Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900-1900
Cambridge University Press, 12. jan. 2004 - 368 sider
People of European descent form the bulk of the population in most of the temperate zones of the world--North America, Australia and New Zealand. The military successes of European imperialism are easy to explain because in many cases they were achieved by using firearms against spears. Alfred Crosby, however, explains that the Europeans' displacement and replacement of the native peoples in the temperate zones was more a matter of biology than of military conquest. Now in a new edition with a new preface, Crosby revisits his classic work and again evaluates the ecological reasons for European expansion. Alfred W. Crosby is the author of the widely popular and ground-breaking books,The Measure of Reality (Cambridge, 1996), and America's Forgotten Pandemic (Cambridge, 1990). His books have received the Ralph Waldo Emerson Prize, the Medical Writers Association Prize and been named by the Los Angeles Times as among the best books of the year. He taught at the University of Texas, Austin for over 20 years. First Edition Hb (1986): 0-521-32009-7 First Edition Pb (1987): 0-521-33613-9
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List of Illustrations
Preface to the new edition
Pangaea revisited the Neolithic reconsidered
The Norse and the Crusaders
The Fortunate Isles
What was the smallpox in New South Wales in 1789?
Within reach beyond grasp
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Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900–1900
Alfred W. Crosby
Begrenset visning - 2004
Aborigines Abreu de Galindo Africa Americas and Australasia Amerindians animals arrived Asia Atlantic Australia Bay of Islands British Canary Islands Cape cattle Christians climate coast colonies Columbus conquest continent crops Crusaders culture death rate disease early East eastern English epidemic Europe European farmers feral flora grass grasslands Greenland Guanches herds History horses humans Iceland immigrants important Indies indigenes infections invaders killed land large numbers lived livestock Madeira malaria Maori marinheiros Mediterranean Mexico migration million missionaries native Neo-European Neo-Europes Neolithic Revolution never nineteenth century Norse North America North Island numbers ocean Old World Old World Neolithic Pacific pakeha pampa Pangaea pathogens percent pigs plants population Portuguese probably rats sailed sailors seams of Pangaea settlement settlers sheep ships Siberia sixteenth century Skraelings smallpox Society southern Spanish species spread Tenerife thousands trade trans tropics University Press Vinland Vinland Sagas voyage weeds West Wezv wheat wild winds Zealand
Side ix - The discovery of America, the rounding of the Cape, opened up fresh ground for the rising bourgeoisie. The East-Indian and Chinese markets, the colonization of America, trade with the colonies, the increase in the means of exchange and in commodities generally, gave to commerce, to navigation, to industry, an impulse never before known...