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of the hills, at right angles to their actual front. Then drawing the Portuguese infantry of the left wing to the centre, he sent one brigade down to support Alten, and directed General Hamilton to hold the remainder in columns of battalions, ready to move to any part of the field. The 13th dragoons were posted near the edge of the river, above the bridge ; and meanwhile the 2nd division marched to support Blake. The horse artillery, the heavy dragoons, and the 4th division, also took ground to the right, and were posted ; the cavalry and guns on a small plain behind the Aroya, and the 4th division in an oblique line about half musket shot behind them. This done, Beresford galloped to Blake, for that general had refused to change his front, and, with great heat, told Colonel Hardinge, the bearer of the order, that the real attack was at a village and bridge. Beresford had sent again to entreat that they would obey, but this message was as fruitless as the former ; and, when the Marshal arrived, nothing had been done. The enemy's columns were, however, now beginning to appear on the righ and Blake, yielding to this evidence, proceeded to make evolutions, yet with such pedantic slowness, that Beresford, impatient of his folly, took the direction in person.

“ Great was the confusion and delay thus occasioned, and ere the troops could be put in order the French were amongst them. For scarcely had Godinot engaged Alten's brigade, when Werle, leaving only a battalion of grenadiers, and some squadrons to watch the 13th dragoons, and connect the attacks, counter marched with the remainder of his division, and rapidly gained the rear of the 5th corps as it was mounting the hills on the right of the allies. At the same time the mass of light

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cavalry suddenly quitted 'Godinot's column, and crossing the river Albuera above the bridge, ascended the left bank at a gallop, and sweeping round the rear of the 5th corps, joined Latour Maubourg, who was already in face of Lumley's squadrons. Thus half an hour had sufficed to render Beresford's position nearly desperate. Two thirds of the French were in a compact order of battle, on a line perpendicular to his right, and his army, disordered and composed of different nations, was still in the difficult act of changing its front. It was in vain that he endeavoured to form the Spanish line sufficiently in advance to give room for the second division to support it ; the French guns opened ; their infantry threw out a heavy musketry, and their cavalry, out-flanking the front and charging here and there, put the Spaniards in disorder at all points ; in a short time the latter gave way, and Soult, thinking the whole army was yielding, pushed forward his columns, while his reserves also mounted the hill, and General Ruty placed all the batteries in position.

* At this critical moment, General William Stew. art arrived at the foot of the height, with Colonel Colborne's brigade, which formed the head of the 2nd division. The Colonel, seeing the confusion above, desired to form in order of battle, previous to mounting the ascent ; but Stewart, whose boiling courage overlaid his judgment, led up without any delay in columns of companies, and attempted to open out his line in succession as the battalions arrived at the summit. Being under a destructive fire, the foremost charged to gain some room; but a heavy rain prevented any object from being distinctly seen, and four regiments of hussars and lancers came galloping in upon the rear line at the

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irstant of its development, and slew or took twothirds of the brigade. One battalion only (the 31st) being still in column, escaped the storm, and maintained its ground ; while the French horsemen, riding violently over every thing else, penetrated to all parts. In the tumult a lancer fell upon Beresford, but the Marshal, a man of great strength, putting his spear aside, cast him from his saddle, and a shift of wind blowing aside the mist and smoke, the mischief was percieved from the plains by General Lumley, who sent four squadrons out upon the lancers, and cut many of them off.

“ During this first unhappy effort of the 2nd division, so great was the confusion, that the Spanish line continued to fire without cessation, although the British were before them ; whereupon Beresford, finding his exhortations to advance fruitless, seized an ensign, and bore him and his colours by main force to the front ; yet the troops would not follow, and the man went back again on being released. In this crisis the weather, which had ruined Colborne's brigade, also prevented Soult from seeing the whole extent of the field of battle, and he still kept his heavy columns together. His cavalry, indeed, began to hem in that of the allies ; but the fire of the horse artillery enabled Lumley, covered as he was by the bed of the Aroya, and supported by the fourth division, to check them on the plain, while Colborne still maintained the heights with the 31st regiment ; the British artillery, under Major Dickson, was likewise coming fast into action, and William Stewart, who had escaped the charge of the lancers, was again mounting the hill with General Houghton's brigade, which he brought on with the same vehemence, but, instructed by his previous misfor.

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tune, in a juster order of battle. The weather now
cleared, and a dreadful fire, poured into the thick-
est of the French columns, convinced Soult that
the day was yet to be won.

“ Houghton's regiments soon got footing on the summit ; Dickson placed the artillery in line, the remaining brigade of the 2nd division came up on the left, and two Spanish corps at last moved forward. The enemy's infantry then recoiled, yet soon recovering, renewed the fight with greater violence than before : the cannon on both sides discharged showers of grape at half range, and the peals of musketry were incessant, and often within pistol shot ; but the close formation of the French embarrassed their battle, and the British line would not yield one inch of ground nor a moment of time to open their ranks. Their fighting was, however, fierce and dangerous. Stewart was twice hurt ; Colonel Duckworth, of the 48th, was slain ; and the gallant Houghton, who had received many wounds without shrinking, fell and died in the act of cheering his men. Still the struggle continued with unabated fury. Colonel Inglis, 22 other offi. cers, and more than 400 men out of 570 that had mounted the hill, fell in the 57th alone ; and the other regiments were scarcely better off : not more than one-third were standing in any. Ammunition failed, and, as the English fire slackened, the enemy established a column in advance upon the right flank;

the play of Dickson's artillery checked them a moment, but again the Polish lancers charging, captured six guns. And in this desperate crisis, Beresford, who had already withdrawn the 13th dragoons from the banks of the river, and brought Hamilton's Portuguese into a situation to cover a retrograde movement, wavered !

Destruction stared him in the face, his personal resources were exhausted, and the unhappy thought of a retreat rose in his agitated mind. Yet no order to that effect was given, and it was urged by some about him that the day might still be redeemed with the 4th division. While he hesitated, Colonel Hardinge boldly ordered General Cole to advance ; and then riding to Colonel Abercrombie, who commanded the remaining brigade of the 2nd division, directed him also to push forward into the fight. The die being thus cast, Béresford acquiesced, and this terrible battle was continued.

“ The 4th division had only two brigades in the field ; the one Portuguese under General Harvey ; the other, commanded by Sir W. Myers, and composed of the 7th and 23rd British regiments, was called the Fusileer brigade. General Cole directed the Portuguese to move between Lumley's dragoons and the hill, where they were immediately charged by some of the French horsemen, who were beat off with great loss : meanwhile he led the Fusileers in person up the height.

" At this time six guns were in the enemy's possession; the whole of Werle’s reserves were coming forward to reinforce the front column of the French, and the remnant of Houghton's brigade could no longer maintain its ground; the field was heaped with carcasses, the lancers were riding furiously about the captured artillery on the upper part of the hill, and on the lower slopes a Spanish and an English regiment in mutual error were exchanging volleys : behind all, General Hamilton's Portuguese, in withdrawing from the heights above the bridge, appeared to be in retreat.

The conduct of a few brave men soon changed this state of affairs. Colonel Robert Arbuthnot, pushing be

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