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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1856,

BY MASON BROTHERS, In the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District of New York.

ELECTROTYPED BY

THOMAS B SMITH 82 & 84 Beekman Street, N. Y.

PRINTED BY CA. ALVORI, 15 Vandewater-st., NY

PREFACE:

Tuis work has been prepared with great care, for the purpose of supplying a want long felt by the reading public, and especially by lleads of Families. Every important event in the history of the United States, from the Iboriginal period to the present time, is presented in a concise, but perspicuous and comprehensive manner, without giving those minute and often tedious details, which are valuable to the student, but irksome to the common reader. The History of our Republic is herein popularized, and adapted to the use of those who may not find leisure to peruse more extensive works upon the subject. The materials have been drawn from the carlier, most elaborate, and most reliable bistorians and chroniclers of our continent. The work is constructed upon a new plan, which, it is believed, will be found to be the most acceptable yet offered to the public, for obtaining, with facility, and fixing in the memory, a knowledge of the great events of our truly wonderful history. And having visited a greater portion of the localities made memorable by important occurrences in our country, the writer claims, in that particular, an advantage over his predecessors in this special field, for he has been able to correct errors and give truthful impressions of things and events. An endeavor has also been made to show the cause of every important event, and thus, by developing the philosophy of our history, to make it more attractive and instructive than a bald record of facts. And wherever tie text appeared to need further elucidation, additional facts have been given

in foot-notes.

The arrangement of the work is new. "It is in six Periods, each commencing where the history natarally divides into distinct epochs. The first Perior exhibits a general view of ile Aboriginal race who occupied the continent when the Europeans came. The second is a record of all the Discoveries and preparations for settlement, made by individuals and governments. The third delineates the progress of all the Settlements until colonial governments were formed. The fourth tells the story of these Colonies from their infancy to maturity, and illustrates the continual development of Democratic ideas and Republican tendencies which finally resulted in a political

confederation. The fifth has a full account of the important events of the Iar for Independence, and the sixth gives a concise history of the Republic, from its formation to the present time. The Supplement is composed of the most important State Papers connected with that formation, such as the Stamp Act, and papers put forth by the Stamp Act Congress ; the papers presented to the consideration of the world by the First and Second Continental Congresses; the Declaration of Independence; the Articles of Confederation; and the Federal Constitution, with the admirable Farewell Address of Washington. These documents, thus grouped and preserved, will be found valuable as embodying the principles of our government.

The original draft, with the amendments, of the Declaration of Independence, is given; and, in foot-notes, every charge made against the king of Great Britain, in that manifesto, is proven from History. The Federal Constitution is also accompanied by important commentaries.

The system of concordance interwoven with the notes throughout the entire work, is of great importance to the reader. When a fact is named which bears a relation to another fact elsewhere recorded in the volume, a reference is made to the page where such fact is mentioned A knowledge of this relationship of separate events is often essential to a clear view of the subject, and without this concordance, a great deal of time would be spent in searching for that relationship. With the concordance the matter may be found in a moment. Favorable examples of the utility of this new feature may be found on page 289. If strict attention shall be given to these reference's, the whole subject will be presented to the mind of the reader in a comprehensive aspect of unity not to be obtained by any other method.

The engravings are introduced not for the sole purpose of embellishing the volume, but to enhance its utility as an instructor. Every picture is intended to illustrate a fact, not merely to beautify the page.

Great care has been taken to secure accuracy in all the delineations of men and things, so that they may not convey false instruction. Geographical maps have been omitted, because they must necessarily bo tuo am:}1 to be of essential service. History may be read for the purpose of obtaining general information on the subject, without maps, but it should hver be studied without the aid of an accurate Atlas,

The author has endeavored do make otiris' work essentially a FAMILY HITSTORT, attractive and instructive; and the Publishers have generously co-worked with him in producing a volume that may justly claim to be excellent in every particular. With these few observations concerning the general plan and merits of the work, it is presented to the public, with an entire willingness to have its repu ation rest upon its own merits.

ILLUSTRATIONS.

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PAGE

PAGE 1. FEONTISPIECE...

67. PENN'NTIOIKE.

102 %. StorX INDIA VS. 9 69. PLAN OF (ULARLESTON IX 16-30).

166 3. PORTRAIT OF RED JACKET, 9 69. EARLY NEW ENGLAND llor E.

116 4. A WE,WAM..

13
70. DI TUMAN, 1660).

176 2. WAMPUM

18 71. PLAN OF Forr Di QI ESSE. C. INDIA. HIEROGLYPHICS.. 18 72. PORTRAIT or BANDOCK.

140 7. INDIAN WEAPONS.

141
78. BURIAL or BRADDk...,

197 8. (LK YETS..

74. PLAX OR FORT EDW.BD...

190 9. INDIAN BIRI AL-PLACE. 151 75. PORTRAIT OF SIR WILLIAM JOMYUX.

19) 10. INDIAN TOTIX.

15
1 76. PLAN OF FORT WILLIAM ITENRY.

191 11. PROFILE OF BLACK ILAWK.

19

77. PORTRAIT OF GESLKAL BERCRONBIE 12. L'NCAS'S MOVIMENT... 21 7. Plavs or FORTS AT Os#160..

192 18. PORTRAIT OF SAMFL KIRKLAND. 2.5 79. Bro' HI0LE..

164 11. TJIERN INDIANS..

30

30. MUP OF Lahr GEORTS AND VICINITY 15. COLLSETS BEFORE TUE COUNCIL OF SALAMANCA

34

$1. PORTRAIT OF LORD A VIERNT. 16 PORTRAIT OF AMERIGO VESPUCCI,

84

2. PLAN OF TICONDEROLA.. 11. VORTIMAN..

31

83. Kuins OF TICORDI RO1.. 15. VORAN SMP...

85 4. PORTRAIT OF LORD HOWE, 19. OLD TOWER AT NEWPORT.

851 65. PLAN OF (ROWN POINT... 2. PORTRAIT OF COLL'MBC8.

86
86. PLAN OF FORT NIAGARA.

2N) 21. PETRAIT OF ISABELLA..

89 7. GENERAL WOLFE. 22. THE FLEET OF COLUMBUS.

89 88. MILITARY OPERATIONS AT QUERIC.. 24. BASXER OF THE EXPLDITION

89. Mox'VEST IN WOTLE AND MONTCALY.

202 26 BALBOA..

42 90. PATRICK IILNIY BEFORE THE VIRGINIA AN-EN23 PORTRAIT OF DE SOTO.

BLY 26. PORTRAIT OF SEBASTIAN CABOT 46 91. PORTRAIT OF JAMES OTIS.

2:17 27. PORTRAIT OF VERAGAZZI.

47 92. PORTRAIT OF BESJANIWA. 2 CARTIER'S SHIP...

43 93. PORTRAIT OF DAVID RITTE HOUSE. 29. ÅRSIS OF FRANCE.. 15 94. PORTRAIT OF PATRIK HIENA

! 811. FRENCH NOULEVAN, 154!

19 95. A STAMP.. 81. RALLIGA'S EXPEDITION AT ROAXOKE.

90. PORTRAIT OF (WALLADER (OLDEN 3. POKIRUT OF SIR WALTER RALKIG II

03 97. PETRAIT OF WILLIAN LITT.. 83. RALSups...

98. PORTRAIT OF JOIN DICHENKON.

19 St. Elisi GENTLEMAN, 1580.

57 99. PORTRAIT OF SAVIEL DAMS 85 PORTRAIT OF HENRY II C DSON

59 100. PORTRAIT OF LORD LORTU,.. 86 The IIALF-Moox..

101. FANEUIL ILL.. 37. BIILDING JAMESTOWN.

102. SNAKE DEVTB.. 84 POATRAIT or CAPTAIN JOnix Surn.

61 103. PORTRAIT OF (LRLES THOMSON. 89. PORTRAIT Oy PocAUONTAS

66 104. CARPENTER'S IIALL.. 40. DELAP New NETHERLAND..

73 105. Jonn IIANCOCK... 41 A PORTAY......

75 106. PLAN OF BUNKEE MILL BATILE. 42 Tux MAYFLOWER..

77 107. BIYKER HUL MASUMENT. 43. GOVERNOR CARVER'S CITAIR.

79 108. PORTRAIT OF JEPU WAREE, 44. PORTLAIT Or CECIL, LORD BALTIYORE

$1 119. PORTRAIT Or PuLIP SCHYLER. 43. HOOKER'S EMIGRATIOX TO CONNECTICUT:.

110. PLAN OY THE WALLS OF QIERFE'. 46. First MEETING-Hlor'SE IN COXXECTICUT.

111. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL MONTGOYFRY 47. PortiaIT OF ROGER WILLIAMS..

9) 112. CrLPEPPER FLAG.. 45. PORTRAIT OF WILLIAM PEnx..

35 118. NON FLAG...... 49. THE ASSEMBLY House, PENNSYLVANI I

IN 114. BILL OF CREDIT OR CONTINENTAL VONEY 50 OH. LETHORPE OX THE SITE OF SAVANNAU... 101 115. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL LEE..

21 51. EMBAEKATION OF THE PILGRIMS,

104 116. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL Moi LTPIE. 62. PORTRAIT OF JAMES EDWARD OG LETHORPE. 104 117. STATE HOUSE, PHILADELPHIA.. 58. Curcu TOWER AT JAMESTOWY...

112 119. PORTRAIT OF BENJAMIN Rr... 54. FIRST COLONY SEAL, MASSACHUSETTS.

117
119. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL PETNAM

2.53 05. PORTRAIT OF JOHN WISTIROP.

120. PLAN OF THE BATTLE ON Lord ISLAND. 56. First MONEY COIXED IN THE UNITED STATES.. 122 121. PLAN OP Fort WASHINGTON ...

2:26 57. PORTRAIT OF King PIILIP..

121 122. RETREAT OF THE AMERICANS FROM LONG ISLAND 257 5. PALLISADED Brudixo.. 127 128. THE JERSEY PRISON-Sal..

2.72 39. PORTRAIT OF CAPTAIN CUI'ECH..

129 124. PLAN OF THE BATTLE AT TRENTOX. 6). POKTRAIT OF COTTON MATIER.. 183 125, PORTRAIT OF ROBERT MORRIS..

264 01. WILLIAMS's Horse, DEERFIELD.

185 126. PORTRAIT OF SILAS DEAN) 62. PLAN OF THE SLEGE OF LOUISBURG, 137 127. PORTRAIT OF BENJAMIN IRANKLIN

267 63. PORTRAIT OF PETER STUYVENANT..

142 128. PLAN OF THE BATTLE AT PRINCETOS, 84. CITY OF NEW YORK IN 1664. 144 129. PORTRAIT OF LA FAYETTE...,

23 65. STTYVESANT SURBEXDEBING Fort AMSTERDAM 1301, Plax Ox TUE BATTLE AT TIE BRANDYWIXE... 972 TO THE EsGlisu.

145 131. CHVALF-DE-FRISE 66. TLE CHARTER OAK.

156 182. PLAN OF TIL BATTLE AT GERMANTOWN..

117

278

417

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433

PAGE

PAGE 183. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL ST. CLAIR.

276 203. PORTRAIT OF MARTILA WASHINGTON, 184. PORTRAIT OF KOSCIUS760.. 217 9. PORTRAIT OF THOMAS JEFFERSON,

39 133. PORTRAIT OF JOSEPI BRANT 279 210. PORTRAIT OF COMMODORE BAINBRIDGE.

891 136. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL BURGOYNE. 275 211. I'NITED STATES FRIGATE...

291 137. A TREATY...

212. PORTRAIT OF LEI TESAST DECATCR..

892 13. BrRGOYNE SURRENDERING HIS SWORD TO

213. MOHAMMEDAN SOLDIER,

892 GATES...

279

| 211. BURNING OF THE PHILADELPHIA AT Tripoli.. 293 189. PLAY OF OPERATIONS AT BEMIS'S BIEGUTS.

215. PORTRAIT OF Ruru's KiNG. 14). PORTRAIT OF FRANCIS HOPKINSON

216. PORTRAIT OF LAROX BIER.

896 141. PLAN OF ENCAMPVENT AT VALLEY FORSE

| 217. PORTRAIT OF ROBERT FULTON..

295 142. PORTRAU1 OF SIR HENRY CLINTON,

257
21. FILTON'S FIKST STEAMBOAT.

8.9 143. PLAN OF THE BATTLE A MONMOUTH.

219. PORTRAIT OF WILLIAM PIXKNEY. 14. PORTRAIT OF CAT D'ESTAING.

229 220. A FELICCA GIN-BOAT... 145. PORTRAIT OF BARON STEU BEX 291 i 221. PORTRAIT OF JOHN RANDOLPHI

413 146. Porrar or GENERAL LIxcoLN.

291 222. PORTRAIT OF JAVEN MADISON. 117. PLAN OF STOVY POINT....

3. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL DFAROORN, 14. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL WAYNE..

224. PORTRAIT OF STEPHEN VAN KENNSNELAER.... 418 119. PORTRAIT OF DANIEL BOONE.. 299 225, SLOOP-of-WAB......

415 150. PORTRAIT OF GEORGE RO4, ERS CLARKE.

800 236. PORTRAIT OF GOVERNOR SIELDY. 151, ('LARKEN LEPEDITION ACROSS THE “ DROWNED 227. PLAN OF FORT MEG.

415 LANDS,"

301
2:29. PLAN OF FORT SANDULKY

412 132. PORTRAIT OP GENERAL SIILIVAN 3. + 229. MAJOR CR04,ILAN.

420 153. PLAN OF THE SUGE OF SAVANXAII

3. PERRY ON LAKE EXTE.

421 134. PORTRAIT OF COUNT PCLaski..

231. PURTRAIT OF ('

MODORE PILI 10), PORTRAIT OF Jour PALL JONES.

31722. PORTRAIT OR GENERAL, PIKE. 154. 1 Gun.BoAT AT Bostox...

293. Fort NIAGARA IN 1918..

4X7 37. PORTRAIT OF ADVIEAL lloPhil.

24. PORTRAIT (CIPTAIN LAWRENCE. 19. (IPIR ILPILABET...., 34.9 210) PORTRAIT OF COMMODORI: PETEK,

191 159. PORTRAIT OF GOVERNOR ir tt *116" 810 24. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL BROWN.

4. 2 161. POBIRUIT OF COMMODORI: WHIPPIT, 8107 27. JAPO TE NIAGARA FP1111...

484 161. PLAN OF THE SIEGE OF (CILARI E$

311 !21. PTRAIT OR (20DOTT: MADON!.. 102. PORTRAIT OF DAVID RANN 4 Y.

20. PIWUF TIE B ir or NEW ORLEAN

429 163. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL GATES.

211 Po:IKAIT OF W.0.0, CuartosE....

440 104. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL SENTE,

81.)
11. JANKSY AT NEW ORLEANS...

441 165. PUIS OP BATTLE A1 SANDERS in ('h. 5313 12. PORTRAIT OF JANIN MONROE...

417 :C6. PORTRAIT OF BAPON DE KAIB.

110 2. CUTIE OF P59,4 OL. 167. PORTRAIT O CULOS EL TARLETON.

241. POTRAIT OP EDWAR LIVING TON,

4152 10% PORTRAIT OF GENERAL MARION

317 15. PORTRAIT OFoly QUICY ADAMS. 160. PORTRAIT O LOP CORNWALLS.

213. PORTIT OF DEWITT ('LINTON.

456 17. MARION EXCAMPMENT ON TIE PADIL.

221 17. PORTRAIT OFWC. (HOLY 171. PORTRAIT OF (ovAVORTRINIUIL.

1 PORTKAIT OF GENERAL AT ENN 172. PORTRAIT OF BENEDICT APXOLD..

219. POLIRAUT OF ROBERT Y. ILAY.F... 11. THE CUPTORS' MEWAL....

327 1 250. PORTRAIT OF OSTOLA.... 111 Portean OF GEFRAL GRILNE.

331 231. VIP OF TID, SEAT (8 111. SINOU. War. 11. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL MORAN

22. PORTRAIT OF VIEUX Vax Drn.

470 itu. PKTRAIT OF ('OLONIL WASHINGTON

2. PORTRAIT OF WILIANI. ILARIO !ii. PORTRAIT OF COLOFL IFR LIE..

38 231. PORTRAIT OF Tous TYLE.... 17. PLAY (* THE BATILE A GumPORD).

2015. PORTRAIT ORLAMES K. Polk.

479 17. P'I AN OF THE BATTLE AT HIOM6116's Ilili. 834 2. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL SCOTT. 1 st). PORTRAIT PF REBEA A Motit...

8:33 27. VIP or UIE PExitos or TAYLOR'S OPRE TROIS 4-6 I'. PLAY or FORT VINETY .. 3. PORIRATUF Join C. FAHVONT...

453 ** l'orTE UT or (INFRA, IPUIN

9. PLAN OF STRENUMENTS AT VERO... - 9 13. l'UPIRAIT op (OST DE RANDLA

20. POPUL. Rorifarsott's ARMYIN MUSKO 49) 1. PORTRAIT OF (OP DE GRASE..

201. BOMBARDNUNT OF VERA CRIZ..

481 1). PLAY OF THE SUGE OF YORKTOWN..

841 202. OPERATION NEAR MEXICO.... 1. PORTRAIT OF BENJAMIN THOMPSON ((orxT 093. GENERAL SOTT ENTERING TE CITY OF MEXICO 493 RIMORD).. 816 261. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL TAYLOR.

495 197. PORTRAIT OF JAMES JACKNOY. 317 05. PORTRAIT OF HENRY (LAY...

B10 198 PORTRAIT OF GEORGE (LINTOS

266. PORTRAIT OF MILLARD FILLMORE

502 19. PORTRAIT OF JON MARSALL.. 851 267. POKIRAIT (). DANIEL WEBSTER.

303 12. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL MIFFLIN.

3:02: 269. PORTR UT OF JOSEPH SMITH.... 191. ORDER OF THE CINEVATI..

372 269. MORMON EMIGRATION..... 102. PORTRAIT OF BINTIP CARROLL...

270. PORTRAIT OF PROFESOR MORSE 19.3. FRANKLIN BEFORE THE CONNTITUTIONAL (ox- 271. PORTRAIT OF Dr. Kat.

510 VENTIX..

857 272. PORTRAIT OF FRANKLIN PICECE. 194. PORTRAIT OF Oliver LLLSWORTI. 360 273. PORTRAIT OF SANTA ANNA..

515 19.5. PoľTPAIT OF ALEXA, DEE ILAMILTON 361 274. Ax OKEAN STEAM UP..

516 190. PORTRIT OF Ruru PUTNAM... 862 275. CRYSTAL PALACE IN NEW YORK.

517 197. INAGIRATION OF WASHINGTON..

364 276. PORTRAIT OF CAPTAIX INGRAJI 13 1.2 PPTRAIT OF GOUTTENEU'R MORRIS.

864 277, PORTRAIT OF JAMES BrcnASAN.. 109. PORTRAIT OF WASHINGTOX... 865 27. FOLDING NEW STATES.....

537 ZIM, PORTRAIT OP ROBERT R. LIVINGSTON, 866 279. PARTILAIT TONAS JEFFIENS,

39 201, PORTRAIT OF TENT Core.. 309 250. PORTRAIT OF JOHY ADAMS.

359 22. PerrRvT OF GENERAL Knox,

870 21. PORTRAIT OF Dr. FRANKLIN 2013. UNES DEFEAT OF THE INDIANS.

375 2.2. PORTRAIT OF ROBERT R. LIVINGSTON. 24. PORTRAIT OF JOIN JAY...

879
2-8. PORTRAIT OF ROGER STIERMAN..

559 2015. PORTRAIT OF FISHER A MES, . 880) 2-4. PORTRAIT O) CHAPLES CARROLL.

601 20. PORTRAIT OF Joux IDAMS.

255. PORTRAIT OF JLDGE STORY

€12 207. Puri AIT OF T.C. PINCKXEY.

804 i

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