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THE LIFE

or

THOMAS JEFFERSON.

BY

HENRY S. RANDALL, LL.D.

“THoMAs JEFFERson still strvives!”
The Last Words of John Adams.

IN THREE VOLUMES.

VOL. II.

* NEW YORK :

DERBY & JACKSON, 119 NASSAU STREET.
1858.

ENTERED, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1857, by HENRY S. RAND ALL,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, for the Southern
District of New York.

--~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ *— w. H. TINSox, stEREOTYPER, GEORGE RUSSELL & Co., PRINTERS, Rear of 43 & 45 Centre St. 61 Beekman Street.

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Second Presidential Election—Republican Triumph in the Congressional Elections—Closing

Session of the preceding Congress—It refuses to hear Heads of Departments on the Floor

—References to Heads of Departments sustained—Political Letters—French Relations

—The President's Views on them—Loan to United States Bank defeated—“The Catho.

lic principle of Republicanism”—Partisan partialities towards France and England–

—Jefferson's strong Letter to Short—Republican Opposition to Jefferson's Retirement

—His disagreeable Position—Letter to his Daughter on the Subject—Defers his Retire-

ment—Refuses to form a Coalition with Hamilton–Additional Assumption defeated by

the President–W. S. Smith's Communications from the French Government—The

President urges Jefferson to accept the French Mission, when he retires from the Ca.

binet—De Ternant's application for Prepayment granted—Prepayment of entire French

Debt refused—Proceedings in Congress—Inquiry into the Conduct of the Secretary

of the Treasury—Hamilton's Replies to the House—Resolutions of Censure defeated—

Their Propriety considered—War between France and England—How regarded in the

United States—Cabinet Proceedings in reference to Reception of French Minister,

and to the Bindingness of French Treaties—President's Proclamation–Jefferson's

View of Randolph's Draft—President decides to receive French Minister, and that

the French Treaties are binding—Jefferson refuses to remove Freneau from Office–His

language and Motives considered—His Idea of a Casus Belli with the European Powers—

Morris instructed to respect the De Facto Government of France—Jefferson's Ideas on

Public Officers embarking in Speculations—Citizen Genet, the new French Minister—

His Arrival in the United States—English Wessels captured—The Popular Feeling—Ca-

binet Deliberations on Neutrality Laws—Instructions to Pinckney—Jefferson's Descrip-

tion of the Views of the Cabinet–Hamilton's proposed Circular to the Collectors—Jef.

ferson's Reply to Complaints of Hammond–Complains to Hamilton of his Intrusions

on his Department—Cabinet divide on Propriety of restoring Prizes to England–Po-

sitions of the Several Members—President concurs with the Secretary of State—

Genet's Arrival and Reception in Philadelphia–His Reception by the President—

His Waiver of the American Guaranty of the French West Indies—Its Effect on the

Public Mind–Relations with Spain—Its hostile Deportment towards United States—

Instructions to American Commissioners in Spain–Cabinet Meetings in regard to

Southern Indians—Decisive Dispatches to Spain–Forwarded without a Cabinet Con-

sultation—War considered imminent—Federal Hostility to the French Republic con-

sidered—General Washington's Attitude on this Subject—His perfect Understanding

CONTENTS. w

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Correspondence with Genet—Concessions of France—Genet's Complaints and Jefferson's

Replies—Genet assumes an Angry and Criminatory Tone—His Proposal to stop Pay-

ments on the St. Domingo Drafts—Discussions in relation to the Treaty of 1778, etc.—

The President goes to Mount Vernon—Genet Arms and Commissions the Little Demo-

crat at Philadelphia—Misslin reports her about to sail–Sends Dallas to Genet—Jeffer-

son visits Genet, and Particulars of their Interview—Genet intimates the Wessel will not

sail before the President's Return—Cabinet Meeting, July 8th—President's Return

expected in two or three Days—Hamilton and Knox propose to fire upon the Wessel if she

attempts to pass Mud Island—Jefferson dissents—Extracts from the two Papers—Was

Jefferson's scorching Reply merited—Difficulties of his Position—His Private Opinion

of Genet–Little Democrat drops down to Chester—President reached Philadelphia on

the 11th–His warm Note to Jefferson, and Jefferson's Answer—Cabinet Meeting on

the 12th–Jefferson's previous Action sustained—Judge Marshall's Manner of stating

the Facts—Jefferson's Decided Letter to Spanish Commissioners—No Retreat in the

President's Policy—Jefferson tenders his Resignation, to take effect 1st of September

—Cabinet Discussions on demanding Recall of Genet—On an Appeal to the People—

On Rules of Neutrality—On convening Congress—Particulars of a Personal Interview

between Washington and Jefferson–Washington solicits a Delay of his Resignation—

Jefferson's Feelings on the Occasion—Jefferson's Consent, and the President's Reply—

Jefferson's Draft of Letter demanding Genet's Recall–Washington and Jefferson voted

down on a Clause—A Private Draft of Hamilton's not brought forward—Character of

Jefferson's Production—A Feature in the Ana–Genet's Visit to New York—The Certi-

ficate-makers—Genet's Appeal to the Public—A Hint of the degree of Control Jeffer.

son exercised over Freneau's Paper—Yellow Fever appears in Philadelphia—Outrage

of Du Plaine–British Orders in Council–French Retaliatory Decrees—Georgia pre-

paring to chastise the Creeks—Cabinet Action on the four preceding Subjects—Jeffer-

son's Excuse for Subscribing to the Resolution respecting England—His Dispatches in

regard to Du Plaine, and to Gov. Telfair—Progress of the Yellow Fever—Jefferson's

Draft of Instructions to Morris—England satisfied with Conduct of our Government in

regard to Neutrality Laws—Persists, however, in her Aggressions–Hamilton Ill with

Yellow Fever—Jefferson sends Genet Copy of Demand for his Recall—Arranges his

Business, and carries his Daughter Home–Family Correspondence brought down—

President deliberates on convening Congress elsewhere—He consults the Cabinet and

Mr. Madison—Pendleton's Letter to Washington against Hamilton and his Measures—

President's noticeable Reply—Genet's Reply to Jefferson on receiving a Copy of the

Demand for his own Recall—Judge Marshall's Selections from this Reply–Jefferson

does not answer Genet–Letter to Ceracchi–Visit of the latter to United States, and

Statues and Busts executed by him—Cabinet Discussion on sending Genet out of the

Country—On the Construction to be given to Congress of the so-called Proclamation

of Neutrality—Hamilton's and Randolph's Drafts of Explanation rejected—Jefferson's

Views substantially concurred in-Heads of President's Speech discussed—Randolph's

Draft—Jefferson drafts Messages in regard to France and England—Discussion as to

what shall be Publicly and what Privately transmitted to Congress–Jefferson's Views

prevail at all points—The only place where Jefferson speaks of Drafting Papers for

the President—Reasons why we cannot know how far he made such Drafts—The

Dishonor of preserving them as Proofs of Authorship—Opening of Congress–Ascend.

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