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CHAPTER LXV

Elevation of Timour or Tamerlane to the Throne of SamarcandHis Conquests

in Persia, Georgia, Tartary, Russia, India, Syria, and Anatolia--His

Turkish War-Defeat and Captivity of Bajazet- Death of Timour-Civil

War of the Sons of Bajazet-Restoration of the Turkish Monarchy by

Mahomet the First-Siege of Constantinople by Amurath the Second

PAGE

Histories of Timour, or Tamerlane

44

1361-1370 His first Adventures

46

1370 He ascends the Throne of Zagatai

48

1370-1400 His Conquests

48

1380-1393 I. of Persia

48

1370-1383 II. of Turkestan

50

1390-1396 Of Kipzak, Russia, &c.

51

1398, 1399 III. of Hindostan

52

1400 His War against Sultan Bajazet

54

Timour invades Syria

57

Sacks Aleppo ...

58

1401 Damascus

59

And Bagdad

60

1402 Invades Anatolia

60

Battle of Angora

61

Defeat and Captivity of Bajazet

62

The Story of his Iron Cage disproved by the Persian Historian of Timour 63

Attested, 1. by the French .

65

2. by the Italiano

65

3. by the Arabs

66

4. by the Greeks

5. by the Turks

67

Probable Conclusion...

67

1403 Death of Bajazet

67

Term of the Conquests of Timour ...

68

1404, 1405 His Triumpb at Samarcand.

70

1405 His Death on the Road to China

71

Character and Merits of Timour

71

1403-1421 Civil Wars of the Sons of Bajazet

75

1. Mustapha

75

2. Is& ...

76

1403-1410 3. Soliman

76

1410 4. Mousa

76

1413-1421 5. Mahomet I. ...

77

1421-1451 Reign of Amurath II. ...

77

1421 Re-union of the Ottoman Empire

78

1402-1425 State of the Greek Empire

79

1422 Siege of Constantinople by Amurath II.

1425-1448 The Emperor John Palæologus II.

81

Hereditary Succession and Merit of the Ottomans

81

Education and Discipline of the Turks

82

Invention and Use of Gunpowder

85

CHAPTER LXVI

Application of the Eastern Emperors to the Popes—Visits to the West, of John

the First, Manuel, and John the Second, Palæologus-Union of the Greek

and Latin Churches, Promoted by the Council of Basil, and Concluded at

Ferrara and Florence-State of Literature at Constantinople-Its Revival

in Italy by the Greek FugitivesCuriosity and Emulation of the Latins

1339 Embassy of the Younger Andronicus to Pope Benedict XII.

87

The Arguments for a Crusade and Union

88

...

A.D.

1348 Negotiation of Cantacuzene with Clement VI.
1355 Treaty of John Paleologus I. with Innocent VI.
1369 Visit of John Palæologas to Urban V. at Rome ...
1370 His Return to Constantinople

Visit of the Emperor Manuel

1400 To the Court of France

England ...

1402 His Return to Greece

Greek Knowledge and Descriptions

Of Germany

Of France

Of England

1402-1417 Indifference of Manuel towards the Latins

1417-1425 His Negotiations

His Private Motives ...

His Death

1425-1437 Zeal of John Palæologus II.

Corruption of the Latin Church

1377-1429 Schism

1409 Council of Pisa

1414-1418 Of Constance

1431-1443 Of Basil

Their Opposition to Eugenius IV....

1434-1437 Negotiations with the Greeks
1437 John Palæologus embarks in the Pope's Galleys
1438 His Triumphal Entry at Venice

into Ferrara
1438, 1439 Council of the Greeks and Latins at Ferrara and Florence

Negotiations with the Greeks
1438 Eugenius deposed at Basil

Re-union of the Greeks at Florence

1440 Their Return to Constantinople

1449 Final Peace of the Church ...

1300-1453 State of the Greek Language at Constantinople

Comparison of the Greeks and Latins

Revival of the Greek Learning in Italy

1339 Lessons of Barlaam ...

1339-1374 Studies of Petrarch

1360 Of Boccace

1360-1363 Leo Pilatus, first Greek Professor at Florence, and in the West
1390-1415 Foundation of the Greek Language in Italy by Manuel Chry-

soloras

1400-1500 The Greeks in Italy

Cardinal Bessarion, &c.

Their Faults and Merits

The Platonic Philosophy

Emulation and Progress of the Latins

1447-1455 Nicholas V.

1428-1492 Cosmo and Lorenzo of Medicis

Use and Abuse of Ancient Learning

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