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CARD DIVISION

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SUBCOMMITTEE ON PRIVILEGES AND ELECTIONS
ų.S longisou. Semalo OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
RULES AND ADMINISTRATION,

UNITED STATES SENATE

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EIGHTY-FOURTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

S. 636

A BILL TO REVISE THE FEDERAL ELECTION LAWS,
TO PREVENT CORRUPT PRACTICES IN FEDERAL

ELECTIONS, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

APRIL 12, 13, 19, 20, 26, MAY 10, 17, AND 18, 1955

Printed for the use of the Committee on Rules and Administration

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COMMITTEE ON RULES AND ADMINISTRATION

THEODORE FRANCIS GREEN, Rhode Island, Chairman CARL HAYDEN, Arizona

WILLIAM E. JENNER, Indiana THOMAS C. HENNINGS, JR., Missouri FRANK A. BARRETT, Wyoming ALBERT GORE, Tennessee

JOSEPH R. MCCARTHY, Wisconsin
MIKE MANSFIELD, Montana

CARL T. CURTIS, Nebraska
GORDON F. HARRISON, Chief Clerk and Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE ON PRIVILEGES AND EL

TIONS
THOMAS C. HENNINGS, JR., Missouri, Chairman
ALBERT GORE, Tennessee

CARL T. CURTIS, Nebraska
JAMES H. DUFFY, Counsel

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Statement of Hon. Thomas C. Hennings, Jr., chairman of the Subcommittee

on Privileges and Elections.

Text of S. 636 (Federal Elections Act of 1955).

Testimony of

Leonard W. Hall, chairman, Republican National Committee;

accompanied by Fred C. Scribner, Jr., general counsel, Republican

National Committee:--

Paul M. Butler, chairman, Democratic National Committee

Samuel Lubell..

Marvin A. Harder, Democratic State chairman, Kansas

Harold E. Fellows, president, National Association of Radio and

Television Broadcasters; accompanied by Vincent T. Wasilewski,

counsel, National Association of Radio and Television Broadcasters

Alexander Heard, professor of political science, University of North

Carolina -

Neil Staebler, Democratic State chairman, Michigan

Mrs. Clara Shirpser, Democratic national committeewoman from

California

Hon. Harlan F. Hagen, Member of Congress from the 14th Congres-

sional District of California

Frieda B. Hennock, Commissioner, Federal Communications Com-

mission..

Hon. Stewart L. Udall, Member of Congress from the Second Con-

gressional District of Arizona -

Richard S. Salant, vice president, Columbia Broadcasting System,

Inc.

Joseph V. Heffernan, financial vice president, National Broadcasting

Co., Inc.

Warren E. Baker, general counsel, Federal Communications Com-

mission.-

Warren Olney III, Assistant Attorney General in Charge of Criminal

Division, Department of Justice; accompanied by A. B. Caldwell,

Chief, and William J. O'Hear, attorney, Civil Rights Section..

Clarence Mitchell, director, Washington bureau, National Association

for the Advancement of Colored People--

John Feikens, chairman, Republican State Central Committee of

Michigan.

Hon. Everett McKinley Dirksen, a United States Senator from the

State of Illinois

Memorandum on S. 636, by Ray Bliss, Republican State chairman, Ohio--

255

217

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Letters and telegrams relative to S. 636—Continued

Richard H. Balch, Democratic State chairman, New York.

Leo C. Stine, department of political science, Western Michigan

College (Kalamazoo)--

Edwin Rothman, research associate, Bureau of Municipal Research,

Philadelphia, Pa..

Louise Overacker, professor of political science, Wellesley (Mass.)

College

James K. Pollock, chairman, department of political science, Univer-

sity of Michigan (Ann Arbor) -

Alfred de Grazia, committee for research in social sciences, Stanford

(Calif.) University -

Richard S. Salant, Vice president, Columbia Broadcasting System,

Inc., New York, N. Y.

Jack W. Peltason, associate professor, Department of Political

Science, University of Illinois (Urbana),

Karl Loewenstein, professor of jurisprudence and political science,

department of political science, Amherst (Mass.) College-

Peter H. Odegard, chairman, department of political science, Univer-

sity of California at Berkeley -

Clarence A. Berdahl, professor of political science, department of

political science, University of Illinois (Urbana) -

Hugh A. Bone, professor of government and politics, department of

political science, University of Washington (Seattle) -

George C. McConnaughey, Chairman, Federal Communications

Commission.--.

William P. Rogers, Deputy Attorney General of the United States.

Neil Staebler, Democratic State chairman, Michigan.---

Clarence Mitchell, director, Washington bureau, National Association

for the Advancement of Colored People...

Editorials relative to S. 636:

America-National Catholic Weekly Review (Apr. 30, 1955).

Wilmington (Del.) Journal-Every Evening (Apr. 13, 1955).

Richmond (Va.) Times Dispatch (Apr. 12, 1955).

Boston Daily Globe (Apr. 16, 1955)

Denver Post (Apr. 26, 1955)

Christian Science Monitor (Apr. 11, 1955).

Washington Post and Times Herald (Apr. 12, 1955)

Toledo (Ohio) Blade (Apr. 15, 1955) -

St. Louis (Mo.) Post-Dispatch (Apr. 15, 1955)

St. Petersburg (Fla.) Times (Apr. 16, 1955) -

Labor's Daily, Washington, D. C. (Apr. 16, 1955).

St. Joseph (Mo.) News-Press (Apr. 20, 1955)

Kansas City (Mo.) Star (Apr. 21, 1955) --

Newark (N. J.) Evening News (Apr. 27, 1955) -

Television Network Rate Guide of the National Broadcasting Co.--

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FEDERAL ELECTIONS ACT OF 1955

TUESDAY, APRIL 12, 1955

UNITED STATES SENATE,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON PRIVILEGES AND ELECTIONS OF THE
COMMITTEE ON RULES AND ADMINISTRATION,

Washington, D. C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to call, at 10:05 a. m., in the Old Supreme Court Chamber, United States Capitol Building, Senator Thomas C. Hennings, Jr. (chairman of the subcommittee), presiding.

Present: Senators Hennings (presiding) and Curtis.

Also present: Senator Green (chairman of the Committee on Rules and Administration).

James H. Duffy, counsel to the subcommittee; Gordon F. Harrison, chief clerk and counsel to the Committee on Rules and Administration; John Dempsey, political science specialist to the subcommittee.

Senator HENNINGS. May the committee come to order, please.

Mr. Hall. Mr. Chairman, may I have my counsel sit alongside of me?

Senator HENNINGS. You may, indeed, Mr. Hall. However, if you will indulge the chairman for a moment, before we have the benefit of your testimony I would like to read a preliminary statement.

Mr. Hall. Fine. Senator HENNINGS. Today the Subcommittee on Privileges and Elections of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration begins hearings on S. 636, the proposed Federal Elections Act of 1955, which is intended to revise the Federal election laws to prevent corrupt practices in elections, and for other purposes. As chairman of the subcommittee, and as one of the sponsors of this measure, together with Senators Hayden, Green, and Gore, I would like to make a brief statement explaining the background of the bill, its principal provisions, the objectives which the bill is intended to attain, and, in particular, the nature and purpose of these hearings. I might say parenthetically that I have some familiarity with these matters since I am now in my fifth year of service on this committee. I have participated in the most extensive investigations of election practices, including the contested elections in Maryland, New Mexico, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, and others. Some of these were not, in fact, contests; some of them were predicated on other things. Out of these hearings and investigations, I have had ample opportunity to see the pressing need for substantial revisions in our Federal election laws.

At the present time, financial matters in connection with elections to Federal office in the United States are regulated primarily by two laws, as you know—the Federal Corrupt Practices Act of 1925, and

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