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CHARLES XII. AT THE BATTLE OF PULTAVA.

“Oft as he told of toils gone through, For Charles and his dragons of line."

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A BIOGRAPHICAL AND BIBLIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY OF THE
World's Most EMINENT AUTHORS, INCLUDING THE
CHOICEST EXTRACTS AND MASTERPIECES FROM
THEIR WRITINGS, COMPRISING THE BEST
FEATURES OF MANY CELEBRATED

COMPILATIONS, NOTABLY
THE GUERNSEY COLLECTION

THE DE PUY COLLECTION

:: 'THE RIDPATH COLLECTION
ALL CAREFULLY REVISED AND ARRANGED BY A CORPS OF THE

MOST CAPABLE SCHOLARS

EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

JOHN,CLARK RIDPATH, -A.M, LL.D.
EDITOR OF THE ARENA, AUTI:OR OF “RIOPATH'S HisterY OF THE UNITED

ç:clOrEDIA OF UNIVERSA!, is roky,"
RCS OF MANKIND,", ETC., ETC.

STATES,

GREAT

VOLUME XXII

NEW YORK
THE GLOBE PUBLISHING COMPANY

1898

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r.22

KEY TO PRONUNCIATION.

sound is variable to, and in ordinary utterance actually becomes, the short usound (of but, pun, etc.). Thus: a as in errant, republican. e as in prudent, difference. Å as in charity, density. o as in valor, actor, idiot. ä as in Persia, peninsula. ē as in the book. ū as in nature, feature.

* as in fat, man, pang. ã as in fate, mane, dale. ä as in far, father, guard. â as in fall, talk. à as in ask, fast, ant. à as in fare. e as in met, pen, bless. ē as in mete, meet. ė as in her, fern. i as in pin, it. i as in pine, fight, file. o as in not, on, frog. Ő as in note, poke, floor. ö as in move, spoon. ô as in nor, song, off.

as in tub. û as in mute, acute. ů as in pull. ü German ü, French u. oi as in oil, joint, boy. ou as in pound, proud.

u

[blocks in formation]

A single dot under a vowel in an unaccented syllable indicates its abbreviation and lightening, without absolute loss of its distinctive quality. Thus: à as in prelate, courage. ē as in ablegate, episcopal. o as in abrogate, eulogy, democrat. ự as in singular, education.

A double dot under a vowel in an unaccented syllable indicates that, even in the mouths of the best speakers, its

etc. (a guttural h). ń French nasalizing n, as in ton, en.

final s in Portuguese (soft). th as in thin. FH as in then. DETH.

s

denotes a primary," a secondary accent. (A secondary accent is not marked if at its regular interval of two syllables from the primary, or from another secondary.)

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