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their studies, but of them he would have only one in the week to watch with him. The other nights he watched single alone; so that he watched twice a week, and the other five nights five other companies did take their turns freely. In the summertime he with the boys did commonly watch at church, and then at one o'clock laid themselves down upon a bench to sleep, whilst their uncle was at his prayers and meditations, and came not thence till five in the morning. And thus you have his nights' time, how it was spent, through the week.

50. Nicholas Ferrar and Mr. Herbert holding intercourse of letters, though otherwise very seldom', as I take it, having but once had personal conference each with other, Mr. Herbert (who ever styled him brother® Ferrar), understanding that his prebend of Leighton lay within two miles of Nicholas Ferrar, earnestly entreated him to accept of that prebendship, as most fitted for him, at so near a distance. The one urgeth it with much earnestness, the other as eagerly put all off. At the last he found the way to divert to a much righter end his brother Herbert's good intentions by a proposition he made to him, which was, that, seeing the fair church of Leighton was fallen down a long time and lay in the dust, the vicar and parish fain to use my lord duke's great hall for their prayers and preaching; and though there had

1 "They [Herbert and Ferrar] loved each other most entirely, and their very souls cleaved together most intimately, and drove a large stock of Christian intelligence together long before their deaths ; yet saw they not each other in many years, I think, scarce ever, but as members of one university, in their whole lives.”—Barnabas Oley in Herbert's Remains, cviï.

3 “Sir, I pray give my brother Ferrar an account of the decaying condition of my body, and tell him, I beg him to continue his daily prayers for me.”—“Sir, I pray deliver this little book [The Temple] to my dear brother Ferrar, and tell him he shall find in it a picture of the many spiritual conflicts that have passed betwixt God and my soul."— Walton's Life of Herbert, lxxvi, lxxvii. See too ibid. lxix, above $ 49, and Herbert's Letter before Valdesso.

1 About six.

2 See Oley, cvi, Walton, xxxi seq., Ferrar's preface to Herbert's Temple.

3 James 4th duke of Lenox (see Douglas's Peerage of Scotland, by Wood, ii. 102, Granger's Biogr. Hist. 1769, i. 2. 353). He was a zealous royalist, and with a few others attended the king's body to the grave, “He was very well skilled in all the points of the religion of the Church of England.”—Lloyd's Memoirs (1668), 334 (margin). “Doing as much good in encouraging the orthodox by his presence, as in relieving them by his bounty: allowing £500 a year for that purpose, besides that he invited Mr. Thruscrosse, &c. to accept of an honourable salary, to take the freedom of his house, and the advantage of his protection.”-ibid. 335. “Sir Jervaise Clifton was created by James I. baron of Leighton ; and began to build a beautiful house here, but lived not to finish it. His only daughter and heir married Esme Stewart, duke of Lenox, to whom she bore James duke of Richmond.” --Lysons's Magna Britannia (1720), i. 1056. He was for some time a student at Cambridge (Wood's Douglas).

been gotten a brief for the repairing of it, the cost estimated to be at the least upon two thousand pounds, and collections yet made (the money being not above ..... pounds) could no way help the matter,-N. F. very earnestly hereupon assaults his brother Herbert, to set to the work and to try what he could do amongst his friends towards so good a work, N. F. promising all the assistance he could in that kind; he would undertake his brother John Ferrar should very carefully prosecute the business, if once begun, by three times a week attending the workmen and providing all materials. At last Mr. Herbert set upon it to solicit his friends, and spared not his own purse. So God in the end blessed both their endeavours, that a handsome and uniform and (as the country termed it) a fine neat church was erected, inside and outside finished, not only to the parishioners' own much comfort and joy, but to the admiration of all men, how such a structure should be raised and brought to pass by Mr. Herbert, and performed with ..... pounds charge. Only the steeple could not be compassed, which afterwards the most noble, religious, worthy, good duke of Lenox' did perform at his own proper cost and charges, to the memorial of his honour.

1 Lodowick duke of Richmond and James marquis of Hamilton, “two of his (Herbert's] most obliging and powerful friends," died within a short interval (Walton, xxx), but the duke's loss was the less felt from his nephew's munificence (ib. xxxiii).

51. And Mr. Herbert, seeing he could not draw Gidding nearer him, he would draw nearer to his brother N. F.; and not long before his death was upon exchanging his living for one, merely for the situation, as being nearer his dear brother, though in value much inferior to his own: but he said that he valued Mr. Ferrar's near neighbourhood more than any living. And truly there was no loss? of affection between them: N. F. prizing him as a most precious friend, and with whom he could live and die, if God saw it so good for both. And as N. F. communicated his heart to him, so he made him the peruser, and desired the approbation, of what he did, as in those three translations of Valdessó, Lessius, and Carbo. To the first Mr. Herbert made an epistle, to the second he sent to add that of Cornarius's temperance, and well approved of the last. And when Mr. Herbert died, he recommended only of all his papers that of his divine poems, and willed it to be delivered into the hands of his brother N. F., appointing him to be the midwife to bring that piece into the world, if he so thought good of it, else to burn it. The which when N. F. had many and many a time read over, and embraced and kissed again and again, he said, He could not sufficiently admire it, as a rich jewel and most worthy to be in the hands and hearts of all true Christians, that feared God and loved the Church of England. It was licensed at Cambridge, with some kind of scruple by some, if I was not misinformed, only for those his verses upon America, &c.' But it did pass, with the epistle that N. F.

1 A rare use of the phrase there's no love lost between them.

3 “Upon which design [to adorn our protestant religion by a right renouncing the world &c.] he helped to put out Lessius ; and to stir up us ministers to be painful in that excellent labour of the Lord, catechising, feeding the lambs of Christ, he translated a piece of Lud. Carbo, wherein Carbo confesseth, that the heretics (i. e. protestants) had got much advantage by catechising : but the authority at Cambridge suffered not that Egyptian jewel to be published.”_ Oley's Life of Herbert, c. See Appendix.

1 “When Mr. Ferrar sent this book to Cambridge to be licensed for the press, the vicechancellor (Dr. Laney] would by no means allow the two so much noted verses (The Church Militant, near the end),

Religion stands a tip-toe in our land,

Ready to pass to the American strand,' to be printed ; and Mr. Ferrar would by no means allow the book to be printed, and want them ; but after some time... the vicechancellor said, 'I knew Mr. Herbert well, and know that he had many heavenly speculations, and was a divine poet; but I hope the world will not take him to be an inspired prophet, and therefore I license the whole book."" Walton, lxxviii. Cf. Oley, ci, and Dr. Wordsworth's note on Walton (“considering our English plantations of late, and the opinion of many grave divines concerning the Gospel's fleeting westward, sometimes I have had such thoughts, Why may not that be the place of New Jerusalem ?” Twisse to Mede. March 2, 1634. Mede's Works, 799), also Aubrey's Lives, 393. “Whether it [the light of the Gospel) shall go from us to America and the West Indies, God himself knows best.”— Thoresby's Diary, Sept. 1, 1680. “In Europe, the protestant

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