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2. LUMBER AND SAW MILLS.
The manufacture of lumber is an extensive and valuable branch of the resources of California. The inexhaustible and almost boundless forests of the Coast Range and the Sierra Novada furnish an abundance of timber for the different mills throughout the State.
Some idea of the extent of this trade, and the capacity of the State to meet its requirements, may be obtained by an examination of the following list of the saw mills at present in operation in this State, the greater portion of which, it will be observed, are located in the vicinity of populous mining districts, where the demand for lumber, for the different purposes of building, mining and fluming, is constantly increasing. In fourteen counties the average capacity is nearly two million feet per month. The product of lumber in several counties, form an important part of the resources thereof, and in Tuolumne County, alone, the sales are estimated to exceed eight hundred thousand dollars per annum.
The most extensive lumber district in the State, is in the vicinity of Humboldt Bay. There are located near that point nine steam mills, which are almost constantly employed in the manufacture of the different varieties of lumber. The export trade is mostly supplied from this point. Amount sawed, 1857, twenty-five million feet.
The number of mills in the State is three hundred and eighty-eight, of which one hundred and seventy-eight are propelled by steam and two hundred and ten by water. Cost of erection estimated at two and a half million of dollars. Aggregate capacity is about five hundred million of feet per year.
Exhibiting the Saw Mills of the State, with the Location, Name, Present Occupant, Number of Saws, Capacity, Power and Cost of each.