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ADDRESSED TO THE HONOURABLE THE COURT OF DIRECTORS

OF THE EAST INDIA COMPANY

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ABSTRACT OF CONTENTS.

PART I.

PERSONAL NARRATIVE.

CHAPTER I.

PIEDMONT-PROVINCES OF TURIN, VERCELLI, NOVARA, AND

THE LUMELLINA.

Page

Mission to Northern Italy by the Honourable the Court of Directors of the

East India Company- instructions-general acknowledgment of assist-
ance received-methods of inquiry-reports on irrigation in Italy by
French officers-works on the subject by MM. Nadault de Buffon and
Mauny de Mornay-route through France-contrasts of climate-Nice-
Genoa --Sir Ralph Abercromby-Turin--facilities granted for examina-
tion of records in the canal department-study of Italian hydraulic liter-
ature-provision for books made by the Government of India-infe-
riority of Piedmontese hydraulic literature - M. Michela, inspecting
engineer of canals-superiority of Piedmontese legislation-M. Giovan-
etti's treatise on the law of irrigation--perfection of theory and imper-
fection of practice in Piedmont-probable cause of the difference--
education of hydraulic engineers—details of the system-institution for
experimental hydraulics— Italian authors on hydraulics-Baron Plana,
astronomer-royal-province of Vercelli-M. Charles Noé, inspecting
engineer of the canals of the Vercellese-canals of Cigliano and del
Rotto- the river Dora-Baltea-favourable physical characteristics of this
stream-regulators with small sluices--advantages of this arrangement
-contrast with regulators employed in British India- clearance of silt
deposits by action of escape close to the regulators-small establish-
ments at the regulators-manufacture of prisme-imperfection of levels
--canal of Ivrea---dam across the Dora-Baltea-masonry falls-perpen-
dicular and ogee-formed drops-farm of Leri-Signor Corio, the tenant
-interior economy of the farm-rice-cleaning machines or piste-mar-
cite or winter-meadows-some details of these-rice-grounds- details—
sanitary relations of rice cultivation—imperfection of information on
this subject illustrated-departure from Leri-execrable roads, mea-
surement of water in the Vercellese-imperfection of the arrangements
for this purpose--supply for rice-payment in kind-government mills
at Salasco-dissatisfaction with this species of payment-causes of this
feeling-Novara - General Solaroli-canal Mora --untidy state of the
works-canals Busca, Langosco, and Sforzesca--fontanili or springs-
higher temperature of spring-water in winter--advantage for winter.
meadows,

3-33

THE LOMBARDO-VENETIAN KINGDOM-PROVINCES OF MILAN, LODI,

CREMONA, MANTUA, VERONA, BRESCIA, COMO, AND PAVIA.

Page

Lombardy-Naviglio Grande at Buffulora---approach to Milan-want of

introductions to the Government-courtesy of Prince Carlo Swartzen-

berg--annoyance from the police-canals around Milan-canal of Pavia

---the Vettabia—the Naviglio Interno-irrigation with sewerage waters

- Modulo Magistrale-discrepancies between theory and practice in

measurement of water-locks of the Naviglio Interno-Leonardo da

Vinci—his work on the Measure and Motion of water-practice of the

Government regarding the water from the main canals--beneficial results

of sale in perpetuity-extent of minor canals—Cavo Lerino-Marocco-

details-imperfections of the measurement system employed-fontanili

or springs-M. Mazzeri-account of a great spring near Milan -tenant-

farmers of Lombardy-their general intelligence--extent of hydraulic

literature of Milan–New Collection of Italian authors on hydraulics—

Bruschetti's histories of irrigation and navigation canals in the Milanese

--Colombani's treatise on hydraulics—the Censimento or Revenue Sur-

vey of Lombardy-works connected with this relations between land-

lords and tenants in Lombardy-varieties of leases and rents--Consegna

- Reconsegna-Bilancio - Affitto a Mezzadria- Affitto a Grano-duties

of Lombard engineers--works on agricultural engineering-legislation

of irrigation in Lombardy-Romagnosi's treatise on the subject--sani-

tary legislation-Berra's work on marcite or winter-meadows-departure

from Milan-Cremona-canal Muzza-drainage-works in Cremona and

Mantua-embankments of the Po-Signor Elia Lombardini - Verona-

Peschiera-Lago di Garda-Brescia-canals of the Oglio, Chiese or Clisio,

and Mella—Brescian marcite system-Signor Grassini - growth of rights

to water-Count Antonio Lecchi and Signor Fillippo Ugoni—Treviglio

and Cassano-head-works of the Muzza canal-Trezzo-head-works of

the canal Martesana—lake system of Lombardy-Como-Varese-Lago

Maggiore- return to Milan-Cavo Taverna-canal of Pavia-return to

Turin-departure for Tuscany-mishap to books and maps-general

impression of works of irrigation in Northern Italy, as compared with

those of British India,

34-70

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SECTION III.-CANALS OF THE RIVERS DORA-REPAIRA, STURA, AND ORCO.

Canal of the Veneria Reale-of the Royal Park—of Fiano-of the Veneria

Reale from the Stura-subterranean channel-canal of Caluso-histo-

rical sketch of its origin and progress-litigation-appropriation of the

line by the Government-improvement of the works and administration

- measurement system of Contini - Oncia di Caluso — Michelotti's

modifications—lease of the canal to the “Societa Pastorale”-description

of the works and original cost, annual expenditure for maintenance and

establishment-annual returns-area of irrigation-price of water-

tabular statements,

103-119

SECTION IV.-CANALS OF THE DORA-BALTEA.

Sketch of the administrative system of the Royal Canals of Piedmont.

1. Canal of Ivrea-historical sketch--descriptive details-volume of
water-area of irrigation-price of water-payı nt in kind for rice cul-
tivation-minor branches-number of works of various kinds-districts
irrigated--annual expenditure-income-indirect returns. 2. Canal of
Cigliano-history-descriptive details--branch of Saluggia-works-
discharge—area of irrigation-income, direct and indirect-expenditure

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