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thousand of which are valley lands, and the balance well adapted for grazing purposes. Number of Indians located at this point, four thousand. The agricultural operations on the Reservation during the year 1857 were eminently successful, and, considering the unusually dry season, the products were most abundant. There were under cultivation about six hundred acres of land, from which an estimated return was had of ten thousand bushels of wheat, three hundred bushels of corn; the yield of barley being very light, in fact, not of sufficient value to harvest. There were cut and cared for about two hundred and fifty tuns of hay. Vegetables of all kinds were raised in abundance, except potatoes, and it is now settled that the land in that section of country will not produce them. The wheat was all threshed and housed, and proved sufficient to feed a much larger number of Indians than could be collected on the Reservation during this year. The labor of harvesting last season was performed by the Indians, many of whom, but eighteen months before were in their native wildness. There are on the Reserve three adobe buildings, a flouring mill and a number of wooden buildings, together with an assortment of agricultural implements and live stock. During the present year over twelve hundred acres were under cultivation, and the crop of grain alone amounted to over twenty thousand bushels.

Klamath.—Established November, 1855. This Reservation is located in Klamath County. The number of acres within its limits is twenty-five thousand, of which three hundred and twenty are in cultivation, principally with wheat, barley and vegetables. The number of Indians located on this Reserve, twenty-five hundred. Number of Indian houses, one hundred and seventy-eight; buildings, twenty. There is an abundance of stock and agricultural implements for the use of the Indians within the limits of this Reserve.

Mendocino.—Established June, 1856. This Reserve is situated in Mendocino County near the coast. Its extent is twenty-five thousand acres, of which five hundred and fifty are inclosed and two hundred and fifty in cultivation, principally sown with potatoes. Number of Indians located at this point, thirty-five hundred, of which twelve hundred are females, who derive their subsistance principally from fish that are obtained in innumerable quantities on the coast. There is an abundance of nets and boats supplied by the Superintendent, and the Indians appear to be well satisfied with the arrangements made for their support and protection. Number of buildings, forty. It is estimated that there are at least ten thousand Indians who may be conveniently cared for at this place. This locality is regarded as the best that can be selected in California or elsewhere, for the gathering and permanent settlement of the Indian tribes, for all the purposes of comfort and improvement. There are on this Reserve an abundance of agricultural implements, and a small quantity of live stock.

Fresno And King's River Farms.—Established in October, 1854. Located in Fresno County. These farms are about two thousand acres in extent, of which six hundred are in cultivation principally with wheat and barley. Number of Indians within the agency, twenty-five hundred and fiftyfive, of which nine hundred are male adults, eight hundred female adults, and eight hundred and fifty-five children, together representing twenty-three different tribes. There are permanently located on these farms eight hundred Indians, viz: on Fresno, five hundred; on King's River, three hundred —all of whom are abundantly supplied with agricultural implements and live stock, with the necessary buildings for shelter.

Nome Cult Farm.—Established in June, 1856. It is located in Tehama County. Number of acres of land within its limits, five thousand, of which five hundred are in cultivation. The number of Indians located here is about four thousand, who are well provided with agricultural implements and live stock.

VIII.-UN1TED STATES BRANCH MINT, SAN FRANCISCO.

Established* July 3d, 1852. Commenced operations April, 1854. Capacity for coinage per month, $4,000,000. Total coinage since commencement of operations, to June 30th, 1858: Gold, $89,216,537; silver. $582,781. Expenditures for fiscal year ending June 30th, 1858, $353,689. Total expenditures to June 30th, 1858, $1,339,932.

The law for the establishment and regulation of the United States Mint and the branches thereof, provides that any person may deposit with the officers in charge of the same, gold and silver in bullion, grain or lumps, which, if requested, shall be refined, assayed and cast into bars or coined, as speedily as possible after the receipt thereof; the bars to be stamped in said mint or branches in such manner as shall indicate the fineness and value of the same; the expense incurred to be retained from each deposit Bo made, at such rates and charges, and under such regulations, as may from time to time be established. The said charges not to exceed the actual cost of refining, casting and forming said bars, including labor, wastage, use of machinery, material etc., or one-half per cent, for coinage, to be received by the Treasurer of the Mint at which the deposit was made, and by him accounted for to the Treasurer of the United States.

1. OPERATIONS OF THE BRANCH MINT, SAN FRANCISCO, From April, 1854, to June 30th, 1858. GOLD DEPOSITS.

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* For officers and clerks see page 61. + Mint closed for settlement of accounts, from April

23d to August 10th, and from October 31st to November 23d, 1857.

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* The total coinage of the United States, Great Britain and France, from January, 1850 to July, 1857, amount* to $1,023,375,132, as follows: United States, $364,052,981; Great Britain, $222,832,089; France, $136,490,062. The total coinage of the United States Mint and branches from the date of respective organizations to July, 1857, in $588,619,183. The amount of California gold received at mint and branches from January, 1849 to July, 1857, $402,000,000Report of Director XI. S. Mint.

2. TABLE OP FOREIGN COINS,* With their equivalents in United States Currency, Gold valuation, prepared at the request of the Controller of the Treasury, November, 1857.

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Austria

Austria

Belgium f

Belgium

Brazil

Bremen

Buenos Ayres

Central America...

Chile

Chile

China

Denmark

Denmark

England

France..f

France

France

Germany,North....
Germany, South...

Hamburg

India

India ,

iLombardy

Mexico

Naples

Naples

Naples

Naples

Netherlands.. .*

Norway

Peru

Peru

Portugal

Prussia

Rome

Russia

[Sardinia

Spain

Spain

Spain

Sweden

Turkey

Tuscany

[blocks in formation]

Dollar .
Piastre

Twenty Franc Piece . |Gold, being

Franc ;Silver

Thaler Silver

Florin Silver

Marc-banco [Money of Account..

Rupee Silver

Star Pagoda 'Gold

Lira [Silver

Dollar [Silver

Scudo Silver

Carlin [Silver

Onzia (Ounce) Gold:

Ducat Money of Account..

Guilder Silver

Specie Daler Silver

Dollar, New ISilver

Dollar, Old Silver

Milreis Silver

iThaler Silver

Scudo Silver

Rouble Silver

Franc or Lira Silver

Real Tellon Silver

New Doubloon Gold

New Peninsula Dollar Silver, (Peso of 20 reals)

Silver .
Gold or Silver.

[Florin Silver.

[table]

N". B.—Four of the above being moneys of account only, are estimated by

their legal relation to certain coins. JAMES ROSS Snowden,

Director of the U. S. Mint.

* This list embraces only " such foreign coins as are known to onr commerce," which the Director of the mint is required to have assayed from time to time and to report thereon.—[ed.

t The actual currency of both these countries is gold, and computations are, of course, made in reference to that medium. Like the United States, they have the double standard, but silver only cirpulates for small change, and its value cannot be regarded in computing pecuniary obligations.

1859.] U. S. COAST SURVEY LIGHT-HOUSE ESTABLISHMENT. 139

IX.—UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY*
STEAMER ACTIVE, HTDROGRAPHICAL DEPARTMENT.

OFFICERS.

Cora'r James Alden Commanding, U. S. N.

Phillip C. Johnson, Jr Lieutenant, U. S. N.

John G. Mitchell Lieutenant, U. S. N,

James Suddards '. Passed Assistant Surgeon, V. S. 2T.

N. C. Davis .- First Assistant Engineer, U. S. N.

F. H. West Watch Officer.

"Wm. B. McMurtrie Draughtsman.

George Farquhar Draughtsman.

James M. Alden .■ Clerk.

The steamer Active is at present the only vessel engaged in the hydrography of the coast. This vessel has been employed during the last summer on duty in connection with the Northwestern Boundary Survey, and during the fall and winter, in completing the soundings of San Erancisco Bay in commencing the approaches to its entrance.

X.—LIGHT-HOUSE ESTABLISHMENT,

TWELFTH LIGHT-HOUSE DISTRICT, PACIFIC COAST, f Number of Light-Houses in operation, fourteen; in course of construction,

two; authorized, and to be constructed, seven.

Light-Houses in course of construction, two: Toke Point, Shoalwater Bay,

"W. T.; Blunt's Island, Straits of Fuca, W. T.

Authorized, and to be constructed, seven: 1, Point Hueneme, Cal.; 2,

San Pedro, Cal.: 3, Santa Cruz, Cal.; 4, Point Lobos, Cal.; 5, Point Reyes,

Cal.; 6, Cape Mendocino, Cal., and 1, Red Bluff, Whidbey's Island, Straits

of Fuca, W. T.

Appropriations for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1858, $160,19115.

1. POINT LOMA,
Bay of San Diego, California.

A fixed white light, third order of Fresnel, illuminating the entire horizon. This light-house is situated at an elevation of about four hundred and fifty feet above the sea, and half a mile from the extremity of Point Loma, which forms the west point of the entrance into the Bay of San Diego. It consists of a stone dwelling of one story and a half, with a low tower of brick rising from the center. The elevation will give full effect to the light, which in clear weather, should be visible twenty to twenty-five miles.

Vessels from the north should give Point Loma a berth of half a mile, rounding up gradually after passing it until Ballast Point is brought in range

* For List of Officers, see page 51. + For LiBt of Officers, Keepers, etc., see p. 51.

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