhoid pre- bage, elimination of weeds, report

tion of insanitary disposal of garvention, the health authorities in that city in the latter part of ing of sick and neglected children, August distributed handbills read- encouragement of mothers to pating as follows:

ronize baby dispensaries and man

agement of fly-prevention work. IMPORTANT NOTICE

The body would hold weekly meetTyphoid Fever Prevention ings and would be responsible to The danger of contracting typhoid the health department. fever at this season of the year is great and the large number of visitors to Chillicothe makes it doubly necessary to Cleveland's fight against venetake all possible precaution. Typhoid fever is usually caused by

real diseases is being aided by an the entrance of the germ of this disease appropriation of $8,600, granted by into the alimentary tract in the food or the mayor's war board for the water. The following precautions arc establishment of clinics. urged upon all : 1. Do not drink any water, unless

* known to be pure, without previous

In regard to Cincinnati's leaderboiling. The city water is much safer than that from private wells or cisterns. ship in typhoid fever prevention

2. Be sure that all uncooked veget- among the cities of the state, as ables and fruits are thoroughly washed indicated by the mortality rates, with pure water before eating.

the Cincinnati Times-Star makes 3. Make the privy vaults and the home fly proof as flies are a common

the following editorial comment: carrier of typhoid germs, coming di

The statistics of typhoid fever durrectly from privy vault, stable, etc., to

ing 1917, issued by the State Bureau of

Vital Statistics, give Cincinnati the po4. Thoroughly disinfect all dis

sition of honor among the cities of charges from typhoid patients and dis

Ohio. The relative number of deaths infect the hands after caring for the

from typhoid in Cincinnati was appatient.

proximately one-half the number in 5. Secure immunity from typhoid Cleveland, which stood second, and fever by inoculations. These will be

one-tenth the number of deaths in given you by your family physician or

Youngstown or Akrnn. The sixteen can be obtained free of charge at Dr.

deaths in Cincinnati represented but 3.9 Hanley's office, 84 E. Second street.

persons for every hundred thousand. D. E. ROBINSON, Surgeon, The reassuring figures prove that from U. S. Public Health Service, Health a city with about the worst water in the Officer,

world, Cincinnati has become a city with about the best water in the world.

Instead of a muddy fluid that was alA "council of municipal house- most a thing of loaves and fishes, we keepers" is the instrument by

now have limpid, sparkling aqua pura. which Dr. Jean Dawson, chief of

It is a great municipal advancement.

Opposed, kicked about as a political the Cleveland health department's football.' pondered in the courts, our

your table.



new water works emerged triumphant every member enrolled during the as a "public utility," in the best sense

campaign. of the term. Perhaps some day we shall have a rapid transit system, when the disgruntled shall have ceased kicking Nursing staffs in Akron's four and the judges shall have ceased ponder- infant welfare clinics were reducea ing.

to one nurse each in September,

with the necessary withdrawal of Continuance of Red Cross Sani- school nurses to take up medical tary Unit No. 10, at Chillicothe, inspection work. Child welfare until December 31, has been as- work will be under a handicap sured by an appropriation of $10,- until it is possible to increase the 600 from the Red Cross war fund. nursing staff of the health departThe district comprises the whole

inent, Miss

Olive E. Beason, of Ross County, including Camp director of the department's diviSherman and the city of Chilli- sion of public health nursing, cothe, which has been confronted pointed out in her monthly report by a sanitary problem greater than for August it could meet alone, as the result of the sudden growth in popula- Two Cincinnati children contion caused by the establishment of tracted typhoid fever by drinking the camp nearby.

water from a polluted spring, one case being fatal. The spring was

drained to prevent further use. The first case of pellagra re- The Cincinnati Sanitary Bulletin, ported in Ohio in 1918 occurred in published by the city health departNewark in August and was inves- ment, makes this comment on the tigated by the epidemiologist of cases: the State Department of Health.

Here is another instance of sickness The patient, a woman of 36 years, and death which should never have been gave a history of having eaten recorded.

With city water

on the much dried sweet corn in recent premises we get the history that mother years, being unable to obtain

and child patronized the spring, which

is about 500 feet in the rear of the proper food because of the failure

house. of her husband to support her. Again we must caution people not to

drink from irregular water supplies." Cincinnati is noted for the purity of its

water. Why take a chance on any No Red Cross Christmas seals spring, cistern, or well if you can get will be sold this year or in later

pure filtered water years during the war, according to an agreement between the Ameri- Many of the physical defects can Red Cross and the National which caused the rejection of oneTuberculosis Association. The third of the men coming up for tuberculosis work heretofore sup- examination in the first draft are ported by the seal sale will be believed to date from some slight financed by an appropriation from trouble neglected in early childthe Red Cross war fund. Tuber- hood. A higher standard of physiculosis organizations will aid the cal fitness in the rising generation Red Cross membership campaign can be assured only by greater atand Christmas seals, with tubercu- tention to the physical condition of losis literature, will be given to children.

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