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FINANCES, ETC.

1.-UNITED STATES.

1. STATEMENT OF THE DEBT OF THE UNITED STATES, NOVEMBER, 1857.*

The public debt on the 4th of March, 1853, amounted to the sum of $69,129,937 27, and was subsequently increased to liquidate the debt of Texas, by the sum of $2,750,000, which gives the public debt at $71,879,937 27. It has since been reduced, up to the 17th day of November, 1857, the date of the Register's last report, to the sum of $25,165,154 51.

In addition to the public debt as above, there is due, under treaties with various Indian tribes, payable on time, the sum of $21,066,501 36. This debt, as it becomes payable, constitutes an item of annual expenditure, and is estimated for by the Department of the Interior.

2. RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES OF THE UNITED STATES FOR THE FISCAL

YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1857. Receipts from Customs, quarter ending Sept. 30, 1856....

.......$20,677,740 40 Receipts from Lands, quarter ending Sept. 30, 1856........

892,380 39 Receipts from Miscellaneous and incidental Sources ........

...........

355,310 57

-$21,925,431 36 Receipts from Customs, quarter ending Dec. 31, 1856......

14,243,414 90 Receipts from Lands, quarter ending Dec. 31, 1856. ...

808,252 86 Receipts from Miscellaneous and incidental Sources........

123,999 59

- 15,175,667 35 Receipts from Customs, quarter ending March 31, 1857.......

.... 19.055,328 55 Receipts from Lands, quarter ending March 31, 1857 ...................:::::::..;

1,065,640 11 Receipts [from Miscellaneous and incidental Sources .......

274,054 90

- 20,395,023 56

* Compiled from the Report of the Secretary of the Treasury, Dec. 1857.

Receipts from Customs, quarter ending June 30, 1857..............

... $9,899,421 20 Receipts from Lands, quarter ending June 30,

1,063,213 28 Receipts from Miscellaneous and incidental Sources..........

172,756 92

$11,135,391 40

1857............::

Total Receipts..........
Balance in the Treasury, July 1, 1856....

68,631,513 67 19,901,325 45

Aggregate Means of the Treasury, for fiscal year ending
June 30, 1857...

......

88,532,839 12 Expenditures: Civil, Foreign Intercourse and Miscellaneous................

... 27,531,922 37 Service in charge of Interior Department.... 5,358,274 72 Service in charge of War Department... ... 19,261,774 16 Service in charge of Navy Department. ... 12,726,856 69 Purchase of Public Debt, principal, premium and interest.

5,943,896 91

Total Expenditures........

.... 70,822, 724 85 Balance in Treasury, close of fiscal year, June 30, 1857.. 17,710,114 27 The receipts of the first quarter of the current • fiscal year, ending Sept. 30, 1857, were; From Customs.......................... 18,573,729 37 From Public Lands........

2,059,449 39 From Miscellaneous Sources...

... 296,641 05

20,929,819 81 The estimated receipts during the three re

maining quarters of the current fiscal year,

to June 30, 1858, are; From Customs..

33,000,000 00 From Public Lands........

3,000,000 00 From Miscellaneous Sources .......... 750,000 00

36,750,000 00 Making an aggregate estimate of Means for the current year, of............

............. 75,389,934 08 The expenditures of the first quarter, ending

Sept. 30, 1857, were:
Civil, Foreign Intercourse, etc.....

7,315,789 00 Service, Interior Department.............. 3,240,098 99 Service, War Department....

7,290,950 83 Service, Navy Department................ 3,915,906 99 Purchase Public Debt, principal, premium and interest...

1,951,782 56

....

23,714,528 37 The estimated expenditures, during the three

remaining quarters of the current fiscal
year, ending June 30, 1858, are..... .... 51,248,530 04

74.963,058 41

Leaving an estimated balance in the

Treasury, July 1, 1858 ....

......

$426,875 67

In view of this small balance, Congress, by Act of December 23, 1857, authorized the issue of $20,000,000 of Treasury notes. The Secretary of the Treasury, in his communication to Congress, under date of May 19, 1858 states, that, owing to the continued depression of business throughout the country, the receipts of the Treasury had fallen $10,000,000 below the estimates made in bis report of December last; that Congress, having from various causes increased the expenditures $10,000,000, the issue of Treasury notes of December, 1857 is entirely absorbed, and that the fiscal year 1859 would commence without a dollar in the Treasury to meet the amount to be paid during the first two quarters of that year, estimated at $10,000,000. To meet this deficiency, an Act was passed, authorizing a loan of $20,000,000, payable in fifteen years, with interest not to exceed six per cent. per annum.

The recent close of the Utah War and the satisfactory adjustment of the Right of Search question with Great Britain, will materially reduce the above estimate, which, together with the present improving condition of business throughout the country, and the rigid system of economy now being introduced in the different departments of the Federal Government, will soon restore our national finances to the same prosperous condition that they were in at the commencement of the present Administration.

3. STATEMENT Showing the amount of the Public Debt on the 3d of March, 1857; the amount redeemed and

paid to July 1st, 1857; the amount since; the total amount redeemed and paid, and the amount outstanding on November 17, 1857.

[Compiled from the Report of the Secretary of the Treasury, December, 1857. )

1842. 1846...... 18-17....... 1848....

LOANS, ETC. When Public Debt, Redeemed Redeemed Total amount Outstanding

Redeemable. March 3, '57. to July 1, 57 since. | redeemed. Nov. 17, 1857|
Dec. 31, 1862 $3,656,941 98 $159,307 05 $614,270 82 $773,577 87 $2,883,364 11
Nov. 12, 1856 89, 400 00 55,400 00 25.300 00 8 0,700 00 8,700 00
Jan'y 1, 1868 11,545,450 00 373,950 00 1,759,950 002,133,900 00 *9,412,700 00

July 1, 1868 10,532,941 80 188,700 001 1,435,900 00 1,624,600 00 8,908,341 80 Texan Indemnity. Jan'y 1, 1865 3,632,000 00 143,000 00 28,000 00 171,000 00 3,461,000 00 Totals.......

29,456,733 78 920,357 05 3,863,420 82 4,783,777 87 24,674, 105 91 Texas Debt, (Act of Feb. 20, 1855)

363,418 08 62,788 09 31,661 57 94,449 661 268,968 42 Old Funded and Unfunded Debt. 114,118 54

114,118 54

*ið0 00 Treasury Notes... 109,261 64

* 150 00 +107,961 64 Totals......!

30,043,532 04 983, 145 14 3,895, 232 39 4,878,377 53 25, 165,154 51

II.-CALIFORNIA.

1. TAXATION AND REVENUE. The State of California claims from the General Government the payment of moneys collected from her citizens by United States officers without law, at a time when no Territorial or State Government existed in accordance with

* Increased $1,150 by funding treasury notes. + Reduced $1,150 by funding treasury notes, and $150 by redemption.

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