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129. (7) SEVENTH WORK.
The whole law of God, as it is delivered in the five books of Moses, methodically distributed into three great classes, moral, ceremonial, political; and each of these again subdivided into several heads as the variety of matter requires ; wherein each particular subject dispersedly related in the forenamed books, is reduced to the proper head and place whereunto it belongeth. Containing in all three hundred thirty-three heads : also every head of the political law is reduced to that precept of the moral law, to which it properly belongs : likewise there are sundry treatises, shewing in what, and how, divers of the ceremonial laws were shadows and types of the Messiah that was to come. And also in what Adam, Abel, Noah, Abram, Isaac, Joseph, Moses, Aaron, Joshua, Gideon, Jephtha, Samson, David, Solomon and his Temple, Elisha, Job, Daniel, Jonah, the pillar fire, the Red Sea, the rock, and manna, were all figures of our Lord and blessed Saviour J. Christ.
With an harmony of all the prophets, foretelling the birth, life, and death of Jesus Christ that was to come; to confirm the Christian and convince the Jew: together with a discourse of the twelve stones in Aaron's pectoral, their several virtues, &c.
As also an harmonical parallel between the types of the 0. Testament, and the four evangelists' relations concerning our dear Lord and Saviour, respectively prefigured by the holy prophets and other sacred writers. Moreover there are divers treatises shewing how, and in what manner, times and places, the several promises and threatenings, foretold by Moses, did accordingly befal the Jews : with the fulfilling also of our Saviour's prophecy in the destruction of their city and temple, and the desolation of the land of Jewry: with the miseries which the Jews have sustained under many nations, and in particular here in England, France, Spain, Germany, &c. and their strange dispositions, and God's judgement on them to this day.
All to testify the truth of the Divine Oracles.
This work is also set forth with abundance of pictures, the better to express the stories and contents of it.
This precedent work, called the seventh piece, was also contrived in Nicholas Ferrar's lifetime, and a draught of it made, though not altogether with the additions and annexations to it: but was after his death contrived fully, as in the manner before set down, and made for the prince's use, to be presented to him, by the advice of some judicious and learned friends, that held it a work worthy of his acceptance, and might be both of pleasure and contentment, and useful to him in many kinds.
130. It so happened that in the year 1642 the troubles in this land began to grow to height; and the king and prince were forced by the disorders at London to repair to York. And the king lodging with the prince and some other nobility at Huntingdon one night, the next day afternoon it was his gracious pleasure to come and honour Little Gidding with his royal presence, the prince attending him, the palsgrave, the duke of Lenox, and divers other nobles; and where his majesty staid some hours.
131. First he went to view the chapel, and was pleased to express his good liking of it, saying, it was a fine neat thing. But, said he, where are those images, &c. so much talked of? Answer was made, Such as his majesty now beheld it, was all that ever was there seen, or in it. He smiling said to the duke and palsgrave, I knew it full well, that never any were in it. But what will not malice invent? One lord said, It was affirmed to me, that there was a cross in one of the windows in painted glass. Answer was made, Never any, but that, if so they meant it, that was upon the crown, that there was placed upon the lion's head, that did, in the west window at the entry into the church over the door, stand, where the king's arms were placed in painted glass, and the lion that supported the arms had on the crown he wore on his head a little cross, as was ever used in the king's arms and supporters : and this was all the crosses that ever were seen in Gidding church; or any other painted glass or pictures. The king looking up upon it, said, What strange reports are in the world! So the prince, palsgrave and duke all smiled; and the duke said, Envy was quick-sighted.-Nay, said the palsgrave, can see what is not.
1 “But in his lifetime, he gave one in this kind to the bishop of Canterbury, containing only that first part of the whole Law of God. This the bishop sent to the university library of Oxford, where there it is to be now seen, and so done by the hands of the virgins of Gidding, in green velvet, fairly bound and gilt."--Marginal note in the MS.
132. Then the king was pleased to go into the house, and demanded where the great book was that he had heard was made for Charles's use. was soon brought unto him; and the largeness and weight of it was such, that he that carried it seemed to be well laden. Which the duke observing, said, Sir, one of your strongest guard will but be able to carry this book. It being laid on the table before
the king, it was told him, that though it were then fairly bound up in purple velvet, that the outside was not fully finished, as it should be, for the prince's use and better liking. Well, said the king, it is very well done. So he opened the book, the prince standing at the table's end, and the palsgrave and duke on each side of the king. The king read the title page and frontispiece all over very deliberately: and well viewing the form of it, and how adorned with a stately garnish of pictures, &c. and the curiousness of the writing of it, said, Charles, here is a book that contains excellent things. This will make you both wise and good. Then he proceeded to turn it over leaf by leaf, and took exact notice of all in it: and it being full of pictures of sundry men's cuts, he could tell the palsgrave, who seemed also to be knowing in that kind', that this and this, and that and that, were
1 “It is a trite observation, that gunpowder was discovered by a monk, and printing by a soldier. It is an additional honour to the latter profession to have invented mezzotinto... Born with the taste of an uncle, whom his sword was not fortunate in defending, prince Rupert was fond of those sciences which soften and adorn a hero's private hours ; and knew how to mix them with his minutes of amusement, without dedicating his life to their pursuit, like us, who, wanting capacity for momentous views, make serious study of what is only the transitory occupation of a genius. Had the court of the first Charles been peaceful, how agreeably had the prince's congenial prosperity flattered and confirmed the inclination of his uncle! How the muse of arts would have repaid the
of such a man's graving and invention. The prince all the while greatly eyed all things, and seemed much to be pleased with the book.
The king having spent some hours in the perusal of it, and demanding many questions, as occasion was, concerning the contrivement of it, having received answers to all he demanded, at length said, It was only a jewel for a prince: and hoped Charles would make good use of it. And I see and find by what I have myself received formerly from this good house, that they go on daily in the prosecution of these excellent pieces. They are brave employments of their time. The palsgrave said to the prince, Sir, your father the king is master of the goodliest ship in the world; and I may now say, you will be master of the gallantest greatest book in the world. For I never saw such paper before, and believe there is no book of this largeness to be seen in Christendom. The paper and the book in all conditions, said the king, I believe is not to be matched. Here hath also in this book not wanted, you see, skill, care, nor cost. It is a most admirable piece, replied the duke of Richmond. So the king closing the book, said, Charles, this is yours. He replied, But, sir, shall I not now have it with me? Reply was made by one of the family, If it please your highness, the book is not
patronage of the monarch, when for his first artist she would have presented him with his nephew !"—Horace Walpole's Catalogue of Engravers, &c. (edit. 1786), 133-5. (Cited by Dr. Wordsworth.)