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Legal Distances.—From Sacramento, three hundred and ninety miles; from Stockton, three hundred and ninety miles, and from San Quentin, two hundred and sixty-five miles.

Eighth Judicial District.—Hon. J. P. Haynes, Judge District Court. Sessions, first Monday in March, June and September.

County Courts.—Terms of the County Court, Court of Sessions and Probate Court, second Monday in February, April, June, August, October and December.

Twenty-first Senatorial District.—Senator: Hon. J. C. Burch; term expires January, 1860. Member of Assembly.—Hon. E. L. Davis.

Agricultural Resources.—The land adapted to cultivation, produce the cereals and the vegetables common to this latitude, in great abundance. Large fields of wheat, cultivated in Eel River Valley, have yielded seventy bushels per acre, and over fifteen tuns of potatoes have been raised from less than one acre. Products: Wheat, 1,350 acres, 40,000 bushels; barley, 250 acres, 10,000 bushels; oats, 1,200 acres, 48,000 bushels; rye, 10 acres, 200 bushels; corn, 75 acres, 2,250 bushels; buckwheat, 20 acres, 500 bushels; peas, 500 acres, 25,000 bushels; beans, 60 acres, 900 bushels; potatoes, 250 acres, 25,000 bushels; onions, 12 acres; hay, 400 acres; broom corn, 3 acres; butter, 100,000 pounds; cheese, 5,000 pounds; eggs, 18,225 dozen.

Fruit Trees.—Apple, 9,000; peach, 4,000; pear, 450; plum, 450; cherry, 250; quince, 400; apricot, 250; fig, 25; almond, 25: walnut, 25. Vines: Gooseberry, 4,050; raspberry, 150; strawberry, 27,009; grape-vines, 915. Considerable attention has been devoted to the cultivation of fruit with satisfactory results.

Live Stock.—Horses, (American,) 400; (Spanish, tame,) 250; (Spanish, wild,) 175; total number of horses, 825; mules, 600; asses, 10; cows, 2,G00, calves, 1,500; stock cattle, 3,500; beef cattle, 1,500; oxen, 400; total number of cattle, 9,500; sheep, 500; goats, 50; hogs, 2,800; poultry, 7,375.

"That portion of the county chiefly adapted to stock-growing and dairying purposes, lies between Eel River and Mattoll, near the coast, and also east of the strip of redwood, running north and south, the entire length of the county. This is now being settled by large stock-growers."

Salmon Fisheries*—The most extensive salmon fisheries in the State, are on Eel River. The fish exist in so great an abundance that a sufficient supply for the entire State may be obtained from this stream alone.

Manufacture of Lumber.—"The principal timber in the county is redwood, extending with an average breadth of eight or ten miles, at a varying distance from the coast of one to five miles. Oak, ash, hickory (so called), and maple, are found in the county. Pine and spruce aro also forest trees; for lumber purposes inexhaustible. The present lumber interest of the county furnishes employment to two or three hundred men. Its commerce is not altogether coastwise, but cargoes sail hence to the Islands of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, Australia, China and South America, There are over ten miles of rail-track; some connecting the timber country with tide-water, for the transportation of logs, and one from Union to the ship-channel in the bay, some two miles." Saw mills, 9—steam, 7, water, 2. Lumber sawed per annum, 25,000,000 feet.

Grist Mills.—Grist mills, 4—steam, 2, water, 2; grain ground per annum 75,000 bushels.

Ferries.—Number of ferries, 3.

Mineral Resources.—The amount of mineral land in this.county is quite limited.

Finances.—Amount funded, $10,000, ten per cent. Receipts for fiscal year, 1857-8, $5,000; expenditures same period, $5,000; amount of taxable property, $1,080,833.

Attorneys.—Eureka: L. M. Burson, James Hanna; Humboldt: E. H. Howard; Union: H. W. Havens, "W. Van Dyke, J. E. Wyman.

Physicians.—Bucksport: J.Clark; Eel River: D. T. Felt; Eureka: J.N. Hume, G. Lee; Port Humboldt: L. Guild; Union: Dr. Graw, M. Spencer.



Klamath County, organized 1851. Boundaries: North by Del Norte, east by Siskiyou, south by Trinity and Humboldt and west by the Pacific.

Topography.—The land in this county is generally mountainous, portions of which are covered with dense forests of redwood, cedar, spruce and fir trees. There are several small valleys of excellent land, amounting, in the aggregate, to about thirty thousand acres, which are well adapted to cultivation. Under cultivation, three thousand two hundred acres. There aro about twenty thousand acres of the upland, suitable for grazing purposes. The Trinity, Klamath and Salmon rivers are mining streams.

* For a description of these fisheries, see p. 287.

Legal Distances.—From Sacramento, four hundred and fifty miles, from Stockton, four hundred and fifty miles and from San Quentin, three hundred and fifty miles.

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Eighth Judicial District.—Hon. J. P. Haynes, Judge District Court. Sessions, first Monday in April, July and October.

Twelfth Senatorial District.—Senator: Hon. J. Berry; term expires, January, 1860.

Member of Assembly.—Hon. W. B. Bailey.

Agricultural Products.—"Wheat, 1,500 acres, 37,500 bushels; barley, 20 acres, 500 bushels: oats, 1,000 acres, 40,000 bushels.

Fruit Trees, (1857).—Apple, 150; peach, 500; grapevines, (1858) 2,000.

Live Stock.—Horses, 82; mules and asses, 951; cattle, 535; goats, 12; hogs, 517; poultry, 1,200.

Manufacture of Lumber.—The low mountain land, covered with dense forests of redwood, cedar, spruce, fir, pine and other varieties, contains redwood trees which will measure twenty-five feet in diameter. There is an extensive forest between Redwood Creek and Trinidad, which contains some of the finest specimens of the redwood tree to b found in the State. Number of saw mills, 8—water; lumber sawed per annum, 1,400,000 feot. Value, $56,000.

Grist Mills.—Number, 1—steam; run stone, 2; value, $6,000.

Bridges and Ferries.—Bridges, 2; ferries, 4; value, $6,000.

Indian Reservation.^—The Klamath Reserve is located in this county. Number of acres, 25,000, a portion of which extends into Del Norte County.

Mineral Resources.—The placer diggings of this county are extensive and productive. The vicinity of the Klamath, Trinity and Salmon rivers, and Gold Bluff and the points adjacent to the beach, afford profitable employment to a large number of persons throughout the year.

Water Ditches and Canals.—Ditches, 3; length, 55 miles; sluice heads, 252. Value, $50,000.

• Salary reduced to $1,500 after expiration of present term,
t For a description of this Reservation, see p. 135.


Finances.—Funded debt, $25,783 61, interest (en per cent; floating debt, $9,051 74; amount due from Del Norte, $10,000—actual debt, $24,835 35. Receipts for past fiscal year, $6,500. Expenditures, same period, $13,000.

Attorneys.—Orleans Bar: B. P. Fletcher, H. L. Preston, C. R. Saunders, ¥m. F. Yaugban.




Los Angeles County, organized 1850. Boundaries: North by Santa Barbara and Buena Vista, east by San Bernardino, south by San Diego and the Pacific and west by the Pacific.

Topography.—This county is one of the richest and most fertile of the southern portion of the State,* is of large extent and capable of sustaining a large population. Extensive plains, for the greater part compose the land in this county, all of ■which is fit for cultivation; producing in the highest degree cereal crops, and genial and nourishing to every seed yet planted in its soil. Recent explorations have developed the existence, in considerable quantities of gold, silver, copper and other valuable minerals. The extent of this region is not yet known. Number of acres of land in this county, (that portion for which the occupants have no government title, beiDg omitted,) one million three thousand nine hundred and thirty. Number of acres in cultivation, six thousand seven hundred and fifty.f

Legal Distances.—From Sacramento, five hundred and fifty miles; from Stockton, five hundred and fifty miles, and from San Quentin, four hundred and forty miles.



* For description of the climate and resources, see p. 241.

t Amount relumed by Assessor, 1858. In 1857 the quantity leturned was 13,G33 acres.—[ed.

First Judicial District.—Hon. Benjamin Hayes, Judge District Court Sessions, third Monday in March, July and November.

County Courts.—The terms of the County Court: Third Monday in January, April, June, August and October. Court of Sessions: First Monday in February, May, July, September and November. Probate Court: Fourth Monday of each month.

First Senatorial District.—Senator: Hon. C. E. Thom; term expires, January, 1861.

Members of Assembly.—Hons. Andreas Pico and Henry Hancock.

Agricultural Resources.—There are few counties of the State that will equal this in the character and extent of its products. Although not a grain growing district, there is nevertheless, sufficient raised for home consumption. Vegetables are grown extensively, they are very thrifty and disease is unknown both to them and to every seed and plant that exist here. Products: "Wheat, 410 acres, 7,690 bushels; barley, 4,215 acres, 84,300 bushels; (1857,*) oats, 50 acres, 500 bushels; corn, 2,728 acres, 272,800 bushels; peas, 100 acres, 1,000 bushels; beans, 2,199 acres, 33,225 bushels; potatoes, 200 acres, 10,000 bushels; sweet potatoes, 50 acres, 500 bushels; onions, 100 acres, 1,500 bushels; hay, 1,570 tuns; tobacco, 10 acres; broom corn, 10 acres; cheese, 20,740 pounds; wool, 47,482 pounds; eggs, 30,416 dozen.

Fruit Trees and Fruit.—" The adaptability of the soil and climate of this county to the cultivation of fruit is yearly exhibited in the variety, quantity and quality of the crops annually sent to market. Horticulture, from the decay it wore since the control of the Missionaries, has taken new life, and the new hands which now preside over it, are laboring with success to bring it back to its former luxuriance and excellence, and adding thereto many rare plants never before introduced in this soil." Fruit Trees: Apple, 2,758; peach, 72,629; pear, 8,000; oranges, 5,870; pomegranates, 1,430; apricot, 3,500; (1857,) plum, 102; cherry, 50; quince, 400; apricot, 445; fig, 774; citron, 125; lemon, 5,750; lime, 5,000; olive, 1,302; prune, 112; palm, 4; almond, 176; walnut, 218; currants, 1,800; cochineal, 7; nectarine, 27; pine-apple, 110; raspberry, 1,000; agua carte, 25; son sapote, 25; zapote, 25; nesbarro, 10; chocolate tree, 5; mango, 2. The last six varieties have been imported from Nicaragua.

Grape Culture and the Manufacture of Wine.\—This county and the neighborhood, is destined to be one of the most extensive districts for the growing of the grape in the world. In 1856, the number of grape vines reported, was 726,000, and in 1858, 1,650,000. The quantity of wine from the vintage of 1857, was 350,000 gallons; of brandies, 5,000 gallons. The vintage of 1858, is estimated at 500,000 gallons; one firm, alone, has manufactured 150,000 gallons of wines and brandies. There will probably be nearly a million of vines planted during the approaching season. It will not be many

* The Assessor's returns, for 1858, from this very productive county are very incomplete, and in the description of this district we have heen compelled, therefore, to seek other channels of information.—[ed.

t For a description of the wine product of this county, see p. 243.

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