Alcohol in Africa: Mixing Business, Pleasure, and Politics
Alcohol in Sub-Saharan Africa has historically been a conduit for religious and political expression controlled by male elders. Over the past century and especially during the last two crisis-ridden decades, alcohol's ceremonial role has been largely displaced. Rapid income differentiation and economic marginalization have spurred production and consumption of alcohol. In many localities, expanding supply has led to drinking patterns that impinge on general social welfare. These circumstances coincide with the continent-wide implementation of structural adjustment and economic liberalization policies. One might ask, have those policies driven people to drink?
Currently, alcohol is a taboo subject for donors and African governments alike, yet it is at the nexus of many of the continent's most pressing problems. Agricultural sector decline, large-scale labor redundancy, household instability, and AIDS have cause or effect linkages to changing alcohol usage. This edited collection explores the economic, political, and social meanings of alcohol usage. The material is contextualized within a review of existing anthropological, social history, and social welfare literature on alcohol, and a broad historical overview of the continental trends in alcohol production and consumption. Both the pleasure and the pain of alcohol usage emerge, providing insight into the ambiguity of alcohol in Africa today.
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Nonetheless, the major variation in quantities drunk related to differences in
gender rather than age. Polarized drinking habits, described as "all-or-none" by
Haworth et al. (1981), were marked. About half of the adult population drank
The t'alla beer is almost never produced or sold in bars.8 It is a mainly a
beverage for family occasions and Christian religious days and is very popular
and highly valued.9 T'alla is not generally considered a beer on which people get
They also decide who gets any geso, because the beer drunk during a work party
implicitly stands for the recognition of the mutual dependence of households,
especially of and through women, who organize the work parties and make the ...
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