« ForrigeFortsett »
Wbae boots it us; if, distant as before,
Than conquer'd colonies, which Pitt once more Buiteenus still dilantic billows roar?
May prompt son:e specious puppet to restore, Noutic Plantations, Lill'd in times of old T'he price of peace. -Ah! wiser by the event, Big British hands, aod rich with British gold, Our vows for your success we now repent.
to more their sugers for Ditch Vroer's p epare, Where they would be your station, we:hould know, blit swecten biciklases for the Briwuh iais :
And diead alone ihe climate as your foe. Now what the master, what the slave consumes Now we have scope for fears of every kind, En pinys our ships, cui torges, and our looms; By land, by sea : all, all, distract our mind. Whence many an annual fouish will be made Caught by strange comrades, whom you there have On rising means, and ever-growing trade; Tillat Pitt's soothing strins, stuck-jobbers close Haply you now your family forget, Their eyes avith Curtis, in secure repose ;
At us poor rustics laughi, and mimic, how Till manufacturers with merchants vie
We hold a muskei, as we held a plough. New capital, tresh credit to supply,
False be that charge; and may you have the grace, Nor beed, as bills od balances incicase,
Whenever free, to quit that bated place. What ruin'd houses mark another peace.
For us, by inenaces, hy flatteries tried, Yet you, the victors, still itetain'd from home, . We with all others to enlise denied; We know not why, we know not wbitber, roam; And would deny ; suill faithful, still the same, If now, where rocky Co assoa near
Resolved to share your fortunes and your name. Your arins defies, with mightier pow'rs you sicer;
Around us corporals and serjeants prest ; if now your course to Guadaloupe you bend, Reciwiting constables in scarlet diest; Or the strong shores iliar Martinique defend, Beadles, for helmets changing gold laced hats, Which first we fortified, then gave away,
Long coats for skiisless jackets, whips for cats; To find our soldier's work some future day, Church wardens, scor ning the neck air of trade All from the islands come, or trom i he main, For ihe fierce looks of martial masquerade; We ask about you;- but we ask in vain.
Drill vestry-clerks, inspecting overseers, By all who go we wiite, and to their care
And all the staff of allihe volunteers. Give letters " for Burbarkos and clsewhere." Why should Liqutenant Ling employ our pen, We sent to (ilusgase: Glisgai ronding knew. From crimping cod advanc'd to crimping meil, 'To Cork we sent; aod C,& had nothing truc. With Caplain Corfin, Adjutant PTISAN, Retter for us, that in sogie dull blockade,
And Ensign once, now Colonel PATTYPAN; You, with our jars, whole years hari been delay'd, Why all the crew, on whom ignobly here
Is lavisb'd, what with blood you buy so dear?
Theirs finer cloaths, accoutrements more gay;
To them alone helong, without a scar, Jam seges est ubi Troja fuit, rescecandaque falce “ Pride, pomp, and circunstance of glorious war;'
Luxuriat Phrygio sangu uc piozuis humus. They reign ai Court; and ever in their praise, Semisc pulta virum curvis icriuawaratris
P117, AODINGTON, alike their voices raine. Ossa; ruinosas occulit bcrisa demos,
Small are, alas ! the numbers which we boast,
Scarce i wo or three, contending with a host. Victor abes ; nec scire mihi, quæ causa morandi, We are too weak to drive this trilling race Aut in quo tareas ferreus orbe, licet.
That mock your sçnublance, and usurp your place. Quisquis ad hæc vertit percgrinam littora puppim. Come then, oh ! come, and vindicate from shame Ille inibi de te nuha rogarus abit ;
The honours, that should a wait a soldier's name. Quamque libi veddzi, si te modo viderit u quam, We, whom you lelt raw lads, compared to these, Traditur huic digiris charta nutata meis.
Are steady veterans, come whene'er you please. Nos Pylon, antiqui Nclcii Nestoris arva, Misimus. Incerta est fama remissa Pylo.
IMITATIONS. Misimus e: Sparten. Sparc quoque nescia reri,
Fallar; et hoc crimen tenues vanescat in auras : Quas habitas terras, avi ubi lepnus abes.
Neve, revertendi liber, abesse velis, Utilius starept etiam nunc mạnia l'habi.
Me pater Icarius viduo decedere lecto (Irasco: vocis hæc levis ipsa meis!)
Cogit, et immensas increpat usque moras. Scirem ubi pugnares, ei tantum bella rimerem, Increpet usque licet : tua sum, tua dicar oportet Et mca cum multisjuncia quercla foret.
Penelope ; conjux semper Ulixis ero. Quid timeam ignoro i imen taneu omnia demons; Dulichii, Samiique, et quos tulit alta Zacynthos, Et patet in curas area laia mias.
Turba ruunt in me luxuriosa, preci; Quæcunque aquor habet, quæcunque pericula Inque tvà regnant, nullis prohibentibus, aula. tellus.
Viscera nostra, tuæ dilaniantur opes. Tam longæ causas suspicor esse moræ.
Quid tibi Pisandium, Polybumque, Medontaque Hæc ego dum stuliè meditor (quæ vestra libido est) dirum, Esse peregrino captus amore potes.
Eurymachique avidas Antinoique manus, Forsitam et warret, quam sit ribi rustica conjux, Atque alios reteram, quos omnes turpiter absens Quæ tantum læuas pon sinit esse rudes.
lpse tuo parris sanguine rebus alis? Tres sumus inbelles numero;
This part of Guiana was first colonized by rhe English, afterwards taken by ihc Dutcli, and finally exchanged with them for New York.
Nec mihi sunt vires inimicos pallere tecris;
NOVI U: ut redeas, tacia videbor anus.
Printed by Cox and Baylis, No 75, Great Gucen Sueet, ani sabii hed by R. Bagshaw, Bow Street, Covent
Garden, where former Numbers may be huu; sold also by J. Budd, Crown and Mitre, Pall-Mall.
VOL. VII. No.8.)
LONDON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1805.
I trust your
" The committee will perceive, that the great object I have in view, is, to raise a large part of the sup"plies within the year. The extent to which I wish to carry this principle is this ; that there shail te no " increase whatever of the public debt during the war," -Mr. ADDINGTON's Spcech, 13th June, 1803. 257)
[258 PUBLIC PAPERS.
| the war is without an object, without any LETTER OF NAPOLEON.- Jetter from presumable result to yourself. Alas! what
the Emperor NAPOLEON to bis Majesty the a melancholy prospect to cause two nations KING OF ENGLAND, dated 2d January, to fight merely for the sake of fighting. 1805, and communicated to tbe Legisla- The world is sufficiently large for our two tive Body of France on tbe 4th of February, nations to live in it, and reason is sufficient1805.
ly powerful to discover means of reconSIR AND BROTHER,-Called to the ciling every thing, when the wish for rethrone of France by Providence, and by conciliation exists on both sides. I have the suffrages of the senate, the people and however fulfilled a sacred duty, and one the army, my first sentiment is a wish for which is precious to my heart. peace. France and Egland abuse their Majesty will believe in the sincerity of iny prosperity. They may contend for ages; sentiments, and my wish to give you every but do iheir goveruments well fulfil the proof of it, &c.
NAPOLEON. most sacred of their duties, and will not so niuch blood, shed uselessly, and without a LETTÉR OF LORD MULGRAVE, - Answer view to any end, condeinn 'them in their
given by Lord Mulgrave, Sec. of Stuse for own consciences ? I consider it as no dis
Foreign Affairs, dated the 14th January, grace to make the first step. I have, I
1805. The letter was addressed to M. Talhope, sufficiently proved to tke world, that
leyrand. I fear none of the chances of war; it be sides presents nothing that I need to fear;
His Britannic Majesty has received the peace is the wish of my beart, but war has
letter which has been addressed to him by never been inconsistent with my glory. I
the head of the French Government, dated conjure your Majesty not to deny yourself
the 2d of the present month. There is no The happiness of giving peace to the world,
object which his Majesty has more at heart, nor to leave that sweet satisfaction to your
than to avail himself of the first opportunity children : for certainly there never
to procure again for his subjects the advanmore fortunate opportunity, nor a moment
tages of a peace, founded in bases wh chi more favourable, to silence all the passions,
may not be incompatible with the permanent and listen only to the sentiments of bu.
security and essential interests of his dom:manity and reason. This moment once
nions. His Majesty is persuaded that thi: lost, what end can be assigned to a war
end can only be attained by arrangemen's which all my efforts will not be able to terminate! Your Majesty has gained more
future safety and tranquillity of Europe, ani within ten years, both in territory and
prevent the recurrence of the dangers and riches, than the whole extent of Europe.
calamities in which it is involved. Confcr. Your nation is at the highest point of
mably to this sentimient, his Majesty teels it prosperity ; what can it hope from war?
is impossible for him to answer more parii. To form' a coalition with some powers of
cularly to the overture that has been trad: the Continent ! The Continent will remain
him, till he has had iime to communicate tranquil: a coalition can only increase the with the Powers on the Continent with preponderance and continental greatness of
whom he is engaged in conficiential curaPrance. To renew intestine troubles ?
nexions and relations, and particularly the The times are no longer the same. To Emperor of Russia, who has given the stronga destroy our finances ?- Finances founded on
est pro fs of the wisdoin and elevation i
the sentiments with which he is animated a flourishing agriculture can never be de- | stroyed. 'To take from France her co
and the lively interest which he takes initio tonies ?- The colonies are to France only
safety and independence of the Continent,
MULGRADE 9 secondary object; and does not your Majesty already possess more than you know how to preserve? If your Majesty LORD ROBERT FITZGERALD'S LETTER / iss. would but reiect, you must perceive that D' Aranjo D'Arevedo, Minister" v Tortig.
Affairs at Lisbor: dated 25th of January, which we constantly deplore. ---Thete, Sir, 1905.
are the principle points on which I have to ŞIR, Lid I not entertain for The Pors vindicate the outraged honour of my nation, tuguese nation the highest respect, I should, while I wait for the instructions of his Ma. perhaps, pass over in silence the indecent jesty with respect to the exemplary puuisli. poblication which has appeared in the Sup- ment which it is entiiled to demand of the plement to the Gazette of Lisbon of this day, Portaguese Government, on the Editors or of an article under the title of Manifesto Printti's who inserted in i he said Gazeite, no of the Prince of Peace,' dated Madrid, the doubt, without its knowledge, a libel so pre20 h of December, 1801. But anxious, Sir, judicial to the lionour of its august aliy:as I an to' possess the good opinion of a I have the honour to be, with the highest Joyal nation, which is esteemed by mine, it consideration, your Excellenry's, &c. is just that I should protest in an official and
ROBERT S. FITZGERALD. ostensible manner against the insertion of so FOREIGN OFFICIAL PAPERS. base a libel as thai to which I allude, more M. TALLEYRAND'S REPORT, made to the particularly, as the Gazetle of Lisbon is the
Conservative Snate of France, Teiative in only journal circulated in Portugal; as it is tbe (vertures of Peace, made by the Empe. published under the sanction, and subject to ror of frame to the King of England. Da. the control of the Government, and as it is, ted 476 Mb. 1805. (See ibe Emperors' Lele of course, marked with an official character,
ter, p. 257.) which gives credit with the public to every The nai inal solemnity of the corona. thing that appears in it. I repeat, Sir, tion, this poble and necessary consumma. that anxious of the good opinion of this tion of our social institutions, was connectnation, I cannot be indifferent to the senti- ed with sensations too profound and too gements ir entertains of mine; and what would neral not to have occupied the undivided be its sentiments if a public Minister of his Stention of all classes in the state ; on the Britannic Majesty, witnessing, under the cha
approach, after the accomplishment of this Tacter of authenticity, the publication of those
great internal event, which has just secured ful calumnies with wbich hat manifesto for ever the destinies of France, in conse. teems, were by his silence to admit, at least,
crating by the suffrages of men, and by the tacitly, the reality of the abominable crimes
voice of Heaven, all that we have acquired with which his countrymen are reproached! in glory, in grandeur, and independence, What would be ils sentiments, if a Minister
it was generally, and as it were by one «f his Majesiy felt no indignation at the hor
common impression felt, that the interest sible charge preferred against the English, of of all other events was weakened and die sutfering their prisoners of war so die of hun- minished; and even the thought of the war, ger, or of compelling them to enter into
in the bosom of a nation owing so much to ibeir service against their own country; its victories seem to disappear. Every finally, if he feli no indignation to hear them
thing is accomplished; the Empire is founddenounced to all Europe as objects of uni: ed, and in resuming his attention to exte. versal detestation, with the most sbameful
rior concerns, and in recalling the spirit of and aggravating epithets, and at the same the nation to the interests of ihe war, the time degrading to the ancient and brave first sentiment of the Emperor has been to Spanish nation (to excite whose ardour it raise himself above every passion, and to was sufficient but to show an enemy); and justify the exalted destiny, which Proviinjurious to the generous people against dence reserves for him, by shewing himself whom they are directed. No, Sir, we do inaccessible to hatred, ambition, or renot starve our prisoners to death ;- we do
venge. If there exist the men, who have not force them to take up arms against their conceived the project of combating us with country. If Spain mourns the fate of the
the arms of crimes, who have to the utmost unfortunate persons, who perished at a mo- of their power, rea'ised this cruel thought, ment when a measure of precaution dictated who have hired assassins, and who, even at the necessity of detaining certain ships of this very moment, pension our enemies; it war belonging to that nation by the British
is over these identical passions that the cruisers : Do us, Sir, the justice to believe,
Emperor wished to triumph. The more that that sorrow is as general and sincere in natural and common it was to feel a lively England; and that ibe nounning we wear is resentment against personal attacks, the at ihe bottom of our hearts. No, Sir, our more was he sensible that it was the part of hands are not stained with innocent blood;
a great mind to be proof against it. This and we would readily shed sone of our own determination is noble; but it differs wide. to restore to life the victims of a cruel chance, ly from ordinary rules; and on so rare an
In the pre
occasion, I ought to forget for a moment the the language of peace, and he succeeded principles of propriety, which would pre- in making himself understood. After peace vent me, in other instances, from offending had been restored to the Continent, there by my praises the Sovereign, whose mi. yet remained an enemy to France. On the nister I have the honour to be.
24th of January, year 8, he made a proposent instance, I cannot explain those mea- sal of peace to the King of England. The sures, the generosity of which supposes an generous conqueror of the year 5, the First insensibility to the common laws of pru- Consul, pacificator of the year 8, could not dence, without justifying them; and with- be deficient in the same magnanimous mo. out intending it, my justification is our eu- deration, in the person of the august sovelogium. - The Einperor has made the reign, to whom Heaven has contided our first overtures to a government, which has destinies. The degrees of power, the dibeen guilty of aggression, which has maniversity of situations, produce no change in fested without motive and without disguise, those eminent qualities; which may justly sentiments of inveterate hatred towards be styled the virtues of character: and the him and towards us. In order to compre
Emperor was bound for the third time to hend adequately such an instance of mode. propose peace, in order to prove, that it ration, we must resort to the remembrance was not idly he had uttered, on a solemn ocof the past, and follow the progress of an casion, these never to be forgotten words, august Sovereign throngh the whole extent " Soldiers, as First Consul, I had but one of his noble career. Have not such men, sentiment; as Emperor, I can entertain no as have studied his character, discovered other.” It is two years since war has been in the bold flight, in the vigorous and con- declared, and it has not been practicable to stanl execution of all his enterprises, a stock commence it. All its operations have been of calmness and of prudence which regu. preparatory in projects; but the moment lated them, a check that prevented every having arrived when the prosecution of it abuse; in a word, a burst of justice and must produce real events, and gire birth to humanity, incessantly tending to moderate the most terrible chances, the Enuperor the effects, and to accelerate the term of thought that it was essential to the princinecessary acts of violence? Thus, after a ple of that political religion, which, without succession of advantages gained on the doubt, draws down upon the thoughts and Banks of the Drave, far from suffering him- efforts of just and generous princes the asself to be led on by the hopes, with whicla sistance of Heaven, to do every thing in his the most bountiful fortune seemed disposeci power to prevent great calamities by to intoxicate him, he calculated, that it in aking peace.--I am directed to comwas more advantageous for France, and for municate to you the letter which, with this her enemies, that he should act temperate view of moderation and humanity, his Mom ly. To the great attractions of glory, he jesty the Emperor has thought proper 10 opposed the grand interest of humanity. write to his Majesty the King of Great Bria He was sensible to the cries of those vic- tain: (Mere he read the Letter of Napoleon to tims, who were to be, without delay, sacri- the King of England, see p. 257) In estificed in the last actions of an implacable mating the advantages of our position, and war, and he made propo itions of peace. in reflecting on that unanimous display of From that lime, with that view into futu- affection and respect, which during the late rity which outstrips events, and discrimi- circumstances exhibited to us the whole of nates them even in the causes that are to France absolutely disposed to devote itself produce them, he had foreseen all the blood to maintain the honour of the French name, that was to flow on the fields of Marengo the glory of the throne, and the power of and Hohenlinden ; and insensible to these the empire, I shall not conceal that, being presages, which held out to France, and to the only person admitted, as minister, tó its brave army, fresh laurels and new con- the participation of that determination, I quests, he listened only to wisdom and ho- oughi, in order to appreciate it fully, to remanity, which give a sanction to glory, but gard it less with a view to itself, to its he. dictate sacrifices. --The same principle soic principle-to contemplate it rather as inspired hini with the same magnanimity; a result of character than as the application when called upon to take the reins of go- of a maxim of state. If any other prince vernment, he united the title of First Con- had communicated to me such a disposition, sul to his reputation as a general, and the I should have felt, that the power of my authority of the chief magistracy to the un- office and my personal devotion would in. limited ascendancy of the glory which he pose on me the duty of opposing it byn y had acquired. On a!l sidehe addressed advice. And, in fact, what is our situatiwa?
And on which side are the advantages of genius, has led us to invent a new species thie war? We have not lost any thing: of marine, necessity and terror have com, Within and without every thing has been pelled the Cabinet of England to substituta inproved amongst us. Our flotillas, the in general the pike for the ordinary imple. creation of which seemed a chimerical pro- ments of war. This cabiner is divided ben ject, the union of which appeared to be twixt projects of invasion, and projects of impossible, have been created and collect- delence. It is lavish in useless entrenched together as if by enchantment. Our ments; it covers its coasts with fortifica. soldiers are become seamen ; we might tions ; it erects and destroys its batteries say, that the ports and the coasts have been without end ; it makes experiments, whe: transformed into cities, where the landsmen | ther it could not stop or turn the course of and seamen apply themselves in full sccu- rivers. It plans inondations on its own fer. rity, and as, during peace, to the terrible tile plains; the indolence of cities reigns in and dangerous exercises of war. No doubt the fields; the turbulence of the country we have fewer vessels than England, but pants in its cities. -- Ireland, the Indies, their number is sufficient to enable them, the shores, even England, are an everafter a conjunction wisely prepared, tó lasting and unbounded object of uneasiness, strike a mortal blow against the enemy.-- All that belongs to England is endlessly meSpain, involved in the contest by provoca- naced by 1500 vessels which compose our, tions without pretext or excuse, has given flotilla, at present by sixty ships of the line, 1! s, for auxiliaries, the disapprobation of Eu- and by a valiant army commanded by the rope for an unjust aggression, the indigna- first generals in the world. Of all kinds of tion of a generous people, and the forces of menaces, would not that of simple patience a great kingdom. Invulnerable on our ter- be the most terrible, which would enable us ritory, we have proved, that vigilance and to persevere for ten years in this state of an energy which never relaxes, are suffi- delay and of effort, which leaves to our accient for our security. Our colonies are live hostilities the knowledge and the choice beyond the reach of attack: Guadaloupe, of the place, the time and the means of Martinique, the Isle of France, would defy annoyance. These considerations, and an expedition of 20,000 men. Our cities, this contrast should, in my opinion, have our plains, our manufactures prosper : the inspired the English government with the regular and ready receipt of the imposts wise resolution of taking the first steps to attests the inexhaustible fecundity of agri- prevent hostilities. It has not done so. It culture and industry: commerce, accus- has left to the Emperor all the advantage tomed during the last ten years to be con- of originating this honourable overture. It ducted through its expensive relations with has given an answer, nevertheless, to the England, proceeds now in another channel, propositions that had been made to it; and and substitutes for these relations, commu. if this answer be compared with the shame
, nications more profitable, more indepen- fully celebrated declamations of Lord dent, and more secure. There are no new Grenville in the year 8, I am ready to acimposts; no loans; a debt which cannot knowledge, that'it is by no means void of increase, but must diminish: in a word, an moderation and wisdom. I shall have the union of means sufficient to support during honour to read it to you. (Here be read the ten years, the existing state of war; such Letter of Lord Mulgrave, see p. 258.) The is the position of France. This war has in- character that pervades this answer is vague deed been scarcely offensive; but it is far and indeterminate. One single idea prefrom having been inactive, France has been sents itself with some precision, that of guaranteed. She has created strength hi having tecoarse to foreign powers; and therto unknown. She has produced in the this idea is by no means pacific; a super. bosom of an enemy's country, a perpetual fuous interference ought not to be appealed source of disquietude, without remedy; and to, if there be not a desire to embarrass the by a prudence and an unbending energy, discussions, and to make them endless. The she has acquired for ever the confidence of ordinary consequence of all complicated nethe Continent, at first somewhat shaken by gotiations, is io exasperate the mind, to the commencement of an incendiary war, weary out good intentions, and to throw which mght set Europe in a flame, and back nations into a war, become more fuwhose progress has been arrested by the rious from the vexation of an unsuccessful ceasing efforts of vigilance, moderation, attempt at an accommodation. Neverthefirinness, and wisdom. What is the si
less, on a question regarding a multitude of tuation of the enemy? The people are op interests and of passions, which have never in arms, and whilst necessity, seconded by been in unison, we should not sest upon a