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years before the wine crop of this county will exceed, in value, the gold product of any county in this State.
Los Angeles Vineyard Co.—Tho vineyard of this company is located at Anaheim. It contains about 1,200 acres of land surrounded by a growing fence made of willow, cottenwood, alder and sycamore poles, eight feet long and nine inches in circumference, planted in the ground, and is five and one half miles in length. This inclosure is sub-divided into 50 lots, each lot containing about 20 acres. Each is planted with 8,000 vines. It is intended to plant 8,000 additional vines on each lot next season, which will occupy 16 acres, leaving 4 acres to be devoted to fruit or ornamental trees, or gardens, as the respective owners may fancy. There are about 40 laborers employed in planting and irrigating, and a trifle more than a lot is planted daily. The cost of the land was about $2,500. The opening of water-course, fencing and planting, added to the cost of the land, will bring the cost of each lot, with 8,000 vines, to the sum of $500. Each lot is a share in the association, and the shares are now in demand at $1,000.
Cotton.—The experiments so far, have been completely successful. A small quantity raised at the Monte, is favorably commented on by the visiting committee of the State Agricultural Society for 1856.
Sugar.—The cane has been raised successfully for several years past; molasses has been manufactured therefrom, but no sugar.
Tobacco.—Several acres of tobacco have been raised successfully for the past few seasons. The soil and climate appear to be well adapted for the cultivation of this important article of trade.
Flax.—Considerable quantities of flax have been raised in this county, but of late it has not been cultivated to any great extent.
Olive Oil.—The manufacture of olive oil has received some attention of late. In former years, large quantities were exported by those connected with the Missions in this county.
Live Stock.—Horses, (American,) 37; (Spanish,) 2,150; (wild stock,) 7,415 —total number of horses, 9,602; mules, 570; Spanish stock cattle, 36,130; American stock cattle, 1,350; oxen, 570 ; sheep, 20,910; hogs, 670 ; poultry, 24,221. A large amount of hides and wool are annually shipped from this county.
Manufactures.—Grist mills, 7—water; value, $46,000. Saw mills, 2 ; lumber sawed per annum, 1,082,500 feet; value, $54,125. Foundry, 1. Distillery, 1. Tannery, 1. Broom factory, 1. Cider mill, 1. A manufactory for cider has been recently established, which has produced a most excellent article.
Mineral Resources*—This county is rich in mineral wealth. An extensive field has been recently opened up in the vicinity of the San Gabriel and Gila Rivers. The attention of a large number of persons is attracted thither. The following, from the Los Angeles Star, is the most recent information on the subject:
* For a description of the mineral resources of this county, see p. 271.
"Well defined mines of the following minerals exist, viz: sulphurets of silver and copper, carbonate of silver, red silver ore, white silver ore, blue sulphurtt of silver, copper, copper and iron, carbonate of copper, plumbago, gold and rubies.
The minerals are in great abundance, and the veins give reasonable evidence of being inexhaustible. The country over which our informant traveled, is richer than any that he has investigated in any other part of the State, and he is perfectly familiar with the mineralogy of the northern counties. He has found rubies in great abundance, not only detached, but in connection with mineral which give evidence of having been in a state of fusion, and have thus incorporated with them the pebbles over which they coursed."
Canals and Water Ditches.—The ditch of the Los Angeles Mining Company to supply the Pioneer Mines, is several miles in length and cost to erect, $20,000.
Mineral Springs.—The Hot Springs, near the Mission of San Juan, are strongly recommended by the Medical Faculty for their powerful medicinal qualities. They are annually visited by large numbers of persons from the vicinity.
Finances, July, 1858.—Funded debt, $17,600, seven per cent. Floating, $36,412—total, $54,012. Receipts for past fiscal year, $30,000. Expenditures, same period, $20,000. Amount taxable property, $2,208,695.
Attorneys.—Los Angeles: J L. Brent, J. H. Canders, K. H. Dimmick, Ezra Drown, W. C. Dryden, E. J. C. Kewen, Myron Norton, A. Olivera, C. Sims, J. R. Scott, C. E. Thorn.
Physicians.—El Monte: B. Barton, N. Beardsley, Dr. Heywood, T. A Mayer; Los Angeles: Thomas Foster, J. S. Griffin, J. C. Welsh, T. J. White, J. B. Winston; San Gabriel: Dr. Carr.
XIV. —MARIN COUNTY.
COUNTY SEAT—SAN RAFAEL.
Marin County, organized 1850. Boundaries: North by Sonoma, east by Sonoma and bays of San Pablo and San Francisco and south and west by the Pacific Ocean.
Topography.—This county is generally mountainous and broken, and but a small portion of the land is adapted for cultivation. The soil in the valleys is rich, and some of the high lands will produce grain in abundance. The area of the county is estimated at seven hundred square miles, two-thirds of which is suitable for grazing purposes. There are about seven thousand acres of timber land, principally redwood, pine and oak; and but a very small quantity of swamp land in this county belonging to the State. Number of acres in cultivation, six thousand five hundred and sixteen.
Legal Distances.—From Sacramento, one hundred and thirty-five miles; from Stockton, one hundred and thirty-five miles, and from San Quentin, three miles.
Seventh Judicial District.—Hon. B. W. McKinstry, Judge District Court. Sessions, first Monday in March, July and November.
Eleventh Senatorial District.—Senator: Hon. J. O'Farrell; term expires January, 1861.
Member of Assembly.—Hon. Manuel Torres.
Agricultural Products.—Wheat, 546 acres, 21,840 bushels; barley, 1,420 acres, 56,800 bushels; oats, 3,250 acres, 130,000 bushels; beans, 60 acres, 1,200 bushels; potatoes, 1,240 acres, 124,000 bushels; butter, 210,000 pounds; cheese, 150,000 pounds.
Fruit Trees.—Apple, 8,890: peach, 155; pear, 110: plum, 202; cherry, 65; nectarine, 170; apricot, 60; fig, 10; almond, 50. Vines: grape, 600.
Live Stock.—Horses, (American.) 410, (Spanish, tame,) 1,260, (Spanish, wild,) 1,750, total number of horses, 3,410; cows, 4,910; calves, 4,508; stock cattle, 4,050; beef cattle, 9,800, total number of cattle, 23,268; sheep, 4,900; goats, 250; hogs, 2,400; poultry, 4,000.
Manufactures.—Number of saw mills, 3—steam; lumber sawed per annum, 5,000,000 feet.
Paper Mill*—There is an extensive paper mill located at Taylorsville, Berry Township, cost of construction, $92,000.
Mineral Resources.—An extensive vein of gold bearing quartz, was discovered in July, 1857, near San Rafael, but no attempt has, as yet, been made to test its richness by the application of the necessary machinery.
Stale Prison.—The State Prison is located at San Quentin. near San Rafael; cost of buildings, $500,000; number of prisoners, 550.
Finances, July, 1858—Floating debt, $17,757. Receipts for fiscal year, $8,200; expenditures, same period, $11,060. Assessed value of property, $1,630,414.
Attorneys.—San Rafael: T. H. Hanson, J. H. Haralson, W. Skidmore. Physicians.—San Rafael: Dr. D'Herring, A. W. Taliaferro.
* For a description of these works, eeo p. 30G.
XV. —MARIPOSA COUNTY.
Mariposa County, organized 1850. Boundaries: North by Tuolumne and Calaveras, east by Fresno, south by Fresno, and west by Merced.
Topography.—This county is peculiarly a raining district; but a small portion of the land is suitable for agricultural purposes. There are, however, small quantities cultivated in gardens sufficient to supply the residents with vegetables. A great abundance of almost every variety of pine is to be found in the mountain districts, which is said to be of the finest quality. Number of acres in cultivation, two thousand.
Legal Distances.—From Sacramento, one hundred and forty-five miles; from Stockton, one hundred miles, and from San Quentin, two hundred and thirty miles.
Tldrteenth Judicial District—Hon. Nicholas Cleary, Judge District Court; sessions, second Monday in March, July and November.
Sixth Senatorial District.—Senator: Hon. S. A. Merritt; term expires, January, 1861.
Members of Assembly.—Hons. A. J. Gregory and G. H. Crenshaw.
Agricultural Products.—The amount of grain raised in this county is small, barely sufficient for home consumption. The same remark will apply to vegetables. Wheat, 280 acres, 5,600 bushels; barley, 500 acres, 10,000 bushels; oats, 50 acres, 1,000 bushels; potatoes, 10 acres; hay, 300 tuns.
Fruit Trees.—Apple, 3,170; peach, 2,500; pear, 55; plum, 130; cherry, 23; nectarine, 15; quince, 10; fig, 15. Vines: Strawberry, 230,000; grape vines, 15,000.
Live Stock.—Horses, (American) 20, (Spanish, tame) 250, (Spanish, wild) 250—total number of horses, 520; mules, 200; asses, 30 ; cows, 360; calves, 300; stock cattle, 1,750; beef cattle, 450; oxen, 200—total number of cattle, 3000; sheep, 2000; goats, 25; hogs, 800; poultry, 4,076.
Manufactures. — Number of grist mills, 1; run of stone, 2—steam; saw mills, 5, steam; lumber sawed per day, 12,000 feet, valued at $240; cost of construction, $150,000.
Ferries, Bridges, etc.—Ferries, 5; bridges, 1; 25 miles of turnpike roads; cost, $12,500.
Mineral Resources.—Nearly the entire surface of this county abounds in mineral wealth. There is probably not a creek or gulch, of any extent, which does not exhibit the evidence of the existence of gold. Quartz veins are also found throughout the county, and it is estimated that over five hundred mills could be supplied for years with rock, paying from sixteen to twenty dollars per tun.
The celebrated Fremont Grant is located within the center of this county, and it will fully justify all that has been said of its great mineral richness. This grant may be probably divided into four great mineral sections, viz: Guadalupe, about five miles in length and four in width; Agua Frio, six miles in length and three in width; Bear Valley, a district celebrated for its richness; and Mariposa Creek, which includes the town of Mariposa and a district of valuable mineral land twelve miles in length by two in width. It is estimated, that over three thousand sluice-heads of water could be used to advantage within the boundaries of this district.
The mining population of this county have long experienced the want of an abundant supply of water to prosecute their labors with success. It is thought, that when the extent of the resources of the county is fully understood, capitalists will be induced to advance the amount necessary for the construction of such facilities as will afford a sufficient supply of water throughout the year, and thereby render productive one of the richest mineral regions of the State.
Quartz Mills.—Number of mills, 32; aggregate of stamps, 310; arastras, 95; cost of machinery, $380,000.
Silver.—An extensive vein of silver ore at Quartzburg, is now being ■worked with considerable success.
Ditches and Canals.—Number of ditches, 10; aggregate length, 65 miles; cost of construction, $145,000.
To Semite Falls.—The valley of the To Semite is situated near the head waters of the Merced River. The picturesque character of this valley is thus described by a distinguished Californian. Speaking of the valley and falls, he Bays: "It is a world in itself. After having spent and traveled for more than twenty years in South America, over the Republic of Chile, Bolivia and part of Peru, he never beheld before in his life, not even in the Andes of South America, any scenery to be compared in sublimity, or so varied, as that of the To Semite Valley. Taking into consideration the astonishing hight of the falls—the innumerable and bold precipices which form the sides of the valley—the beautiful meadows below, and the limpid, clear river winding tranquilly for eight miles in the valley, belted on each side by the noble oaks, pines and poplars, throwing their shadows such as no artist could ever picture.