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3. ECLIPSES. In the year 1859 there will be four Eclipses of the Sun and two of the Moon:
I. A partial Eclipse of the Sun, February 2, 1859. This Eclipse is only visible in a small portion of the Southern Ocean.
II. A total Eclipse of the Moon, February It, commencing about 12 o'clock in the morning. This Eclipse will be visible throughout California.
End of Total Eelipse 17 3 33
Last contact with the Shadow 17 4 29
"" '< Penumbra 17 6 25
First contact with Penumbra, mor.. 17 0 3
Magnitude of the Eclipse, (Moon's diameter=l.) 1-693. The first contact with the shadow occurs at 121° from the northernmost point of the Moon's limb toward the east. The last contact at 69° toward the west.
III. A partial Eclipse of the Sun, March 4; invisible in California.
IV. A partial Eclipse of the Sun, July 29; visible in British North America, Greenland and North Atlantic Ocean.
V. A total Eclipse of the Moon, August 13; invisible.
VL A partial Eclipse of the Sun, August 27; invisible in California.
4. MORNING AND EVENING STARS.
Venus will be Morning Star until October 8, then Evening Star the remainder of the year.
Mars will be Evening Star until July 26, then Morning Star the remainder of the year.
Jupiter will be Evening Star until June 25, then Morning Star until February, 1860.
Saturn will be Morning Star until January 31, then Evening Star until August 10, then Morning Star the remainder of the year.
6. EQUINOXES AND SOLSTICES.
d. h. m.
Vernal Eqninox March 20
Autumnal Equinox Sept. 23
d. h. m.
Summer Solstice June 21 3 49 eve.
Winter Solstice Dec. 21 11 63"
6. APOGEE AND PERIGEE OF THE SUN.
Sun's Apogee, July 1 Distance from the Earth.. 96,702.364 English miles.
Sun's mean distance, Mar. 31 and Oct. 3," " "...95,103,000"
Sun's Perigee, Jan. 1 and December 31,
7. APOGEE AND PERIGEE OP THE MOON. Apogee.—Point in the Moon's orbit at the greatest distance from the Earth.
Perigee.—Point in the Moon's orbit at the least distance from the Earth.
* From July 29, 1851, to March 31, 1856, inclusive, twenty-six new asteroids were discovered, viz: In 1852, Psyche, Thetis, Melpomene, Fortona, Masilia, Lutetia, Calliope and Thalia. In 1853, Themis, Thoca?a, Prosperine and Euterpe. In 1854, Bellona, Amphitrite, Urania, Enphrosyne, Pomona, Polymnia, Leucothea, and one nume not known. In 1855, Circe, Atlanta and Fides. And in 1856, Leda, Latitia, and another not yet named.
The calculations are given in mean time.