A Frontier Landscape: The North West in the Middle Ages
Windgather, 2004 - 273 sider
North west England has largely been neglected in studies of medieval landscapes in favour of the Midlands and East Anglia although it has much to offer. Described here as a `frontier landscape' encompassing the modern regions of Lancashire, Cheshire, Merseyside and Greater Manchester, the author discusses changes to the medieval landscape and why these occurred. He outlines and characterises the major period of expansion and economic boom that took place in the north west from 1086 to 1349 and asks why political and military matters seen to have had such an important role in landscape change. Issues of perceived marginality are also discussed as Higham looks in turn at the local population and their environment, land use and agrarian practices, woodland, forest and pasture, buildings, farms and estates, markets and fairs and the Church and the landscape. A great addition to the series.
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Settlement Landscape and Community to 1070
Population Environment and the Medieval Agrarian Landscape
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Abbey acres agricultural Aldford arable areas arguably aristocracy assarting barony Black Death borough buildings castle centre Cheshire Chester church Cistercian Clitheroe comparatively constructed demesne developed Domesday Domesday Book earls economic eleventh century elsewhere enclosed enclosure England estates evidence example excavated farms Farrer forest Frodsham Frontier Landscape Hall Halton High Legh Higham identified Lancashire Lancaster land Liverpool livestock lords lowland Macclesfield Malpas Manchester manors Mersey messuage Middle Ages Middle Ages FIGURE moated monastic moss mossland names Nantwich Norman North West Norton Priory nucleated occurred open field oxgang parish park parochial particularly pasture Pennine Penwortham period place-names plough ploughlands population Prestbury Priory probably region Ribble ridge ridge and furrow royal rural settlement significant sixteenth century St Werburgh's substantial suggest surviving Tatton tenants timber town townships trade twelfth century upland urban vaccaries Vale Royal valley Viking Age village Warrington Whalley Wirral woodland