« ForrigeFortsett »
NEW SERIES. No.4—Vol. VIII.) BALTIMORE, MARCH 24, 1821. [No. 4-Vol.XX. WHOLE No. 493
TAE PAST-THE PRESENTYOR THE FUTURE.
EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY H. XILES, AT 45 PER ANXUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCB.
The supreme court adjourned sine die, on Friday it has not been sanctioned according to customary the 16th, after disposing of much important business. forms, and that the senate of the United States is
no longer bound in duty, honor, or good faith, to Mr. CLAY, previous to his departure from Wash carry it into effect; and that copies of the forego. ington, was invited to and partvok of a public din. ing be forwarded to our senators and representaner at Brown's hotel; intended as a mark of respect tive in congress." for his long and distinguished services in congress. We have just received a "memoir on the
geography, natural and civil history of Florida, French crowns and five franc pieces, are a legal with a map of that country, connected with the tender by the laws of the United States, until the adjacent places: and an appendix containing the 29th of April
, 1822, being continued as such by the treaty of cession and other papers relative to the act of March 3, 1820. There is no provision for subject-by William Darby,' well known as a geothe parts of these coins. The crowns, if weighing grapher, and from several valuable works wbich 18 dwts. and 17 grs. are rated at 110 cents--but as he has published. in general they are much worn, the banks in New- We have not bad time even to run over this meYork take them only at 109 cents.
moir; but have examined the map and compared
it with others. It is a neat map, and bears strong PortLATION-1820. We have just received the evidence that it is a better one than any ever be aggregates of the population of the several coun. fore presented to the people of the United States, ties of Kentucky-the general amount is 563,333; Mr. Darby is excellent in things of this sort. the number of whoin that are slaves is not stated. Florida, in every respect, is a valuable acquisiThis class of people, in 1810, amounted to 80,561, tion to us. It may cause a considerable revolution and probably do not now much exceed 100,000. In in things, domestic and foreign. It opens to us a 1816, we calculated that the population of this state large tract of country, capable of furnishing imwould exceed 650,000, in 1820 -- but then we had no pense supplies of cotton, sugar, rice, and perhaps reasons to believe that geat emigrations from it coffee and cocoa and the olive, all which, it may be would take place. Kentucky is a grain-growing expected, will be fully tried on an extensive scale, state, and feels as much the necessity of a home by new adventurers in those, at present, rich commarket as any other in the nation. By the pros modities-the product of these will have a domestration of her manufacturing establishments and tic effect, as well as that which may be caused by the want of a demand for her products, slave-labor, considerable disbursements by government at Periif ever profitable therein, became unprofitable, sacola, and probably, at Hillsborough, or Tampa and many possessed of such persons emigrated to bay, or, Espiritu Santo bay, as a place on the west the cotton-growing states. Louisiana, Mississippi side of the peninsula is called, which will, most and Alabama, and some to Missouri. The ravages likely, become the seat of the government; for we of the independent banks,” together with the presume that what is now called West Florida will want of employment, drove off tens of thousands be added to the state of Alabama, to which it seems of the laboring classes of white people into Ohio, rightfully to appertain. We are yet to learn what Indiana and Illinois. On the whole, it is probable Great Britain will say about this business: there is that the account current of emigration, as to this every reason to believe that the cession will not be state, is nearly balanced for the last ten years. agreeable to her -- for, admitting that Cuba re. These things were not to have been expected, and mains attached to Spain, Florida gives to the Unit. we sincerely regret that they have come to pass.ed States the command of the gulf of Mexico; and, When the government of the United States shall in case of a war, will enable us to annoy the British adopt a system of legislation and support and rely West India commerce beyond any thing which it upon things at home, for home prosperity, Kentuc. bas experienced, from the efforts of any nation. ky will again revive, and go on to gather strength But, in general, it seems that the interior of Flo. rapidly. And, as the black population is pressed rida is not much more known than the courtry be. south, its place will be supplied by the sinews of yond the Rocky Mountains. It will soon be comevery nation, which are its free laborers. pletely explored. There will be an emigration to
The population of Kentucky was 406,511 in 1810; it, in a few weeks, as it were, that will penetrate Increase in ten years, 156,822. Allowing that she every section of the peninsula, and develope the now has 100,000 slaves, her federal number for re-whole value of the acquisition. presentation in congress will be 523,339. At this We had a report that custom-house officers time she has ten memberg-and, at the present ra were already appointed, and, perhaps, by this time, tio, would be entitled to 14, and Ohio, which has were actually arrived at the several ports. If not, 6 at present, would bave 16.
and the power to appoint them exists, they cannot be
too speedily on their way--else the great curse will Florida. The following resolution has been be extended over as in the import of slaves, and reported to the legislature of Louisiana, by the millions of dollars worth of coffee, sugar, &c. will committee to whom was referred so much of the be brought from the West Indies to avoid the paymessage of the governor as relates to the subject: ment of duties, which will afterwards find their
“Be it resolved by the senate and house of represen. way into the states, and legally avoid the payment shives of Louisiana in general assembly convened, of them. We have heard that some SPECULATIONS, That the Florida treaty has no equality for its basis, as well in human flesh as in other conmodities, have ought not to have been concluded, and should not been put on foot. Our hope is, that such persons be ratified by the senate of the United States; that may be met at their entrance into Florida with the
costar-spangled venner,” held by the hands of bonest, whom, in reality, they are addressed -- not to the men and faithful officers.
house of representatives. The old story, as to its
application, about a soldier in Flanders, who wrote FREE REMARKS-Written even in Washington City, to bis wife in England, to send him some newspaFeb. 28. It is always an unpleasant matter with pers, that he might see what the army which he me to visit this metropolis, though it has ever been belonged to was doing, is nearly realized here my good fortune to meet with many persons that I is the “Intelligencer" of to day, that tells many wlio esteemed, as well as some from whom useful infor- were present, what was said and done yesterday! mation was obtained. But I have no office to seek A laughable case of speech making for the public, -nothing to ask of any one but that which he is occurred more than twenty years ago, in this house, legally bound to grant, or which, on the other side, which will be recollected, perhaps, by many: he may legally compel me to pay for-so we are all member had resolved to make a great speech on “at quits,' equally independent of one another:--some certain matter to affect the feelings of some this is happy estate, though not the common lot of; of his constituents in a distant state; he was defeat. those who are found at Washington! But it is well, ed four or five times in his attempts to get the floor now and then, to take a "bird's eye view of the and became much distressed-at last, be “caught "collected wisdom of the nation," and especially of the speaker's eye,” and went over a short speech that portion of it gathered together in the hall of with proiligious volubility, as if he was laboring the house of representatives - and this view must with his tongue for his life--but, with all bis hasie be deemed of no little importance, when we reflects and numerous abridgements into the bargain, that it is impossible for the “sovereign people” in something, that purported to be this speech, was the gallery, (unless happily located or particularly actually published in a newspaper, and within thic favored), to understand what is going on below, walls of the capitol, before its delivery was comexcept ihrough the medium of their eyes. A few plete!* persons who are seated in certain parts of the This unhappy condition, in my opinion, grosis room, or whose voices partake of the power of a out of two things-tirst, in the neglect of the pea Stentor, or have that sort of shrillness which pierces ple to elect thinking men for their representatives; the ear, may be heard or understood, if duly attend. and secondly, from the constitution of the house ed to-but most of the great speeches that appear itself. It is too numerous by at least one third. in the newspapers, are not understood by one out of it is morally impossible that nearly two hundred five of the members, and much less so by the spec- men, promiscuously thrown into a heap, with jar. tators until they see them in print, if so even then. ring interests and many with views limitted to the Dut there are some advantages attending this im. peculiar wants or wishes of their own little dis. perfection of the hall that I never so fully thought tricts, can be brought to act zealously together on or before---it is, that the members may write letiers the business of a great nation--can become suffi. or read newspapers with very little interruption; and ciently known to one another to "compare notes" a person sitting in the gallery, may abstract himself and understand each other's views; -- they weary as much from the cares of the world as if he was and become wearied with one anether. The solid in a wood by moonlight, unless the hum from below men, whose opinions would have great wcight if should operate upon iim like the sound of a water they were intimately known to the rest of the fall and lull him to sleep! Indeed, I observed a per members, are too much disregarded, and the pert, son, a "deranged" ofiicer perhaps, or one that was instead of being chastened by wholesome advice patiently waiting for the taking up of some bill in and a beneficial intercourse with the reflecting, are which he was interested, who, calling to mind San. cast off and left to monopolize the important time cho's great beatitude, was taking a nap. My first of the house in worse than useless discussionsimpulse was to rouse him, lest he might be brought but few, of commanding talents and enlightened to the bar of the house for contempt; but I could views, blessed also with powerful lungs, are re. not recollect that there was any law against sleep. spectfully attended to. The general restlessness ing even in a church, and thought that the weary of the members is also excited by another causesojourner might be excused: I resolved, neverthe large as the hall is, they are too much crowded to less, if he svould be brought to the bar, that I be comfortable—and verily, to a person who has would volunteer a testimony in his behalf, and de- been used to an active life, it is no small matter to be pose that, in my opinion, the speech of the whonor. cooped up five or six hours in a confined space, not able gentleman” from was of such somni. at his ease. There is, luckily, a large place behind ficatore power as to luil any man to sleep, if pre. the speaker's chair, where many are always to be disposed to somniculosity: and I further thought seen reading, walking or talking, except at the tini, if the examining officer of the house should moment of taking a question-which is a great re. ask re, how it was that such a sleepy thing as I am lief to people so jammed together. The case is escaped, I would plead the truth, and say, that as every way different in the senate--the business is soun as the onorable gentleman” was fairly at transacted understandingly, and there is a courtesy work, I nade some basty strides to tlie door of the among the members which is very pleasing to the gallery, which I pushed open very briskly, and has spectator, who is freely admitted within the chamtily ran down stairs--- when I roused myself by lustily ber and accommodated with a seat. No inconve. calling for a back to take me to my lodgings. Now nience, in general, results from this procedure. this has less poetry than truth in it. And how cani The apparent respect which the senators pay to is be otherwise, seeing that many members are sent one another imposes decorum on the visitor, and only because they can speak and if they do not he inust be very rude indeed that would interspeak of wliat use are they, it being notorious that rupt the proceedings of such a body of men.
But they do not think?. Hence, we see the columns of strangers could not be so admitted in the other the “National Intelligencer" loaded with speeches house, because of its own multitude and the conse. that never were heard in the house, and winch are never read by the people, except by a few of the *Lest improper inferences may be drawn, I feel it immediate friends of the persons wliose names are just to stale, that the printer does not now reside put at the beginning of them in CAPITALS, and to lin Washington,
quent want of that state of quietness which exists of making such appointments cannot be too se. in the senate. It appears to me, that there is no verely deprecated--the effect may be the same as thing which the next congress can do that would if they held offices while voting as members, or raproduce a more beneficial result to our country, ther worse; for expectants are more easily wrought than the fixing a high ratio for representation, un upon than possessors. der the census just taken. Our population has in.
(TO BE CONTINUED.) creased in the last ten years at the rate of about jorty per cent, which would give us 250 members THE MEANING O: WOHDs. In discussing matter : in the house of representatives at the present ratio of public or private concern, too little attention is of 37,000: but if it is fixed at 74,000, we shall yet paid to definition. When an capression is not fully bave 125 members, which, I think, will make as understood, or both parties do not agree as to its numerous a body as can 'be brought to attend to meaning or application, it is impossible that two business and they would do it better and in half minds can come to the same conclusion: but when the time that 250 could do it--besides, it would a proposition is explained, it is very common that a save us one thousand dollars a day for every day long argument terininates, not in convincing either that congress might be in session. This saving party, but in both discovering that they had never should not be despised, for it belongs to a matter differed. It seems to me that the great question that would add infinitely, I had like to have said, about the protection and encouragement of manuto the respectability and efficiency of congress. factures, is of this description. What is meant by The members would yet be numerous enough to encouragement of manufactures by taxes, and protecbring together the waits and wishes of the peopletion to the domesiic industry of the nation? at large, but not so numerous that they could conti. , I admit that congress ought not to impose other nue strangers to one another. I fear, nevertheless, than revenue duties on manufactures, for the mere that there is not nagnanimity enough to do a thing benefit of those engaged in any particular branch of which would throw many of the actors out of their business, if encouraging one discourages another seats, however much the public good requires it. branch of industry; it is wrong or right, as it affects It is the disposition of human nature "to feel power the country generally. Manufacturers, as a distinct and forget right and most think that it is class of society, are entitled to no especial favor, "A very fine thing to be father-in-law,
and duties should not be imposed for their sole "Toa imiglity imperious three-tailed basbaw."
protection. I thus throw one stumbling block out The love of office is general--the per diem is of the way, and agree with southern planters and exceedingly convenient to some, though of very chambers of commerce--so far as their opposition little importance to others--to such as do not like is to this kind of protection, there is no difference to be so long separated from their families and ot'opinion between us. Here is my doctrine-mabring their wives with them to the seat of go-nutactures are the instruments, the agents, through verninent. But the two classes of members, the whom the people of the country are to be protectrich and the poor, may act together on this subject, ed; the ineans by which raw materials and provithough influenced by different motives--the one sions are to find a market, and labor be secured in desiring to retain its elevation, the other, to keep enployinent; the foundation on which the governtheir places for the sake of what they produce; ment is to build a perinunent system of revenue, and nothing can withstand or break down such a ind on which alone it can rely in time of war or coalition but priblic opinion, which I hope to see emergency. powerfully excited on this subject; for I venture The sure means by which the price of manufacio say that no considerate man ever visited Wash fuured articles will be reduced and their quality imington during a session of congress, who has not proved-by which the farmer will be encouraged seen the necessity of reducing the number of the to raise raw materials, which cannot now be exportrepresentatives. The present amount leads the ed or used at home, and give him the means of exvay to a manner of doing business of the very change which are now denied to him, I separate maworst description-it, in some degree, compels a aufacturers from manufactures as in the article of majority of the members to elect or respeet others iron. Iron ore has no value except for domestic use; as leaders on important questions. It never has the whole value of iron is made up of labor and subbeen as bad with us, perhaps, in our worst days of sistence. I would then exclude foreign iron, not party violence in regard to this matter of leading and because I would enrich the iron master, but to give jollowing, as it generally is in the British parlia- a market for iron ore and provisions, and enploy. ment; wherein the members divide for or against ment for laborers. To make my ideas more prethe treusury benches- but in large assemblies, it cise, I will state a national account:--A tun of iron appears to me, there must needs be something of is worth in Baltimore, 95 dollars. it costs in Rusit, else business could not be done at all in cer six or Sweden from 60 to 65 dollars- the duty is 15, tain cases. I hope that the people will seriously leaving the account thus: think of these things the subject is worthy of Value given to a ton of iron by foreign labor profound attention: it involves the most important and subsistence
863 00 consequences.-- If the ratio should be raised to the Additional value by American labor and amount proposed, how great would be the respec. subsistence in the freight
17 00 tability, how awful the responsibility, of a member Duty to government
15 00 of congress! Men of mind, of the most exalted talents, would be selected, and proceed to business
$95 00 under a sense of the vigilance with which their Value given to a ton of iron by American doings would be watched. The disgraceful fact Jabor and subsistence
895 00 would never occur which is now reported to exist Then, this ton of iron, made at home, employs 63 that the names of si.ely members of congress are be- dollurs more of our labor and subsistence, than if it fore the president for appointments to ofñce!--some was importerly Now, I don't care wiether the of them, as I am told, for offices of the meanest merchant or the iron master has inore or less pro. grade! We shall see, when the list is published, fi--it makes to the country a difference of 63 dolhow many of them have succeeded! The practicellars a ton. With this illustration and practical de. finition of protection to manufactures, I contend charge of any public function or duty, without be. that congress ought to put such a duty on iron as ing called to its exercise by an unequivocal expreswould give to the farmers and laborers of this counsion of the public will in his favor. It is supposed the try the whole of the price of tbe iron, and not suf- late election for a representative to congress, from fer 63 dollars, on every ton, to be drawn from us in the fourth district, does not furnish evidence of cash to other countries, when our laborers want such unequivocal expression of the public will in employment and farmers have no market. It is they favor of any one. The canvass was very close, and, who want and must have protection. On this ground I am informed serious doubts are entertained, by I call on our opponents to meet us. If government some of the electors, as to the result. The legat is not bound to afford this protection, let the rea- right to a seat is declared to be in me by the execusou be given let the merchants come out and meet tive authority, and your certificate would enable us fairly: on these principles we stand or fall with me to proceed to the exercise of the duties of a them. Chambers of commerce may rant as they representative: yet I do not feel willing to occupy please about bounties, monopolies, premiums and any office of trust or honor upon doubtful authority, privileged orders-I shall not answer them: they nor could I do so, without violating wha! I conceive may play with these toys-these rattle boxes, and to be sound principle. By restoring again to the they may have the game to themselves. They shall be people, from whom it emanated, the doubtful ausilent or meet us on the national principles we have thority conferred upon me, a fair opportunity is assumed, and on which we will bring this great afforded them of disposing of it according to their question home to every man in the nation. It is to will." the people, and not the government, we are now Impressed with these considerations, I resign my appealing. The voice of the country must and shall seat as a representative of the state of Ohio in conbe roused. I invite the Goliahıs of commerce to gress, and request you to accept this as the act of to come out and discuss this question on plain prac- resignation. tical grounds, and I will agree that the verdict of I feel less reluctance in calling on the people to the farmers of the country shall be conclusive be- proceed to a new election, as no reason is perceivtween us. The question is fairly stated-no one ed for holding it before the next annual period for can doubt what I mean by protection and encou-holding elections, on the second Tuesday in Octoragement to manufactures: it is to be hoped our ber. opponents will come out as plainly-then we shall I am, sir, with great respect, your obedient serunderstand each other, and then the country will vant,
J. C. WRIGHT.” understand us all.-[ Communicated.]
I wish that there were more John C. Wrights
in the country--that is, men who would scorn to THE TIMES. Copy of n private letter to the editor, Irold an office unless with the unequivocal approbafrom a gentleman of great respectability in Kentucky, tion of their constituents, and those with whom and dated the 28th uli. «Enclosed I send you a $10 for wliom they have to do business for all these North Carolina note, the amount of two years' sub- would, of course, be superior to any dishonorable scription for your Weekly Register. I am sorry means or back-stairs intrigue to obtain appointthat it has not been sooner in my power, but the ments: and, instead of fawning, crouching, twisting unfortunate situation of the currency in Kentucky creatures, too often found in public offices, they inust be my excuse.
would be filled with men having souls. "I discover that I have lived too long. I have lived to see this country rise from a howling wil. derness to a rich, populous and respectable state. I have lived to see the savages driven far away, and Arrived in the W. S. from foreign countries, from the sons of Kentucky step forward to vindicate
Sept. 30, 1819, to Sept. 30, 1820. their country's rights—but also, after a residence Useful productive class. Artificer, 1; bakers, 58; of forty-two years, I have lived to see my country basket makers, 5; blacksmiths, 35; block makers, 7, in disgrace at home and abroad. I have lived to boat builders, 4; book binder, 1; boot makers, 8: see it cursed with forty independent banks. I have brick layers, 6; brick maker, 1; brazier, 1; brass fived to see the lands of non-residents and resi- founders, 2; brewers, 6; butchers, 37; button maker, dents confiscated under what is here called the 1; cabinet makers, 22; carpenters, 114; chair mu"occupying claimant's law." I have lived to see kers, 4; chandlers, 6; cloth dressers, 3; clothiers, 9; the charters of the independent banks repealed; cloth manufacturer, 1; coopers, 33; coppersmiths, but I have lived to see fifteen more established in 4; cotton spinner, 1; curriers, 10; cutlers, 5; distilviolation of the constitution of the United States: lers 5; dyers 3; farmers, 806; fishermen, 4; fax and, worse than all, I have lived to see two succes. dresser, 1; gardners, 25; goldsmith, 1; gunsmiths, sive legislatures of Kentucky guilty of the ridicu. 3; harness makers, 3; hatters, 5; iron founder, 1; lous folly of attempting to legislate the people of laborers, 289; leather dresser, 1; mantua makers, the state out of debt. I have lived to see the mea. 5; manufacturers, 7; masons, 12; mattrass maker, li sures of government much infuenced by bank mechanics, 31; milliners, 17; millers, 9; millwrights, rupts. I ucish to live to see my siate regain her former | 2; morocco dresser, 1; nail maker, 1; painters, 13; standing."
paper makers, 2; pin and needle makers, 2; plan
ters, 66; plasterers 7; plumbers, 3; potters, 2; printAs it shoOLD BE. John C. Wright, Esqq. of Steu. ers, 4; refiner, 1; rigger, 1; rope makers, 5; rúle benville, Ohio, on receiving a certificate from the makers, 2; saddlers, 4; sail makers, 2; semptresses. governor of the state that he was elected a mein. 10; ship carpenters, 5; shoe makers, 82; silver ber of congress in October last, for two years from smiths, 2; slater, 1; soap boilers 2; stay makers, 2; the 4th of March, 1821, immediately sent in a letter stone cutters, 8; superintendant of glass works, 1; of resignation for the following reasons: tailors, 55; tailor and farmer, 1; tanners, 3; tanner
"I consider it an incontrovertible principle in our and currier, 1; tinker, 1; tobacconists, 6; turner, 1; government, that the people are the only true umbrella makers, 2; watch makers, 6; weavers, 61; source of political power. If this be correct, no wheelwrights, 4; white smiths, 4; wax makers, 2. person can properly take upon himself the dis. Total, of the useful productive class, 1987.
Useful unproductive class. Accountants, 4; am-1 Export of flour
bls. 27,231,069 bassadors, 2; architects, 2; artists, 2; auctioneer, 1; Export of wheat 8,308,588 bushels, barbers, 5; carters, 2; clergymen, 18; clerks, 76; equal to barrels of Aour
1,661,717 colliers, 3; cooks, 7; confectioners, 4; consuls, 4; dentist, 1; draftsman, 1; drapers, 6; druggists, 2; Total for thirty years
28,892,786 engineers, 6; engravers, 2; fair traders, 2; farriers, 2; governess 1; grocers, 6; herdsmen, 2; horse doc- Average
9,630,928 tor, 1; house keepers, 8; judge 1; lawyers 5; limner, In order to ascertain the consumption, it re1; mariners, 350; mathematician, 1: merchants, 938; mains to calculate the average population of that military men, 32; nurse, 1; paper hanger, 1; phy- period. sicians 33; publican, 1; schoolmasters, 21; servants, Population in 1790
3,929,326 87; sbopkeepers; 11; stationers, 4; steward, 1; su
5,319,762 percargoes, 26; surgeons, 8; surveyors, 3; traders,
7,239,903 31; washerwomen, 3; woolen draper, 1. Total, of
10,000,000 the useful unproductive class, 1730. Ornamental and amusing unproductive class. Total
26,488,991 Dancing master. 1; falconer, 1; *gentlemen, 87; Being for the whole period an average of about gilder, i; hairdressers, 2; jewellers 5; * ladies, 49; 6,660,000. rope dancer, 1; showman, 1. Total of this class 148.
Recapitulation. Useful productive class, 1987; Table of exports of animals and animal and vegetable Aseful unproductive class, 1730; ornamental and
food from 1803 to 1820, inclusive. amusing unproductive class, 148. Total 3,865. Oc.
Animals and cupation unknown, principally women and chil
Vegetable dren, 3,136. Total arrived in the United States,
animal food. food. 7,001. Of these there are 1,959 females; 5042 males; total 7,001.
$4,135,000 $14,080,684 Of this whole number, according to the occupa
1805 tions specified, there belong to-agriculture, 997;
3,385,000 11,752,000 commerce, 1461; manufactures, hard labor, the arts,
1807 liberal professions, refined classes, &c. 1407. To
3,086,000 14,432,000 tal 3,865.
968,000 2,550,000 1809
1,811,000 8,751,000 1810
2,169,000 10,750,000 Exports.
2,866,000 20,391,000 Table of the exports of wheat and flour from the U.
1,657,000 17,797,000 States, from 1791 to 1820.
1,101,000 19,375,000 Barrels of Barrels of
482,000 2,216,000 wheat. Flour.
1,332,000 11,234,000 1816
2,093,000 13,151,000 1791 1,018,339 619,684
2,069,000 22,954,000 1792 853,790 824,461
1,936,000 19,048,000 1793 1,450,575 1,074,639
2,025,000 10,473,000 1794 696,797 846,010
2,447,000 8,401,000 · 1795
41,120,568 230,486,368 1797
15,665 515,633 1798
Animals and animal food 15,021
$41,120,568 567,558 1799
230,486,368 10,056 519,265
Total for 18 years
It is of importance to ascertain what proportion 1805
this bears to the total consumption of the country. 18,641 777,513 1806 86,784 782,724
The population according to the cen1807
sus of 1800, was
7,239,903 87,330 263,813 1809
10,000,000 393,889 846,247
Average population of the whole period,
62,321 729,053 18:7
On the 19th of February last, the secretary of the 96,407 1,479,198 1818 196,808
treasury transmitted to the house of representa
tives a statement “showing the quantity of salt 82,065 750,660 1820
imported into the United States and the duty 22,137 1,777,036
accruing thereon; the amount of bounties and 8,308,588 27,231,069
allowances paid to fishing vessels, from the com.
mencement of the present government to the *These denominations, in this place, have no re.
31st Dec. 1819; also the quantity of salt re-exference to intellectual or personal qualifications; ported without benefit of drawback, from the 1st but only denote pecuniary independence.
Oct. 1804, to the 30th Sept. 1819."