Alcohol in Africa: Mixing Business, Pleasure, and Politics
Alcohol in Sub-Saharan Africa has historically been a conduit for religious and political expression controlled by male elders. Over the past century and especially during the last two crisis-ridden decades, alcohol's ceremonial role has been largely displaced. Rapid income differentiation and economic marginalization have spurred production and consumption of alcohol. In many localities, expanding supply has led to drinking patterns that impinge on general social welfare. These circumstances coincide with the continent-wide implementation of structural adjustment and economic liberalization policies. One might ask, have those policies driven people to drink?
Currently, alcohol is a taboo subject for donors and African governments alike, yet it is at the nexus of many of the continent's most pressing problems. Agricultural sector decline, large-scale labor redundancy, household instability, and AIDS have cause or effect linkages to changing alcohol usage. This edited collection explores the economic, political, and social meanings of alcohol usage. The material is contextualized within a review of existing anthropological, social history, and social welfare literature on alcohol, and a broad historical overview of the continental trends in alcohol production and consumption. Both the pleasure and the pain of alcohol usage emerge, providing insight into the ambiguity of alcohol in Africa today.
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6 Diluting Drinks and Deepening Discontent Colonial Liquor Controls and Public
Resistance in Windhoek, Namibia Jon-Barf Gewald The colonial conquest of
Namibia was extremely brutal. Repressive controls continued in the decades that
Arguing that the imposition of "a Rum and Gin Civilization" would be "a hydra that
devours the natives," halting useful commerce and hindering economic
development, they agitated for Prohibition and a complete restructuring of the
CONCLUSION Revenue from the liquor trade was a major prop of British colonial
administrations in Nigeria, which consciously fashioned customs duties to extract
maximum revenue from the trade. Customs duties formed the most lucrative ...
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