The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
Cosimo, Inc., 1. jan. 2008 - 524 sider
The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire is Edward Gibbon's magnum opus, written and published over a 13-year period beginning in 1776. It not only chronicles the events of the downfall starting with the end of the rule of Marcus Aurelius, but proposes a theory as to why Rome collapsed: the populace, Gibbon theorizes, lost its moral fortitude, its militaristic will, and its sense of civic duty. History is considered a classic in world literature, and Gibbon is sometimes called the first "modern historian" for his insistence upon using primary sources for his research. Many scholars today still use his highly regarded work as reference. In this last of seven volumes, readers will find Chapter 64 ("Moguls, Ottoman Turks") through Chapter 71 ("Civil Prospect of the Ruins of Rome in the Fifteenth Century"), which cover the establishment of the Mogul empire and their conquests of China, Persia, Anatolia, and Siberia; the origin of the Ottomans; the establishment of the Ottomans in Europe; the history and life of Timour (Tamerlane); the siege of Constantinople by Amurath II; the reign of John Palaeologus II; the invention of gunpowder; the continued struggles between the Greeks and Latins for influence in the Eastern Roman Empire; the reign of Constantine (the last emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire); the reign of Mahomet (Mehmed) II of the Ottoman Empire; the siege of Constantinople; a summary of the state of Rome since the 12th century; the life of Petrarch; the Great Schism of the West; and the final decay of Rome in the 15th century. Also included in this volume is a complete index to the seven-volume series, English parliamentarian and historian EDWARD GIBBON (1737-1794)attended Magdelan College, Oxford for 14 months before his father sent him to Lausanne, Switzerland, where he continued his education. He published Essai sur l'tude de la Littrature (1761) and other autobiographical works, including Mmoire Justificatif pour servir de Rponse l'Expos, etc. de la Cour de France (1779).
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He describes, with truth and elegance, the settlement and manners of the Moguls
of Persia, but he is ignorant of their origin, and corrupts the names of Zingis and
his sons. Russians,17 Poles,18 Hungarians 19 and Latins ; 20 and each ...
71, 93, 153) ; but I am ignorant at what time these annals were composed and
published. The two uncles of Marco Polo, who served as engineers at the siege
of Siengyangfou (1. ii. c. 6i, in Ramusio, torn, ii ; see Gaubil, p. 155, 157) must
66 1 am ignorant whether the Turks have any writers older than Mahomet II., nor
can I reach beyond a meagre chronicle (Annales Turcici ad annum 1550),
translated by John Gaudier, and published by Leunclavius (ad calcem Laonic.
Cantacuzene speaks with honour and esteem of his ally (1. iii. c. 56, 57, 63, 64,
66-68, 86, 89, 95, 96); but he seems ignorant of his own sentimental passion for
the Turk, and indirectly denies the possibility of such unnatural friendship (1. iv. c.
Ignorant of their own history, the modern Turks confound their first and their final
passage of the Hellespont,79 and describe the son of Orchan as a nocturnal
robber, who, with eighty companions, explores by stratagem an hostile and
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