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LTHOUGH the light of nature, and the works of
creation and providence, do so far manifest the good
ness, wisdom, and power of God, as to leave men inexcusable a; yet are they not sufficient to give that knowledge of God, and of his will, which is necessary unto salvation b. Therefore it pleased the Lord, at sundry times, and in divers
1. , Rom. ii. 14. For when the heard. Rom. i. 32. Who knowing Gentiles, which have not the law, the judgınent of God, (that they do by nature the things contained which commit such things are worin the law, these having not the law, thy of death) not only do the same, are a law unto themielves: v. 15. but have pleasure in them that do Which shew the work of the law them. With Rom. ii. 1. Therefore written in their hearts, their con- thou art inexcusable, O man, whoscience also bearing witness, and foever thou art that judgelt; for their thoughts the mean while ac- wherein thou judgest another, thou culing or else excusing one another, condemnest thyself; for thou that . Rom. i. 19. Becaule that which judget dolt the same things. may be known of God, is manifest- by Cor. i. 21. For after that, in ed in them; for God hath thewn it the wisdom of God, the world by unto them. v. 20. For the invisible wisdom knew not God, it pleased things of him, from the cțeation of God by the foolishness of preaching the world, are clearly seen, being to save them that believe. I Cor. ii. understood by the things that are 13. Which things alio we fpeak, not made, even his eternal power and in the words which man's wisdom Godhead; so that they are without teacheth, but which the holy Ghoft excuse. Pfal. xix. 1. The heavens teacheth,comparing spiritualthings declare the glory of God; and the with spiritual. v. 14. But the natufirmament sheweth his handy-work. ral man receiveth not the things of 7.2. Day unto day uttereth speech, the Spirit of God; for they are fooand night unto night sheweth know. lishness unto him: neither can he ledge. v. 3. There is no speech nor know them, because they ar espirilanguage, where their voice is not tually difcerned.
manners, to reveal himself, and to declare that his will unto the churchc; and afterwards, for the better preserving and propagating of the truth, and for the more sure establishment and comfort of the church against the corruption of the flesh, and the malice of Satan and of the world, to commit the same wholly unto writing d: which maketh the holy scripture to be most necessary e; those former ways of God's revealing his will unto his people, being now ceased f.
II. Under the name of Holy Scripture, or the word of God written, are now contained all the books of the Old and New Testament, which are these:
Of c Heb. i. 1. God who at sundry v. 10. Then faith Jesus unto him, times, and in divers manners, fpake Get thee hence, Satan: for it is writin time paft unto the fathers by the ten, Thou shalt worship the Lord prophets.
thy God, and him only shalt thou d Prov. xxii. 19. That thy trust serve. Isa, viii. 19. And when they may be in the Lord, I have made shall say unto you, Seek unto them known to thee this day, even to thee. that have familiar spirits, and unto v. 20. Have not I written to thee ex- wizards that peep, and that mutter; cellent things in counsels and know. should not a people seek unto their ledge; v. 21. that I might make thee God? for the living to the dead? v. know the certainty of the words of 2d. To the law and to the testimotruth; that thou mightest answer ny: if they speak not according to the words of truth to them that send this word, it is because there is no unto thee? Lukei. 3. It seemed good light in them. to me also, having had perfect un- • 2 Tim, iii. 15. And that from derstanding of all things from the a child thou hast known the holy very first, to write unto thee in or- fcriptures, which are able to make der, most excellent Theophilus, v. thee wife unto falvation, through 4. that thou mightst know the cer- faith which is in Christ Jesus. 2 Pet. tainty of those things, wherein thou i. 19. We have also a more sure word haft been instructed. Rom. xy. 4. of prophecy, whereunto ye do well For whatsoever things were writ- that ye take heed, as unto a light ten aforetime, were written for our that shineth in a dark place, until learning; that we through patience the day dawn, and the day-star 2and comfort of the scriptures might rise in your hearts. have hope. Matth. iv. 4. But he an- f Heb. i. 1. God, who at fundry swered and said, It is written, Man times, and in divers manners, spake îhailoot live by bread alone, but by in time past unto the fathers by the every word that proceedeth out of prophets: v. 2. hath in these laft the mouth of God. v.7. Jesus said days spoken unto us by his Son whom pinto him, It is written again, Thou he hath appointed heir of all things, thalt not tempt the Lord thy God. by whom also be made the world.
Of the OLD TESTAMENT.
The Epistle of James.
The first and second Luke, Colossians.
Epistles of Peter. John,
Thessalonians I. The first, fecond, and The Acts of the A. Thessalonians IĮ. third' Epiltles of postles.
To Timothy I. , John. Paul's Epistles to the To Timothy IĮ. The Epistle of Jude. Romans. To Titus.
The Revelation. Corinthians I.
To Philemon. All which are given by inspiration of God, to be the rule of faith and lifeg.
III. The & Luke xvi. 29. Abraham faith ry man that heareth the words of unto him, they have Moses and the the prophecy of this book, if any prophets, let them hear them. v.31. man fhall add unto these things, And he faid unto him, If they hear God shall add unto him the plagues not Moses and the prophets, neither that are written in this book. v. 19. will they be persuaded, though one And if any man fhall take away from rose from the dead. Eph. ii. 20. And the words of the book of this proare built upon the foundation of the phecy, God shall take away his part apofles and prophets, Jesus Christ out of the book of life, and out of himself being the chief corner-stone. the holy city, and from the things Rev, xxi. 18. For I testify unto'eve. which are written in this book. 2
III. The books commonly called Apocrypha, not being of divine infpiration, are no part of the canon of the scripture; and therefore are of no authority in the church of God, nor to be any otherwise approved, or made use of, than other human writings h.
IV. The authority of the holy scripture, for which it ought to be believed and obeyed, dependeth not upon the testimony of any man, or church; but wholly upon God (who is truth itself) the author thereof; and therefore it is to be received, because it is the word of God i.
V. We may be moved and induced by the testimony of the church, to an high and reverend esteem of the holy scripturek, and the heavenliness of the matter, the efficacy of the doctrine, the majesty of the style, the consent of all the parts,
the Tim. iii, 16. All scripture is given day-star arise in your hearts. v. 21. by inspiration of God, and is profi- For the prophecy came not in old table for doctrine, for reproof, for. time by the will of man, but holy correction, for instruction in rightę, men of God spake as they were noousness,
ved by the Holy Gholt. 2 Tim, iii. III. b Luke xxiv. 27. And begin. 16. All fcripture is given by infpining at Mofes, and all the prophets, ration of God, and is profitable for he expounded unto them in all the doctrine, for reproof, for correctisèriptures the things concerning on, for instruction in righteousness. himself. y. 44. And he said unto 1 Johnv. 9. If we reteive the witthem, These are the words which I ness of men, the witness of God is spake unto you, while I was yet with greater: for this is the witness of you, that all things must be fulfil- God, which he hath testified of his led which were written in the law Son, 1 Theff. ii. 13. For this cause of Mofes, and in the prophets, and also thank we God without ceasing, in the Psalms concerning me. Rom. because when ye received the word iii. 2. Much every way: chiefly be- of God, which ye heard of us, ye cause unto them were committed received it not as the word of men, the oracles of God. 2 Pet.i. 21. For but as it is in truth, the word of the prophecy came not in old time God, which effectually worketh alby the will of man, but holy men of fo in you that believe, God spake as they were moved by V. k i Tim. iii. 15. But if I tar, the Holy Ghost.
ry long, that thou mayest know how IV. i 2 Pet, i. 9. We have also a thou oughtest to behave thyself in more fure word of prophecy, where- the house of God, which is the unto ye do well that ye take heed, church of the living God, the pilas unto a light that shineth in a dark ļar and ground of the truth. place, until the day dawn, and the
che scope of the whole, (which is to give all glory to God) the full discovery it makes of the only way of man's salvation, the many other incomparable excellencies, and the intire per-, fection thereof, are arguments whereby it doth abundantly evidence itself to be the word of God; yet notwithstanding our full persuasion and assurance of the infallible truth, and divine authority thereof, is from the inward work of the holy Spirit, bearing witness by and with the word in our hearts l.
Vi, The whole counsel of God, concerning all things neceffary for his own glory, man's salvation, faith and lite, is either expressly set down in scripture, or by good and necesfary consequence may be deduced from scripture: unto which nothing at any time is to be added, whether by new revelations of the Spirit, or traditions of men m. Nevertheless, we
acknow1 1 John ii. 20. But ye have an spirit which is of God; that we unction from the Holy One, and ye might know the things that are know all things. v. 27. But the a- freely given to us of God. Ifaiah pointing which
have received of lix. 21. As for this is him abideth in you, and ye need not nant with them, laith the Lord, My that any man teach you: But as the Spirit that is upon thee, and my fame anointing teacheth you of all words which I have put in thy things, and is truth, and is no lie: mouth, shall not depart out of thy and even as it hath taught you, ye mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy fall abide in him. John xvi. 13. seed, nor out of the mouth of thy Howbeit, when the Spirit of truth feed's feed, faith the Lord, froin is come, he will guide you into all henceforth and for ever. truth: for he shall not speak of him- VI. m 2 Tim. iii. 15. And that felt, but whatsoever he shall hear, from a child thou hait known the that thall he speak; and he will shew holy scriptures, which are able to you things to come. v. 14. He shall make thee wile unto talvation, thro’ glorify me: for he shall receive of faith which is in Christ Jelus, V.16. mine, and shall fhew it unto you. All scripture is given by in'piration i Cor. i. 10. But God hath revealof God, and is profitable for doced them unto us by his Spirit, for trine, for reproof, for correction, for the Spirit fearcheth all things, yea, initruction in righ coulness. v. 17. the deep things of God. v. 11. For That the man of God may be perwhat man knoweth the things of a fect, thoroughly furnished unto all man, fave the spirit of man which good works. Cal. i. &. But though is in him? even fo the things of God we, or an angel from heaven, preach knoweth no man, but the Spirit of any other gripel unto you, than that God. v. 12. Now we have received, which we have proached unto you, pot the fpirit of the world, but the let him be accuried, v.9. As we said