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1791 1792 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798 1799 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809 18:0 1811 1812 1813 1814 1815

721.355

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3,542,872

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43

300

75,822

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1817 1818 1819

3,557,025

714,466 765,537

The following extract and abstracts will serve all one, however, could fail to discern the critical situordinary purposes.

ation into which Portugal would be thrown by the absence of her prince-ulterior occurrences jus. tified the predictions indulged on this head.

Portugal, separated Hom her sovereign by the vast expanse of the ocean, deprived of all her wonted resources yielded by Ser distant posses. sions, and of the benefits of trade, by the blockade

of her ports; governed by enemies then held to be From the commencement of the govern.

invincible, seemed to have reached the term of her ment to the 31st December,

630,895 5,257,456 political existence, and to be condemned never to From the 1st Jan. to 31st Dec.

247,62 2,027,33% resume her place among independent nations.
361,128 2,958,411 In this desperate crisis, tbe heroic inhabitants of
345,770 2,823,718

the kingdom lost neither their bonor, nor courage,
443,550 3,670,077
391,134 2,977,902 nor their attachment to their king; of these neither
544.206 2,755,524 the pressure of adverse fortune, nor the immense
687,347 3,121,219 power of the enemy, could deprive them. They
686,454 3,603,943 exerted themselves, in fact, in the most energetic
792,838 3,872,995

manner as soon as a favorable opportunity offered. 686,799 3,433,990 The Portuguese, with the aid of their allies, rece. 765.804 3.782,328 vered, by the most severe Sacrifices, their political 731,503 4,597,033 existence; restored, with generous loyalty, the 6,017 43,945 throne and the crown to their monarch; and impar.

tial Europe must confess, (although justice is not do

always done), that it owes to them, in great part,

the victories since gained in favor of the freedom 379,2 12

and independence of thrones and nations. 855,449 4,311,763 It is more easy to conceive than to delineate the 1816 1,076,933 5307.478 internal condition of Portugal, in the midst of cir.

cumstances so new, and after efforts so extraordi. 3,823,410 nary and so general a convulsion.

The ruin of the country begun by the emigration Total, 13,094,0651 77,751,024

of the inhabitants, who followed the prince, or who The quantity of salt exported, without benefit of sought to escape the suspicion of co-operating in drawback, from 1st Oct. 1804, to 30th Sept. 1819, the systematic persecution of the enemy, was ag. was only 47,805 bushels.

gravated by the two fatal invasions of 1809 and The bounty on pickled fish and salted provisions 1810, and by the losses inevitable in an obstinate exported, from the commencement of the govern contest of seven years duration. ment to the 30th September, 1819, amounted to Commerce and industry, which can flourish only $486,930 73; and the allowances to vessels em in the shade of peace, and public security and tran. ployed in the fisheries, in the same time, were quility were not only abandoned, but seemed an. 82,330,517 88--total amount of bounties and al. nihilated by the unlimited freedom of trade allow. lowances $2,817,448 61.

ed to foreign nations in the ports of Brazil; by the

disastrous treaty of 1810 (with England); by the Portuguese Manifesto. decay of manufactures: by the nearly total destruc.

tion of both the mercantile and military marine; by Manifesto of the Portuguese nation to the sovereigns the absolute want of protection and encourage. and nalions of Europe.

ment for these two important sources of national The Portuguese nation, animated by the most prosperity. ardent and sincere desire to maintain the political Agriculture, the basis of the wealth and strength and commercial relations, which have united her of nations, deprived of the hands which war mo. hitherto with all the governments and communities nopolized; destitute of the capital which feeds it of Europe, and having particularly at heart to con- and which was often diverted to more prèssing tinue to merit, in the opinion of the illustrious men purposes; having no longer the vital power which of all countries, the esteem and consideration which it had been accustomed to derive from national inhave never been withheld from the loyal and honor. dustry, and the active circulation resulting from ez. able character of the Portuguese, has thought it ternal and internal commerce-languished in a indispensably necessary to offer to the world a suc. fatal lethargy, and our country presented to the cinct, but candid exposition of the causes that have astonished observer the deplorable picture of mise. produced the memorable events which have just ry and famine, occurred in Portugal; of the real spirit which has The sensible diminution of the public revenue, infilenceche nation, and of the only end to which caused by the ruin of the population and the exall the changes madle, or intended to be made, in tinction of commerce and industry; by the irrepa. the internal structure of the government, are di- rable loss of the immense sums which the enemy rectel. The Portuguese nation hopes that this ex. wrested from the unhappy Portuguese, and by the position, in correcting the false notions which may excessive expenses of the war which obligeil the have been formed respecting those events, will con- nation to contract new and enormous debts. -- gave ciliate the kind attention of sovereigns and people. the mortal blow to public credit, already shaken by

All Europe knows the extraordinary circumstan. the scandalous malversation of the treasury agents, ces which, in 1907, forced his majesty, John VI, as well as by vicious systems of administration. then prince regent of Portugal, to withdraw with If the Portuguese had not cherished for their Iris royal family to his transatlantic dominions. This prince and his angust dynasty, a love bordering on measure was then deemed highly advantageous for adoration,-if they had not desired to obtain from the cause of the general liberty of Europe. No his justice and goodness alone, the reforms and amendments which such a condition of things im- power. It would, therefore, be unjust and absurd to peratively required, it would liave been very easy pronounce what they have done illegal, and to for them to assign limits to the royal power, and stigmatize their conduct with the epithet-rebel. dictate to him conditions conformable to the urgen- lion. Philip IV, too, denounced the heroic risings cy of things.

of the Portuguese, in 1640, as rebellion! It is not But the character of the Portuguese was not to less preposperous to ascribe the late revolution to be belied. They preferred looking to their prince the influence of a faction. All points consider at for all that was wanted, rather than exhibit to Eu and weighed, the Portuguese cannot doubt that rope, already dismayed by recent calamities, the their patriotic efforts have not only entitled them spectacle of a turbulent and impatient nation, or to to the favorable opinion, but also to the applause of appear to take advantage of circumstances in order all the enlightened nations and all the monarchical to display a spirit of revolt and insubordination. A cabinets of Europe. silent and peaceful endurance of evils was the rule It would be a subject of deep chagrin for the of their conduct; confidence in the virtues of their Portuguese people, if the sovereign princes with prince, the foundation of their hopes.

whom they have always maintained a good under. But-and it is painful to declare it--their hopes standing, should abuse their power to the end of have been completely disappointed, and the pa: imposing laws on them, or repressing the efforts of tience of the Portuguese reached the point beyond a nation incapable, from geographical position, of which it would not seem possible for a proud disturbing the peace of other countries; a nation and courageous nation to go-a nation, penetrated which has never interfered in the internal affairs of with the sense of its ills, and not ignorant of the others, and which counts upon the known justice means of remedying them.

of the princes of Europe. But if the hopes of Por: · The Portuguese, knowing the heart of their so-tugal in this respect be deceived, she will risk eve.' vereign, flattered themselves that he would prepare ry thing in defense of her just rights. No nation, the necessary reforms, as he had sometimes encou- firmly resolved to be free, has ever failed to become raged them to bope-but this expectation proved so; this is what encourages the Portuguese; and if illusory; the ministers of the court of Rio Janeiro they cannot compass the object, they will perish all, have diverted the mind of the king from these im- to the last man, rather than survive the loss of their portant cares, and evinced displeasure whenever a independence. They look, however, to a happier patriot dared to publish his sentiments on the sub. consummation. ject, and shew the necessity of making Portugal again the seat of government.

Governors and Legislators. Thus, the Portuguese began to lose their confi. dence in the only remedy that remained. The idea The following has been obligingly communicated of seeing their country reduced to the condition of

by a member of congress, who spared no pains

to make the statement accurate. a colony afflicted them; and

all felt it to be impos: Compensation of the governors and legislator, of the sible that the affairs of a monarchy could go on well at such a distance from the centre of action,

states, 1821.

Governor Legislators when the perversity of men, the violence of the

per annum. passions and the inconstancy of the elements, might

per dien. obstruct their march,

1. New Hampshire $1,200 $2.00 2. Massachusetts

2,666 67 2.00 What was the Portuguese nation to do in such a

3. Rhode Island

*600

1.00 state of things? Suffer and hope? She had suffer

4. Connecticut

1,100 ed and hoped in vain for many years: Sigh, remon.

11.50 5. Vermont

750

1.50 strate, complain? She had sighed, but her sighs

6. New York

5,000

4.00 were not heeded.-Not heeded! No--they were

7. New Jersey

+2,500

2.50 cruelly stifted. She had remonstrated and com

8. Pennsylvania

4,000

3.00 plained, but her prayers and complaints could never

9. Delaware

1,000

2.50 penetrate as far as the throne. The king was con

10. Maryland

2,666 67 4.00 stantly told that his people were content and faith.

11. Virginia

3,333 33 4.00 ful.

12. North Carolina

2,500

3.00 The authors of this manifesto insist, in the face of

13, South Carolina

3,500

3.00 Europe, upon the unalterable fidelity of the nation; 14. Georgia

3,000

5.00 but they must remark that contentment was incom

15, Kentucky

2,000

2.00 patible with a situation like theirs. They can shew

16. Tennessee

2,000

4.00 that late events had not their origin, as has been

17. Ohio

1,200

3.00 insinuated, in the principles of an absurd and dis

18, Louisiana

7,500

4.00 organizing philosophy, nor in the chimerical pur.

19. Indiana suit of an unlimited freedom; but in the conviction 20. Mississippi

1,000

2.00 3,500

3.00 Portuguese have aimed at establishing the throne

5.00 of public distress and the desire of relief. The

21. Illinois

1,000

22. Alabama

2,350

5.00 on the solid basis of law and justice; they had no

23. Maine

$1,500

2.00 wish for innovation, but sought to replace things

24. Missouri

2,000

4.00 upon the footing on which they formerly existed in Portugal.

*The governor of Rhode Island is paid at the In 1139, they gave the crown to their first mon- pleasure of the legislature-isually about 400 dolarch, and enacted the first fundamental laws of the lars per annum-and perquisites about 200 dollars. monarchy, in the assembly of the cortes of Lamigo; The legislators are paid by their immediate conin 1385, they called John the 1st to the throne on stituents, usually about one dollar per dim. conditions which he accepted; in 1640, they gave the The senators of Connecticut receive two dollars crown to John IV, who also respected their liberty; per diem. in fine, during the long period of five hundred #The salary of the governor of New Jersey is years, the Portuguese had their cortes, and it was 2000 dollars per annum; but he has perquisites then that they attained the summit of glory and amounting to about 500 dollars additional.

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allowance. Total monthly

The foregoing tabular view of the compensation Laws of the United States. of the several governors and legislators, of the U; Resolution, providing for the admission of Missouri States, is derived from such sources as are believed

into the union on a certain condition. to be entitled to fall credit; and is offered for pub. lication under an impression that it will be interest of the United States of America in congress assembled,

Resolved, by the senate und house of representatives ing to many readers. lo render the table more That Missouri shall be admitted into this union on coinplete, it might perhaps be added, that the salary of the president of the U. S. is 25,000 dollars an equal footing with the original states, in all re.

spects whatever, upon the fundamental condition, per annum-and the pay of members of congress that the fourth clause of the twenty-sixth section eight dollars per diem,

of the third article of the constitution, submitted on the part of the said state to congress, shall never

be construed to authorize the passage of any law, Army of the United States.

and that no law shall be passed in conformity thereStatement of the allowances to different grades of to, by which any citizen of either of the states in this

officers, by the month-laid before the house of union, shall be excluded from the enjoyment of any representatives, Feb. 7.

of the privileges and immunities to which such citizen is entiled, under the constitution of the U. States: Provided, That the legislature of the said

state, by solemn public act, shall declare the assent Grades.

Pay.

of the said state to the said fundamental condition, and transmit to the president of the United States on or before the fourth Monday in November next, an authentic copy of the said act; upon the receipt

whereof, tbe president, by proclamation shall anMajor general

200
459

nounce the fact: whereupon, and without any fur. Brigadier general

1104 301

ther proceeding on the part of congress, the ad. Adjutant general

90 223 mission of the said state into this union shall be Inspector general

90 1223

considered as complete. Assistant adjutant 60 173

JOHN W. TAYLOR, Assistant inspector 60 173

Speaker of the house of representatives, Deputyquartermaster general 60 173

JOHN GAILLARD,
Assistant deputy Q. M. gen.

40
87

President of the senate, pre tempore. Surgeon general

208 33 1-3 257 33 1-3 Washington, March 2, 1821.-Approved: Assistant surgeon general 75 200

JAMES MONROE. Apothecary general

150

An act to authorize the president of the United Assit.'apothecary general 30

84

States to borrow a sum not exceeding five millions Judge advocate

60 173

of dollars. Com gen. of subsistence 90 223

Be it enacted by the senate and house of representaCom. gen. of purchases

250 tives of the United States of America, in congress as. Deputy commissary general

166 33 1-3 sembled, That the president of the United States be, Assistant commissary

100 96 1-3 and he is hereby, empowered to borrow, on the Colone!

75 200 credit of the United States, a sum not exceeding Colonel of ordnance

90 223 five millions of dollars, at a rate of interest, payaLieutenant colonel

60 179 ble quarter-yearly, not exceeding five per centum Lieut. col. of ordnance

75 194

per annum, and reimbursable at the will of the Major

50
155

government, at any time after the first day of JaMajor of ordnance

60 173

nuary, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-five; Captain

40
87

to be applied, in addition to the moneys now in the Captain of ordnance

50 119

treasury, or which may be received therein, from First lieutenant

70 75

other sources, during the present year; to defray First lieutenant of ordnance

33 33 1.3 98 08 any of the public expenses which are, or may be, Second lieutenant

25

65 75 authorized by law. The stock thereby created Second lieut. of ordnance 33 33 1-3 98 08 shall be transferable in the same manner as is proThird lieut. of ordnance 30

94 75 vided by law for the transfer of the public debt. Adjutantt

10

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That it shall be Quartermastert

10

26 lawful for the bank of the United States to lend the Conductor of artillery+ 10

10

said sum, or any part thereof; and it is hereby Assistant com. of subsistencet 20 20 further declared, that it shall be deemed a good Surgeon

45
112

execution of the said power to borrow, for the seSurgeon's mate

30

81 75 cretary of the treasury, with the approbation of Paymaster general

208 33 the president of the United States, to calise to be Battalion paymaster

159 constituted certificates of stock, signed by the reRegimental paymaster 50

159

gister of the treasury, or by a commissioner of loans, Topographical engineer 60 169

for the sum to be borrowed, or for any part there. Ast. topographical engineers 40 89 of, bearing an interest of five per centum per annum,

transferable and reimbursable as aforesaid, and to *Including subsistence, for servants, forage and cause the said certificates of stock to be sold, prorent of quarters, in addition to pay. The latter vided that no stock be sold under par. being deducted from the several amounts, shews Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, that the secre the allowances. Thus-the pay of a major gene-tary of the treasury be, and he is hereby, antho. fal is 200 dollars, and his allowances 259 459. rized, with the approbation of the president of the *The allowances are at an average, varying at dif- United States, to employ an agent or agents for the ferent places.

purpose of obtaining subscriptions to the loan ay. fIn additiou to pay in line.

ihorized by this act, or of selling any part of the

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stock to be created by virtue thereof. A commis. made in conformity with the first section of an act sion of not exceeding one-eighth of one per centum making further provision for the sale of public on the amount thus sold, or for which subscriptions lands, passed the twenty-fourth day of April, one shall be obtained, may, by the secretary of the thousand eight hundred and twenty: And provided treasury, be allowed to such agent or agents; and a also, That the right of relinquishment hereby given sum not exceeding four thousand dollars, to be shall, in no case, authorize the party relinquishi. paid out of any moneys in the treasury, not other. ing to claim any repayment from the United States: wise appropriated, is hereby appropriated for that And provided also, 'That where any purchaser has object, and subscription certificates, and certificates purchased, at the same time, two or more quarter of stock, and other expenses incideut to the due sections, he shall not be permitted to relinquisla execution of this act.

less than a quarter section. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That so much Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the inte. of the funds constituting the annual appropriation rest which shall have accrued before the thirtieth of ten millions of dollars for the payment of the day of September nest, upon any debt to the Unitprincipal and interest of the public debt of the ed States, for public land, shall be, and the same is United States, as may be sufficient for that purpose, hereby, remitted and discharged. after satisfying the sums necessary for the payment Sec. 3. And be il further enacted, that the per. of the interest, and of such part of the principal of sons indebted to the United States, as aforesaid, the said debt, as the United States are now pledg. shall be divided into three classes; the first class ed annually to pay and reimburse, is hereby pledg to include all such persons as shall paid to the ed and appropriated for the payment of the inte. United States only one-fourth part of the original rest, and for the reimbursement of the principal of price of the land by them respectively purchased the stock which may be created by virtue of this or held; the second class to include all such pera act. It shall, accordingly, be the duty of the com- sons as shall have paid to the United States only missioners of the sinking fund to cause to be ap- one half of such original price; and the third class plied and paid out of the said fund, yearly, such to include all such persons as shall have paid to sum and sums as may annually be necessary to dis- the United States three-fourth parts of such origicharge the interest accruing on the said stock, and nal price; and the debts of the persons included in to reimburse the principal, as the same may be the first class shall be paid in six equal annual in. come due, and may be discharged in conformity stalments: and the debts of the persons included with the terms of the loan. And they are further in the second class shall be paid in six equal annual authorized to apply, from time to time, such sum instalments: and the debts of the persons included or sums towards discharging, by purchase, and at a in the third class shall be paid in 'four equal annual price not above par, the principal of the said stock, instalments; the first of which instalments in each or any part thereof; and the faith of the United of the classes aforesaid shall be paid in the manner States is hereby pledged to establish sufficient re- following to wit: of the third class on the 30th day venues for making up any deficiency that may here. of September next; of the second class on the 31st after take place in the funds hereby appropriated day of Dec. next; and of the first class on the thirty. for paying the said interest, and principal sums, or first day of March, one thousand eight hundred and any of them, in manner aforesaid.

twenty-two; and the whole of the debt aforesaid, JOHN W. TAYLOR, shall bear an annual interest at the rate of six per. Speaker of the house of representatives. cent. Provided always, That the same shall be re

JOHN GAILLARD, mitted upon each and every of the instalments

President of the senate pro tempore. aforesaid which shall be punctually paid when the Washington, March 3, 1821 - Approved:

same shall become payable as aforesaid.

JAMES MONROE. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That in all An act for the relief of the purchasers of the pub. cases where complete payment of the whole sum

lic land, prior to the 1st day of July, eighteen due, or which may become due, for any tract of hundred and twenty.

land purchased from the U. States aforesaid shall Be it enacted by the senate and house of repre. be made on or before the thirtieth day of Septemsentatives of the United States of Ainerica in congress ber, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-two, assembled, That in all cases where lands have been a deduction at the rate of thirty-seven and a half purchased from the United States, prior to the first per centum, shall be allowed upon the sum remainday of July, eighteen hundred and twenty, it shall ing unpaid: Provided, That nothing herein conbe lawful for any such purchaser, or other person tained shall authorize any discount upon payments or persons being the legal holder of any certificate, made by a transfer of former payments under the or certificates, of land, on or before the thirtieth provisions of the first section of this act. day of September, eighteen hundred and twenty- Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That each and one, to file, with the register of the land office every individual or company, that has laid off, on where any tract of land has been purchased, a re- any lands by him or them purchased of the United linquishment in writing of any section, half section, States, any town, a part or the whole of the lots quarter section, half quarter section, or legal sub- whereof have been sold, shall be entitled to the division of any fractional section of land so pur. benefits of this act in relation to a half quarter, or chased, upon which the whole purchase money has quarter section of land, on which such town may not been paid, and all sums paid on account of be situated, and of all lands by him or them owned the part relinquished shall be applied to the dis- contiguous to and adjoining said half quarter, quar. charge of any instalments which may be, or shall ter section, or section, on which said town is situathereafter become due and payable upon such land, ed, upon condition only, that each and every per. so purchased, as shall not have been relinquished, son, who has purchased of him, or them, a town and shall be so applied and credited as to complete lot, or part of a lot, or land in and adjoining the the payment on some one or more half quarter sec. same, shall be entitled to a remission of all interest tions where the payments by transfer are sufficient that has accrued, and to a discount of twenty per for that purpose: Provided, That all divisions and centum on the amount unpaid, and to discharge sub-divisions, contemplated by this act, shall beltheir debt by bonds with security, in equal annual

instalments of four years, from the thirtieth day APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE ARMY AND NAVY. of Dec. next. Nor shall the provisions of this act The military appropriation act, provides for the be construed to extend to any person or persons pay of the army and subsistence of the officers, claiming title to land, under the provisions of an 954,555 dollars 86 cents, in addition to the unexact passed the third day of March, eighteen hun. pended balance of 180,880 dollars, 78 cts. dred and seventeen, entitled an act to set apart For three months gratuitous pay for disbanded and dispose of certain public lands for the encou- officers and soldiers, 60,000 dollars. ragement of the cultivation of the vine and olive." For forage, 41,541 dollars. Clothing, 290,468

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That, for fail. dollars 97 cents. ure to pay the several debts aforesaid, in manner For medical and hospital department, 250,386 aforesaid, and for the term of three months after dollars 65 cents. the day appointed for the payment of the last in. For quarter master gen.'s department, 352,863 stalment thereof, in each of the classes aforesaid, dollars. Contingencies, 317,868 dollars. the land so purchased or held by the respective For completing barracks at Baton Rouge, and persons indebted to the United States as aforesaid, transportation of ordnance, &c. 35,000 dollars, shall, ipso facto, become forfeited, and revert to For the military academy 17,036 dollars 22 cents. the U. States.

For fortifications, 302,000 dollars. Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That no person For national armories, 360,000 dollars, shall be deemed to be included within or entitled For the ordnance service, 23,663 dollars. to, the benefit of any of the provisions of this act, T'or invalid pensioners, 315,000 dollars 75 cents. who shall not, on or before the thirtieth day of Sep. For half-pay pensions of widows and orphans, tember next, sign, and file in the office of the re. 30,000 dollars gister of the land office of the district, where the For indian department, 230,205 dollars 44 cents. land was purchased, or where the residue of the For revolutionary pensioners, 1,200,000 dollars. purchase money is payable, a declaration in writing, Several other items are enumerated for expenexpressing his consent to the same, and shall puy ses of indian treaties, &c. to the register, for receiving, recording, and filing the same, fifty cents.

The naval appropriation act, provides for the Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That it shall subsistence of the officers and pay of the seamen, be, and hereby is made the duty of the several re- 983,325 dollars 35 cents. gisters and receivers of the land offices of the Unit. For provisions, 337,831 dollars. ed States, according to the forms and instructions For medicine, &c. 32,000 dollars. which shall be given in their behalf by the treasury For repairs of vessels, 375,000 dollars. department, to assist in carrying this act into exe- For improvement of navy yards, &c. 25,000 dlls: cution, to keep full and faithful accounts and re. For ordnance and ordnance, stores, 25,000 dollars. cords of all proceedings under the same; and, with- For contingent expences, 200,000 dollars in the term of three months after the said thirtieth For pay. &c. of marine corps, 169,393 dollars. day of September next, to transmit to the said de. For clothing same, 30,686 dollars 31 cents. partment a correct report of the quantity of land For fuel, of same, 6,857 dollars 50 cents. relinquished to the United States; the quantity on For contingencies of do. 14,000 dollars. which full payment shall have been made; and the For completing small vessels, 10,000 dollars. quantity on which a further credit shall have been For clearing the river Thames, (in Conn.) 150,000 given, distinguishing the amount of the debt on dollars. which further credit shall have been allowed; and the registers and receivers, respectively, shall be entitled to receive ölty cents from the party relin- Imprisonment for Debt. quishing, for each half quarter section, quarter Report of the committee of the house of representatives section, half section, section, or legal subdivision of the Uniled States, appointed to inquire into the of a fractional section, so relinquished.

expediency of abolishing imprisonment for debt on Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That no lands process issuing from the courts of the United States. purchased from the United States on or before the The committee to whom was referred a reso. first day of July, eighteen hundred, and twenty, lution directing them to inquire into the expedi. which are not already forfeited shall be considered ency of abolishing imprisonment for debt on pro. as forfeited to the government, for failure in con- cess issuing from the courts of the United States, pleting the payment thereon, until the said thirtieth report-That the practice of imprisoning the body day of September next; and all the lands which of a debtor, thougla sanctioned by very ancient shall be relinquished to the United States, as afore usage, seems to have had its origin in an age of barsaid, shall be deemed and held to be forfeited, and, barism, and can only be considered an ameliorawith all other lands which may become forfeited tion of that system by which the person of the under this act, shall be sold according to the pro- debtor was subjected to be sold. Were it not visions of the act entitled “An act making further wholly repugnant to every principle of free gove provisions for the sale of the public lands,” passed Jernment, and incompatible with every sentiment The twenty-fourth day of April, eighteen hundred of generous humanity, the exposure to sale of the and twenty

deblor might seem more tolerable than his subjec. Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That no land tion to imprisonment. Policy and individual interwhich shall be surrendered under the provisions of est appear to combine to justify the servitude of the this act, shall be offered for sale for the term of debtor, in preference to his seclusion from society two years after the surrender thereof.

and bis confinement in a dreary dungeon. By the JOHN W. TAYLOR, former system the profits of the labor of the debtor, Speaker of the house of representatives. I brought into the common stock, would contri

JOHN GAILLARD, bute to augment the wealth of the nation, and might President of the senate, pro tempore. eventually reimburse to the creditor the amount of Washington, March 4, 1821-Approved:

his demand. It would certainly avoid those er. JAMES MONROE. pences which are annually incurred by subsisting

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