saintly halo around it, and if the estate once more presents a smiling contrast to the neighbouring parishes, all is owing to the impression made on his boyish sympathies some sixty years ago by a perusal of Ferrar's life. Thenceforth Gidding was to him a hallowed name, though many years elapsed before he visited the place, and more before he could call it his own.

This zeal for the subject of my inquiries, with his active habits, large acquaintance, unparalleled memory, and great antiquarian knowledge, rendered Mr. Hopkinson's co-operation indispensable to my success. And most freely have the trustworthy evidences' of titledeeds, registers, inscriptions, pedigrees, letters, been placed at my disposal; while my own search has been profitably directed to quarters, to which, without such introduction, I might never have applied, or might have applied in vain.

17. 10) is of brick, except the stone front, which was put up in 1714, probably on the removal of the organ gallery (p. 284). Certain it is that John Ferrar's tomb, once adjoining the west door (p. 54), is now seven or eight feet from it. The inside is fitted like a college chapel, with oak pannelling (that on the right having come down from Ferrar's time) and stalls. In the right window of the nave, next the chancel arch, are king Charles's arms, with text above, Ut si quis perdicem in montibus ; and inscription below, Insignia Caroli Regis qui latitabat apud Ferrarios 2do. Maii, A. S. 1646. In the opposite window bishop Williams's arms (of Williams and Lincoln) with text, Non avarus, sed hospitalis. &c. In the left window next the door N. F.'s arms (on a bend gu. cottised ar. 3 horse shoes ar. 3 horse shoes or. Crest, an ostrich proper holding in his beak a horse shoe or. Motto, Ferre va ferme), with text, Ecce vere Israelita, cui dolus non est, &c. In the opposite window Wm. Hopkinson's arms, with text, Diligo Habitaculum Domus Tuce, and inscription Insignia Gulielmi Hopkinson, Domini Manerië de Gidding Parva, qui hanc Ecclesiam restauravit, et has Fenestras (sacrum munus) dicavit. A. S. 1853. The chalice and patine, given by Mr. H. on the feast of St. John the Evangelist (the patron saint), 1853, have each an appropriate inscription. The brasses from the family tombs have been fixed up in the church. N. F.'s tomb (an altar-tomb) has neither brass nor inscription.

To sir Thos. Phillipps, Bart., whose collection of books and MSS., both in value, and in the generosity which throws it open to the stranger, outdoes many public libraries; to the Rev. E. Atkinson of Clare Hall; the Rev. Dr. Cookson, master of Peterhouse; Mr. Hawkins of the British Museum ; the Rev. D. J. Hopkins, rector of Hartford, Hunts. ; Arthur Sperling, Esq., of Lincoln's Inn; the Rev. Wm. Whall, rector of Little Gidding; the Rev. Dr. Wynter, president of St. John's College, Oxford; and of course to the Rev. J. Romilly, registrar of Cambridge University, I am indebted for admission to documents under their care, or for other like services. Some readers also, I would fain believe, will display their interest in Nicholas Ferrar, by removing any blemishes? which may deface this monument to his fame; or by taking steps in order that the excellent family portraits, which have descended to our time, may be made accessible in engravings not unworthy of their subjects.

1 See in the Appendix a full account of all the authorities which I have used.

1 The faults in spelling are to be laid to my account. If ever height, judgment, or the like forms, are found, it is the printer's correction, or my inadvertence. The analogy of depth, breadth, &c. and great authority (e.g. Milton's) support highth. Judgement, acknowledgement, &c. were current in the days of the Ferrars (e.g. they occur in the MS. preface to one of their concordances), and still survive in the Prayer-book and in the usage of many of our best writers. Those who drop the e should also, to be consistent, write (as Burnet did) judg, colledg, &c. I blush to think, that it is necessary to defend the orthodox contemporary. When, however, not merely ephemeral writers, but scholars like Mr. Stanley and Mr. Trench, countenance the heresy, it is high time to revive Bentley's anathema : "the Examiner's cotemporary, which is a downright Barbarism. For the Latins never use co for con, except before a vowel, as coequal, coeternal ; but, before a consonant, they either retain the N, as contemporary, constitution ; or melt it into another letter, as collection, comprehension. So that the Examiner's cotemporary is a word of his own coposition, for which the Learned World will cogratulate him.” Preface to Diss. p. lv. Dyce. See Salter's note on the passage.

Appendix, p. 295 seq.


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Nulla virtus latet, et latuisse non ipsius est damnum : veniet, qui conditam et seculi sui malignitate conpressam dies publicet. paucis natus est, qui populum ætatis suce cogitat : multa annorum milia, multa populorum supervenient : ad illa respice. etiamsi omnibus tecum viventibus silentium livor indixerit, venient, qui sine offensa, sine gratia judicent. si quod est pretium virtutis ex fama, nec hoc interit. ad nos quidem nihil pertinebit posterorum sermo : tamen etiam non sentientes colet ac frequentabit. Nulli non virtus et vivo et mortuo retulit gratiam, si modo illam bona secutus est fide, si se non exornavit et pinxit, sed idem fuit, sive ex denuntiato videbatur, sive inparatus ac subito. Nihil simulatio proficit. paucis inponit leviter extrinsecus inducta facies : veritas in omnem sui partem eadem est. Quc decipiunt, nihil habent solidi. tenue est mendacium : perlucet, si diligenter inspexeris.

Sen. Ep. LXXIX. $$ 17, 18.

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