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* Number of ditches returned by the Assessor, 1858, 35 ; aggregate length, 550 miles; value, 8283,160; cost of construction, $1,550,000.—[En. t Cost of construction of that portion in Placer County.

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* The returns of the Assessor, 1858, show 92 ditches, with an aggregate length of 201 miles; capacity, 16,775 inches. Assessed value, $210,000; estimated cost of construction, $600,000.—[ed.

t The number returned by the Assessor, 1858, is 11, with an aggregate length of 135 miles. We have returns of 8 ditches, with an aggregate length of 163 miles, exclusive of 177 miles of branches; 18 miles of the A. R. W.AM. Co. are in Placer, and are therefore included in that county ; estimated cost of construction for the county, 1800,000.—[ed.

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* Number reported by the Assessor, 1858, 24; length, 104 miles, with a capacity of 9,000 inches; cost of construction, estimated, $300,000.—[ed.

+ Number included in the returns of the Assessor, 1868, 70 ; length, 183 miles; total value, $420,650. Most of these ditches are small, of one or two miles in length each ; the principal companies only are included in the table; the amount set opposite to each is the capital stock.—[ed.

t The Assessor reports, 1858,16, exclusive of several small ditches ; assessed value, $100,000.—[ed.

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* The number reported by the Assessor, 1858, 94 ; length, 163 miles. Many of these ditches are small, but of considerable importance ; the estimated aggregate value for the county is over 4500,000.

+ The number reported by the Assessor, 1858, is 10; with an aggregate length of 181 miles. The extent of those set forth in the table is 425 miles, and includes the Miner's New Ditch recently completed, the capacity of which is Baid to exceed the aggregate of all the other ditches in the county. Cost of construction for the county, exclusive of the last named, $1,481,000.—[ed.

t Number of ditches, 31 ; aggregate length, 241 miles ; estimated cost of construction, $700,000.

District and Name.


Cain, Young & Co.'s.

Clear Creek




Galena Hill



Gold Ridge


Green Mountain


Long Bar

Nine Horse

Oak Flat

Oak Valley

Parks' Bar

Railroad Hill


Slate Creek




Tri Union Co





Yuba and Dry Creek.

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The following extracts, illustrating the extent of this lucrative and important branch of trade, and the advantages of this State as a depot for the vessels engaged therein, are taken from the message of Governor Bigler to the Legislature of the State, 1855:

"The market for oil and bone is better at San Francisco than at the Islands, and perhaps not inferior to that of the Atlantic cities. In fact, I am assured that during the year 1854, more than two hundred thousand gallons of oil were shipped from Honolulu to San Francisco, to one house alone, as affording a better market than could be found at the Islands.

It is certainly undeniable that the facilities for transhipping oil and bone to the Atlantic, South America, and other neighboring markets, are much greater at the port of San Francisco than at Honolulu or any other Pacific port.

The importance to our own merchants and ship owners of this valuable trade may be estimated from the following statements obtained from reliable sources:

During the year ending December 22, 1854, there were shipped from Honolulu alone, principally to the ports of New London and New Bedford, sixty

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