giving an account of the reception which the great warrior met with in his own country. On the 30th of April he left Toulouse, and proceeded to Paris, which he reached on the 4th of May, and was received with due respect by the sovereigns, statesmen, and generals, at the court of Louis XVIII. ; every where high honours awaited him. It was then known that he had been elevated to a dukedom ; and he had already received the insignia of every distinguished order in Europe. On the 10th of May he quitted Paris, and after paying a four day's visit to Toulouse, repaired to Madrid, where Ferdinand confirmed the honours paid to him by the Cortes; and appointed him Captain-General of Spain. On the 5th of June, he left Madrid, went to Bourdeaux, reviewed the troops, and made preparations for their embarkation. On the 14th, he took leave of the army in an excellent and highly characteristic letter of thanks, which will be found in the appendix. On the 23rd of June, he landed at Dover, under a salute from the batteries, and forthwith proceeded to London ; he was recognized

; as his carriage drove up Parliament Street, and was greeted with shouts and applause. After a short interview with his family he hastened to Portsmouth, where the Prince Regent gave him a worthy reception : his distinctions honoured him in the face of Europe, for the Emperor of Russia and the King of Prussia were then at the English court. On the 28th of June, he first took his seat in the House of Lords. A great number of the Peers were present. On this memorable occasion he appeared in a field-marshal's uniform, with the insignia of the Garter, and was introduced to the house by the Dukes of Beaufort and Richmond. To support the dignity of his dukedom, £300,000 were voted by parliament for the purchase of an estate, with such an additional grant of income, as made up the annual amount of his parliamentary allowances to £17,000. He had not been in England since his elevation to the peerage ; and thus, in his introduction to the House of Lords, his patents of creation as Baron, Earl, Marquis and Duke, were all read on the same day. No ceremony of honour was omitted on this occasion ; the Duchess of Wellington, and his mother, the Countess of Mornington, were present, seated below the throne. After the oaths had been administered, and the Duke had taken his seat, the Lord Chancellor Eldon addressed him for the purpose of conveying the thanks of the House, which had been voted to him the preceding evening, for the twelth time. In performing this duty, Lord Eldon said, he could not refrain from calling the attention of His Grace and of the noble Lords present, to a circumstance singular in the history of that House—that upon his introduction he had gone through every dignity of the peerage in this country, which it was in the power of the crown to bestow. These had been conferred upon him for eminent and distinguished services ; and he would not have the presumption to attempt to state the nature of those services, nor to recapitulate those brilliant acts which had given immortality to the name of Wellington, and placed this empire on a height of military renown of which there was no example in history. He could not better discharge the duty which had devolved upon him, than by recurring to the terms in which that House had so often expressed their sense of the energy, the unremitting exertions, the ardour, and the ability with which the noble Duke had conducted the arduous campaigns of the Peninsula,exertions and ability which finally enabled him to place the allied armies in the heart of France, fighting their way through the blaze of victory. The glorious result of his victories had been to achieve the peace and security of his country ; while, by his example, he had animated the rest of Europe, and enabled her governments to restore their order. The Lord Chancellor then expressed his own satisfaction in being the instrument of informing the Duke, that the House unanimously voted their thanks for his eminent and unremitted services, and their congratulations upon his return to his country.

The House of Commons in voting their thanks, had also voted that a Committee of the House should wait upon His Grace, to communicate the same, and to offer him their congratulations on his return. The Duke in reply, signified that he was desirous of expressing to the House his answer in person. He was admitted in consequence the following day ; a chair was set for him toward the middle of the House : he came in making his obeisances, the whole House rising upon his entrance. The Speaker having informed him that there was a chair in which he might repose himself, the Duke sat down covered for some time, the serjeant standing on his right hand with the mace grounded, and the House resumed their seats. The Duke then rose and uncovered, and addressed the Speaker thus : “ I was anxious to be permitted to attend this House, in order to return my thanks in person for the honour they have done me in deputing a Committee of members to congratulate me upon my return to this country ; and this after the House had animated my exertions by their applause upon every occasion which appeared worthy their approbation ; and after they had filled up the measure



of their favours by conferring upon me, at the recommendation of the Prince Regent, the noblest gift that any subject ever received !

“I hope it will not be deemed presumptuous in me to take this opportunity of expressing my admiration of the efforts made by this House and my country, at a moment of unexampled pressure and difficulty, in order to support the great scale of operations by which the contest was brought to so fortunate a termination.

“ By the wise policy of parliament, the government was enabled to give the necessary support to the operations which were carried on under my directions ; and I was encouraged by the confidence reposed in me by His Majesty's ministers, and by the commander-in-chief, by the gracious favour of His Royal Highness the Prince egent, and by the reliance which I had on the support of my gallant friends the general officers of the army, and

on the bravery of the officers and troops, to carry on the operations in such a manner as to acquire for me those marks of the approbation of this House, for which I have now the honour to make my humble acknowledgments. Sir, it is impossible for me to express the gratitude which I feel ; I can only assure the House, that I shall always be ready to serve His Majesty in any capacity in which my services can be deemed useful, with the same zeal for my country which has already acquired for me the approbation of this House.”

Mr. Abbot, the Speaker, who had sat covered during this speech, then stood up uncovered, and replied to His Grace in these words, “My Lord, since I had the honour of addressing you from this place, a series of eventful years has elapsed, but none without some mark and note of your rising glory:

“ The military triumphs which your valour has achieved upon the banks of the Douro and the Tagus, of the Ebro and the Garonne, have called forth the spontaneous shouts of admiring nations. Those triumphs it is needless at this day to recount. Their names have been written by your conquering sword in the annals of Europe, and we shaīl hand them down with exultation to our children's children.

“ It is not, however, the grandeur of military success which has alone fixed our admiration, or commanded our applause, it has been that generous and lofty spirit which inspired your troops with unbounded confidence, and taught them to know that the day of battle was always a day of victory; that moral courage and enduring fortitude, which in perilous times, when gloom and doubt had beset ordinary minds, stood nevertheless unshaken ; and that ascendancy of character, which, uniting the energies of jealous and rival nations, enabled you to wield at will the fates and fortunes of mighty empires. “ For the repeated

thanks and grants bestowed upon you by this House, in gratitude for your many and eminent services, you have thought fit this day to offer us your acknowledgments : but this nation well-knows that it is still largely your debtor ; it owes to you the proud satisfaction, that amidst the constellation of great and illustrious warriors who have recently visited our country, we could present to them a leader of our own, to whom all, by common acclamation, conceded the pre-eminence. And when the will of Heaven, and the common destinies of our nature, shall have swept away the present generation, you will have left your great name and example as an imperishable monument, exciting others to like deeds of glory, and serving at once to

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