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United States of America.


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H E American Republic, of which we have in the preceding volume given a general account, consists of three grand divisions, denominated the Northern, or more properly Eastern, Middle, sod Southern States.

Thzjirjl division, the Northern or Eastern States, comprehends Vermont, Massachusetts,

New-hampshire, Rhode Island,

District of Maine., belonging Connecticut. to Massachusetts. These are called the New-England States, and comprehend that put of America, which, since the year 1614, has been known by. the name of New-england.

The second division, the Middle States, comprehends New-york, Delaware,

New-j Ersey, .territory, N. W. of Ohio.


The third division, the Southern States, cnn.prehends Maryland, Territory S. of Ohio,

Virginia, South-carolina,

Kentucky, Georgia.

Of each of these we shall now treat particularly in their order.

Vol. II. B NEW

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Ew-enpland lies between 41 and 46 degrees N. La?, and between 1 degree 30 minutes, and 8 degrees E. Lon. from Philadelphia; and is bounded north by Lower-Canada; east, by the province of New-Brunswick, and the Atlantic Ocean; south, by the same ocean, and Long-Island sound; west, by the State of New-York. It lies in the form of a quarter of a circle. Its west line, beginning at the mouth of Byram river, which empties into Long-Illand sound at the south-west corner of Connecticut, lat. 4? degrees, runs a little east of north, until it strikes the 45th degree of latitude, and then curves to the eastward almost to the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Its climate is very healthful, as is evinced by the longevity of the inhabitants; for it is estimated that about one in seven of them live to the age of seventy years; and about one in thirteen or fourteen toeighty years and upwards.

North-west, west, and south-west winds, are the most prevalent. East and north-east winds, which are unelastic and disagreeable, are frequent at certain seasons of the year, particularly in April and May, on the sea coasts. The weather is less variable than in the Middle and especially the Southern States, and more so than in Canada. The extremes of heat and cold, according to Fahrenheit's thermometer, are from zo° below, to ioo° above o. The medium is from 480 to 500. The inhabitants of New-England,, on account of the dryness of their atmosphere, can endare, without inconvenience, a greater degree of heat than the inhabitants of a moister climate. It is supposed by some philosophers, that the difference of moisturejn the atmosphere in Fennsjlvania and New-England is such, as that a person might bear at least ten degrees of heat more in the latter than in the former.

The quantity of rain which falls in England-annually, is computed to be twenty-four indies; in France eighteen inches, and in NewEngland from forty-eight to fifty inches; and yet in New-England they suffer more from drought than in either of the foi ementioned countrie', although they have more than double the quantity of rain. These facts evince the remarkable dryness of the atmosphere in this


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