Boulton Mainwaring was thereby required' ther relief in the premises as to the House to swear to the same, according to the pro- shall seem 'meet.- Ordered, That the said visions of the statute iu that behalf made petition be taken into consideration upon and provided; that, on such request being Thursday the 28th day of February next, made, the said George Boulton Mainwaring at three of the clock in the afternoon.insisted that the provisions of the said act Ordered, That Mr. Speaker do issue his wara of Parhament, above referred to, did not rant or warrants for such persons, papers, extend to him, he being the eldest son and and records, as shall be thought necessary heir apparent of a person qualified by the by the several parties on the hearing of the said statute to serve as a knight of a shire ; matter of the said petition. but, immediately afterwards, the said George Boulton Main waring took his cor- MEMORIAL OF SHIP-Owners. -Copy of poral oath, in the form, and to the effect, Alemorial presented to Lord Howkesbury, firescribed by the said statute, and swore Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, rethat he truly and bona fide had such an estate lative to the Sequestration of British Ships in law or equity, to and for his own use and and other Property in the Spanisb Dobenefii, of or in lands, tenements, or here- minions, upon the breaking out of the War, ditaments, over and above what would sa- 1795. -- This Memorial was presented tisfy and clear all incumbrances that might just after the conclusion of the Peace of affect the same, of the annual value of six Amiens.

Ired pounds, above reprizes, as did qua. That your memorialists, previously to lily him to be elected and returned to serve the Declaration of War on the part of this as a member for the said County of Mid- country against the Crown of Spain, and in dlesex, according to the tenor' and true fall faith of the then existing treaties of meaning of the act of Parliament in that peace and commerce between the two counbehalf; and that his said lands, tenements, tries, and of the securily thereby afforded to or hereditaments, were lying or being with- the persons and property of the subjects of in the several pari hes, townships, or pre. the respective countries, had sent a great cincts, of Edmonton and Enfield, in the said number of vessels, the property of your meCounty of Middlesex; and that the peti- morialists, freighted with very valuable car. tioners are informed and believe, and repre- goes, to the different ports and harbours of sent to the House, that, at the time of the Spain, for the purpose of disposing of their said election and return, when such demand respective cargoes, in the accustomed way of his qualification as afores id, was made, of commerce to the subjects of that country, the said George Boulton Mainwaring was --That war was declared between the Got the eldest son or heir apparent of any King of England and the King of Spain on person so qualified as aforesaid to serve as the 9th day of November, 1796. ---That knight of a shire, and then had not any some time before that event, and while the extate, freehold or copyyhold, for his own aforesaid treaties of alliance and commerce life, or for some greater estate, either in between this country and Spain were in full law or equity, to and for his own use and force, the government of Spain published a benefit, of or in lands, tenements, or here- proclamation, bearing date in or about the ditaments, over and above wliat would sa- inonth of August, 1796, whereby it was ortisfy and clear all incumbrances that might dained, that an embargo should be laid on affect the same, lying or being in Edmonton all English ships in the ports and harbours and Enfield aforesaid, or either of them, or of that country. That your memorialists, elsewhere, within that part of Great Britain and the masters or captains of the several called England, the Dominion of Wales, ships or vessels belonging to your memoriand town of Berwick upon Tweed, of the alists, at that time lying in tbe ports and annual value of six hundred pounds, above harbours of Spain, entertaining no doubt of reprizes, as qualified him to be elected and the safety of the ships and cargoes then una returned to represent the said county in der their care, and confiding in the protecparliament; whereby the said election and tion afforded 10 persons and property sie Teturn of the said George Boulton Main- milarly situated, not only by the law of na. waring were and are void, and the said ture and nations, but also by the stipulations George Boulton Mainwaring is not capa- of particular treaties, had taken no steps ble to sit or vote as a member of the House; whereby they might be enabled to elude a and therefore praying the House to take sudden enbargo, or to obviate the unforlu. their petition into consideration, and that nate consequence of so onlooked for a meathe Horse will declare the said election and sure.---Tharin consequence, therefore, of Return to be void, and grant thein such fur. the aforesaid proclamation, several yessels

belonging to your memorialists, together memorialists presumed to hope they should with their respective cargoes, were imme. have been restored to the full enjoyment of diately seized and detained in the various all their property so seized and detained in ports of Spain, and shortly after disposed of the ports of Spain, by virtue of the said proby order of the government of that country, clamation. But it was at that time thought whereby your memorialists have sustained proper by the government of that country great and most grievous inconvenience and

to pursue a contrary line of conduct; and loss. That after the before-mentioned the afore-mentioned ships, with their respecseizure and detention of the said vessels, and tive cargoes belonging to your memorialists before their disposal, your memorialists were sold, as before stated, and no part of caused many, though ineffectual represen- the produce thereof returned to your metations of the consequences thereof, to be morialists.--That your memorialists havmade to the government of spain, and prayed ing thus suffered for many years under the that restitution of their property might be deprivation of a very great and valuable part made to them, in pursuance of ihe terms of of their properly, have no resource but in the treaties of amily and commerce then the interference and mediation of your lordsubsisting between ihe two countries.-- | ship, and they are rather emboldened to apo That your memorialists. humbly conceive the ply to your lordship on this occasion, not said detention and sale of their property, to only by the natural justice of their claim to be directiy against the meaning and inten- remuneration under the before mentioned tion of many treaties formerly made, and as circumstances, and on the ground of the they presume, then in force between this

aforesaid several treaties, but also by the country and Spain. --That by the 36th

express terms of the 14th article of the Dearticle of this treaty of peace, concluded be- finitive Treaty of Peace just now signed be. tween the late King Charles the Second, and tween this country and France, conjointly 'the Court of Spain, in the year 1667, it was with Spain and Holland. --That by the provided, "that if it shall liappen hereafter, said 14th article of the Definitive Treaty it that any difference fall out between the King is expressly provided, “ that all the seof Great Britain, and the King of Spain, questrations laid on either side, on funds, whereby the mutual commerce and good cor- revenues, and credits, of what nature soever respondence may be endangered, the respec- they may be, belonging to any of the contive subjects and people of each party shall tracting powers, or to their citizens and sub. have notice thereof given them in time, that jects, shall be taken off immediately after is to say, the space of six months, to trans- the signature of the said Definitive Treaty.” port their merchandize and effects, without And it is also, by the said article provided giving them in that time any molestation or " that the decision of all claims among the trouble, or retaining, or embarking their individuals of the respective nations, for goods, or persons."--That by the 18th debts, property, estates, or rights, of any naarticle of the Treaty of Utrecht, it is pro- ture whatsoever, which should, according to vided, “That if the disputes which are com- received usages and the laws of nations, be posed should at any time be renewed be- preferred at the epoch of the peace, shall be iween their said Royal Majesties, and break referred to the competent tribunals; and out into open war, the ships, merchandizes, that, in all those cases, speedy and complete and goods, both moveable and inmoveable, justice shall be done in the countries whereof ihe subjects on both sides, which shall be in those claims shall be respectively prefound to be, and remain in the ports and ferred.' That your memorialists humbly dominions of the adverse party, shall not be conceive, that no objection can be urged confiscated, or suffer any damage, but the against the application of the universal prinspace of six months on the one part, and on ciples of justice or the spirit or letter of the the other shall be granted to thie said subjects afore-mentioned particular treaties to their of each of their said Royal Majesties, in order case, as now laid before your lordship, on to their selling the aforesaid things, or any the ground of the want of precedent; for other their etfects, or carrying away and your memorialists beg leave to remind your transporting the same from thence, whither- lordship, that at the close of the American soever they please, without any molestation."

war, a great number of owners of British --That in conformity to the said articles, Vessels were in a situation exactly similar to and the reliance placed by your memorialists that in which your memorialists at present on the due observance of the terms thereof, unfortunately stand ; their vessels, together the respective treaties in which they are con- with their cargoes, being in the French ports tained, then remaining in full force, and at the commencement of the war; and the principle thereof acknowledged, your whilst there, seized, detained, condemned, and sold, by virtue of edicts or orders issued hope may induce your lordship to afford them by the court of France for that purpose ;. and that assistance and protection which from on the settlement of peace between the bel- the equity and justice of their case they ligerent powers, the government of this have been led humbly to request from the country, on a representation made on the British government on their behalf. Your part of those British owners, was pleased to lordship, as it appears to them, may have interfere, and obtained for them from the considered that the ships alluded to in the government of France, the full value of the memorials, were condemned by sentence of property that had been so condemned and the Courts of Admiralty, of the respective sold. That under the aforesaid circom- countries therein-mentioned, for some cause stances, your memorialists must suffer a very originating witb or afier the Declaration of great and irreparable loss, unless the govern- War between the beligerent powers, wbich ment of this country shall be pleased to exert would subject them agreeably to the şule of itself on their behalf.--Your memorialists the law of nations to the penalty of. confistherefore, most humbly pray your lordship cation, whereas the property in question had to take their case into your lordship’s con- in fact entered into, and was remaining at sideration; and that your lordship will be the respective times of the seizure thereof, in pleased to interfere, on the part of His Ma- the ports where it was seized in the innocent jesty's government, and to obtain for your course of peaceful commerce, and with eninemorialists, such compensation for the tire cofidence on the part of the British before-mentioned delention and sale of their owners ; that all their rights therein were property, as shall be reasonable ; or to pro intitled to be held sacred and inviolable, a cure for your memorialists, such other relief, confidence in which they had the greater reain respect of ile matters before stated, as to son to rely in as much as if a ditference of your lordship's judgment and goodness shall opinion should be entertained as to the geseeni meet.--And your lordship's memo. neral rule of law, applying to cases so cirrialisis, &c.

cumstanced, wher unrestrained by any con.

ventional regulations, but which ihe memo. MEMORIAL OF Ship-OWNERS-Letter to rialists scarcely think can prevail, consistent

Lord Hawkesbury from the Agent of tbe ly with justice and equity, still they were Ship-Owners, dated 22 Dec. 1802. entitled expressly to protection in that re,

MY LORD, -Mr. B, during the spect under the faith of treaties in which it last Sessions of Parliament, bad the honour had been reciprocally contemplated and to present to your lordship, on the part of ihe agreed between Great-Britain and the seOwners of sundry British ships which had veral powers to whom those ports belongbeen seized and detained in the several ports ed; amongst other the provisions and stipuof Holland, France, and Spain, previously to lations therein-contained, that in case of the commencement of the late war with any war thereafter breaking out, six months those countries, three memorials, praying should be allowed to their respective subjects your lordship's interference on the part of for the removing of their merchandize and His Majesty's government with those se- effects, or otherwise disposing of them as veral powers, for the purpose of obtaining they should see fit, whereas even before any from them soune reasonable compensation Declaration of War, solemn or unsolemn, for the loss and injury sustained by the me- the said ships and cargoes in question were morialists, owing to the detention and sale not only detained but sold as stated in the of their property under the orders issued in said memorials.Under all which cir- regard thereto by those goveroments respec. cumstances it appears to the British owners tively; and she answer which your lordship interested in this unfortunate affair, and as was pleased to return to Mr. B--

on the

they trust it will to your lordship, that in subject of those memorials having been com- whatever form, or by whatever tribunal municated by hins to the parties interested, their property was thus ordered to be dis. they beg leave very respectfully to thank posed of, such a sentence cannot be supportyour lordship for the consideration you bave ed as an adjudication duly passed upon the had the goodoess to bestow upon their case; property of the subjects of powers becoming but at the same time trust your lordship will hostile under the circumstances and relapermit them to express their apprehension tions aforesaid, or by which the same can from the terms of your answer, that they be considered as legally divested.may have failed to state the nature of their short examination of ihe dales of these situation with sufficient accuracy, and that transactions will establish the fact, that the you will pardon the liberty which they have orders of the respective powers of Holland, presumed to take in suggesting to your re- France, and Spain, by virtue of which the consideration such an explanation as they | persons afp'ying to your lordskip on this'

-A very

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occasion, were deprived of their property, to their great inconvenience and injury, were made and issued, and carried into ef- which must, doubtless, have caused a confect, far within the time allowed for the siderable reduction in their numbers. There protection of property, in case of war, by were, 7,025 mep discharged, of whom no dethe treaties to which they have taken the li- scription was given; but, allowing these 10 berty to refer ; and they look with addi- have been entitled to their discharge, there tional confidence to the event of this appli- were 8,945 belonging to foreign corps discation, from your lordship's intimate ac- charged, and who did not want their disquaintance with the law of nations, and the charge; and, of the cavalry, 10.439 men. sound principles of natural justice. Humbly Of these two latter descriptions we began 10 presuming to hope, that your lordship wili, inlist again in ten monibs after the reduction upon reconsideration of their case, with that took place; and, the bounty, including concondescension and goodness which have al- tingencies, of 19,438 men (a number equal ways marked your lordship's conduct, be 10 chat of ihe foreign corps and cavalry unyet inclined to listen to their representation, necessarily discharged cannot have amount. and to procure them relief, according to the ed to a sum far short of 500,0001. While prayer of their memorials, or in such other this work of reduction in our regular and way as it may seem most expedient to your disciplined force was going forward, the milordship to be granied with reference to the nisters did not, however, appear disposed to losses they have respectively sustained. I neglect that of a different description. So ann, my lord, with great respect, your lord- early as the 26th of June, 1602, a permanent ship's most obedient and faithful servant. code for the militia of England and Scot

land, introduced by Mr. Yorke, was passed SUMMARY OF POLITICS. into a law. The number for England was MILITARY FORCE.- - Upon this sub- fixed at 40,000 to be augmented, in case of ject, certainly of the first importance, at this need to 60,000 men; for Scotland, at 8,000 time, the public bave been anxiously waiting to be, in like case, augmented to 12,000. As for that investigation which the notified mo- soon as the parliament met again, in the aution of Mr. Wiadham promised to afford. tumn of 1802, a inilitia for Ireland (where That motion having, however, been so un. the former militia had been completely disexpectedly postponed, some observations, bended) became a favourite object, and, on wbich the motion would, perhaps, have ren- the 17th of December in that year, an act dered unnecessary, may now, without any was passed for raising a militia in Ireland, impropriery be submitted to the readers of amounting 10 18,000 men; not by ballot, this work.---Tocome at a fair view of the but by a bounty at two guineas each man. slate of our military means, and to show the This bounty being, upon the approach of inadequacy of Mr. Pitt's project for in- war, found to be too little, an act was passed, proving those means, we must first look back on the 70h of April, 1803, for aliowing a at the several steps by which we have ar- bounty of four guineas each man for this rived at our present situation in this respect. Irish militia, and that, too, at avine, vben ---The moment the late cabinet, under the bounty for the regular army was still the advice and with the decided and unre. kept down at five guineas.-

-Soon after, served approbation and support of Mr. Pitt, however, the ministers of the " incapable" had concluded the treaty of Amiens, they cabinet, as Mr. Piu called it, began to see, set themselves to work to reduce our military bat, having called out, or ordered to be calle furce, and, we must not forget here, that ed out, their militia and supprepientary mithey have since declared all those to be Jitia, consisting, in the whole kingdom of

nature's tools,” who expected that peace 90,000 me: ; having created a coaspetition to Jast. That “

peace of experiment” was ct bounties, under which the regular, army bardly made, however, when they reduced

was completely at a stand; having so well. the army, including militia and fencibles, succeeded in this, they began 10 see, afier from 250,000 to 126,000 men. Mr. Yorke having been told of it a thousand times, that stated, that 72,000 militia (confining our- no men could be obtained, or were likely to selves now to Great Britain) were disem- be obtained, by the ordinary mode of rebodied, because it was the custom to disem- cruiting, for general service, and for submisa bedy the militia at the conclusion of

peace. sion to regular discipline under experienced For the same reason 20,079 meo of the fen- officers. They were convinced of this cible regiments were in mediately disbanded. They acknowledged their conviction. The Invalids to the amount of 5,172 men were manufacturers were thrown out of work, yet 1educed and scallered over every part of the no regular recruits were raised. The boun. Lingrtom, whence, when the signal of war ties for home service had risen sa bigh, that was again given, they were called together, I uothing but downright stupidity could lead

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a wandering lad into the army.. But these he has shot, you 'niust always make consifacts produced no good effect in the minds of derable allowance not only for those that the ministers. Ii, never entered into their he could not find but also für those that minds to remove the cause of the evil; to do flew away; so, when you hear an army of aw.ny the fatal competition by putting a stop reserve minister stating the numbers of men .to the levies of the supplementary militia, he has raised, you must take good care to which were then geiog on : no; but, on the make a liberal deduction for casualties; contrary, to increase that competition three- that is to say, for inen claimed as thieves, fold, and to render recruiting for the

&c. by the civil power; and, particularly, army perfectly desperate, by introducing and

for those that have deserted. And here passing into a law, the project generally we must stop a lill-, in order to take a known under the appellation of the army of view of the melancholy, the horrid, the disTe erve ; that mongrel force, to be command- graceful consequences, of this mode of ed by regular officers, whose services were raising an army. From the return, above without limit, but ihe service of the men tv alluded to, it appears, tha:, in England, be limited both as to time and place, five 31,758 men were raised, under the army of years being the period for which they were reserve act; that, out of this number, to serve, and their engagement being posi- 1,752 had been rejected, or claimed by the tively not to serve any where but in the Uni- civil magistracy; and that 4,117 had deted Kingdom, and the three islands, Jersey, serted. Out of the 5,537 men raised, as it Guerasey, and Alderney. When asked,

is called, in Scotland, 161 had been rejectwhy, if iney had had a measure like this in ed or claimed as above, and 364 had deview, they did not bring it forward sooner, serted. In Ireland, cut of 8,197 men saisibe ministers answered, that, if they had so ed, 203 had been claimed, and, 1,170 had done, it would have interfered with the rais- deserted. So that the totals stand thus: ing of the supplementaty milltia, though

Men raised' for the army of reserve. . 45,492 they had been, over and over again, told, Rejected, or claimed as thieves, that the raising of the supplementary militia &c..

2,116 would prevent the success of any project


5,651 more efficient; and, though to this day, much more than one half of the supplementary militia has never been raised at all, we


37,725 know that the army of reserve act has been carried into effect only in part. This mea- The dead are not noticed. They were not sure was adopted in three acts of parlia

600 in number; and, besides, that is a head ment, one, for England, passed on the 6th

of casualties, to which every description of of July, 1803 ; for Scotland, on the same en is liable, though certainly not in an da;; and, for Ireland, on the uth of that equal degree. The bounty, at an average month. The numbers were to be, for Eng- of not less than 30 guineas a man, had been land, 34,000, men; for Scotland, 6,000 ; | paid for 45,492 nen, amounting to and, for Ireland, i0,000. Thus, if the 1,432,998 1. But, of this money 66,6541. whole of the men, intended to be raised by

had been thrown away upon persons unfit these acts, had actually been raised, there for service, or claimed as thieves, &c. &c. by would have been 50,000 more, making, in

the magistracy; and, 178,006 l. had been the whole, 140,000 men, locked up from bestowed upon wretches who took it mere. general service, with the exception of such ly to desert with it; for, it must be ob. as might choose to enter into the regular ar- served, that, the acts began to operate in my, atter having been enrolled in the army August, 1803, and that the 5,651 men had of reserve; and, as they were to receive deserted before the first of May, 1804, einbounty for so doing, they must be regarded bracing a space of only nine niruths. The as being, as far as these acts operated upon money is, however, nothing in comparison them, lucked up from general service. The

with the disgrace, the infamy, to the army, numbers raised for the army of reserve, ac

which must arise from all this desertion. cording to a return laid before the parlia. Here is a measure, which had, in the month ment in the month of May last (just before of May last, produced 37,725 effective men, the introduction of Mr. Pitt's project), were

and which had, during the same space of s follows: England, 31,758; Scotland, time, produced 5,651 false oaths; 5,651 5,537; Ireland, 8,197, * But, as, when a acts whereby the perpetrators were, in the Sportsman tells you of the number of birds eye of the law, put upon a level with se

lons, and were, upon conviction, rende ed See this Return: Parliamentary De- liable to be transported, or put to death! ba es, Vol. 11. Appendix, p. Ixv,

Aud, were we, then, reduced to such


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