Alcohol in Africa: Mixing Business, Pleasure, and Politics
Alcohol in Sub-Saharan Africa has historically been a conduit for religious and political expression controlled by male elders. Over the past century and especially during the last two crisis-ridden decades, alcohol's ceremonial role has been largely displaced. Rapid income differentiation and economic marginalization have spurred production and consumption of alcohol. In many localities, expanding supply has led to drinking patterns that impinge on general social welfare. These circumstances coincide with the continent-wide implementation of structural adjustment and economic liberalization policies. One might ask, have those policies driven people to drink?
Currently, alcohol is a taboo subject for donors and African governments alike, yet it is at the nexus of many of the continent's most pressing problems. Agricultural sector decline, large-scale labor redundancy, household instability, and AIDS have cause or effect linkages to changing alcohol usage. This edited collection explores the economic, political, and social meanings of alcohol usage. The material is contextualized within a review of existing anthropological, social history, and social welfare literature on alcohol, and a broad historical overview of the continental trends in alcohol production and consumption. Both the pleasure and the pain of alcohol usage emerge, providing insight into the ambiguity of alcohol in Africa today.
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For those women who brew twice a week, as some do (especially around Tukuyu
and Kyela), it is possible to earn a monthly income of between Tsh 20,000 and
Tsh 36,000 (US$32-US$58). This is a considerable income in a country where ...
A village government will thus earn at least Tsh 800 a day from clubs, with some
earning twice as much. Legally, this revenue is supposed to be shared with the
district council, because the village should take out a license costing Tsh 12,000
monitoring production or of knowing how much money people are earning from
the waragi trade. District annual production is estimated at roughly 12 million
liters, of which over 95 percent is thought to be sold outside the district. Local
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Changing Modalities of Alcohol Usage
For Women and Children An Economic History
Liquid Gold of a Lost Kingdom The Rise of Waragi
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