first, that the orders given at Ferrol, Cadiz, / part of that country, the assumption of a and Carthagena, should be countermanded, more dignitied sense of national ini ortance, as well for the equipment of ships of war in and a more independent exercise of sovereign any of those poris, as for their removal fiom righis.

righis. ----His Majesty would indeed be one of those .ports to another. Secondly, niost happy to discover in the councils of that not only the present armaments should Spain a reviving sense of those aicient feel. be discontinued, but that the establishment ings and honourable propensities which bave of ships of war in the different ports should at all times been so congenial to the Spanish be replaced on the footing on which they character, and which, in better times, have stood at the commencement of hostilities marked the conduct of its government. His between England and France. Thirdly, Alajesty will, on his part, eagerly embrace that a full disclosure should be made of the the first opportunity, thus otte red, of reexisting engagements, and of the fu ure in- suming a state of peace and confidence with tentious of Spain with respect to France. a nation which has so many ties of common From the period above mentioned to the se- interest to connect it with Great Britain, cond of November, several oficial notes pas- and wbich he has bitherto been ever' dizsed between his Majesty's Chargé d'Atlaires posed to itgard with sentiments of the ute and the Spanish minister, consisting, with most consideration and esteem. little variation in their tenour, of urgent demands of satisfaction on the one side, and of WAR WITH SPAIN. Address of His Ex. evasive and unsatisfactory replies on the cellency the Prince of Peace, Generalissimo other. After repeated delays and reiterated of his arbolic diajesty's forces, to the Fleets, , applications, his Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires Armies, and / vople of Spain. Dated, Mareceived his passports on the seveoth of No- driid, tbe 10th of December, 1804. vember, and departed from Madrid on the The King has condescended to submit fourteenth of that monih. During the whole to me, as genrialissimo of the royal armies, of this negotiation, no mention was made of the conduct of the war commenced with the detention of the Spanish treasure ships, Great Britain; and he commands, that all nor does it any where appear that an the pricipal officers of his dominions cor. account had been received at Madrid respond privately with me on the subject of that transaction. It is evident therefore, connected with this event. To comply with notwithstanding the attempt made by the the terms of the confidence reposed in me, Spanish court 10'avail itseit of hat event, and to fulfil the honourable duties enjoined in the Manifesto which has been sirce pub. ne in the supreme authority over his galPíshed, that the state of war must equally lant troops with which I am invested, it is have arisen between Great Britain and expedient that I call into activity my loyal Spain, had the detention pever taken place, zeal in his cause, and adopt the most eflecand that, ia point of fact, the rupture ulti- tual means to docharge this high and impormately took place upon grounds distinct tant office.-----It is universally known, that from, and totally unconnected with, that when we were in a state of profound peace measure. -The leading circumstances win England, hostinities were commenced which characterize the reiterated abuse of by ibat country, by the capture of three frihis Majesty's moderation, were each of them gales ; one was destroyed in the con!est; a of a nature to have exhausted any less settled regiment of infantry destined for Minorca system of lenity and forbearance. Succours was nade prisoners; many vessels laden afforded to his enemies ; explanations re- with grain were taken; and others, under fused or evaded, after repealed demands ;

the burihen of one hundred tons, were de, conditions violated, after distinct notice that stroyed. When were these robberies, these on them depended the continuance of peace. acts of treachery and assassination, commitSuch has been the conduct of the Spanish ted? When our Sovereign admitted the court; and it is, under these circumstances, ships of that nation to a free and undisturbed ihat his Majesty finds the domineering in- commerce,

the necessary supplies fuence of France exerted, and the Spanish to their ships of war. What profligacy and nation in a state of declared and open war. degradation in the one; what honour and

-His Majesty appeals with confidence to dignity in the other. On the view of ihis all Europe for the acknowledgment of his perfidy, is there a Spaniard whose indignaexemplary moderation in the whole course rion will not be excited ? Is there a soldier of these transactions. His Majesty feels who will not grasp the weapon of destrucwith regret the necessity which places hiin tion ? Brave seamen, ibree hundred of your in a state of hostility with Spain; and would brethren have had their mangled members with heartfelt satisfactiop observe, on the scattered to the winds; one thousand are de

and gave

prived of the light of heaven, in the dun- | bloody victims of their aggression ; and let geons of your encinies. Valiant soldiers, an an eternal mark of infamy be impressed, and equal number of your companions in armis universal derestation be excited for these are deprived of the swords they knew how examples of public atrociry. Valiant to wield, and are carried to a remote island Spaniards! the povleness of your characier where they will either perisb with hunger, no longer admits you to be inactivé wit. or be constrained to unite witb ihe ranks of nesses of these disgracefal scenes. The lore the detested toe. Remember, then, your sa- of our King for his people is perfectly'known, cred obligations. Generous Spaniards, a and leaves no doubt that his numerous vas. few innocent and defenceless fishermen are sals will coincide in his wishes, and gratify reduced to the lowest step of human misery, his expectations. To arms, then, my fellow and their afllicies wives and deserted soldiers and countrymen, and engage in the offspring implore your pity, and demand war in the way most likely to huri a terrible your protection. In iine, thousands of fami. destruction upon our enemics; but while lies, expecting support from the wisdom of

we spread the terrors of battle, let us not, in the state, in a season of fainine, are brutally imitation of our enemies, desert those gene. deprived of the subsistence provided for ral maxims of humanity, which are l'espected them, and exclaim, with the voice of thun- by all regular governments. In order that der--Vengeance! Vengeance! Let us then, the Chiefs of the State may proceed in this ny countrymen, obey; the King expects it, important business with the energy which and honour and justice require it at our hands. the occasion requires, and the King comIf the English have forgotten that the blood mands, I proclaim, in his royal name, that if which circulates in the veins of Spaniarcs is the success of any enterprise should not be the same which flowed in the breasts of those equal to the wisdom by which it is planned, who triumphed over the Carthagenian, the and the gallantry with which it is executed, 'Roman, the Vandal, and the Saracen, it is they will not be considered responsible for time that the recollection should be revived: the event: but they will be liable to the conit is time to convince them that we will pre. sequences, if they do not pot in activity the serve the fame of our ancestors unsullied, and full extent of the resources with which they shew to ihem that we will perform our duty are entrusted. Nations not provided with to posterity, if it require that our ranks the means with which we are sopplied, and should be thioned to add to the glorious ca- placed in situations much more critical, havo talogue of Castillian heroism. If these dis- known so well how to economise their li. tant islanders have a tributed our desire to mited powers, as to make that people which preserve tranquillity within our borders to dared to trample on their rights, feel the eflamentable weakoess, or to dishonourable fects of their resentment. Fan the public fear, let then, at least be taught that the lat- ardour into general confiagration ; avail ter can never disgrace the bosom of a Spa- yourselves of the magnanimity of a whole niard, glowing with all the ardent and liberal country, and prodigies will lose their charac. inpresions peculiar to his country. Quickly

become familiar. Under the prewill we teach them, that a loyal, virtuous, sent circumstances, it becomes the governors and brave people, attached to religion, and of the provinces to spread the generous spienamoured of true glory, can never be insult- rit of enthusiasm amongst the troops under ed with impunity, much less can it endure their orders; it beboves the venerable dig. an instance of sanguinary violence directed nitaries of the Church, and the Civil Officers against its dignity and independence. If in the various political departments, 10 anithe English, ovmindful of the principles of mate all orders and ranks of men to assert humanity respected among civilized nations, the honour of their King and Country, by abandoning ail shame and remorse, have the powerful influence of example, and by only sought to obtain possession of our trea- the attractive charms of eloquence.--In sures, which we should have peaceably de- cases out of the ordinary current of events, livered to them, had they been entitled to it will be expedient to recur to meaos equal the property, we will recall to their memory to the occasion; and each province of the a fact which we trusted had been universal- Empire will, according to its peculiar situa. ly acknowledged --that the abuse of power, tion, vary in the efforts it directs 10 annoy the violat'on of public right, and the mad the common enemy. Learn how to blend excesses of despotism, have ever been the wisdom with patriotism, and let every comawful presage of the fall of Empires. Let mander, and every district, in obedience to them hide their di ho oured heads; let them him, present before the Sovereign and Cititremble in the contemplation of this ill-got- zens of the State, and before the eyes of all teo wealth; let them shudder before the Europe, deeds worthy of the country te which they beleng. When any opportunity the legislative body, in their ceremonial be afforded of destroying ihe fue, wait not dresses, repaired to the hall of their sittings. for orders froin a distant officer of govern. The cereinony of the opening of the session ment: let not delay diminish the impressions for the year, had rendered songe changes neof nascent valour, and let not the natural cessary in the interior distribution of the courage of man be fritiered away in the col- hall. The e trade of the throne had been Tision of idle formalities.--Contemplate established opon and before the ordinary tricontraband commerce as the highest cringe ; bune of the president; some of the orators it is conducive only to satisfy the avarice of and secretaries of the legislative body on the our enemies; the manufactures they offer top of the soubassement. The ascent was you, ale prepared by the reeking hands of by two flights of steps, placed on each side. Those who aie bathed in the blood of your The throne, elevated five steps above the fathers, and your brethren Impress all estrade, was placed under a palm-tree, on the around you with a sense of horror, at the trunk of which were suspended the arms of practice of this nefarious intercourse; and the Emperor. The throne was composed of when it is universally felt, when not a Spa- | iwo props in the form of two pedestals. on niard will disgrace hisuself by this pernicious which were placed iwo Genii, symbols of connexion, when Europe shall understand justice and strength, supporting a crown her genuine interests, and every port of the above she head of this Majesty Over the Continent shall be closed upon these in- throne was a canopy bespangled with bres truders, then will our vengeance be coin. and stars, and an eagle reposing on his thunplete: the insupportable arrogance of the derbolts. Oppo ite the throne, in the triIslanders will be humbled; they will be lost bune of the constituted authorities, was a ca. amid the chaos of their owo ruins; and they nopy for her Majesty the Einpress, and wil be recognized only as the violators of places for the Princesses. The legislative public right, and as the tyrants of the body had yesterday appointed in a private Ocean. - May the spirit here applanded besitting, a deputation of 25 members to rethat of the whole nation; may we all of us ceive this day his Majesty the Emperor. At readily sacrifice oor private indulgence to the half.past eleven the members of the tribugeneral cause; and if there should be an in- nate, council of state, and the twelve depu. salated character among us not animated by ties of the conservatise senate, entered the this noble disposition, may he catch the flame hall, and took their places. At twelve, a of patriousm from his associates, and not discharge of artillery having announced the disgrace the Spanish name by frigidity and arrival of the Emperor, ihe deputation, with indifference. The age and infirmities of the president ar iis head, set out to meet his some will not permit them to take a personal | Majstv. - The procession shortly entered part in this glorious enterprize, but they may the hall, whilst martial music was heard on by their opolence, or by i heir counsel, con- every side; all the legislators rose up. Those doce to the general desigo ; and this his Ma- of the deputation went back to their places. jesty expects, and I implore of them; and The Emperor ascended bis thruse, and all thus, by availing ourselves of every resource Those who accompanied him sat dowo to the with which God and nature have furnished right and left in those places assigned them. us, the effects of our indignation will be ier- On each side of the throne, on the first siep rible to our enemies. In tine, if any parti- underneath it, were placed the princes and cular Member of the State shou'd wish ex: dignitaries; on the second range of steps beclusively to underlake some scheme which he peath, on the right, sat the ministers; on thinks likely to annoy the English, and for the left the grand otdicers of the Empire; in which he shall require the assistance of the front of ihe simps, upon stool, were the vernment, let him communicate his project grand chamberlain and grand equerry; to to me, and I will provide him with the ne- the right the grand master of the cerrmo. cessary means, if his purpose should be so nies; behind i he Einp-ror, and standing, the well formed as to conduce to the injury of grand mar-hal, the master of the buni, the Britain, and the glory of Spain.

ter, an

colours, general of the guard, and be aids(Signed) The Prince of Peacz. de camp; at the two angies of the ballus

trade were the two ma ers of ide centinoFOREIGN OFFICIAL PAPERS. nies; the pages were on the two dous of FRENCH ANNUAL EXPOSÉ, at the Opening siens, and at the bottom of the strade were

of the Session of the Legislative Body at Pa. the heralds all arms. In fron. in ihr circu. ris, on the 26th of December, 1804.

lar pare forming the first rank of the Am. PREPARATORY CEREMONIĘS.

phitheatre, were placed the de, jutation, comAt eleven in the morning the members of posed of twelve senators; upon the two next



seats, to the right, were the councillors of ministers bave given me of their respective state, and to the left, the tribunes; on the

departments. I am fully satisfied with the remaining seats of the Amphitheatre sat the prosperous state of our finances : whatever members of the legislative body, in the cen- may be the expenditure, it is covered by the tre of whom, and in the front of the throne, revenue. How extensive soever have been was the president, on a particular seat; on the preparations imposed upon us by the his side were the questors, and behind him exigencies of the war in which we are en. two ushers. All ihe persons present being gaged, I call upon my people for no new saseated and covered, Prince Joseph, the grand crifice. LII would have been highly graelector, quitted the right of the Emperor, | tifying to me, on so solemn an occasion, 10 advanced towards the ballustrade, and asked see the blessings of peace diffused over the of his Majesty permission to administer the world; but the political principles of our oath to the members of the legislative body, enemies, their recent conduct towards Spain, A questor then called the legislators, who but too strongly speak the difficulties that successively pronounced aloud, standing: oppose it. I am not anxious to enlarge the “ I swear obedience to the constitutions of territory of France, but to assert its integrity. " The Empire, and fidelity to the Emperor." I feel no ambition to exert a wider stretch The appeal terminated, the Emperor rose, of infuence in Europe ; but not to descend the legislators uocovered themselves, and his from that which I have acquired. No state Majesty delivered the following

shall be incorporated with the Empire ; but IMPERIAL SPEECH.

I shall not sacrifice my rights, or the ties that

bind me to the states that I have created.Deputies from the departments to the le- lo bestowing the crown upon mne, my peogislative body, tribunes, and members of my ple entered into an engagement to exert every council of state: I am come, gentlemen, to effort which circumstances may require, in preside at the opening of your session. My order to preserve unsullied shat splendour anxious desire is, 10 impress a more impo- | which is necessary for their prosperity, and sing and august character on your proceed- indispensible for their glory, as well as for ings; yes, princes, magistrales, soldiers, ciri- mine. I ain full of confidence in the energy zens, we have all of us, in the career we of ihe nation, and in the sentiments it enter. have to run, but one object--the interest of tains for ne. Its dearest interests are the the country. If this throne, to which Provi. constant object of my solicitude.---Deputies dence and the will of the nation have raised from the departments of the legislative body, me, be dear in my eyes, it is because that tribunes, and members of my council of throne can alone defend and maintain the

state: your conduct, gentlemen, during the most sacred interests of the French people. preceding session, the zeal with which you Unsupported by a vigorous and paternal go- glow for your country, your attachmení 10 vernmeni, Fiance would have still to fear the

my person, I hold as pledges of the asreturn of those calamities by which she has sistance for which I call upon you, and been afflicted. The weakness of the sui- which, I trust, I shall receive from you du. preme power is the deepest misfortune of na- ring the course of the present session. tions. As a soldier or First Consul, I en tertained but one thought; as Emperor, I In tbe sitting of the 31st of December, the am influenced by no other and that is, every President read the following Message. thing that contributes to the prosperity of At the Palace of the Tuilleries, 10th Ni. France, I have had the good fortune to il- võse, year 13.- Napoleon Emperor of the lustrate France by victories, to consolidate French. We have nominated and do noher by treaties, to rescue her from civil broils, minate, Messrs. Champagny, Minister of the and revive among her inhabitants the in- Interior; Regnaud and Lacuée, Councillors fluence of morals, of social order, and of re- of State, to repair to the Legislative Body ligion, Should death not surprise me in this day, 10ih Nivôse, and there make the the midst of my labours, I fondly hope I may statement of the situation of the Empire. transmit to posterity a durable impression, | By the Emperor, (Signed)-NAPOLEON.that must serve as an example or reproach to The Secretary of State, (Signed)--H. B. my successors. The minister of the inte. MARET. rior will subinit to you a statensent of the si

EXPOSÉ. tuation of the Empire The deputation from Mr. Champagny.-" Gentlemen, In conmy council of state will present to you the sequence of the nomination of which infordiiferent objects that are to occupy the legis- mation has just been given to you, I am laiure. I have given instructions that there going to have the honour of slating to you he laid before you the accounts which my the situation of the French Empire. --The


interior situation of France is at this day , braced in its duration generations and ages. what it was in the calmest times; no move- The senate was, as it should be, the ment which can alarm the public tranquil. organ of the common inquietude. Soon lity; no crime which belongs to the remem- burst forth that wish to see the power herebrance of the revolution ; every where useful diary which dwelt in all ħearts truly Frencir; undertakings, every where ibe improvement it was proclaimed by the electoral colleges, of public and privale properly attest the pro- by the armies, the council of state, magisgress of confidence and of security. --The traies, the most enlightened men were corrleaven of opinion no longer sharpens the spi- sulted, and their answer was unanimous.-rits; the sentiments of the general interest, The necessity of bereditary power in a state the principles of social order, better known so vast as France, had been long since perand more refined, have attached all hearts ceived by the First Consul. In vain had he to the common prosperity. This is what all resisted ihe force of principles, in vain lrad the administrations proclaim; this is what he tried to establish a system of election the Emperor has witnessed in all the depart which might perpetuate public authority, ments he has travelled through ; this is what and transnit it without danger and without has just been demonstrated in the most stri- troubles.-- Public inquietudes, the hopes king manner. All the armies have seen them. of our enemies, accused his work. His selves at once separated from their generals, deaih was to be the ruin of his labours. It all the military corps from their chiefs; the was till this term that foreign jealousy, and superior tribunals, deprived of their first ma- the spirit of discord and anarchy waited for gistrates; the public ministry. of its first or- Reason, seniment, experience dictated gans; the churches of their principal pastors; equally to all Frenchmen that there was no the towns, the countries, simultaneously certain traosmission of power but that which quitted by every one who has power and io- was effected without interval, that there was fluence over men's minds; the people every no tranquil succession but that which was where abandoned to their genius; and the regulated by the laws of nature.-- When people have every where shown themselves such motives supported such pressing wishes, desirous of order and of the laws.--At the the determination of the First Consul could same moment the Sovereign Pontiff travelled not be doubtful. He resolved then lo acept through France. From the banks of the for himself and for two of bis brothers atter Po to ibe borders of the Seine, he has every him, the load which was imposed on biin where been the object of a religious homage by the necessity of circumstances.----From rendered him by that immense majority, his meditations ripened by conferences with who, faithful to the ancient doctrine, see a the members of ihe senate', by discussions in common father and the centre of the com- the councils, by the observations of the mon belief in him whom all Europe reveres wisest men, was formed a series of disposias a sovereign, rai:ed to the ihrone by bis tions which fixes i he inheritance of she inpiety and his virtues.--A plur laid by an perial throue ; – which assigns to the princes implacable Government, was going to re. their rights and their duties ;-wlich proplunge France into the abyss of civil wars mises to ihe heir of the empire an education and of anarchy At the discovery of that regulated by the laws, and such ihat he will horrible plot, all France was moved ; in- be worthy of his liigh destinies ;– which dequietudes ill laid asleep, were again awa- signates those wlio, in case of minority, will kened, and io every mind was at once found be called to the regency, and marks ike lianew, principles which have been those of mits of their power ; - which places between all wise men, and which were constantly The throne and the citizens, dignities and ofours before error and weakness had alienated fices accessible to all, encouragements and men's minds, and guilty intrigues had mis- recompences of the pubiic viriues;-which led their opinions. The nation had ex. give to men honoured with great dis'incrious, perienced that power divided was without or invested with great authority, judges sufaccord and without strength ; it bad been ficiently great 10 bend neither before their made sensible that intrusted for a time, it authoriry, nor before their distinctions ; was only precarious, and permitted neither which gives to crimes against the public long labours nor long thoughts; that intrust. | satery avd the interest of the empire, judges ed lor ihe life of a single man, it grew weak essentially attached in the safety of the (nie with him, and left a!ter him only chances pire and to its interests ;-- which places of discord and of anarchy ; it was convinced more lustre and more weight in the fine in fine that there were safety, for great na- tions of the legislator, more developn.ert tions, only in hereditary power; that it and more extent in the public discussion of alone secured their political life, and ein- the laws;- which rea's the vibenos aud

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