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been shameful to a vation that had a different means of the intrigues of our eneiniese Chief-shameful for a warrior comnianding Hence the incertitude as to the duration of a another people. But could not this con- peace yet new and imperfectly setiled. Hence fidence of the issue of the war with England ihe fear of seeing rekindled a desolating war, be disturbed by any uncertainty as to the afflicting eren for the conqueror. Far from state of the Continental relations of France. our new instirutions producing such lamentIf there were any danger of that, what could table effects, the Emperor of Germany and his Majesty have hoped from a step taken of Austria bas seen, as he ought, in the estabunder such circumstances ; and the history lishment of the Imperial Monarchy, in favour of his life evinces that no man knew better of a dew dynasty, a guarantee given to his how to seize the favourable moment. If a Crown, and a motive for a closer alliance. Continental war were impending, Napo- It is in the organization of our empire that lean knew well that there was no other Francis the Second has found a new pledge course than the terrible and necessary one of of security and peace ; a reason for removing throwing away. the scabbard of his so uni- his armies from our frontiers and those of formly victorious sword, and to make glitter our allies, and for not keeping his forces on before the eyes of the world a new lance of a war establishment. In fine, from all the Achilles; far froin debasing the just pride clouds which jealousy, hatred, fear, or hope of his fortune, to propositions dictated by had raised, nothing has resulted but happy . fear, and suggested by weakness, and which explanations, solid assurances of the duration would have promised but humiliation as their of peace, and the maintenance of harmony result. . Happily, Gentlemen, in this re- between the two Emperors.--Ravaria, Sasspect of our exterior relations on the Conti- ony, Hesse Cassel, Baden, Wurtemberg, nent, two years have produced assuring and the Elector of Ratisbon, all the reigning peliy honourable ameliorations. The taking pos Princes of Germany, and the equestrian orsession of Hanover was necessary and indis- der have given bis Majesty multiplied proofs pensable. The Emperor willed, ordered, of interest, attachment, and esteem. The. executed it. He did it to punisb the perfidy Drakes, the Spencer Smiths, and the Tay. of a rupture without declaration ; he did it lors, have been driven away, as soon as it to secure to himself the means of compensa- was known that their diplomatic character, tion in a war, in which prudence may dread shamefully profaned by them, served to inask disadvantages, from which wisdom has pre- the vilest and most odious proceedings, and served us; he did it to fetrer the commercial that the object of their intrigues were w3f, relations of these dominators of the seas, which the present generation, fatigued with who carry on commerce by war, and war by bailles, and desirous of repose, wishes pot
, its the first time, carried and fixed our armies misfortunes, and abhorring its exciters.in the extremities of the North, might have Having Prussia and Austria for allies, where, alarmed the Powers most attached to our Gentlemen, are we to look for the elements cause by their position, the most united to of a continental coalition ? Is it in Sweden ? our fortune by their interests, the most faith. The young Prince who reigns over that State, ful to our alliance by inclination. . Difficul- endowed with a warmth of head and with an ries did in fact arise, but the wisdom, the exalted imagination, (lamentable gifts for moderation, the confidence in the faith of Kings when reason does not control them), the Cabinet of the Thuilleries, and its re- has not knowo how to mature his desigos by moleness from every revolutionary and dis- prudence, has neglected to call to his counorganising idea, dispelled all the clouds, and cils the sages with whom Sweden abounds, never have we had with Prussia relations and to enlighten his experience by the wisbetter established, a correspondence more dorp of his old Ministers. Thus this Monarch cordial, amity more intimate. On the other has failed in the respect due to France, and in hand, if the changes that have been effected the effervescence of his resolutions he has in the French Government, were called for kept no measures with ber. Bui, at the same by experience, pointed out by all men of time, his imprudent boldness has not used sense, desired by the enlightened friends of more management towards Austria, and he the country, willed by the entire nation, has proved by the inconsistency of his conone could hope to operate it by the creating duct, that his prospects were without calcuof a kingly monarchy; and the Imperial title lation, his prospects without maturity, his might give rise to fears of discontent and desires without reflection, and his passions colduess on the part of Austria. The dis- without guides, he had meditated a treaty of content might become exasperated, and the subsidy with England. He had demanded coldness might degenerate to resentment by of the Cabinet of St. James's 48,000,000
(livres) in exchange for 20.000 soldiers ; but | Catherine.---The cabinet of St. Petersburgh the English Minister trafficking for men in is acquainted with the true interests of its Europe as for merchandize in Asia, valued country; it will have always before it the the Swedes like Sepoys, and would give but audacious insult of Lord Nelson, wishing to sixteen millions, and thus the treaty was not dictate laws in the Gulph of Finland. It concluded. -Prussia beside interposed in cannot dissemble that the attack committed the negotiation, declaring that the conclu- in the Mediterranean by the English against sion of it would be the signal for his en- the Spanish frigates, against an almost ugtrance into Pomerania. And though the armed regiinent, against defenceless women sage prudence of the cabinet of Berlin and children, menaces also on every sea, tha should not have defended the King of Sweden ships and subjects of the Czar. It cannot from his own errors, the blood of ihe Swedes dissemble that that attack proceeds from the does not belong to him who barters and sells same spirit and the same principles that himself to intrigue or to tyranny.- If France produced the attack upon Denmark, in her formed a pretension contrary to the interests capital, which may produce an attack upon and to the honor of Sweden, Stockholm | the Russian squadron in the Mediterranean, would see thie descendants of the soldiers of or in the Baltic; a spirit of fury and intoxiGastavus arm for their country; but she cation which pervading the Englista cabinet, woold also find them irritated at seeing their induces them io despise all the powers of the blood set up to auction, exchanged for En
continent, makes no allowances for any one, glish guineas, and proving by eheir indigna- and consider themselves as of the social state, tion, that the Swedish warriors, whose fa- and the great civilised family of the world. thers filled the armies of Charles XII. are -There exists, then, no threatening or posnot made to stoop to such baseness and sible coalition ; but the sacred guarantee of ineanness! Where then are the elements, the French empire against all fear, is, that the centre of this coalition to be found ?- could one have been formed, the emperor Will it be in Russia ? The King of England would have attacked, beat, and broken it; himself aonounces that no tie exists with and after victory, would still have proposed that power. He speaks of a correspondence, peace; he would have written to the King but a correspondence began is not an alliance of England that letter, in which he invites concluded. Besides, Russia is a great power humanity to the aid of reason, and the intea without doubt; but she can do nothing a- rest of the English people. Let us repeat it gainst the French empire. I go farther, if then, gentlemen-one sentiment, and the the Woronzoffs and the Marcoffs could en- most honourable of all, could alone have led tertain the idea of selling the force and in- the emperor 10 take the glorious step he has Huence of Russia to the English cabinet, done with respect to England. This sentiAlexander has wiser counsellors, and forms ment is the same which, in other situations, more prudent resolutions. He has not for. dictated to his Majesty the dispatch he wrote golten how the Russians were lase war treat before the passage of ine Saave and the ed by England, their ally, and how were Drave. It is the saine ibat inspired that letter terminated, in Switzerland and Holland, to the King of England, some months beduring the expedition undertaken by great fore the battle of Marengo. It is the same, generals and brave soldiers, but undertaken that, afier the victory, made the conqueror with plans that could not be executed under offer peace to Austria. In short, it is the same the influence of a disastrous star.-In fine sentiment, which, at the peace of Lunethe coldness between the cabinets of the ville, made his Majesty resolve to sacritice Thuilleries and St. Petersburgh is not enmi- immense conquests, and upwards of 20 milty. They have neither of them any re.. lions of inbabitants, who had submitted to subject of misunderstanding, and what has the French arms. It is the love of social passed within these three months between order, the love of the country, the sacred the two governments shews sufficiently that love of humanity, so often professed in vain England would, in that conjuncture have speeches and so rarely carried into action, conceived vain projects, and speculated upon and which, always respected by the Empefalse hopes, if she thought of converting ror, always taken as the guide of his steps, her correspondence into a coalition. Wo- has been the pledge and consolation of his ronzoff may have conceived such a hope; success. You will find, gentlemen, the but who does not know that Woronzott is touching and august expressions in the letter lèss a Russian than an Englishman ; that, re. I am about to read to you. [He then read siding in England, he wishes to fix himself The letter, and Lord Mulgrave's answer, see tere; and that a foe, and disapprover of p. 257, 258.) Shall I compare at present, Paul the First, he is equally so of the great gentlemen, ths (wo monuments of what history is already in possession? Shall I re- publicity given to the most candid of com. mark to you in ihe Freich document, eleva. munications, has induced the necessity of tion, frankoess, and force; in the English, that solemn explanation, of that upreserved cunning, duplicity, and weakness? Here declaration of the Emperor towards his every thing wears a noble air, every thing people; we shall congratulate France oa bears the stamp of dignity and grandeur; having acquired the proof, that by bestowing warfare is menacing, but generous; warfare The throne on Napoleon, French citizens is menacing, but regulated by the guidance have given themselves a father, jealous of
their charm of conquest, the splendor of victory, the state, and equally sparing of the blood the illusions even of glory, to the cry of hu- of their children. manity, to the tears of a hundied thousand The President made the following reply : national or foreign families, who call out for Gentlemen, orators of the government, the peace to Heaven, and their monarchs. There | Tribunale have long shared in the septievery thing is uncertainty and hesitation, ments of indignation which Europe must suppositions are given as answers to facts ; feel at the insatiable cupidity of the English the uncertain and equivocal future is op. government, who without daring to own it posed to the present, where no doubt exists; in a formal manner, attempt to puniber, to a frank overture is opposed the possibi- among their prerogatives, the absolute and lity of a coaljtion, which, even did it exist, exclusive empire of the seas, and the right would neither, intimidate the nation nor her of arrogating to themselves the commerce Emperor ; which whether 'it continues to and industry of all nations. We must pot, act, or is vanquished, would neither encrease therefore, be astonished that they elude every or retract their pretensions, neither add to kind of overture of peace ; that they mula or take from the conditions written down in tiply obstacles ; that the most moderate pro. the Treaty of Amiens. If in the communi. positions should appear to them inadmiscation which she seems to announce, Eng. sible; and that their politics should be inland speaks a language more worthy of the decisive and uncertain. The government overture she has received, peace may be re- must be well convinced that the Tribupate stored. But if this only opportunity which will concur with all its might, and with all seenis to be offered by the Master of all Em- its influence, in the maintenance of the pires, of re-establishing the peace of the glory of the throne, and of the national houniverse, is left unimproved by England, all ndur, which has been thus insulted. Europe will see that the Cabinet of London
only has desired, does desire, and will alone Dutch FINANCE. Opinion of Mr. De · desire the continuance of war.-And if, on Langer Van Wyngaarden in the Dutch Le
the answer by which the King of England, gislative Body, 2416 January, 1805. in the 8th year, rejected the poble overtures It would be sbowing very little love made by his Majesty, judginent be passed; for, or desire of the preservation of, our it, with respect to the conduct of England, country and independence, if any man, for at that period, the present generation is, as it the purpose of carrying a favourite system were, posterity; if a portion of the great or idea, should advise the rejection of a idea. prosperity of France, and of the crisis in sure, which, in the present circumstances, which England is now placed, result from is asserted to be the only one, and the speethat refusal to enter into negotiation ; I am diest in its operation, for filling the public warrenied in thinking that a similar cause treasury, which is again declared to be empty will produce similar cifects ; that a fresh re- to the very bottom, and without, which imfusal no less criminal“than the former, will mediate succour, the public administration open to us new' advantages; and that poste. is in danger of a total derangement. But, on rity, which, in this second emergency will the other hand, I must ask, Was not this 10 pronounce upon the Englisb Governmeni, be foreseen long since ? and why then sufwill a’so pronounce between the Emperor offer the time to be wasted in useless invece France and the King of Great Britain ; nor tives on paper and why not proceed to is that posterity far from us. If, on the savings, and other means of finance : It is, other hand, so worthy and so honourable a at length, come to this ; as soon as there is use of the power with which the people have a pressing necessity, we are threatened with invested Napoleon the first, will call forth great çalamities, as if it were to extort a in the empire an unanimous sentiment of consent for the prevention of that unavoid, gratitude and love.-On that occasion, at able stagnation, which has been so frequent. least, we should be bound to give thanks to ly declared. --But the most dreadful and that British Cabinet, who, by the equivocal unexpected consequences, such as those of a bayonel or pistol clapped to the breast, may be used, whatever detestable and uncompel us now to consent.-- --- Are we only lawful means may be employed, to persecute sitting here, to provide money for the public Those who should contribute, the petty or treasury, on every proposition and demand secret war against the finances increases in of the executive power, and to tax the in- the same proportion as the pressuire ; thie habitants to that effect? Is the most unli- people can no longer endure it ; they begin mited power given or delegated to us merely io feel, after having but too long performed for this purpose ? and is not the greatest their duty to their country with their purses, duty imposed upon us, to take care, in good that the first duties of a busband and a fatime, that the inhabitants be not burdened ther call on them to be careful, and make and oppressed beyond measure? This is a ihem swear to resist new extortions, and the very serious concern, -The motive for the dangers iinpend ng over their heads. I have present propositions is, the pressing demands long since thought this operation must stop, of a contractor for the troops, who was kept as it was only kept on foot in the hope and waiting for payment un:il a million was due expectation of uncertain events. I have to him, and he had complained to the French seen, during and since last summer, how general, threatening to stop his deliveries, obstinately, and without the least concession, consequently those of meat and bread for The state direct ry, notwithstanding this The French soldiers. So this Contractor and assembly, endeavoured to preserve unanimiCo. hold in their hands the fate of the re- ty with them, (which is the best way to propublic! Because our financiers have not mote the greatest concerns of the state, eschosen or not been able to satisfy them, they pecially in such ruinous and deplorable cirendeavour to obtain a new impost of one per cumstances) thought proper to try to inticent. on property i the state directory, midate it by the most improper and preposopenly and without reserve, announcing a terous menaces. This has caused the loss of military contribution or quartering at the much precious time, and a lamentable stag. expense of the citizens, just as is practised nation, with an almost irrecoverable loss of in an enemy's country, uuless we choose to confidence, which has extended to several agree to their proposal immediately. classes. The pressing demands of the great To what extremes are they come! It seems contractors for money arise not so much as if they would reduce us to this, to demand from a most urgent necessity (they, and their another government, at the head of which money.lenders, fare best at present), as from some individual should be placed. --Fi- the consciousness that there is always a want nancial impotency, and the derangement of money, let ever so many contributions be resulting therefroai, is ever the forerunner raised. The pet'y contractors grow uneasy, of the downfall of a government, and espe- because they are not paid ; they calculate cially of such an unwieldly and expensive upon the country's paying ihe highest price one as ours, which, staggering from day to for every thing; they gain 30 per cent, and day, tries to preserve its existence only by more; hoard their cash ; and, under pres, forced contributions; and which, as we are tence ihat the country does not pay them, publicly told, must endure unbeard of de- they do not pay each other. On the other gradation, and lose its character both at hand, the old monied men are dwindling away, home and abroad. Government wants again and can scarcely support themselves; and do to carry the proposed contribution, by hur- we not see, in our days, that some men who rying us, and without hardly allowing us had noihing before the year 1795, have made time to give it a thought. It gives us to rapid fortunes, and trat ihose new acquirers understand, at the same time, and as it were excite, by their wealth, the envy of others! in the same breath, the insufficiency of the One of the strongest marks of the oppression measure, which certainly will not answer and misery to which the nation is reduceri, the expectation, on account of the natural especially by the contributions, is, that we do counteraction which may be expected. With not, as formerly, hear one complaining voice, some modification, it is cutting the pill into but that the public energy is deadened and four pieces, and continuing to the very last, palsied by the fear of foreign force, and
ihe artifice with which we are constantly
imposts on property, which not only clash tareatened, is most evident. " "Every body
with the constitution, but are also known beforehand to be insufficieni, and that there will again be a deficiency; whilst in several, cities the whole of that of 1803 is not all come in, and that of 1804 nothing is yet reseiyed. Whatever measures of coercion
sighs in secret, and many, as privately as possible, begin to provide for their own safery ; whilst some persons, who would otherwise have been as boisterous as ever, have been quieted by contracts, and opportunities have been afforded to others of spe.
culating to advantage.-f I were convinced advice of our said council, most strictly of the reality of the necessity, and of the ex- enjoin and command all our loving subtreme urgency of the provision, and if such jects, and more especially those residing were the case, that the dreaded stagnation at any of the sea port towns, or in any would come upon is unforeseen and unme. other places on the coasts of this kingdom, rited; I should, from this moment, sacrifice whether they may themselves be liable to my sentiments and my principles to these con- quarantine or otherwise, as they tender siderations, and agree, ikat every thing should the preservation of their.on
own lives, and give way to public necessity :--but as I know the safety and welfare of all the inhabitants nothing of the secrets of the state, or why of this kingdom, most scrupulously to ob. this measure is obtruded upon us with such serve all the laws of quarantine which now precipitancy, I cannot consent to it as a con- are or may hereafter be in force, and all sequence of the former contribution ; and orders made by us, with the advice of our I must leave those to answer for the event, privy council, or by our privy council, who, finding their interest in the different under the authority thereof; and particu. revolutions, have made engagements beyond lnrly inost carefully to avoid any commawhat they are able to perform ; who have nication with any ship or vessel, or with suffered ile public affairs to run on to such any person or persons coming therein, a hopeless state, and found it their interest from or through the Mediterranean, or that they should so continue.-On this occa- from the West of Barbary, on the Atlantic sion I find myself also obliged to protest Ocean, or from Cadiz, or other parts of against the continued injustice, by wlich the Spain without the Streights, lying to the jpliabitants of the Departments of Holland southward of Cape St. Vincent, or from and Zealand, who contribute so considerable any place to which, by our royal proclaa part of every impost, are oppressed with mation, by and with the advice of our respect to the collateral ove; and against the privy council, or by our orders in council, deferring or with-holding of an indemnitication the laws of quarantine are, or may
here to the Proprietors of East India Stock, who after be, extended; or with any boat, or bave now been kept so many years out of person therein, coming from or having been their properly and their income.
on board any such ship, until such ship, ves
sel, or boat, with the crews and persons on DOMESTIC OFFICIAL PAPER. board, and the goods, wares, and merchanThe King's PROCLAMATION relative to dizes imported therein, shall have performed
the Quarantine. Dated at the Court at their quarantine in such places and manthe Queen's Palace, the 6tb day of February, ner as are or shall hereafter be directed in 1805.
that behalf, and until they respectively Whereas alarming accounts have been shall have been duly discharged therefrom: received that the intectious disease (which, And we do further strictly exhort, enjoin, with a malignancy equalling if not exceed- and command, all magistrales and persons ing that of the Plague, has occasioned a in authority, and all others our loving dreadful mortality in several parts of Spain, subjects, without loss of time, to give in. and in our town and garrison of Gibraltar) formation to us, through our principal has spread and extended itself to parts of secretary of state for the home department, the coast of the Mediterranean; and or to our privy council, of any persons that whereas, from the season of the year in they may know or believe to have offended which it has continued its rarages in those against any of the said laws or orders; places where it has already appeared, and we do hereby warn all persons whom There is no good ground of confidence or it may concern, that we have given the hope that the comparative coldness and strictest orders for enforcing, with the ut. the temperature of ihe climate can afford most rigour, the most punctual observance any obstacle to its introduction and pro- of the laws of quarantine, and all the gress in our kingdom :--And, whereas, orders, rules, and regulations relating we feel it to be incumbent upon us to thereto, it being our firm determination, employ such means as under the pro- upon serious consideration of the great teciion and favour of Divine Providence, estent of misery and calamity which a may be best calculated to guard our | single instance of improvidently neglecting loving subjects against the visitation of any of these regulations may bring upon so dreadful a calamity, we have thought our loving subjects, to cause the several fit, by and with the advise of our privy penalties which the law has provided, of council
, to issue this our royal proclama inay provide, to be inficted upon all those tion, and we do herein, by and with the who may be guilty of any offence against