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single symptom. Time will soon develope rally lead him to entertain hopes of {peace. to us the secret resolutions of the govern- The enemy, undeceived with respect to the ment of England. Should these resolutions vain hopes which he had founded on the be just and moderate, we shall see the ca- chances of an elective power, found himlamities of war at an end; should, on the self in a situation which ought to dispose contrary, this first appearance of accommo- him to listen to more moderate counsels. dation

prove but a false light, intended only The Emperor has done what Gen. Buonato answer speculations of credit, to facili parié did before the crossing of the Drave; tate a loan, the acquisition of money, pur- what the First Consul did before he was chases, or enterprises, then we shall know forced to combat at Marengo; he has writ. how far the dispositions of the enemy are ten to his Britannic Majesty the letter which implacable and obstinate, and we shall have I am about lo read to you (Here he read only to banish all hope from a dangerous the Letter of the Emperor, see p. 257.) lure; and trust without reserve to the good. This letter, gentlemen (continued he), was ness of our cause, to the justice of Provi. suitable to the dignity of a power which re. dence, and to the genius of the Emperor.- lies on its strength, yet will not abuse it; Whilst expecting new lights to illustrate the character of the Emperor not permitthe obscurity of the actual state of affairs, ting the suspicion of weakness. To this bis Majesty the Emperor has conceivec., thai | letter the British minister returned an anthe imperfect disclosure which his Majesty swer, not suitable to overtures so frank and the King of England has thought proper to so pacific, but an answer, the terms of which, make of the first overtures of France, called | atleast, when compared with those employed for a full explanation on his part of all that in the year 8, in other circumstances, do not he wished, of what he did, and, of the an- offend against decorum; and permit us to swer of the English government. At the hope for communications of more utility. same time he has commissioned me to make It is as follows: (Here he read the letter of known to you, that he will ever feel a rea! | Lord Mulgrave, see p. 258.). The letters satisfaction dear to his heart, in making and the answer would have remained known to the senate, and to his people, by among the secrets of government, like all frank, full, and unambiguous communica. preliminary acis, the object of which is to tions, every thing that shall be connected lead to effective negotiations, if the mess with the interests of its prosperity and its sage (speech) of the King to his parliament glory, on every occasion when such commu- had not called for its publicity. This mespication shall be consistent with the princi- | sage which announces that pacific commu. ples of policy, and the rules of discretion. nications had been made on the part of

After the report, a member proposed an France is full of acrimony, 'accusations and address to his Imperial Majesty, to thank reproaches. An insulting pity is féigned him for this testiniony of confidence which for a generous nation which bas been sud. the senale had received in the communica- denly attacked in the midst of peace,

and tion of so remarkable and important a re- whose ships, sailing under the protection of port; and stating, that pursuant to the treaties, have been seized, pillaged, and depractice of the senate on political questions, stroyed. Yet astonishment is pretended this subject should be referred to a special that she should not have humbled herself commission.--Messrs. Barthelemy, Ca- by explanations with an enemy who has cault, Hedouville, and his Excellency Mar. treated her as a robber, and that she has shil Perignon and M. Francois de Neuf applied to hostilities by a declaration of chateau, President of the Senate, were It also announces connexions, a cornained as commissioners,

respondence, and confidential relations with
the
powers

of the Continent, to insinuate M. Segur's Speech in the Legislative Body the idea of a coalition which does not exist,

of France, upon tbe subject of the Over- and which it will be impossible to realize. tures of Peace ta England. Datel 4th --France is too great to condescend to Feb. 1805.

return invectives; she owes to an ally, Gentlemen,--His Majesty the Em-cruelly injured, not an useless pity, but the peror has wished you to be made acquaint. most constant and faithful support.-France ed by an official communication with re- has not an enemy on the Curilinent; she cent facts interesting to our political situa- has no discussion with

any continental tion. His Majesty, ever since he has been

which can attach it to the war of the raised to the imperial dignity, has been of British ministry, Austria, Prussia, the whole opinion, that this situation, and the circum- of Germany, wish for peace, and wish it stances which placed him in it, might natu- with France. Even within these few days,

power,

war.

1

the Emperor has received the most posi- ) haps, in ten years, our situation to treat may
tive assurances of their amicable disposi. be still more advantageous. In war and in
sions.---The Emperor Alexander would politics there are opportunities which never
have prevented the war, had England con- again recur, and which leave regret for ages,
sented to accept his mediation: he would, that they have been suffered to escape. If
perhaps, since have put an end to it, if his such be the destiny of England, it remains
ininisters at Paris and London had followed only for French bravery to display all its
the intentions he then entertained. The energy, and finally to triumph over that eter-
intervention of Russia, extremely useful to nal enemy of the liberty of the seas, and the
prevent hostilities, cannot be equally so when tranquillity of nations.
it is proposed to terminate thein. England
has noihing to dread from the power of Rns. M. REGNAULT'S SPEECH in the Tribunate of
sia, and does not conceive herself interested France, relative to tbe Overtures of Peace
in observing certain measures with her. This with England. Dated 4th Feb. 1805.
is kpown to all Europe: the events of the Gentlemen,-The government of Eng.
year nine, have demonstrated it; the British land, in publishing imperfectly the com-
government has proved it. If England at mencement of a negotiation with France,
present wishes to derive advantage from has violated the law of nations, and imposed
some confidential communicarions, it cer- on his Majesty the Emperor an obligation to
tainly is not to manifest more pacific inten- make known to France and to Europe the
tions; her aim is to gain credit for an appa- circumstances of the case with all accuracy.
rent coalition. But she has no chance of -Europe and France will observe to what
$11ccess, and her hopes are illusory; for al fresh sacrifices of self love, of every septi.
Petersburg, as well as at Vienna, as well as ment of yain glory, a noble heart, full of
at Berlin, ihe attack of the Spanish frigates pride, and jealous of its renown, has sub-
in the midst of peace the assassination in mitted, in order to spare the effusion of hu-
the midst of peace, of three lünered victims, man blood,, of the blood of his people more
immolated by the cannon of England, or bu- endeared to his love. They will perceive
ried in the waves, The capture in the that the first warrior of his age has endea.
midst of peace of the Spanislı regiments, the voured to restore as soon as possible to peace
detention in the Mediterranean of 60 vessels and to repose, the existing generations,
of all nations, and their perpetual violation whose tranquillity and happiness from hence-
of the liberty of the seas, are considered as forth the dearest of his wishes, and will con.
an attack on the rights of nations and inju- stitute the sole glory which he wishes to add
sious to all sovereigns. - - This correspon

to the glory already acquired of his military dence, these confidential relations, are there. triumphs. These sentiments, gentlemen, fore only so many chimeras, idle pretexts to explain at ouce the thoughts and ihe actinns avoid negotiations for peace; such has al. of his Majesty. -- And should it be asked ways been the perlidious system which seeks how a man, gifted with a clraracter more in sow the seeds of war in the Continent, to vigorous, who has proved himself more encutervize ihe monopoly of a single nation, terprising and more daring than the most and oppress the commerce of all others. It daring and enterprising persons recorded in was this same spirit which to authorise the history; how a man, in the vigour of im. violation of the Treaty ot" Aniens, created passioned youth, could, in desiring peace, in our ports jinaginary armaments, and ter- triumph at once over his remembrances and rified the English nation with destructive his hopes; how the general of five hundred projects.----- If the voice of humanity be thousand brave men could keep in subjecnot listened 10, those will be culpable who tion the most noble, as well as the most abexpose iheir country to dangers, which he so!ure of all the passions, that of renown;whom they accuse of being the author of how he could renounce the glory which he them, has constantly endeavoured to pre- could still acquire in this career of arms, in vent. The enlightened politicians of all / which he has encountered only victories : ir countries, the English nation itself, slowly must be answered this man has need of the vodeceived, have blamed ihe blind obstinacy repose and of the happiness of the world.. of the English government, when, in the If one asks how a young monarch, inces. year 8, it neglected a favourable opportu- santly pursued by cowardly enemies, atnity which was offered it, to nake an ho. tacked by vile defamers, menaced by assaspourable peace; and, perlaps, the present sins, silences his personal resentments, and greatness of France is a consequence of that resolves to present the olive branch to the taise policy.' The future will shew the efo cabinet thai hires his defamers, and pays forts of a bļindness so obstinate ; and, per- wages to his assassins, the answer is, 'this

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monarch is above the passions of common ens, no fiend of aggressiin had provoked men. If one recollects how Great Britain, their rage? Had he forgotten how, on the braving public morality, and the law of na. 8th March, it was stared to the Parliament tions, has prostituted her ambassadors, de- of England, that our ports and our arsenals, graded her mosi distinguished soldiers, by though then in a state of pacific:ilence and the vilest functions, by the most shameful inactivity, were filled with armed vessels, missions; if we consider how she employs and holding out, in the siate of their cquipthe treasures of her, commerce, acquired in ment, a most menacing appearance ? No, contempt of the law of nations, and of all Tribunes ; such recollections are not to be laws, to pay ihe fabricators of infernal ma- effaced ; but since the ära that gave them chines, io organise conspiracies the traces of birth, what happy changes have taken place,

in the arritude of France, attacked, as she have excited cries of indignation that re- has been, by imprudent and unjust enemies! echo throughout Europe. If we trace out - Is it necessary, Tribunes, That I solicit 10 ourselves such a picture, and ask how the your atiention to our internal situation, and chief of this great nation, marked by France to remiod you of the strong pledge it ho ds. and Europe as the avenger of so many out- out to you of security, strength, and well. rages, stifles in his heari the malice and ha- grouuded expectation? Were you not the tred which would prevail in an ordinary soul, first to interpret and express the national we must answer, the man, to whom the wish ratitied by the suffrages of five millions great nation has given its crown, aspires from of citizens, an: since the accomplishment of that moment only to the title of Father of that wish, since the establishment of the the French. Napoleon had scarcely as- NAPOLEON dinasiy, has for ever fixed the cended the throne, when he had scarcely destinies of the French Empire! Was evet gone out of this metropolis, where all that an empire inore firmy founded? Never in is most august in religion, had consecrated any nation has the conspiring will and enerwhat is most solenin in the wishes of the gies of the Governmeni and of the People, people, when bis heart still full of emotion created a miss of strength and power more at the public acclamation, inspired him with imposing and more formidable ! Never has the thought of writing to Geo. 111. the letter any State advanced with more rapid strides which I ain charged io coinmunicate to you. towards prosperity and greatlless! For these

The Emperor had very recently taken Iwo years past, it is trne, war with England to France' The sacred oath which the Al- has been declared, and no important occura mighty bad accepted, to live for the happi- rence bas marked its pri gress; no decisive ness and ihe glory of the French people ; blow has been struck that can furnish any and in order to enter upon the accomplish- conjecture of its termination. But in our ment of that holy engagement, he collected, ports we have fleets; in harbours armed foset down, and addressed to the King of Eng- tillas.-Of the tour chances to be got over land, ihe expression of all the generous, mode- in reaching a descent, since, after all, we Tate, and, if I may so speak, the religious must ulter that forinidable word, three of sentiments that can be conceived and pro- | them have already decided in our favour, fessed by a noble soul : and indeed, that im- The ships are built; they are collected tomortal dispatch will not rank among the less gether; and ports have been prepared to reglorious monuments of ihe reign of his Mau ceive them. The whole advantage of the war JESTY ; nor will it be the least certain of his has therefore been in our favour; since, withtitles to the gratiiude and love of Frances out living experienced any check in the face neither will it be the least secure pledge of of a superior enemiy, we have employed two the esteem of those wise philantrophi-cs, years in assembling together immense means. who, in whatever light they may be repre- The whole advantage of the war has been in sented by obscure and perverse men, by our favour, since, in spite of the numerous whom they are calumniaied without being ships that cover the seas with the British understood, still form so numerous a class in fag, we have been able to provision and to the bosom of enlightened Europe. But on place in a state of security our most importthis occasion may not the humanity of the ant and most remote colonies.-- Martinique, Monarch have deceived his wisdom? Could Guadaloupe, Cayenne, the cities of France, his reason have long copliqued to cherish the &c. &c. are furnished wiih cvery thing in hopes suggested by his benevolence? Had' | abundance. Their garri ons have been more be forgotton how, and upon what perfidious tban tripled; all the stores and provisions grounds, the most sacred compacts had intended for them have reached their destibeen violated ? Had he forgotten, that when nation. No reinforcement has failed to the leopards were tearing the Treaty of Ami- arrive at its intended place.

A great

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expedition would fail before Martinique tries where not long since British gold was and the Isle of France. And while our employed to kindle up civil war, agriculture colunial territory remains entire and shelter- is re-established, tranquillity is maintained, ed from every fear, the dominions of the the taxes are raised without constraint, paid King of England, (Hanover), is entirely in with punctuality. New cities are seen to our power. We have lost nothing of our rise ; canals are dug; public roads are possessions, and we occupy an important pro completed. The conscripts summoned to vince of the enemy.--Wbat advantage have our armies, flock to them at the same the English acquired to compensate for those call which so lately excited them to a advaciages; what has availed these masters sacrilegious war, but which now only

of the seas, the immense superiority of their collecis them to invoke the blessings of -- Naval strength. They have lost 15 ships or Heaven in favour of the man that governs frigates, that have either ran on shore, or have them.' Nor do we see any extraordioary been dashed upon the rocks. They have measures, any suspension of the ordinary squandered away, immense treasures in protecting laws; no longer are there any cruizes dictated by lear, interrüpied by the dissensions between the Morbihan and the power of ibe winds, and punished by storms Côte d'Or, between La Vendee and the and other mishaps. At home the English Meurthe-In the mean time, at the other have seen the merchant forced from his side of the ocean, Ireland presents to us the counting bouse, the manufacturer from his spectacle of never ending conspiracies, instiloom, and for want of muskets, compelled to gated by oppression as 'constantly renewed; consume the time destined for their com- an army of soldiers restraining with difficulty merce and iheir work, in handling clumsy an army of citizens, by the aid of those vio: and unavailing pikes, hastily forged, by the lent measures, of which the i revolution dread of an invasion. Under the pressure scarcely furnishes an example ; and to conof that fear, ever present to their minds, centrate all in one word, we behold in that the Englih Gorernment has had recourse to unfortunate country a war of religion, per: eiery possible ineans of defence; they have secutions unknown at this moment in the prepared inundations and batteries; they | bosom of Europe, that it is indignant to obhave barricaded their ports, and fortified their serve, the only spot upon the earth where coasts; they have contrived flying carriages the most sacred rights are unacknowledged, to transport their troops, and put into requi. and where governmeot aros itself against stion the carriages and horses of the three the uncontrolable power, and the sacred kingdoms; they have purchased the arming | freedom of conscience. If, on the other of the English nation at the price of disor- hand, you draw a parallel between the finances ganization, the derangement of its habits, of the two states, you will find on the op.' and the counteraction of its manners. The posite shore new expensés accumulating traveller who, for these two years past, goes upon the expenses already immense; of a from Paris to London, and returns from nation to whom a million and a half was Lindon to Paris, is astonished to behold in yearly necessary in an ordinary war, and wlio, the capital of the French Empire profound in the present wara stands in need for the peace and security establisbed and main- first time, of a levy in mass ; of a levy that tained, and in the capital of England uncer- costs it hundreds of millions. It provides for tainty and terror; the agitation that pre- that sum, it is true : but by goading the prevails at the head quarters of a threatened sent, and by swallowing up the future, by camp, defeuded by an incoherent, unorganic resolving to fund its debt, instead of being żeu cas, novices in the trade of war, struck extinguished by the operation of its sinking with the convicuon of their own inability to fund, swelled by ihe abuse of its only ree make war against the veteran troops of source, loans.-On our side, our 'numerous Cesar.- If we compare the state of opinion armies have been always the cause of our in one parts of The two countries, we shall greatest expense; and their maintenance b-hold in the Eastern departments of France brings with it but an inconsiderable addition, that were in a state of insurrection, that is not made to bear upon a foreign counenlightened Prelates . restoring peace to try.-The budget which will be shortly laid the public mind by re-esiablishing tran- before you, will apprise you, that our terriol quillity in their conscience; vigilant Pre- torial resources have provided for every fects founding a new and wholesonie adini- thing; and that, instead of adding to our distration, arresting, disarming, and punish- debt, during these two years of war, oor ing the remtiant of those brigands who were sinking fund has begun efficaciously to ope." cast upon our coasts, concealed in our cities, rate for its extniction.- What France bas er wandering in our forests, - Įv those coun- done, she may continue to do for 30 years,

and has only to ask of Heaven that the sun | cut off by the pestilence; or do they wish to may continue to shine, the rain to fall upon convey some troops to India, or some reinour fields, and the ground fecundize the seed forcements to Ceylon, where England has deposited in it. Ten years more of war had such losses; or do they prepare some would make no addition to our debt; ten millions of men to repair the ravages of the years more of war would add four milliards yellow fever at Jamaica, to strengthen the to the debt of England. Let her not forget, garrisons of the English colonies, threatened however, that if public credit be a powerful by three or four thousand men, which Mar. and formidable weapon, that the bow too tinique and Guadaloupe can detach against strongly bent, snaps in the hand that holds them. When these ordinary measures are it, and leaves naked and defenceless the man in preparation, the government suffers it to that employs it.-England, it must be owned, be believed, that formidable armaments mehas plundered without risk during the first naced France. How long and with how months of hostilities, from our unprotected much mystery did they announce those ships ships, forty or fifty millions (livres) to the loaded with stones, to choak up our ports, detriment of our commerce. But at Martin and those fireships so courageously, and at nique, Guadaloupe, the Isle of France, every such a distance launched against our flotillas. day sees oor privateers carry in English And in fact what other expedition could prizes ; and already the balance inclines in tempt the English. Would they wish a our favour in the calculation of our finances landing on our western coast, to try how our as well as in the comparison with our glory. national guards alone, united with our peace -I may therefore say, and say it coufidently, garrisons will receive them on their arrival, that the advantage is on our side. France and cut off their return. Masters of the is invulnerable in all the points of her im- sea for two years, their fleets have fatigued mense territory; she has nothing to appre. the ocean and the Mediterranean, and their hend in her advanced ports in the West and soldiers have not dared on any coast; on all East Indies. England is every where vulne- our'shores their vessels have thrown on them Fable; and without appearing to reach her, only brigands. In place of these vain ph inwe have in reality inflicted wounds upon her, toms of expedition, suppose gentlemen, that which may perhaps be attended with a pro- the 25.000 men from Brest, the 6000 from gressive atony or violent convulsions. Our Rochefort, the 12,000 from Toulon, and the Heets at Brest, Toulon, and Rochefort, have 25,000 from the Texel, all or even in part annexed to them armies, resolved to pass reach Ireland, Jamaica, or India; or even the ocean with them. Our flotillas are ready suppose that these 200.000 men the boats to depart' with thr prouil sons of war, who of our flotillas can carry and pass over in one know no impedime Is, because they have sur- night, menaces and reach the opposite coast, mounted all that, before them, had asto- on which their impatient courage keeps them hished the most intrepid. Let us continue for so long a time; suppose, what is still more to keep on our coasts soldiers inhabiting simple, that the 50 frigates, the sixty ships camps instead of barracks, and become in of the line, of all rates, which two years trepid sailors as well as brave warriors. Let bave seen created, armed, and equipped, the people of England in the mean time, arm, should get out in small squadrons and inunagitate; fatigue, exhaust, and discourage date the seas, and dry up in every quarter the themselves. Let our résources and our re- channels of prosperity and life; by the aid venues suffice for our expenses, and let there of which England supports its monstrous exbe no want but that of sonje extraordinary istence. With only a part of these supposi. resources which the richness of our country tions realized, you will see every where ; insure to us. In England, let the interest aud reason will see also chances terrible, and paid to loan-holders absorb, and exceed all without counterbalance, against England. It possible means to pay those levies in mass, is therefore in the very consciousness of the which exhaust the nation without defending strength of his people, and of his own power, it; let this state of things prolong itself, and that the Emperor found an additional motive let the English cabinet state the advantages for speaking the language of peace. It is that result from this situation, from which it with so many plaos of campaigns, the success derives equal danger and shame. Shall I of which is probable, almost to certainty, speak to you of these secret expeditions with inasmuch as that which is void of all dan. which the credulity of the English people is ger, produces successes so real; it is with every three months abused, and which ter- this vast and rapid glance which embraces minate only in ridiculous and fruitless at- the whole extent of his resources, and all the tempts. Are they embarking some troops means of drawing them forih, that bis Ma. for the recewal of the garrison of Gibraltar, jesty has taken a step which would have

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