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LETTER FROM ST. JOHN, N. B.
November 27, 1335.
My Dear Garrison :
As it is probable I shall not be many hours on shore, and as you will doubtless expect to hear from me before I sail, I snatch an hour to send you a hurried letter. The following is a very brief account of my movements since I bid you farewell.
On Sunday, Nov. 8th, at noon went on board the British Brig Satisfaction—the day remarkably fine-dropped sluggishlyd own the stream. At five, discharged the pilot, and at midnight were off the lights of Cape Ann.
Monday, 9ih. Had a fair breeze and a fine run along the coast.
Tuesday, 10th. At one o'clock, P. M. off Grand Manan Island. Took on board a pilot-went into long Island Bay, where we dropped anchor for the night.
Wednesday, 11th. Set sail from Long Island Bay, and at 2 o'clock, P. M. came to anchor in Passamaquoddy Bay, off St. Andrews. Had a tremendous gale all night. Had we been on the outside of the harbor it is all but certain that we should have been cast away.
Thursday, 12th. At half past 10, A. M. the captain, pilot, and myself got into the ship’s boat, and, after an hour's pull, landed at St. Andrews. I took lodgings at a quiet, well-conducted boarding-house-the proprietor and lady from England. Until the following Wednesday night I found ample employment in arranging the vast quantity of evidence, upon the subject of slavery, which I have brought from the United States. I have now six bulky volumes filled with extracts taken from Northern and Sothern papers, besides a large quantity of tracts, pamph
lets, volumes, &c. &c., and a great number of Southern newspapers, which I have preserved entire, with full accounts of Anti-Abolition meetings—sales of negroes-rewards offered for the advocates of the slave, &c. &c. I have also some of the inflammatory hand bills circulated in Boston, Salem, and New York, and some placards, advertising slaves for sale, and setting forth the “honesty,' • industry,' skill,' 'subriety,' and 'value' of those 'wretched beings,' who, if delivered from the yoke of bondage, 'would not be able to take care of themseves.' I have, besides, about two thousand four hundred AntiSlavery newspapers, besides reports, magazines, records, Slaves' Friend, &c. &c.; also a full set of the African Repository, and reports of the Colonization Society. I have made every necessary arrangement for the safe transmission to England of whatever documents may enable me to illustrate the state of the abolition question in the progress of that mighty reformation, which, under God, you and your honored associates are carrying forward.
On Thursday, the 19th, at seven o'clock, A. M. I went on board the Maid of the Mist, Steamer, and at half past five, P. M. reached the city of St. John, where I found our kind and devoted friend,
with a host of communications from your city, and other parts, all breathing the warmest affection, and evincing unshaken courage in the great conflict. My custom-house business, packing, &c. are now done, and I am now ready to step on board the vessel whenever the word is given. I have experienced the greatest kindness during my short sojourn in New Brunswick. In this place I have been most urgently entreated to deliver a lecture upon the present aspect of affairs in the United States ; but owing to the uncertainty respecting the time of my departure, and the overwhelming press of correspondence, which requires my attention, I have declined.
A host of thoughts rush upon my brain—a tumlt of emotions swell my breast, while my pen lingers over the sheet designed for you. What can I say, my dear brother? My heart is too full for utterance upon paper. I find myself at all times inadequate to the expression of my feelings in epistolary communication ; and, on this occasion, am more than ordinarily embarrassed. However, I am writing
to one who knows my heart, and it is, therefore, unnecessary that I should state my views or profess anew. my devotion to the cause of the suffering slave. It may, perhaps, be as well to assure you that, though for a time banished from your country, I love it still-yea, that my love increases towards you as a people ; nor can I help feeling frequently that my destinies are linked with yours, and that all which affects the honor and safety of your country are matters of concern and deep solicitude to me. I love America, because her sons, though my persecutors, are immortal; because they know not what they do ;' or, if enlightened and wilful, are so much the more to be pitied and cared for. I love America, because of the many affectionate friends I have found upon her shores, by whom I have been cherished, refreshed, and strengthened, and upon whose regard I place an incalculable value. I love America, for there dwells the settered slave-fettered, and darkened, and degraded now, but soon to spring into light and liberty, and rank on earth, as he is ranked in heaven, 'but a little lower than the angels.' I love America, because of the many mighty and magnificent enterprises in which she has embarked for the salvation of the world. I love her rising spires-her-peaceful villages, and her multiplied means of moral, literary and religious improvement. I love her hardy sons, the tenants of her vallies, and her mountains green. I love her native children of the forest, still roaming, untutored and untamed in the unsubdued wilderness of the 'far West.' I love your country, because it is the theatre of the sublimest contest now waging with darkness, and despotism, and misery, on the face of the globe--and because your country is ordained to be the scene of a triumph as holy in its character, and as glorious in its results, as any ever achieved through the instrumentality of man. But, though my soul yearns over America, and I desire nothing more eagerly than to see her stand forth, among the nations of the world, unsullied in reputation, and omnipotent in energy, yet shall I, if spared, deem it my duty to publish aloud her wide and fearful departures from rectitude and mercy. I shall unceasingly proclaim the wrongs of her enslaved children; and while she continues to traffic in the souls of men, brand her as recreant to the great principles of her revo
lutionary struggle, and hypocritical in all her professions of attachment to the cause of human rights. Think not, my friend, that when I speak of America, I shall dwell upon the petty foibles (if foibles they be) of the great, and growing, and enlightened, and improving people among whom I have travelled. No. I shall leave it to other, and more minute and fastidious journalists, to animadvert upon * American manners,' in drawing rooms—the treatment of Turkey carpets—the demeanor of gentlemen of standing and property' in the theatre—the time occupied in swallowing an egg, or discussing a beef-steak, &c. &c. I shall have other and mightier themes_Liberty outraged in ker sanctuary and home'-The rights of man annihilated in the land of the free-God's awful image bought and sold in the American market. Upon these topics I shall write, and speak, and print; while Ileaven continues to me reason and energy, or until America learns justice to her captive children. I shall guard against the charge of misrepresentation, by founding all I say upon abundant and incontrovertible evidence, viz: American locuments. Sages and senators, priests and politicians, mechanics and merchants, lawyers and legislators, shall all speak for themselves; assemblies, and synods, and presbyteries, and associations, and conferences, and conventions, shall all speak in the language of their own 'preambles,' and 'protests,' and resolutions,' and 'appeals, and counter appeals,' and 'pastoral letters,' and official disclaimers, &c. &c. I will echo the sentiments of the Cradle of Liberty, in the words there uttered. I will read the various interpretations of the American Constitution, from the identical leading articles and pamphlets put forth by its most jealous' and 'patriotic' defenders. The Otises, and the Spragues, and the Fletchers, who lacked the magnanimity to allow me the chance of contending with them on the day when they traduced their COUNTRY and ME, shall be heard in Great Britain. The placards that have adorned the walls of Northern American post-offices and Southern slave-markets, shall appear before the eyes, and make their own unaided appeal to British hearts, and British understandings. If I am asked why I thus discuss American Slavery, on British soil, I will point to the immense amount of American slave-grown produce floating in our
harbors, or stored in our warehouses; and I will urge my countrymen and countrywomen, by every consideration which humanity, political economy, and religion can suggest, to cease from the use of the accursed thing.
It is matter of unfeigned thankfulness, that frequently and publicly as I have spoken, upon the subject of slavery in all its bearings, and anxiously as I have sought investigation into my views, principles, and purposes, the only charge which they have framed against me, touching the sentiments I hold, which has been put into specific language, is grounded upon a single expression in a private conversation ; that expression severed from its connection, and perverted from a simple and legitimate argument, drawn from the POLITICAL PRINCIPLES OF MY OPPONENT, into an unqualified declaration of my own sentiments. Other charges have been preferred, affecting my moral character. These (in accordance with the advice of my friends) I shall leave to my revered associates in the cause of abolition, who are thoroughly acquainted with my past history and are at liberty to take what notice they please of the-multiplied paragraphs which have been circulated with a view to blast my reputation, and rob the bleeding slave of the value of my poor services in his behalf. My history for the last five years is known to thousands. Í have been ever during that time, before the world; my words and actions constantly open to public scrutiny. I appeal to the members of the London Anti-Slavery Society; to the members of the Metropolitan Agency Committee, whose agent and representative I
was, up to the time I left for this country. I appeal to the various Committees throughout Great Britain, with whom I have been associated. I appeal to the multitude of ministers of the Gospel, and Christians of every denomination, on both sides of the Atlantic, with whose acquaintance, co-operation and friendship I have been honored. I appeal to all with whom I have had any transactions, pecuniary or otherwise, to point to an act, a word, at variance with honor, honesty, or veracity.
I came not to the United States, as has been falsely and wickedly asserted, a fugitive from justice.' I left the country of my birth after an arduous and triumphant public career, laden with benefits, and wafted by the blessings