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its second year has found it; nor is the happiness which this reflection excites, ■■ the least abated by apprehensions regarding its stability for the future. The difficulty attendant on its first establishment has been more than overcome; the two first trying years—those ordeals of its practicability, hare passed away, and left the Institution in a flourishing condition. Altogether, the prospects which it affords, promise with no little degree of certainty, that this Institution will be as permanent as it is useful. Not only are our fellow mechanics thus put in possession of a consolidated establishment, whence they can always derive amusement and instruction of the most profitable kind, and at the cheapest rate; but the whole mechanics of Europe are furnished with an example, the adoption of which will enable them to partake of the same intellectual feasts. The scene which is now exhibiting is truly interesting ; and must cause amazement to the most sceptical, at the rapidity with which learning is penetrating into every recess of society.— The Committee have been applied to from many quarters, both of note and obscurity, for information regarding the organisation of kindred institutions; a duty which they have ever felt pleasure in performing.
'The thirst lor vientific instruction has not been cofined to our own country, but even on the continent attempts have been made to realise the same object as this institution; and in some cases, particularly in Paris and Lyons, with encouraging success. The unhappy period has now passed away, when learning was an hereditary acquisition ; and the title to its inheritance the graduation of a College education. Wide still is, and wide must ever continue to be the difference between the higher and lower classes of society, as exhibited in the external peculiarities of rank; but as moral, and intelligent heiugs, all classes are fast amalgamating; and man has thereby made a vast stride towards comparative perfection. We have not yet been far removed from the period when the artisan was considered, and too justly so, in the light and character of a machine; his hands performing the operation of his calling from mere habit—totally ignorant of the laws governing the design and execution. It is now far otherwise with the majority of Mechanics in this country. The mind participates with the physical powers in the work which they perform; and the lassitude of systematic drudgery is superseded by the deep and intense interest of discovering the multifarious laws of nature which are constantly developing themselves in the operations of mechanical labor. That insuperable obstruction, the high price of learning, which for ages barred the approach of the lower orders of society to the fountains of knowledge, has now been removed. 'I lie establishment of Mechanics' Institutes has undoubtedly done much in hastening on this state of society so differentfrom the past. Education bestowed without price, is too frequently received without profit. There is in man a propensity to undervalue every thing which costs him neither pains nor labor in its acquirement. That system, therefore, which places the lower orders on their own dependency for the acquirement ol education; with just so much of encouragement held out by the influential classes as may tempt them to the task, is assuredly the happiest invention, if viewed in its issue, which characterises the present times. It has been said of the Scottish youth that it was a stain in him who could not spell his catechism. The time is arriving, when it will be considered a stain equally obnoxious in that individual, who cannot, scientifically describe the laws and principles which govern the operations and manufactures with which he is professedly conversant. When such a period shall have arrived, may we not hope, that science shall have made unbounded progress, that social order shall have been better consolidated, and that that jarring and clashing of interests and feelings among the different classes of society shall, in a great measure, have disappeared.— Hist. Ace. of the Gram. Sch. of Glasgow.
EARLY ATTENTION TO DOMESTIC EDUCATION. On the 9th May, 1740, the Magistrates and Council of Glasgow received a petition from James Lochead teacher of Cookery, mentioning " that he being regularly educated by his Majesty's Cooks, under whom he served, in the art of Cookery, Pastry, Confectionery, Candying, Preserving and Peckling, and of making of Milks, Creams, and syllabus, Jellies, soups, and Broths of all sorts, and who taught to dress and cover a table, and to make bills of fare, for entertainments of all kinds, and that of late he had taught some young ladies, to their own and their parents' satisfaction; and that for instructing of bis scholars, he is obliged to provide upon his own charge, flesh, fowls, fish, spices, and some other ingredients, but when dressed lie on his hand for sale, by which he is a loser, and will be obliged to lay aside his teaching, unless be is assured in carrying it on, and therefore craving a yearly allowance lor his encouragement;" which being considered, " the Magistrates and Council agree to give him ten pounds yearly, for his encouragement ,"—a sum equal, at that time, to the salary of a master in the Grammar School. ib. AMERICAN ASYLUM FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. From the Missionary Herald for September. The Directors in the tenth Report make the following statement with respect to the terms and conditions, upon which the Deaf and Dumb may be sent to the Asylum. The annual income, accruing from the permanent fund, is expended in defraying the current expenses of the Asylum. The greater this income, the less, of course, is the charge made to each pupil; and thus throughout the union, any State, or any individual, or any association of individuals may equally participate in the benefit of the grant made by the general government to the Asylum. By pursuing this course, the Directors mW lieeo enabled to reduce the annual charge for each pupil, to one hundred and fifteen dollars. How soon, and to what extent, they may still further reduce it, must depend on the avails of the land already sold, and yet to be sold, in Alabama. This annual charge tails far short ol the expense of providing for the necessary wants, and comfort, and instruction of each pupil. Thus, in fact, the Am Iuiii is constantly dispensing gratuitous aid to all who wish to receive it j in a mode, too, which recommends itself, by its impartiality and permanency. Any other mode would lead to invidious distinctions; to insuperable practical difficulties in carrying it into effect; and to such a speedy annihilation of the permanent lunds ol the Asylum, as would result in the complete destruction of its continued and extensive sphere of usefulness. On the subject ol education the Report contains the following paragraphs. The mechanical department has continued to receive that attention which its importance demands. With the exception of only two or three individuals, who, from peculiar circumstances, have been excused, all the male pupils, during the past year, have devoted a few hours each day, to the acquisition of a trade.— Persons of skill and experience are employed to teach them. Their progress has been satisfactory Measures have been adopted to give permanency to this department of the Institution; and every male pupil, who in future comes to the Asylum, will thus have the opportunity, while he is acquiring useful knowledge, of preparing himself to provide for his support when he shall return to his family and friends. The pupils who receive legislative aid from their respective States, are generally sent to the Asylum lor a term of four years. In this time, high expectations ought not to be formed of their intellectual improvement. Considering the great number of the Deaf and Dumb yet to be educated, and the importance of affording even a moderate degree of rueful instruction to as many of them as possible, a period of four years is as much, perhaps, as they ought to expect from the public bounty. This period, however, in the case of other children and youth, who are in possession of all their faculties, affords them the bare rudiments of a common English education. Let every proper allowance, then, be made for those who labor under great and peculiar disadvantages; and let not too much be expected of them, or of those who are entrusted with the difficult and laborious task of their instruction. The whole number of persons who have received Ihe benefit of the Asylum, is 221. Of these 106 have gone from the institution; leaving 115 for the present number. The State of Massachusetts has supported 77, IK have been supported, in whole, or in part, by New Hampshire ; eight, in the same manner, by Maine; and lt<, by Vermont. The rest have been kept in the Asylum at the expense of their friends. No person is received into the institution, who is under ten years of age, or over thirty; nor is any one admitted for a less term than two years.
HAWAII. SANDWICH ISLANDS.
Extract of a Letter from Mr. Goodrich to the Corresponding Secretary of tlic American Board of Foreign Missiom.
1The state of things at this station is very interesting. The house of public worship will not contain half that assemble to hear the word of life. The chiefs have lately begun to build a new meeting house of much larger dimensions.— Schools are rapidly increasing in all the eastern half of this island; and all that seems to be wanting is books and teachers. I am unable to supply one twentieth part of the call for books. Some have already left the school, commenced by us about ten months since, and have gone out to teach others; and many other teachers are immediately wanted. I have taken eight or ten persons from different lands to educate for teachers, who, finding their own food, are no expense to the mission. Most of them will soon be qualified to commence the business of instruction. A wide field of usefulness is open here on either hand.'
[A view of the state of schools, and orthe progress of education generally, at the various missionary stations would, we think, form an interesting subject of contemplation to the friend of intellectual and moral as well as of religious improvement. An article embracing a wide and systematic survey of this kind is in preparation ; but the necessary researches have hitherto delayed its completion.}
KOSCIUSKO SCHOOL. The Kosciusko School, for the education of Free Colored Youth in tlie United States, is an institution worthy of the age, and of its enlightened and generous donor.—This school, which it is proposed to establish in the vicinity of Newark, N. J. was organised at a recent meeting of the trustees of the African Education Society in that place. The intention is to appropriate the Kosciusko fund, and to raise a similar sum for its endowment. The origin of the Kosciusko fund, and consequently of the name of the school, is explained in the New York Observer as follows: "That distinguished champion of civil liberty, on bis last visit to the U. States, left in the hands of his friend and compeer in patriotism, the venerable Thomas Jefferson, a will, of which he was appointed the Executor. By this will, he gave to Mr. Jefferson a fund, the available amount of which, at Ihst time, will be about $13,000to be employed in liberating enslaved Africans, and bestowing upon them such an education, ' as, (to use his own words) would make them better fathers, better mothers, better sons, and better daughters.* The illustrious and lamented executor, in his life time, intrusted the management and application of this sacred fund to Benjamin L. Lear, Esq. of Washington City, and one of the Board of Trustees; and we are authorised to state, that the appropriation of the fund, upon the principles recommended at the above meeting, and adopted by the trustees, received the decided approbation of Mr. Jeffersoo."
LIVINGSTON COUNTY HIGH SCHOOL. GENESEO, NEW TORK.
The Committee designated to manage the concerns of the Livingston County High School, have chosen a scite for the buildings of this institution, near the old Town House, on the eminence, about half a mile east of the main street in this village; and we are happy to state that such proposals have been received as will, in all probability, enable the committee to close, within a short time a contract for their erection. We understand that every apparatus necessary for the use of a school upon this plan, will be procured, and every arrangement made for the commencement of the school so soon as the buildings shall be completed. When the general health of this village is considered—its location, and its exemption from the many allurements to dissipation to which students are exposed in cities and larger towns, it must be admitted that a place better fitted for a literary institution, can nowhere be found. A more beautiful site for the buildings can hardly be imagined. The prospect from this eminence is one of the finest in the state. Geneieo Journal.
PHYSICAL CULTURE AND MEDICAL ADMONITION. It is with much pleasure that we inform our readers of a periodical paper to be devoted chiefly to the above objects. The Medical Intelligencer has, we understand, passed into the hands of Dr. J. G. Coffin, whose intention is to make it a vehicle of useful information, as acceptable to parents, and to the community at large, as to physicians. The abilities and other qualifications of the new editor, are extensively known and appreciated: this circumstance, as well as that of his having contributed to the pages of our Journal most of the articles on physical education, would make it superfluous or improper to dwell on this point. The most material deficiency, perhaps, that has ever existed in prevailing systems of education, is the want of instruction regarding man's corporeal structure and capacities. Most of those acts or habits of imprudence, which we daily see laying the foundation of fatal disease in persons of every condition in life, proceed from a want of information respecting the human frame, and the means of preserving and improving health. The attention now so generally excited on the subject of physical education will, no doubt, diminish the deplorable frequency of such cases, by furnishing means and opportunities for invigorating the body, and protecting it from injury. More than this, however, is needed. Implements and a ready hand are good things; but they can effect nothing without intelligence to guide them. So it is in the culture of health: opportunities and means of exercise are valuable; —but a well inf lnned mind is requisite in order to use these to advantage. Man's physical formation and habits were obviously designed to furnish sources of happiness; and education, we repeat it, is seriously defective, while it leaves him unacquainted with the structure of his body, the proper methods of enlarging its capar itics, and of improving and prolonging its powers of action. In every seminary, this subject ought to receive attention, as a branch of useful knowledge, and of practical instruction. The Medical Intelligencer, in its new form, will, in the mean time, supply the requisite information to families and individuals ; as it will contain the useful elements of medical science, in a popular and intelligible form. That this paper may be rendered equally instructive and interesting, will be evident to those of our readers who enjoyed opportunities of attending the course of lectures on the physiology of man, delivered last winter, by Drs. Ware and Bradford. COLLEGE COMMENCEMENTS, 1826. The great number of these interesting exhibitions puts it out of our power to enter into them in detail. The general impression produced by them seems to have been favorable to the interests of literature and creditable to the character of instruction in our colleges and universities. Our want of room for particulars we regret the less from hearing that a sort of Annual Register of colleges in the United States, is about to be published by a citizen of Massachusetts. VOL. I. 80
FRAXKLIN HIGH SCHOOL. PHILADELPHIA. The Franklin High School is now opened under (he mul flattering prospects. The room appropriated hy ll.e Institute is very large, and well calculated for the purposes of the school. It is- furni heel, upon the most approved plan, with desks capable of holding two pupils each, and arranged in rows leaving passages between them. At these desks .iO-1 pupils can br seated. In the recitation rooms, which adjoin the great room, there are circular -eats and tables, at which the lessons are heard. To prevent noise, the rooms and the stairs are covered with thick carpeting. The number of pupils present at the opening of the school, was 252 ; and there can be no doubt, that the school will «oon he supplied with the whole number which the rooms can accommodate.—JVof. Guz.
RENSSELAER SCHOOL. TROT, N. T. Circular to the Citizens of Village! and School Districts. A plan has been proposed by the Honorable Stephen Van Rensselaer, of Albany, for extending to every class of citizens the benefits of those department.- of scientific knowledge, which are most intimately connected with the common concerns of life.
For this purpose young gentlemen are prepared for giving instruction upon Iiis plan, at a school established by himself for this and for other objects, in Troy, N. Y. in the year 1024, which was incorporated by a legislative act, in March 182G. These instruclers are sent to different districts, with directions to conduct courses of instruction as follows:
Tboy are to give lectures on the evenings of Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, to popular classes, on experimental Chemistry, with its application.-. V oueg gentlemen, from four to ten in number, selected by the evening class, are to be taught upon the Rensselaer plan; that is, they are to be present and assist in the preparations for the evening lectures and experiments, which they aie sever..My to re\*at in the form of experimental lectures on the following days. The schoolmaster of the district ought always to be one of the experimental class. By this method, several residents may be qualified, at a very cheap rate, for instructing others; so that every individual of every vocation may, in a lew years, become familiar with the principles and manipulations of experimental « hemistry, with their applications to the arts and manufactures, as well as to'agriculture and the other various concerns of life, without any materialloss of time.
The course of instruction is not limited to chemistry. Natural philosophy sunt natural history will be taught on different evenings upon the same plan Those who attend the popular course, will be compensated by much pleasure and profit; though the principal object should be to qualify a number of residents in every district for perpetuating the practical sciences among those whom they will aid most in all their important operations. It is presumed, that the disinterested munificence of the patron of this plan of education, will be duly appreciated by every individual to whom it is made known, and that sufficient sums will lie paid by those gentlemen and ladies, who attend the Evening Course of lectures, to defray the expenses necessary for instructing the experimental class.
Chemical apparatus is now so far simplified, and collections in Natural History are now so easily obtained, that any school district can afford the necessary expense for perpetuating these sciences. Fifty dollars will procure apparatus and specimens for giving a very profitable course in chemistry, natural philosophy, and natural history, with their application to agriculture, domestic economy, the arts and manufactures. One hundred and fifty dollars, economically expended in procuring apparatus, &c. will be sufficient for a course as full as any school district will need. Where the districts are very small, four or five, or any other convenient number, may unite and fit up a laboratory in a central situation, where a definite number from each school may be taught u:muall>, until every