Alcohol in Africa: Mixing Business, Pleasure, and Politics
Alcohol in Sub-Saharan Africa has historically been a conduit for religious and political expression controlled by male elders. Over the past century and especially during the last two crisis-ridden decades, alcohol's ceremonial role has been largely displaced. Rapid income differentiation and economic marginalization have spurred production and consumption of alcohol. In many localities, expanding supply has led to drinking patterns that impinge on general social welfare. These circumstances coincide with the continent-wide implementation of structural adjustment and economic liberalization policies. One might ask, have those policies driven people to drink?
Currently, alcohol is a taboo subject for donors and African governments alike, yet it is at the nexus of many of the continent's most pressing problems. Agricultural sector decline, large-scale labor redundancy, household instability, and AIDS have cause or effect linkages to changing alcohol usage. This edited collection explores the economic, political, and social meanings of alcohol usage. The material is contextualized within a review of existing anthropological, social history, and social welfare literature on alcohol, and a broad historical overview of the continental trends in alcohol production and consumption. Both the pleasure and the pain of alcohol usage emerge, providing insight into the ambiguity of alcohol in Africa today.
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When the British government revoked the Royal Niger Company's charter in
1900, the Lower Niger was merged with the Niger Coast Protectorate to form the
Protectorate of Southern Nigeria. Then, on 1 May 1906, the Protectorate of
Table 7.2 Revenue Sources, Northern Nigeria, 1900-1913 (in £s) Sources:
Northern Nigeria Blue Books of Statistics, ... Unhappy at "unfair" subventions to its
poorer northern neighbor, Southern Nigeria's High Commissioner suggested
Slow Death for Slavery: The Course of Abolition in Northern Nigeria, 1897-1936.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Lugard, F.D. 1919. Report by Sir ED.
Lugard on the Amalgamation of Northern and Southern Nigeria, 1912-1919.
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