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their judgments to those ancient denomi- It will be present to the memory of the denations which had obtained the respect of legates of authority, it will remind them of ages ;-which guarantees in fine the rights the end of their labours and the rule of their of the Prince and of the people, by oa.is, duties; and though it may not guarantee the eternal guardians of all interest. These their administration from some eirors, it dispositions were decreed by The Senatus will jasure the prompt reparation of them, Consultum of the 28th of Floreal last : the A project of a criminal code, finished French people have manifested their free and for these two years past has been submitted independent will; they have expressed their to the censure of the tribunals, and is now wish that the imperial dignity should be he. undergoing a final discussion in the council reditary in the direct, legitimate, and adop- of state. --The code of procedure and the tive descendants of Napoleon Buonaparte, code of commerce are still in the same state in the direct an I legitimate descendants of the labours of last year left thein in. More Joseph Buonaparté, in the direct and legiti- urgent cares have called on the Emperor, mate descendin's of Louis Buonaparté. and it is one of his maxinas to propose to, At that moment, Napoleon was, by the the deliberations of the legislators, those most just of titles, Emperor of the French; projects of laws alone which have been rino other aci was necessary to ascertain bis pened by long and wise discussions.--The rights and consecrate his authority. But schools of legislation are about to open ;

inhe wished to restore to France her ancient spectors are nominated who will enlighten formis, to recal among us those institutions public teaching, and prevent its degenerating which the Divinity seenis to have inspired, into vain and sterile proofs; the lyceums, and to impress upon the beginning of his the secondary schools are filling with a youth reign the seal of religion itself.

To give to

eager for instruction. Fontainbleau bas the French a striking proof of his paternal already sent forth military men, who are tenderness, the Chief of the Church has ren arked in our armies for their soldierly been willing to lend his m.nistry to this ag appearance, their knowledge, and their regust ceremony.-- What a deep and lasting spect for discipline.-- The polytechnic im ression it has left in the mind of the school peoples with useful hands, our arse

nperor and in the reipembrance of the na- nals, our ports and our workshops.--A tion! What conversations for future races! Compiegne, the sclivol of arts and irades and whai a :ubject of admiration for Eu

day new successes. That which rope. -Nipolton prostrate at the form of is 10 be formed upon ihe borders of la Vene the altars which he has just raised; the jo. dte is expected there with impatience, and vereign Pontiff imploring upon France and will shortly be io complete activity.Prizes upon him ine celestial benedictions, and in have been decreed to sciences, 10 letters and his wishis for the felicity of one nation, to arts, and in a period of ten years, assigned embracing the felicity of all nations ! to jabours hat H. M. wishes to recompeace, Pastors and priests late.y divided uniting with he has a right to expect that French genius his supplicious their grtitude and their will bring forth new masier-pieces.- In voice ! -The sentors, the legislators, #3 the departinent of bridges and bighways, tribun-s, magistrates warriors, the admi- the works began have been carried on with nistraiors of the people and those who pre- constancy, others are in contemplation, and side over the!r assemblies, confoundin; to- every year prepares for the following years, gether their opirions, their hopes and their new schemes for the prosperi'y of the state. wishes; sovereigns, princes, ambassadors, But the intemperance of the seasons liad destruck with the granu spectacle of France ceived the f resight and the zeal of admi-, again seated

pon her ancient foundations ; nistration ; rains and torrents have injured and, by her repose, securing the repose of the roads inore rapidly thao we have been their country !--in the most of this pomp, able to repair ihem, some labours have been and und r the look of the Eternal, Wapoleon | destroyed, others have been for a moment pronouncing the immutable oath which se- suspended, great calamities have afflicted cures the integrity of the empire, the stabi. some departments, particularly that of the lity of properiy, the perpetuity of institu- Rhine and Moselle. A judicious prefect, tions, the res, ect for the laws and the hap- interpreter of the intentions of the Emperor, piness of the nation. ---- The oath of Napo. his prescoted the first succour to those una Icon will be for ever the terror of the enemies happy men who have been the victims of it. and the buckler of the French.

If our

H. M. has re-animated their courage by his, frontiers are attacked, it will be repeated at presence, and has consoled them by his be. the head of our araries, and our frontiers netits.The scourge of cootagion has af. will no longer dread a foreigu invasion. ficted some peighbouring countries, the ris

obtains every

gilance of administration has preserved our manity found more friends, nor indigence territory from it; it is rapidly diminishing more succour. They are distributed with in those places where it exercised its ravages. as much wisdom as zeal, and the hospitals In maintaining the measures wbich are still of Paris directed with an intelligence which dictated by prudence and a regard for the multiplies the cares in economisi: g the public health, ihe introduction of the evil funds, relieve all wants, cure many evils, and will be prevented, without interrupting the are no more those murderous asylums which communication necessary for the aliment of devour their numerous and miserable popu. our commerce and of our manufactures.- lation. The number of the indigent of ihe In the centre of La Vendée a new city is capital is accordingly thirty-two thousand building, intended to be the seat of the admi. below that which it was in 1791, and twennistration. From thence it will exercise ty-five thousand less than that which it was over every point an active and sure superin- | in the year 10.--Religion has resumed its tendances from thence knowledge and empire ; it no longer exercises itself but for sound prineiples will be propagated through the good of humanity ; a wise tolerance acout that department in which ignorance and companies it, and the ministers of different the want of instruction have so frequently forms of worship, who adore the same delivered over simple and honest minds to God, do lonour to themselves by testimothe intrigues of malevolence. Decrees of nies of reciprocal respect, and know no the Emperor have recalled commerce to the other rivality thin that of virtues. --Such left bank of the Rhine, and bestowed, on is our position within ; without, French Mentz and Cologne, all the advantages of courage, seconded by Spanish good faith, real emporiums, without the danger of in- has preserved to us St. Domingo; Martitroducing contraband goods into the interior nique braves the menaces of our enemies, of France. -Manufactures are iniproving; and, under a paternal government renders and whilst in vaio declamations, mercenaries stronger and more durable ihe ties which paid by the British government boast its atiach it to the mother-country.--Guadadistant and precarious resources dispersed loupe bas enriched itself with the spoils of over the seas and the Indies; whilst they British commerce, and Guyana continues to describe our workshops as deserted and our prosper under an active and vigorous admiworkmen dying with misery, our industry nistration.--The isles of France and of extends its roots over our own soil, repels Re-union would be at the present day the English industry far from our frontiers, and emporium of the riches of Asia ; London has succeeded in equalling it, in what form- would be in convulsions and despair, bad ed its glory and its success, the perfection of not inexperience or weakness batili a its machines, and is preparing to dispute scheme most ably conceried. The islis of with it consumers in every place where it France and of Re-union, however, are still can meet with and reach it. Our first enriched with the prizes which we have manufacture, agriculture, bas erilarged and taken from our enemies. Our armies are become clear--a system of exportation, in always deserving of their reputation. With sach a manner combined, that it shuts and the same valour and the same discipline, opens according to our wants, assures to the they have acquired that patience which busbandman the price of his labour, and waits for opportunities without marmuring, abundance to our markets. New encourage- and confides in the prudence and designs of ments prepare the improvement of the race the Chief who conducts them. Our soldiers, of our horses, our wools are meliorated, our our officers, karn 10 gvern the element fields are covered with caule, and throughout which separates them from that island, the every part of the empire its true riches noul- grand object of obeir res ninent. Their tiply.--Aided by riches, renewed socurity audacity and their address astonish the oldest has given a freer scope to active beneficence: and the most experienced mariners.---- Our excited by religion, and by ile recollection ficets, by cortinual manquvres, lead the of our misfortunes, the latter is not limited way to .coinbats; and whilst those of our to charities of the moment; it embraces the enemies wear out in striving against winds furure, and trusts its treasure to government, and tempests, ours learn wu bout destroying which guarantees to it an employment con- themselves to fight against thein.-lo formable to its wishes. Never have so many fine, since by the war we have gained Halegacies and pious donations been made in nover, we are more in a 5ate than ever to favour of the hospitals, and of the establish- strike decisive blows against our enemies. ments of beneficence. Some of these insti. | Oor navy is in a better stule ihan it bas been tutions have been created or re-established for these ten years past; upou la'd, our arby private persons ; never has suffering hu- my is agorc nunitrous, better disciplined, and better provided with every thing cal- the ground, and France, who has herself culated to ensure victory that it ever was. crected barriers where she had fixed her lie ---In the department of finances, the same mits, will no longer be accused of a wish to activity prevails in the recripis, the same re- overleap them.

Helvetia enjoys in peace gularity in the navagement, the same order the benefits of her constitution, of the wis. in the administration of the treasure; and dom of her citizens, and of our alliance.almost always the same s'ability in the value Batavia siill groans under an olygarchical of the public deht. ---The war in ibe first

government, without union in its views, instance nec iss tatrd extraordinary expenses, without patriotism and without vigour. Its but the funds for ihem were expend: din our colonies have been a second time sold and own soil, and have given u3 vessels, ports, delivered up to England, without firing a and every thing which is necessary for the gun; but this nation possesses energy, modevelopment of our forces against our ene- rals, and economy; it wants only a firm, mies. ----There extraordinary expenses bave patrintic, and enlightened government. nów ceased, and thost exatied by our war- The King of Prussia has shown himself, like attitude will hercefoish be directed by upon every occasion, the friend of France, an economy which the argeney of our pre- and ıhe Emperor has profited of every one parations for attack and defence did not ad- which has presented itself, to consolidate mit of.--The revenure of the crown will this happy harmony.---The Electors and support all the expe: ses of the coronation, al! the Members of the Germanic Body faithand those still demanded by the spleodour i fully maintain the relations of benevolence of the throne. The lu-ist wbich surrounds and friendship which unite it to France. it will vever be a burden to the nation.

-Denmark follows the counsels of a wise, The situation of Europe has experienced but moderate and judicious policy.---The spirit one important change. --Spniu reposed of Catherine the Great will watch over the under a neutrality to whish France had con- councils of Alexander 1. ; he will recollect sented, and which the British cabinet had that the friendship of France is a necessary ac nowledged; her vessels were suddenly counterpoise for him in the balance of Euattacked, and the treaty of Allip Was sio- sope, that, placed at a distance from ber, lated with regaid to ber as it liad presiously he can neither attai por disturb her repose, been with regard to brance. His Catholic and that his great interest is to find in his Majesty has iaken ihe pari commanded lion relarions with her, a necessary vent for the by the dignity of his throne, by good faith productions of his empire. Torkey is outraged, and by the honour of a generous wavering in her politics; slie follows, through people whose destinies he directs ---The fear, a "y-tein which her interest disavows. Emperor of Austria devotes io the restora- ---May she never learn at the expeose of lion of his finances, the prosperity of bis her own existence, that fear and irresolution provinces, the progress of their con orice, accelerate the fall of empires, a thousand that repose prompied by the frankuess of umes o ore fatal thao the dangers and losses his character and ile inierest of his subjects. of an unfortunaie war.

Whatever may mia- The Italian republic, administered, and be the movements of England, the destinies governed by the same principles as France, of France are fixed : strong ju her union, requires, like that power, a definitive orga- strong in hier riches and in the courage of Dization, which sball insure to the present her defenders, she will faithfully cultivate generation, and 10 lutuse generations, all the alliance of her friends, and will oot act ilie advantages of the social paci. United so as either to deserve enemies nor fear 10 this republic by she doties imposed on them.When England shall be convinced him, both as president and as founder of that of the impotence of her ellorts to agitate stale, the Emperor will reply to llie confi- the Continent; when she shall know that dence ii restities towards him, and insure its she has only to lose in a war withont either destinies and its independence, by serving end or molives; when she shall be conthe interests of the French people, to whom vinced that France will never accept any also it owes its existence, and by copcilicurig other conditions than tbose of Amiens, and the interesis of these two friendly nations will never consent to leave to ber the right with the well understood interests of the of breaking treaties at pleasure, by approneighbouring powers. Py the changes priating Malta- England will then have arculled for by the will of a nation and by the rived : 'pacitic sentiments. Haired and eninterest of all, absurd calumnoies will fail to vy have but their day."

Printer' by Cox and Baylis, No. 75, Great Queen Street, and published by R. Bags! aw, Bow Street, Covent

Garden where forms Namoers may be hadd; sold also by J. Eudu, Crown and Miue, Pall-Mail.

Vol. VII. No.5.)

LONDON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1805.

[Price 100.

“ We, Sir, possess a constitutional army, of any reduction of which I must express my disapprobation, " I think, Sir, that army should always be commensurate with what is called the regular military force of " the empire, and it was upon that principle that the militia of Great Britain was, two years ago, increased

to 72,000 men. This house, I think, should never forego this constitutional principle, which is the best " safeguard of its independence, whether attacked by domestic treason or foreign hoscility. I do not see any " sound reason for noi adhering to the principle of ballot as applicable to our militia force. By relinquishing “ that you give up. in the present instance, 7,000 militia, without the certainty of raising a single man for “ general service. The proposal, also, of employing parish officers as recruiting serjeants is, in my mind, not " the least objectionable feature of the bill, as, by it you defeat that harmony which it is to be desired may " always exist amongst the different orders of the people."-M.. ADDINGTON (now Lord Sidmouth's) Speech, isth June, 1804. Parl. DEBATES, Vol. II, p. 727. 161]

(102 PUBLIC PAPER.

that the petitioners are freeholders of the Sir GEORGE RUMBOLD.- Note remitted by County of Middlesex, and claim to have had

Sir Arthur Paşet, His Britannic Majesty's a right to rote at the last election for that Minister at the Cut of Vienna, upon the Sub- county; that at such election Sir Francis ject of the Deputation of Sir G. Rumbold. Burdett, Baronet, and George Boulton Maina

The occurrence which has lately taken waring, Esquire, were candidates to represent place at Hamburgh, is already too wel! the said county in parliament; that upon a known to his Excellency the Vice-Chancellor shew of haods the sheriff James Shaw, Esq. of the Court and of State, for the undersigned and Sir William Leighton, Knight, declared envoy extraordinary and minister plenipo- the majority, on the view, to be in favour of tentiary of his Britannic Majesty to ihink it Sir Francis Burdett, but a poll being duly denecessary, at this time, to state the details of manded for the said election, the same was it. But however habituated one may be 10 granted by the said sheriff, and commenced behold the French government heap violence on the 23d day of July, 1804: that the said opon violence, and atrocity upon atrocity, poll continued open on the first day till this last enterprize is such, that, perfectly about five o'clock in the evening; that on convinced tlrat there can be but one manner every other day during ihe continuance of of regarding and appreciating it, the under. the same, the poll was kept open seven signed would nevertheless think himself want. | hours ; that on divers days during such coning to his duty, if he did not solicit the par- tinuance, several persons attended at the ticular attention of his excellency, 10 a crime booth, appointed according to law, to give as revolting in itself, as it is pernicious in their votes, and did accordingly declare their its relations with the great ivierests of the votes to be in favour of Sir Francis Burdett, German empire. --The undersigned thinks whose names, places of abode, and freeit impossible that bis Majesty the Emperor holds, and in whose occupations their freein his quality of chief of ihat empire, could holds were, were duly entered on the poll, rest a tranquil spectator of so audacious a but the sheriff'refused to permit the scratches violation of all political rights and decorum ; or inarks to be set opposite to their names, and he flatters himself, that in the present denoting the candidate for whom they voted, atrocity, the known principles and senti. until their litle to vote had been examined ments of his Imperial Majesty will suggest into, although they offered to substantiate measures conformable to the common inte. their titles by their oaths, nor would the rests of all independent powers.---The on- sheriff allow such examination to take dersigoed seizes this opportunity, &c.- place at the hooth, but insisted on their A. Pager.

attending in a box, placed in a different part

of the husiings, to undergo such examinaDOMESTIC OFFICIAL PAPERS. tion ; and although such persons, in com• MIDDLESEX Election.--Petition of cer- pliance with such requisition, did accord.

tain Freeholders of the County of Middle- ingly attend at the said box, yet the consiser, presented to ibe House of Commons on deration of many votes so circumstanced was the 25tb of January, 1805, by Lord Wila. adjourned, for want of time, till the days re: liam Russel, complaining of the Conduct of spectively succeeding, and thereby great deSheriffs Leigbton and Shaw.

lay and confusion arose ; that in order to A petition of the several persons, whose prevent the same in future, application was names are thereunto subscribed, was deliver- at sundry times, by the agents, friends, and ed in at the table, and read; setting forth, counsel of Sir Francis Bordeli, made to the

sheriff of tlie said county, to keep the poll cis Burdett had a majority in number of open longer than seven bours, as by law he votes received on the poll in his favour, and was bovid to do when upon good and suth- ought to have been returned in the stead ciçot caused requested soin do: that the said and place of the said George Boulton Mainsheriff, at the several tinies aforesaid, refused waring to serve in the present parliament to accede to such application; that on the for the County of Middlesex aforesaid ; and 14th and 15th days of the poll, the said she- therefore praying the House to order the riff, together wish Newman Knowlys, Esq., said lalse return of the said sherift to be who theo and there sat as assessor or assist- amended, by directing the name of the said ant to the said sheriif, severally, aod at sun- Gcorge Boulton Mainwaring to be erased.' dry times, declared, that if at ihree o'clock therefrom, and the name of the said Şir Frulla on the said 15th day the voles of any persons cis Burdett to be inserted therein in the that had been before that time objected to stead and place of the name of the said should not have been examined, the said George Boulton Mainwaring, and that the sheriff would proceed upon such examina- House will appoint an early day for taking tion, and determine on the same after three their petition into consideration, and grant o'clock on the same or the following day ; to the petitioners such further relief in the and the petitioners further state, that at three premises as to the House shall seem meet. o'clock on the 15th day of the poll, several Ordered, That the said petition be taken yoters were in altendance at the sheriff's box, into consideration upon Tuesday the 19th in obedience to orders given by the sheriff, day of February nexi, at three of the clock in waiting to be examined in respect to the ti: 1 afternoon.-- Ordered, That Mr. Speaker tles to Their voies, which had been previous- do issue his warrant or warrants for such ly entered on tbe poll, and their votes de- persons, papers, and records, as shall be clared, some for the said George Boulton thought necessary by the several parties on Mainwaring, but many more for the said Sir the hearing of the matter of the said pe-, Francis Burdett; and the petitioners humbly tition. submit, that if the poll had been cast op at şuch hour, without any further, examina. MIDDLESEX ELECTION.- Petition of cere tion of such .voters, the names of such tain Freeholders of the County of Middle. votes ought to have been reckoned and sex, relative to the Qualification of Mr. thereby a majority of votes received on Mainwaring, presented to the House of the poll declared, as in fact it was, in fa- Commons by Mr. Crecvey, on tbe 28tb of vour of Sir Francis Burdett; but the peti- January, 1805, tioners surther state, that the poll was not A petition of the several persons, whose cast up, nor ihe numbers declared, till the names are thereunto subscribed, being free. following day, and, in the mean time, thie holders of the County of Middlesex, and sheriff, in compliance with his aforesaid claiming to have had a right to vote at the promise, proceeded to satisfy himself re. lasi election for that county, was delivered specting the titles of the voters so previous-in at the table, and read; setting forth, ly enterid on the poll, and, after such exa- that, at the last election of a knight of the mination, directed marks to be set opposite shire for the County of Middlesex, Sir to their names, some in favour of the said Francis Burdett, Baronet, and George Sir Francis Burdett, and some for the said Boulton Mainwaring, Esquire, were candiGeorge Boulton Mainwaring, according to dates to represent the same county in par. the votes previously given for one or other liament; that, on the shew of hands, the of the said candidates; that a majority of the then sheriff declared the majority to be in

votes received on the poll did thereby also favour of the said Sir Francis Burdett; that, · appear in favour of Sir Francis Burdeti, and thereupon, a poll

was duly demanded in 1athe said Sir FrancisBurdettought to have been vour of the said George Boulton Mainwareturned to serve in this presentparliament for ring, and was proceeded on from day to the county aforesaid; and that the said she day; that, at the close of the said election, riff, well knowing the premises, did, on the the said sheriff returned the said George 16th day of the said election, illegally, Boulton Mainwaring as duly elected to rewrongfully, wilfully, and falsely declare the present the said county in parliament; that, majority of numbers to be in favour of the after the demanding the said poll, and presaid George Boulton Mainwaring, and il- viously to the granting thereof, or proceed1-gally, wilfully, wrongfully, and falsely, re.ing on the same, the qualification of the burned the said George Boulton Mainwa- said George Boulton Mainwaring to reprering to serve for the said county in the pre- sent the said county in parliament was duly sent parliament, although the said Sir Fran. requested of him, and tlie said George

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