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CONTENTS OF VOL. I.

PA RT 1.

CHAPTER I.

DUALISM.

PAGE

Origin of Deism-Evolution from the far to the near-

ar-Illustrations from
Witchcraft—The primitive Pantheism—The dawn of Dualism

I

CHAPTER II.

THE GENESIS OF DEMONS.

Their good names euphemistic—Their mixed character—Illustrations :

Beelzebub, Loki-Demon-germs—The knowledge of good and
evil-Distinction between Demon and Devil

7

CHAPTER III.

DEGRADATION.

The degradation of Deities—Indicated in names—Legends of their sall

--Incidental signs of the divine origin of Demons and Devils . 15

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CHAPTER IV.

THE ABGOTT.

The ex-god-Deities demonised by conquest—Theological animosity-

Illustration from the Avesta— Devil-worship an arrested Deism-
Sheik Adi—Why Demons were painted ugly-Survivals of their
beauty
VOL. I.

b

22

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER V.

CLASSIFICATION,

PAGE

The obstructions of man—The twelve chief classes Modifications of

particular forms for various functions—Theological Demons

34

PA RT I I.

CHAPTER I.

HUNGER.

Hunger-demons — Kephn Miru – Kagura — Ráhu the Hindu sun.

devourer-The earth monster at Pelsall-A Franconian custom –
Sheitan as moon-devourer-Hindu offerings to the dead-Ghoul-
Goblin-Vampyres—Leanness of demons-Old Scotch custom-
The origin of sacrifices

41

CHAPTER II.

HEAT.

Demons of fire-Agni-Asmodeus — Prometheus — Feast of fire-

Moloch— Tophet — Genii of the lamp—Bel-fires—Hallowe'en-
Negro superstitions—Chinese fire-god-Volcanic and incendiary
demons-Mangaian fire-demon-Demons' fear of water

57

CHAPTER III.

COLD.

Descent of Ishtar into Hades—Bardism-Baldur-Herakles—Christ-

Survivals of the Frost Giant in Slavonic and other countries—The
Clavie-The Frozen Hell— The Northern abode of Demons-
North side of churches

77

CHAPTER IV.

ELEMENTS.

A Scottish Munasa–Rudra-Siva's lightning eye-The flaming sword--

Limping Demons-Demons of the storm-Helios, Elias, Perun-

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Thor arrows — The Bob-tailed Dragon - Whirlwind - Japanese
Thunder God-Christian survivals—Jinni—Inundations—Noah---
Nik, Nicholas, Old Nick-Nixies — Hydras — Demons of the
Danube-Tides--Survivals in Russia and England

92

CHAPTER V.

ANIMALS.

Animal demons distinguished— Trivial sources of Mythology-Hedge-

hog-Fox-Transmigrations in Japan-Horses bewitched— Rats
-Lions-Cats—The Dog-Goethe's horror of dogs-Supersti-
tions of the Parsees, people of Travancore, and American Negroes,
Red Indians, &c.—Cynocephaloi—The Wolf— Traditions of the
Nez Perces-Fenris–Fables—The Boar- The Bear-Serpent-
Every animal power to harm demonised-Horns.

I21

CHAPTER VI.

ENEMIES.

Aryas, Dasyus, Nagas-Yakkhos-Lycians-Ethiopians--Hirpini-

Polites-Sosipolis—Were-wolves—Goths and Scythians–Giants
and Dwarss-Berserkers-Britons-Iceland—Mimacs-Gog and
Magog

150

CHAPTER VII.

BARRENNESS.

Indian Famine and Sun-spots—Sun-worship-Demon of the Desert

- The Sphinx—Egyptian Plagues described by Lepsius : Locusts,
Hurricane, Flood, Mice, Flies—The Sheikh's ride-Abaddon-
Set—Typhon—The Cain wind-Seth-Mirage- The Desert Eden
- Azazel-Tawiscara and the Wild-rose

170

CHAPTER VIII.

OBSTACLES.

Mephistopheles on crags—Emerson on Monadnoc-Ruskin on Alpine

peasants — Holy and unholy mountains — The Devil's Pulpit-
Montagnards - Tarns — Tenjo—T'ai-shan-Apocatequil—Tyrol-
ese legends—Rock ordeal-Scylla and Charybdis—Scottish giants
-Pontifex-Devil's bridges-Le géant Yeous

190

xii

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER IX.

ILLUSION.

PAGE

Maya-Natural Treacheries-Misleaders—Glamour-Lorelei-Chinese

Mermaid — Transformations-Swan Maidens-Pigeon Maidens-
The Seal-skin-Nudity—Teufelsee-Gohlitsee -Japanese Siren
-Dropping Cave — Venusberg — Godiva — Will-o'-Wisp-Holy
Fräulein-The Forsaken Merman—The Water-Man-Sea Phan-
tom-Sunken Treasures-Suicide .

210

CHAPTER X.

DARKNESS.

Shadows—Night Deities–Kobolds—Walpurgisnacht-Night as Abet.

tor of Evil-doers-Nightmare—Dreams-Invisible Foes, Jacob
and his Phantom-Nott-The Prince of Darkness—The Brood of
Midnight-Second-Sight-Spectres of Souter Fell— The Moon-
shine Vampyre-Glamour-Glam and Grettir-A Story of Dart-

moor

231

CHAPTER XI.

DISEASE.

The Plague Phantom-Devil-dances_Destroying Angels-Ahriman

in Astrology-- Saturn-Satan and Job-Set- The Fatal Seven-
Yakseyo — The Singhalese Pretraya — Reeri — Maha Sohon –
Morotoo—Luther on Disease-demons-Gopolu-Madan-Cattle-
demon in Russia—Bihlweisen-The Plough

249

CHAPTER XII.

DEATH.

The Vendetta of Death—Teoyaomiqui-Demon of Serpents—Death

on the Pale Horse—Kali—War-gods—Satan as Death-Death-
beds—Thanatos-Yama-Yimi— Towers of Silence-Alcestis-
Herakles, Christ, and Death-Hell-Salt-Azraël --Death and
the Cobbler-Dance of Death-Death as Foe and as Friend

269

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The Holy Tree of Travancore–The growth of Demons in India, and

their decline—The Nepaul Iconoclast-Moral Man and unmoral
Nature-Man's physical and mental migrations-Heine's 'Gods
in Exile'— The Goban Saor—Master Smith-A Greek caricature
of the Gods—The Carpenter v. Deity and Devil-Extermination
of the Were-wolf-Refuges of Demons—The Giants reduced to
Little People—Deities and Demons returning to nature

299

CHAPTER II.

GENERALISATION OF DEMONS.

The Demons' bequest to their conquerors—Nondescripts--Exaggera.

tions of Tradition—Saurian Theory of Dragons—The Dragon not
primitive in Mythology-Monsters of Egyptian, Iranian, Vedic,
and Jewish Mythologies—Turner's Dragon-Della Bella—The
Conventional Dragon

318

CHAPTER III.

THE SERPENT.

The beauty of the Serpent — Emerson on ideal forms — Michelet's

thoughts on the viper's head-Unique characters of the Serpent-
The Monkey's horror of Snakes—The Serpent protected by super-
stition - Human defencelessness against its subtle powers
Dubuse's picture of the Fall of Man

325

CHAPTER IV.

THE WORM.

An African Serpent-drama in America—The Veiled Serpent—The Ark

of the Covenant-Aaron's Rod— The Worm-An Episode on th
Dii Involuti—The Serapes-- The Bambino at Rome--Serpent:
transformations

332

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