Her light feet fell on our rough Lyonesse, And Tristram, fondling her light hands, reSailing from Ireland.”


“Grace, Queen, for being loved : she loved me Softly laugh'd Isolt,

well. “ Flatter me not, for hath not our great Queen Did I love her? the name at least I loved. My dole of beauty trebled ?" and he said, Isolt?- I fought his battles, for Isolt ! "Her beauty is her beauty, and thine thine, The night was dark; the true star set. Isolt! And thine is more to me--soft, gracious, kind- The name was ruler of the dark - Isolt? Save when thy Mark is kindled on thy lips Care not for her! patient, and prayerful, meek, Most gracious; but she, haughty, ev'n to him, Pale-blooded, she will yield herself to God.” Lancelot ; for I have seen him wan enow To make one doubt if ever the great Queen And Isolt answered, “ Yea, and why not I? Have yielded him her love."

Mine is the larger need, who am not meek,

Pale-blooded, prayerful. Let me tell thee now.

To whom Isolt, Here one black, mute midsummer night I sat " Ah then, false hunter and false harper, thou Lonely, but musing on thee, wondering where, Who brakest thro' the scruple of my bond, Murmuring a light song I had heard thee sing, Calling me thy white hind, and saying to me And once or twice I spake thy name aloud. That Guinevere had sinned against the highest, Then flash'd a levin-brand; and near me stood, And 1-misyoked with such a want of man- In fuming sulphur blue and green, a fiendThat I could hardly sin against the lowest.” Mark's way to steal behind one in the dark-

For there was Mark: 'He has wedded her, he He answerd, “O my soul, be comforted ! said, If this be sweet, to sin in leading-strings, Not said, but hiss'd it: then this crown of towers If here be comfort, and if ours be sin,

So shook to such a roar of all the sky, Crown'd warrant had we for the crowning sin That here in utter dark I swoon'd away, That made us happy : but how ye greet me- And woke again in utter dark, and cried, fear

'I will flee hence and give myself to God'And fault and doubt-noword of that fond tale- And thou wert lying in thy new leman's arms.” Thy deep heart-yearnings, thy sweet memories Of Tristram in that year he was away.”

Then Tristram, ever dallying with her hand,

“May God be with thee, sweet, when old and . And, saddening on the sudden, spake Isolt, gray, "I had forgotten all in my strong joy

And past desire !” a saying that anger'd her. To see thee-yearnings?-ay! for, hour by hour, ‘May God be with thee, sweet, when thou art Here in the never-ended afternoon,

old, O sweeter than all memories of thee,

And sweet no more to me!' I need Him now. Deeper than any yearnings after thee

For when had Lancelot utter'd aught so gross Seem'd those far-rolling, westward-smiling seas, Ev'n to the swineherd's malkin in the mast ? Watched from this tower. Isolt of Britain | The greater man, the greater courtesy. dash'd

But thou, thro' ever harrying thy wild beastsBefore Isolt of Brittany on the strand,

Save that to touch a harp, tilt with a lance Would that have chill'd her bride-kiss? Wed- Becomes thee well-art grown wild beast thyded her?

self. Fought in her father's battles ? wounded there? How darest thou, if lover, push me even The King was all fulfill’d with gratefulness, In fancy from thy side, and set me far And she, my namesake of the hands, that heald in the gray distance, half a life away, Thy hurt and heart with unguent and caress- Her to be loved no more? Unsay it, unswear! Well-can I wish her any huger wrong

Flatter me rather, seeing me so weak, Than having known thee ? her too hast thou left Broken with Mark and hate and solitude, To pine and waste in those sweet memories ? Thy marriage and mine own, that I should suck O were I not my Mark's, by whom all men Lies like sweet wines : lie to me: I believe. Are noble, I should hate thee more than love." | Will ye not lie? not swear? as there ye kneel,


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And solemnly as when ye sware to him, Which flesh and blood perforce would violate : The man of men, our King-My God, the power For feel this arm of mine--the tide within Was once in vows when men believed the King ! | Red with free chase and heather-scented air, They lied not then, who sware, and thro’ their Pulsing full man ; can Arthur make me pure

As any maiden child ? lock up my tongue The King prevailing made his realm :-I say, From uttering freely what I freely hear? Swear to me thou wilt love me ev'n when old, Bind me to one? The great world laughs at it. Gray-haired, and past desire, and in despair.” And worldling of the world am I, and know

The ptarmigan that whitens ere his hour Then Tristram, pacing moodily up and down, Wooes his own end; we are not angels here “Vows ! did ye keep the vow ye made to Mark Nor shall be : vows—I am woodman of the More than I mine? Lied, say ye? Nay, but woods, learnt,

And hear the garnet-headed yaffingale The vow that binds too strictly snaps itself- Mock them : my soul, we love but while we My knighthood taught me this -- ay, being may ; snapt

And therefore is my love so large for thee, We run more counter to the soul thereof

Seeing it is not bounded save by love." Than had we never sworn. I swear no more. I swore to the great King, and am forsworn. Here ending, he moved toward her, and she For once-ev'n to the height-1 honour'd him. said, 'Man, is he man at all?' methought, when first “Good : an I turn'd away my love for thee I rode from our rough Lyonesse, and beheld

To some one thrice as courteous as thyselfThat victor of the Pagan throned in hall- For courtesy wins women all as well His hair, a sun that ray'd from off a brow As valour may—but he that closes both Like hillsnow high in heaven, the steel-blue is perfect, he is Lancelot-taller indeed, eyes,

Rosier, and comelier, thou--but say I loved The golden beard that clothed his lips with This knightliest of all knights, and cast thee light

back Moreover, that weird legend of his birth,

Thine own small saw "We love but while we With Merlin's mystic babble about his end,

may, Amazed me; then, his foot was on a stool

Well then, what answer ?" Shaped as a dragon; he seem'd to me no man,

He that while she spake, But Michael trampling Satan ; so I sware,

Mindful of what he brought to adorn her with, Being amazed : but this went by—the vows !

The jewels, had let one finger lightly touch O ay-the wholesome madness of an hour

The warm white apple of her throat, replied, They served their use, their time ; for every

“Press this a little closer, sweet, untilknight

Come, I am hunger'd and half-anger'd-meat, Believed himself a greater than himself,

Wine, wine-and I will love thee to the death, And every follower eyed him as a God;

And out beyond into the dream to come.” Till he, being lifted up beyond himself, Did mightier deeds than elsewise he had done, So then, when both were brought to full And so the realm was made ; but then their accord,

She rose, and sat before him all he willid; First mainly thro' that sullying of our Queen- And after these had comforted the blood Began to gall the knighthood, asking whence With meats and wines, and satiated their hearts, Had Arthur right to bind them to himself? Now talking of their woodland paradise, Dropt down from heaven? wash'd up from out The deer, the dews, the fern, the founts, the the deep?

lawns ; They faild to trace him thro’ the flesh and Now mocking at the much ungainliness, blood

And craven shifts, and long crane legs of MarkOf our old Kings ; whence then ? a doubtful Then Tristram laughing caught the harp, and lord

sang : To bind them by inviolable vows,

“Ay, ay, 0 ay—the winds that bend the brier!

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A star in heaven, a star within the mere !

He rose, he turn'd, and flinging round her Ay, ay, O ay-a star was my desire,

neck, And one was far apart, and one was near ;

Claspt it ; but while he bow'd himself to lay Ay, ay, 0 ay—the winds that bow the grass !

Warm kisses in the hollow of her throat, And one was water and one star was fire,

Out of the dark, just as the lips had touch'd, And one will ever shine and one will pass.

Behind him rose a shadow and a shriekAy, ay, O ay—the winds that move the mere.” “Mark's way,” said Mark, and clove him thro'

the brain. Then in the light's last glimmer Tristram showd

That night came Arthur home, and while he And swung the ruby carcanet. She cried,

climb'd, "The collar of some order, which our King All in a death-dumb autumn-dripping gloom, Hath newly founded, all for thee, my soul, The stairway to the hall, and look'd and saw For thee, to yield thee grace beyond thy peers.' The great Queenás bower was dark,—about his "Not so, my Queen,” he said, “but the red

feet fruit

A voice clung sobbing till he question'd it, Grown on a magic oak-tree in mid-heaven, “What art thou?" and the voice about his feet And won by Tristram as a tourney-prize, Sent up an answer, sobbing, “I am thy fool, And hither brought by Tristram for his last And I shall never make thee smile again." Love-offering and peace-offering unto thee.”




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AMERICANISMS; THE ENGLISH OF THE NEw | ing account, classifying them under twelve heads, World. By M. Schele de Vere, LL.D., Pro- which are the titles of his chapters :-“The sessor of Modern Languages in the University of Indian,” “Immigrants from Abroad,” “The Great Virginia, author of “Studies in English,” etc. New West,” “ The Church,” “Politics,” “ Trade of all York: Chas. Scribner & Co.


“On the Rail,” “Natural HisIt seems that both Mr. Marcy, the United States tory,” “Old Friends (old English words) with New Secretary of State, and the Czar of Russia, when in

Faces,” “Cant and Slang,” “New Words and

Nicknames." a towering rage against England, ordained that the "English" language should be superseded in docu- The Indians, like other exterminated races, have ments by the “ American" language ; a proof, per- left melancholy monuments of themselves in the haps, that demagogic despots are as liable to out- names of the great landmarks. But they may also breaks of silly and undignified passion as despots of be said to have given a few words to the language. the ordinary kind. The term “American,” as ap

Yankee itself is now allowed to be Yengee, the Indian plied to themselves by the people of the United mispronunciation of English. The headquarters of States, is, moreover, a usurpation against which all the Democratic party in New York are their wigwam, the other inhabitants of the Continent have a right and Tweed is their Sachem as well as their “ Boss." to protest. If a language distinct from that of Eng. l'ammany was the seat of an ancient Indian chief, land has been formed in the States, let it be called who, it seems, was party to a sale of the territory Yankee : or if that name is wanting in dignity, by which is now Rhode Island, on terms very like the some other name which correctly denotes the fact. Tammany contracts of modern times. Pow-wow has

Large additions have undoubtedly been made to also pretty well effected a lodgment in the lanthe English language in the United States. Of these guage. additions Dr. de Vere gives a very full and interest. Of the immigrants, the Dutchman has given be



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sides plenty of local names (including Bowery, now to die in this State, until he has paid $10 for a new the Alsatia of New York, but “once the pleasant pair of boots with which to kick the bucket. Section Bouvery or garden-bower of Dutch governors”), some 2. Any Chinaman dying under this Act shall be general words ; e. g., overslaugh (from overslaan to buried six feet under ground. Section 3. Any Chinaskip) for preferring an outsider over the heads of those man who attempts to dig up another Chinaman's entitled by seniority. A more familiar instance is bones, shall first procure a license from the Secretary boss from the Dutch baas, an overseer.

“I suppose

of State, for which he shall pay $4. Section 4. Any the Queen is your boss now,” said a Yankee stage dead Chinaman who attempts to dig up his own driver to Lord Carlisle. “I did not boss the job, it bones, without giving due notice to the Secretary of was sister,” cried a Yankee child five years old, when State, shall be fined $100.” he wanted to charge his sister with being the aggres- “ The Great West,” says Dr. de Vere, “has sor in a quarrel. The French words are not many ; impressed the stamp of its own life even more forcibut prairie and sault (now pronounced soo) are from bly (than New England) in the speech of its sons. that source. Some French local names appear in Everything is on such a gigantic scale there that the strange masquerade : Bois Brilé is Bob Ruly, Che- vast proportions with which the mind becomes min Couvert is Smack Cover, Rivière du Purgatoire is familiar, beget unconsciously a love of hyperbole, Picketwire. With plenty of French fashions, some which in its turn irresistibly invites to humour. Life French phrases have also found their way. A Con- is an unceasing activity there, and hence speech also tederate soldier who was picked out of a ditch, where is racy with life and vigour. All is new there to he lay apparently dead, at Gettysburgh, told General those who come from older countries or crowded Lee that he was not hurt or scared, but "terribly cities, and hence new words are continually coined, demoralized.” The Spaniard has contributed negro, and old ones receive new meanings; nature is fresh mulatto, quadroon, and its bastard derivative octoroon. and young there, and hence the poetic feeling is He seems also to have contributed filibuster, the verb excited, and speech assumes unconsciously the of which has now the political sense of manoeuvring rhythm and the elevation of poetry.” From the chapto delay a final vote. More Spanish words, such as ter which follows, and from our own experience of ranche, a farm, and stampede (estampida) Western talk, we should say that humorous hypercoming from California and New Mexico. The bole, rather than elevated poetry, was the character. German, though he has added so vastan ele- istic of the West. Land settling has produced some ment to the population, has not added, according to terms, humorous but not poetic. “Any man who Dr. De Vere, a dozen important words to the lan- has married a lively blonde, and sees himself reflected guage, so rapidly has he been absorbed into Yankee- in two blae eyes, has thereby made himself sure of dom. One well-known German word is lager: while heaven, having preempted two quarter-sections of it loafer (läufer) expresses the dislike of an industri- and settled on the same. Locate has been the unous people for those who lead an irregular and happy parent of a line of similar barbarisms, such as unsettled life. From the negro come Buckra, and orate and donate, culminating, or rather reaching the indirectly marooning, which originally denoted the lowest abyss, in vocate and missionate. The terms life of a runaway negro in the wilds, but is now used derived from pioneer life are legion : Stump oratory for picnicking. The Negro English, however, is a is

among them, and so, we presume, is axe-grinding. dialect of itself, and has acquired through the negro To save, i. e., to make safe by shooting dead, is, it minstrelsy a place in literature. Dr. de Vere goes seems, a term of frontier hunting and warfare. “I so far as to say that “America owes the negro no calculate, Mr. Hossifer (officer) that war the most small gratitude for the only national poetry which it decisivest and the most sanguinariest fight you ever possesses, as distinct from all imitation of old English seen in all your born days, We boys, we up and verses and all competition with the English writers pitched in thar and we give the yaller bellies the of our day.” The Chinaman is bringing in a little most particular Hail Columby. We chawed 'em all Canton jargon, such as first-chop for first-rate; and up; we laid 'em out colder nor a wedge; we saved kootoo, or kowtow, low bowing, is a Chinese word. every mother's son of ’um—we did that 'ar little But the introduction of Chinese words and of the thing, boss.” Honey-fugling, used for kissing by the Chinaman himself will be difficult while the feeling classic lips of Susan B. Anthony, is a term, it seems, of the people in the West against him remains what of Western bee-hunting. A question having been it is now. Dr. de Vere cites a set of resolutions propounded by a philological enquirer in Harper's which he says were actually moved, though not car- Monthly as to the meaning of the phrase, the answer ried, in the Legislature of Oregon in 1870. “Be it was, “It is cutting it too fat over the left.” enacted by the Legislative Assembly of the State of The language of the New England Church, as well Oregon :-Section 1. No Chinaman shall be allowed as the temper of the New Englander, bears traces of

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the fact that with the Puritans “antagonism was the rocked in the bosom of two mighty oceans, whose normal condition of life.” The great object was to granite-bound shores are whitened by the floating differ in phraseology, as well as in customs, from canvass of the commercial world ; reaching from the the old country. The peculiar extravagances of reli- ice-fettered lakes of the north to the febrile waves of gious enthusiasm in the new world, have also pro- Australian seas, comprising the vast interim of five duced some new terms, such as jerks for religious billions of acres, whose alluvial plains, romantic convulsions. The terms Hard Shell Baptists, and mountains and mystic rivers rival the wildest Utopian Soft Shell Baptists, grotesquely denote one instance dreams that ever gathered round the inspired bard, of the universal disintegration, which, under the action as he walked the Amaranthine promenades of Hesof liberalizing influences, is taking place in all the perian gardens, is proud Columbia, the land of the Churches of the United States from the Episcopalian free and the home of the brave.Free soil, free labour 10 the Quaker. Mormonism and Spiritualism are and free love are terms of which the first two are the latest sources of religious additions, if religious pregnant with evil memories of the past, while the last additions they can be called, to the English of the is full of evil omen for the future. Skedaddle, a word New World.

of the civil war, has been pretty well incorporated From politics have come a host of terms, all of into the slang portion of the English language. Its them vulgar, and almost all of them denoting some- etymology seems to be satisfactorily traced to the thing tricky and roguish. The political vocabulary

Scotch or Scandinavian language, in both of which of our neighbours is pretty well known here. Our the word means to spill water or milk from a pail. readers may, however, be glad to be informed that

“ Trade of all kinds ” has, of course, contributed the term gerrymandering, denoting the fraudulent

its quota.

Dr. de Vere has the candour to admit division of a State into districts, so as to give the that“ if the English are a nation of shop-keepers, party which has the minority in number a majority the Americans are not unmirdful of the same source of the votes, is derived from the name of its inven- of wealth.” He, however, charges to the account of tor, Mr. Elbridge Gerry, a prominent politician of England the phrase Almighty Dollar, begging Engthe State now adorned by General Butler. Bun- lishmen to recall the first lines of Ben Jonson's episcombe, løg-rolling, lobbyiug, land-grabbing, ballot-box tle to the Countess of Holland :stuffing, repeating, ring, are too well known. Pipe

• Whilst that for which all virtue now is sold, lezinz is less familiar ; it was derived from a scheme

And almost every vice, almightie gold.for importing voters from Philadelphia into New York, which was concealed under the form of a con

But the omnipotence of gold, though not of greentract for laying water-pipes from the Croton aqueduct. backs, has been the complaint of all lands and ages. The etymology of the caucus, which under the system

Money itself,” says Dr. de Vere, has in the United of party government, has practically superseded the States, as in England, more designations than any constitutional legislature, lost in philological other object, liquor alone exeepted.” He admits, night. The term has been wildly derived from however that the English Slang Dictionary does not seyphus, a divining cup! A pincher is “ a bill which comprise John Davis, Ready John, spondulics, promises to secure a pecuniary reward to those who dooteroomus or doot, tow, wad, hardstuff or hard, dirt, are interested in its defeat." rooster (our cousins are shinplasters, wherewith, shad scales, or scales, dyetoo delicate to say cock) is “ a bill which will benefit stuffs, charms, stamps. Bogus is rather unexpectedthe legislators, and no one else.” The vocabulary ly derived from the noble Italian name Borghese, is of course rich in new terms for illicit gains, chicken- borne by an itinerant drawer of fictitious notes, checks pie being one of the latest. We knew what wire- and bills of exchange, whose genius merited a monupulling was, but we did not know that peculiar skill ment in our language since he succeeded in swindling in it was called sculduggery. To crawfish is equiva- Yankee smartness out of large sums. Skinning is lent to ratting in English. Sound on the goose seems

resorted to whenever the merchant is short ; and to baffle etymology ; but it means sound on the main short is a word of large significance and great practiquestion. Highfalutin is equally puzzling to the cal utility. “A common practice is to withhold a philologist, who desperately struggles to find a deriva- little of a poor sewing-girl's pay from week to week, tsion for it in high-flying, high-floating, and even

on the plea of being short, and when a handsome in the Dutch verlooten—to lay by whipping. Spread aggregate has been reached, to boldly deny the debt.” Eagleism, on the contrary, calls for no philological As to the vocabulary of liquors and liquoring, we research. As a practical illustration of its meaning really must disclaim for the backward and torpid old Dr. de Vere gives an extract from the Report of Legcountry anything like rivalry with the foremost of islative Proceedings in Indiana—“The American nations. people—and we are proud to call ourselves that are Afloat” is said to have contributed schooner,

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