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SEC. 6. It shall be the duty of the clerk of the court of appeals, and of the Commissioner of the Land Office, respectively, whenever a case shall be brought into said court or office, in which the State is a party, or has an interest, immediately to notify the Governor thereof.

ARTICLE VI.-TREASURY DEPARTMENT. SECTION 1. There shall be a Treasury Department, consisting of a Comptroller, chosen by the qualified electors of the State, at each election of members of the House of Delegates, who shall receive an annual salary of two thousand five hundred dollars; and of a Treasurer, to be appointed by the two Houses of the Legislature, at each session thereof, on joint ballot, who shall also receive an annual salary of two thousand five hundred dollars; and neither of the said officers shall be allowed or receive any fees, commissions, or perquisites of any kind, in addition to his salary, for the performance of any duty or service whatever. In case of a vacancy in either of the offices, by death or otherwise, the Governor, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall fill such vacancy by appointment, to continue until another election by the people, or a choice by the legislature, as the case may be, and the qualification of the successor. The Comptroller and the Treasurer shall keep their offices at the seat of government, and shall take such oath, and enter into such bonds, for the faithful discharge of their duties, as the Legislature shall prescribe.

Sec. 2. The Comptroller shall have the general superintendence of the fiscal affairs of the State; he shall digest and prepare plans for the improvement and management of the revenue, and for the support of the public credit; prepare and report estimates of the revenue and expenditure of the State ; superintend and enforce the collection of all taxes and revenue; adjust, settle and preserve all public accounts; decide on the forms of keeping and stating accounts; grant, under regulations prescribed by law, all warrants for moneys to be paid out of the treasury. in pursuance of appropriations by law; prescribe the formalities of the transfer of stock or other evidences of the State debt, and countersign the same, without which such evidences shall not be valid; he shall make full

reports of all his proceedings, and of the state of the Treasury Department, within ten days after the commencement of each session of the Legislature, and perform such other duties as shall be prescribed by law.

Sec. 3. The Treasurer shall receive and keep the moneys of the State, and disburse the same upon warrants drawn by the Comptroller, and not otherwise; he shall take receipts for all moneys paid by him, and all receipts for moneys received by him shall be endorsed upon warrants signed by the Comptroller, without which warrant, so signed, no acknowledgement of money received into the Tresury shall be valid; and upon warrants issued by the Comptroller he shall make arrangements for the payment of the interest of the public debt, and for the purchase thereof, on account of the sinking fund. Every bond, certificate, or other evidence of the debt of the State, shall be signed by the Treasurer and countersigned by the Comptroller, and no new certificate or other evi

dence intended to replace another shall be issued until the old one shall be delivered to the Treasurer, and authority executed in due form for the transfer of the same shall be filed in his office, and the transfer accordingly made on the books thereof, and the certificate or other evidence cancelled; but the Legislature may make provision for the loss of certificates or other evidence of the debt.

Sec. 4. The Treasurer shall render his accounts quarterly to the Comptroller; and on the third day of each session of the Legislature he shall submit to the Senate and House of Delegates fair and accurate copies of all accounts by him from time to time rendered and settled with the Comptroller. He shall at all times submit to the Comptroller, the inspection of the moneys in his hands, and perform all other duties that shall be prescribed by law.

ARTICLE VII.-SUNDRY OFFICERS. SECTION 1. At the first general election of delegates to the General Assembly, after the adoption of this constitution, four commissioners shall be elected as hereinafter provided, who shall be styled “Coinmissioners of Public Works;" and who shall exercise a diligent and faithful supervision of all Public Works, in which the State may be interested as stockholder or creditor, and shall represent the State in all meetings of the Stockholders, and shall appoint the Directors in every Rail Road or Canal company, in wbich the State has the constitutional power to ap. point Directors. It shall also be the duty of the commissioners of Public Works to review, from time to time, the rate of tolls adopted by any company; (ise all legal powers which they may possess, to obtain the establishment of rates of tolls, which may prevent an injurious competition with each other, to the detriment of the interests of the State ; and so to adjust them as to promote the Agriculture of the State. It shall, also, be the duty of the said commissioners of Public Works, to keep a Journal of their proceedings; and at each regular session of the Legisl:ture, to make to it a report, and to recommend such legislation as they shall deem necessary and requisite to promote or protect the interest of the State in the Public Works; and perform such other duties as may be prescribed by law. They shall each receive such salary as may be allowed by law, which shall not be increased or diminished during their continuance in office.

Sec. 2 For the election of the Commissioners of Public Works, the State shall be divided into four districts. The counties of Alleghany, Washington, Frederick, Carroll, Baltimore and Harford, shall constitute the first district. The counties of Montgomery, Howard, Anne Arundel, Calvert, St. Mary's, Charles and Prince George's, shall constitute the second district. Baltimore city shall constitute the third District. The counties of Cecil, Kent, Queen Anne's, Talbot, Caroline, Dorchester, Somerset and Worcester, shall constitute the fourth district

One commissioner shall be elected in each district, who shall have been a resident thereof at least five ycars next preceding his election.

SEC. 3. The said Commissioners shall be elected by the qualified voters of their districts respectively; the retuins of their election shall be certified to the Governor, who shall, by proclamation, declare the result of the election. Two of the said commissioners, first elected, shall hold their office for four years, and the other two for two years from the first Monday of December next succeeiing their election. And at the first meeting after their election, or as soou thereafter as practicable, they shall determine, by lot, who of their number shall liold their offices for four and two years respectively; and thereafter there shall be elected as aforesaid, at each general election of Delegates, two commissioners for the term of four years, to be taken from the districts respectively, wherein the commissioners resided at the time of their election, whose term of service has expired. And in case of a vacancy in the office of either of said commissioners, by death, resignation or otherwise, the Governor by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint some qualified person from the same district, to serve until ihe next general election of Delegates, when an election shall be held, as aforesaid, for a commissioner for the residue of said term. And in case of an equal division in the board of commissioners, on any subject committed to their charge, the Treasurer of the State shall have power, and shall be called on to decide the same. And in the event of a tie vote for any two of the candidates for the office of commissioner in the sanje district, it shall be the duty of the Governor to commission one or the other of the candidates having the equal number of votes. And if the Governor doubt the legality or result of any election held for said commissioners, it shall be his duty to send the returns of such election to the House of Delegates, who shall judge of the election and qualification of the candidates at such election.

Sec. 4. During the continuance of the lottery system in this State, there shall be elected by the legal and qualified voters of the State, at every general election for delegates to the General Assembly, one Commissioner of Lotteries, who shall hold his office for two years, and till the qualification of his successor, and sball be re-eligible. His whole compensation shall be paid out of the fund raised for the Maryland Consolidated Lottery grants, and shall not exceed the amount of commissions received by one of the present Lottery Commissioners, out of said fund; and he shall give sucli bond for the faithful performance of his duties as is now given by the Lottery Commissioners. The term of the commissioner, who shall be elected at the general election for Delegates next succeeding the adoption of this constitution, shall commence at the expiration of the commissions of the present Lottery commissioners, and coutinue for two years, and till the qualification of his successor.

Sec. 5. From and after the first day of April, eighteen hundred and fifty-nine, no lottery scheme shall be drawu, for any purpose whatever, nor shall any lottery ticket be sold in this Stale; and it shall be the duty of the several commissioners elected under this constitution, to make such contract or contracts as will extinguish all existing lottery grants before the said first day of April, eighteen hundred and fifty nine, and also secure to the State a clear yearly revenue equal to the average amount derived by the State from the system for the last five years; but no such contract or contracts shall be valid until approved by the Treasurer and Comptroller.

Sec. 6. There shall be a commissioner of the Land Office elected by the qualified voters of the State, at the first general election of Delegates to the Assembly, after the ratification of this constitution, who shall hold his office for the term of six years from the first day of January next after his election. The returns of said election shall be made to the Governor, and in the event of a tie between any two or more candidates, the Governor shall direct a new election to be held by writs to the several Sheriffs, who shall hold said election after at least twenty days notice, exclusive of the day of election. The said commissioner shall sit as judge of the Land Office, and receive therefor the sum of two hundred dollars per annum, to be paid out of the State Treasury. He shall also perform the duties of the Register of the Land Office, and be entitled to receive therefor the fees now chargeable by said office ; and he shall also perform the duties of Examiner General, and be entitled to receive therefor the fees now chargeable by said officer. The office of Register of the Land Office and Examiner General shall be abolished from and after the election and qualification of the Commissioner of the Land Office.

Sec. 7. The State Librarian shall be elected by the joint vote of the two branches of the Legislature for two years, and until his snccessor shall be elected and qualify. His salary shall be one thousand dollars per annum. He shall perform such duties as are now oi may hereafter be prescribed by law.

Sec. 8. The county authorities now known as Levy courts or county Commissioners, shall hereafter be styled “county Commissioners,” and shall be elected by general ticket, and not by districts, by the voters of the several counties, on the first Wednesday in November, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-one, and on the same day in every second

year thereafter.

thereafter. Said commissioners shall exercise such powers and duties only as the Legislature may from time to time prescribe; but such powers and duties,and the tenure of office, shall be uniform throughout the State, and the Legislature shall, at or before its second regular session, after the adoption of this constitution, pass such laws as may be necessary for determining the number for each county, and ascertaining and defining the powers, duties, and tenure of office of said Commissioners; and until the passage of such laws the Commissioners elected under this Constitution shall have and exercise all the

powers and duties in their respective counties, now exercised by the county authorities under the laws of the State.

Sec. 9. The General Assembly shall provide by law for the election of Road Supervisors, in the several counties, by the vo

ters of the election districts respectively, and may provide by law for the election or appointment of such other county officers as may be required, and are not herein provided for, and prescribe their powers and duties; but the tenure of office, their powers and duties, and mode of appointment, shall be uniform throughout the State,

Sec. 10. The qualified voters of each county, and the city of Baltimore, shall, at che first election of delegates after the adoption of this Constitution, and every two years thereafter, electa Surveyor for the counties, and the city of Baltimore respectively, whose duties and compensation shall be the same, as are now prescribed by law for the county and city Surveyors, respectively, or as may hereafter be prescribed by law. The term of office of said county and city Surveyors respectively, shall commence on the first Monday of January next succeeding their election. And vacancies in said office of Surveyors, by death, resignation or removal from their respective counties, or city, shall be filled by the Commissioners of the counties, or Mayor and City Council of Baltimore respectively.

Sec. 11. The qualified voters of Worcester county shall, at the first election of delegates after the adoption of this constitution, and every two years thereafter, elect a wreck master for said coun: ty, whose duties and compensation shall be the same as are now prescribed or may be herafter prescribed by law. The term of Office of said wreck-master shall commence on the first Monday of January next succeeding his election ; and a vacancy in said of. fice by death, resignation or removal from the county, shall be filled by the county commissioners of said county, for the residue of the terın thus made vacant.

ARTICLE VIII.-NEW COUNTIES. Section 1. That part of Anne Arundel county called Howard District is hereby erected into a new county, to be called Howard county, the inhabitants whereof shall have, hold and enjoy all such rights and privileges as are held and enjoyed by the inhabitants of the other counties in this State ; and its civil and municipal officers, at the time of the ratification of this constitution, shall continue in office until their successors shall have been elec. ted or appointed, and shall have qualified as such ; and all rights, powers and obligations incident to Howard District of Anne Arundel county shall attach to Howard county.

Sec. 2. When that part of Allegany county, lying south and west of a line, beginning at the summit of Big Back Bone or Sayage Mountain, where that mountain is crossed by Mason and Dixon's line, and running thence by a straight line to the middle of Savage River, where it empties into the Potomac river ; thence by a straight line, to the nearest point or boundary of the State of Virginia ; then with said boundary to Fairfax stone, shall contain a population of ten thousand, and the majority of electors thereof

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