several departments of the navy, and of The Addington's being called upon to sup. reporting to parliament the result of such

port their own

neatre, Mr. Bragge, their inquiries. That this board las made though he seemed not very well pleased to nine different reports, the public have al- be compelled to speak, declared that his ready been informed in the account of the vote for the previous question would be proceedings in parliament. These reports grounded upon his firm reliance upon the all exhibit ample proofs of the necessity of promise of Mr. Piti, that; if all the objects such an inquiry; they discover most shame- of inquiry had not been gone through, at ful scenes of peculation; and, the tenui is the end of the session, the commission not expected to be less interesting in this should be continued, till they were all way than the former ones. Much of the

gome through. Mr. Canning, the successer business of this board remains to be done; of Ir. Tierney, in the Treasurership of the and, therefore, as the commission, if not Naty (once held by Mr. Dunda.); Mr. renewed, will, of lisell, expire at the end Caining reserved to himself some other of the present session of parliament, a mo- grounds of objection. First, it was with tion was, on the. Ist instant made, in the hiin a question, whether it would be necesHouse of Commons, by Mr. Giles, for leave

sary !o review the bill at all. Secondly, to bring in a bill to continue, beyond the whether, if renewed, the porvers of the comduration of the present session of parlia- missioners ought to be so great as they now ment, the act appointing commissioners for are.. And, thirdly, whether, in any case, Naval Inquiry. This motion was resisted the inquiries of the commissioners ought to by Mr. Pill, who thereupon moved the or- be continued during war.----As to the 11der of the day ;-and, upon a division of the tint of the powers of the commissioners, that House, the motion of Mr. Giles was lort, appears to have been quite sathciently cir. there being, for the motion 75, and against cunscribed, for every good purpose, by the it, 92, leaving a majority in favour of the

alterations, which were introduced into the ministry of 17.--Mr. Pitto said, that he bill by the Lord Chancellor, who, being, as by no means meant to propose to thie Bluse, all the world must, by this time, have heard, not to continue the act, if its continuation a person uncommonly conscien'ions, would should be necessary; but, that he did not certainly have left nothing in the bill likely ibink it necessary to vote its continuance

10 produce an assault upon the consciences before

for that measure should of other men,

The exient of the commis. appear. He did not hesitate to say, that

siuners' powers having, therefore, under: the reports of the commissioners had been

gone such an examination, previous to their attended with much henefit, neither had he being granted by parliament, it is rather any difliculty in declaring, that, if there was surprising that we should hear doubts startnot suifcient time before the close of the ed as to the propriety of renewing them to session to terminate the investigation re- the same extent. The noble lord, beforeferred to them, their powers should be fur- mentioned, took great and laudable pains ther continued. But it did not now appear (as was noticed at the time, in this work) that the remainder of the session would not to provide a shield against the committing afford sufficient time. On the review taken of wrong, against the forcing of a man to by the hon. and learned gentleman himself say what would criminate bimself; and, of the subjects proposed for inquiry, only what more is wanted ? Lihink I have read one of any great importance remained un- a poetical moralist, who treats with the ut. investigated, that was the victualling de- most ridicule and contempt that candour, partment; the transport department and which shows itself in tenderness towards The oihers were of inferior importance. He

poor suitering Guilt.saw no reason, however, to suppo e that the commissioners might not be prepared to

“ Barras loves pinder; Mulin takes a bribe,

“ What then? shall candour these good men make their report of the Victwalling Otlice

proscribe? now, nor that they had not at intervals No! ere we join the loud-accusing throns, turned their attention to the other remain

“ Prove,--not the facts, -but, that they thought ing subjects of inquiry, on which no report had yet been made, in such a manner as to I do not approve of this “ New Moleave little to be done to make up what they RALITY," whether inculcated in verse, would submit to the House respecting or in prose, and can by no means agree, them. He thought it right, therclore, to that the mere names or nation of the guilty u ait till a more advanced period of the ses- make any difference at all as to what bion, and then if it should be necessary, he ought to be the decision of mankind upon should have no objection to the continuance. their actions.---With respect to the propriety of continuing the inquiries of the ti victorious naine of St. Vincent to poem commissioners during war, duubis vere at " terity, with every character of public first expres el upon that point. The bill " virtue and devotiod, were represented was introduced will a declaration, on the as crue? ':ct secutions. The insurrection of part of the then ministry, that Lord " jobbers in the dock-yards was aletted and Spencer had always had the intention of “ defender, and the rebellion of boards and instituting such a commission; but tla “ departmeots encouraged and promoted." his lordship very prudently vieiermined to Now, who would not imagine, , that the postpone it, till a time of peace, let the three nobremen last pimed, were at the public service shou'd experience a tem- head of these caluinniarors of the admirally? porary interruption, or, at least, incon- Wh), (that knew nothing of them nor of venience, from the inquiries that it would iliis writer) would not naturally suppose, be necessary to make, and from the mea- Thit they took the lead in these troops of sures consequent thereon. Upon the abettors and defenders of the jobbers and ground of this declaration Lord Folkestone, peculators in the dock-yards? The truth is, moved to postpone the passing of the bill, however, that, not one syllable did either of till after the Christmas recess (of 1802), them ever atter,


them "wrong

at least in parliament, being of opinion, that the House would agaiostihe establishing of that commission, suon be convinced, that, before the coin. for which Lord Si. Vincent was so much, missinners could carcely be assembled, and, I aliow it, so justly extolled ; and, exthe nation would be called upon to bigin cepi from persons now acting with the Ad. making extensive preparations for war; dingtons, now closely leagued with them in and, every one must recollect, that the power and emolument; except from persons Parliament actually received the King's of this description, ro opposition to the message for the calling out of the milia commission of inquiry was made, upon any in about eleven weeks froin she time, that other ground ihan that of lime; the ground this motion of Lord Folkestone's was made. opon which solely alone Lord Folkestone's In the debate upon Mr. Gites's motion, motion was founded, and which ground has Captain Markham, the person by whom now, even by the framers and supporters of the bill was brought in, unequivocally de- the bill; been acknowledged to have been clared, that it never was the wish of the fnod ground. But, the most important late ministry to establish the board in time point yet remains to be touched; which is, of war ; but, he observed, and very truly, that we now find the Addingtons joining that all the inconvenience which could Mr. Canning and the other partisans of Lord arise to the public service from the opera- Melvile and Mr. Piti in voting against the tion of the commission was now known; motion of Mr. Giles! It would be curious it had already arisen, and, tha', therefore, to bear what the NLAR OBSERVER could the service would now go on without any say to mhis! Mr. Pitt and Lord Melville and chance of impediment from the inqairies Mr. Canning be wouk, perhaps, care little of the coalmissioners.- Here it is ne. about; but, surely, he would spill a little ce sary to recur, for a moment, to the ink for the purpose of endeavouring to dememorable Addinglonian pamphlet, by the fend the cutisistency of the Addingtons ! “ NEAR OBSERVER,” who, in describing Taxon Saut. --The bill imposing an the conduct of Lords Spencer, Grenville, and additional duty upon salt was, on the 4th Carlisle, says: “Every species of despon- instant opposed, in the Flouse of Coinmons, “dency was again carefully spread amongst upon a notion of Lord William Russell, “ the people. The finances weredecried, and who, as an amendment to the motion of o the statements of the Chancellor of the Mr. Piit, that the bill be now read a second

Exchequer disputeil." [They have since time, noved, that the bill be read a second been proved to have been false.] " Even

time this day six months. The House har. " the resources of the country were attacked." ing divided upon his lordship's motion, there (This is always the accusation against every appeared for it 60, against it 92, leaving a one, who exposes the falsehood of a mi- majority of 32 in favour of the ministry and nister's statements.] " The conduct of of the tas..--His lord ship said, that this “ the government was arraigned in all tax would materially attect the labouring “ its foreign intercourse, and the crimes classes of the community, the protection of " of Buonaparté - preposterously transfer- whom he was sorry to say, the right hon. “ red to Mr. Addington. The Admiralty gentleman seemed so have abandoned ; tirot " was reviled and calumniated, and those he had been in hopes that the report of the “ just and salatary reforms in the dock.

committee on this subject would have sufyards, which will carry dywa the fcientiy sbewa the inconvenience and.or: pression of the tax; that he now hoped that ment had abandoned the interests of the those who urged ihe institution of that com- lower classes; that he ought to look at the mittee, and who had approved of their re- taxes from the year 1793 to the present solutions, would come forward, and he time, and he would find that the poor hud trusted that as they had recommended the been in every instance exonerated at the repeal of the original duty, and the conse- expense of tbeir superiors; the Income Tax, quent removal of all impediments to the the wine duty, the duty on foreign spirits, free circulation of salt, they could not with and a variety of others, sufficiently proved any pretensions to consistency agree to lay this; that the sum estimated as likely to be additional imposts on that article, which raised from this additional duiy on salt, was would still more impede its circulation ; 500,000 l. at 55. per bushe!, and therefore that the immediate effect of this bill would proceeded on a calculation of two millions be to raise the assize of bread; and that the of bushels being consumed; that there price of all kinds of butchers' meat would were eleven millions of consumers, and it necessarily be increased, and salt fish, which must be obvious to the House, how much was the chief diet of many of the poor, greater a proportion of this tax would fall would likewise become more expensive. on the higher classes than on the lower ;

-Mr. Pitt said, that the committee, in that, on a fair calculation, the consumption the report which ihey gave in some years of a cottage containing a family of five perago, and which had been alluded to by the sons, would be considerably short of a bushel noble lord, proceeded on the ground of in the year, making an annual duty of only rendering salt applicable to many general three or four shillings, and this it should be purposes, among which was even that of recollected, collected gradually from week manure; it was certainly their object to give to week, su that its influence would scarce. facility to the circulation of that article, but ly be felt; that taxes on consumption to be the chief bindrance to a free circulation was productive, must be laid on articles of gethe regulation which the duty necessarily neral consumption ; that as to the appredemanded, and these regulations would hended increase in the assize of bread, it equally affect the circulation, whether the never varied, unless a fluctuation of at least duty amounted to five, ten, or fifteen shiil- 15. 8d. took place on each sack of four, and lings a bushel, so that the noble lord ought the quantiiy of salt used in this case was so por to be satisfied with advising a rejection smali, it was such a trifling fraction, that it of a revenue of 500,0001. which the proposed could not possibly affect the price; be additional duty would produce, but should hoped, therefore, however specious the arproceed to advise the taking off the duty guments used by the opponents of the meanow existing, which produced a revenue sure, however ihey might affect to be the amounting to double that sum ; that it was advocates and protectors of the poor, that singular that the noble lord should call on the House would see through the fallacy of those persons, who, when the country was their objections; and that, in the support at peace, approved the report of the con- of a cause, in which the higher and the mittee, and yet did rot venture to institute lower classes were equally concerned, they any measure upon it, to come forward, and, would not hesitate to afford to his Majesty's in the midst of war, declare their opinion government those means which were proved on the present bill; that the report had slept by them to be the least objectionable. - He for three years, and the consideration of it did not say, nor did he atiect to say, that was now urged, at a tinie, than which, none the tas was not objectionable. He has no could be more unfit; that it was a most scruple to propose, and to carry, an obunpleasant thing for him to be under the jectionable tax. It is quite sullicient for necessity of imposing taxes, which, in any him, while his opponents refrain from degree, affected the lower classes, but be bad making war upon his whole system, to hare a sacred duty to perform; that we were en- to say, that nobody can propose tases less gaged in a contest for the defence both of objectionable than those which he proposes. rich and of poor ; that supplies must be " It is an unpleasant thing to me,” says he, found, and no mode of raising them seemed “ to impose taxes, which, in any degree, to him so little liable to objection as the 66 affect the lower classes; but, I bave a present ; that on the day when he first in- “ sacred duty to perform; supplies must be troduced this and his other measures of fi. found ;or, what? Why the interest of nance, it was objected by ap hon. gentle- the national debt cannot be paid ; thecomman, that they did not fall sufficiently on missioners of the sinking fund cannot go articles of consumption ; that the noble lord twice a week into the stock market; and had not been just in saying, that govern- the paper system must be destroyed! Aye,


the is

, he , when

to be supported, absolutely unanswerable. description ! But, said he, in order to be Merely as a question of choice of taxes; if convinced, that my taxes have not, for that is all the House of Commons has, at the far greater part, been such ; in order last, the inclination, or the power, to set- to be convinced, that, ever since the year tle, their functions lie in a very parrow 1703, “ the poor have been exonerated at compass; and, in that view of the matter, the expense of the rich,” look at the tax on I am, for the reasons that were stated in Income, on l'ine, on Carriages, &c. &c. ! page 299 of the present volume, convinced, Just as if all these taxes did not finally fall that the tax on salt is as unobjectionable an upon the poor as well as upon the rich! Upon one as can now be found out. Taxes on such occasions, it is truly surprizing, that consumption are best, because the burden he is never seininded by any one, that, is so failly distributed; and, the best arti- during the operation of this system cles are those, which are in the most exonerating the poor at the expense of the general use, and come nearest to the abso- rich, the number of paupers in the king. lute necessaries of fire; because no tax domn has nearly doubled; very nearly upon such articles can possibly diminish doubled since the year 1986. If such be the general consumption. The tax. on the effect of eronerating the poor, it would draught horses is better than the tax upon be adviseable to try, for a while, the pleasure liorses, because its weight, pres- effect of exonerating the rich.-- There sing more immediately upon articles of is acother view of this sabject which general consumption, is more rapid in its must not be omitted. The ministerial course into general ditlusion; and, for that writers, impatient under the effect, which reason, produces none of those sudden they, or rather their employers, perceive the changes of property, none of those new divisions upon the salt-tax bill to have prodomestic arrangements, none of those duced, are endeavouring to represent its disturbances in the affairs of masters and

opponents as men, who are perfecily indifservants, none of those partial vesations, ferent to the safety of the country, and who inconveniences, and losses, which must would, indeed, rejoice at seeing it cona inevitably be produced, in a greater or less quered. The Sun, of the sth instant, has degrec, by the tax upon pleasure horses. the following paragraph upon the subject : And, as to the relative weight upon the “ We are surprised to find opposition poor, in order to be satisfied, that a tax to hazarding their political credit by attempita upon the necessaries of life has in it no “ ing to excite a general prejudice against liardship peculiar to them, we have only " the proposed addition to the tax upon to keep in mind, this great and immutable " salt.' The argument they use upon this principle, that on labour, and on labour subject, it argument it can be called, is, alone, all taxes, of whatever description, " that the taxes will chielly fall 11pon must finally fall; because, there is no poor.–This is, in fürt, a mere assertion, species of property, which does not, and " for it is a tax very light in itself, and one which musi noi, proceed from labour.-- 6 that will have an operation upon the In stating the grounds of my opinion thus « whole of the commurity, it will fail confidently, I beg leave to be understood, “ heavy upon none, and in a very short as having omitted the qualifying phrases, “ time it will hardly be felt at all. But, it which it woull have become me to use, mere- " is evident, by the clamour which the oply for the sake of avoiding the encumbrance, ponents of government make on this which would therefrom havé arisen to the " point, that they have no substantial plea statement. If any one, who may think " to urge against any of the general meame in error, will take the trouble to put sures of administration, or against the me right, I shall gladly receive, and give “ rest of the taxes devised for supportplace to his communication.-- But, this « ing the unavoidable borthens of the stałe. opinion of mine is built upon a principle " It never can be supposed that these opwidely different from that, on which Mr. “ponents of government have a proper idea Pitt thought proper to defend the salt.duty. of the danger ibat threatens the country He, in fact, took his opponents iipon their “ from the designs of an ambitious, ra:own ground. He ackr.owledged that it


and unappeaseable enemy; an was a tax upon the poor ; or, rather he enemy whose sole and avowed chject is acknowledged, that there were two sorts “ to annihilate us wholly as an indepenof taxes, one that weigbed upon the poct, or dent state. When we find some among and one that wrigked upon the ricb. And, “ the adversaries of government doing all

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the y can to ridicule the voluntért ser- w25 feeding an ass in a meadow; and,

-, and consequently to excite the hopes being alarmed with the sudden approach of the eleny, i 10 ming him believe that of the enemy, was impatient with the ass

we shall fail an easy prey to his veteran to put himself forward, and fly with all tbe " and experienced borues et rubans, if sperd that he was able. The ass asked

Whey could once eitect a linding; and s bim, whether or no he thought the enemy " when we fuci that ouers endeavour, with " would clap two pair of such panniers upon

e'qual zeal, le bring odam upon our internal " bis back. The ajan said, no, there was

resulries for guarding against the me. no fear of that. Why, then, says the “ naced evil, wiat mal. be thought of aas, I will 1100 stir an inch ; for, what is it " their pretensions 10 patriotism! Ii inust to me who my master is, since I shall but ' 'realy txcite astonishmerit to find, that carry my paoniers as usual?"

men of ackrowleriged talents can camly MIDDLESEX ELECTION.--I beartily " look at the countries uudo French domina- congratulate the public in general, and par* 1101, and yet mike such peity and per- ticularly the people of the county of Middle

sereriig cauil, against ineaures cuku- sex, that, by the decision of a committee of * latưd to averi sunku dreadful fate from their the blouse of Commons, Sir Francis Burdeft

own, measures that are iditated by wis- is placed in the seat, from a hich he has been;

dom, arid that are founded in moderoliui, diving the present session, so illegally and "ant a due regard to the weight wbió al- unjustly kept. During the wbole of the last

really presses ipon the people. This is election Sir Francis Burdeti's conduct was their way: their uniform practice! They such as no independent man could disapalways assuine, as premises admitted, ail prove of. At the close of that election, it those facts which their opponents deny. was such as, all the circumstances considerThe opposers of ide salt tax deny that it is ed, is, as to moderation, without a parallel in calculated 10 promote the interests and se- the history of public and popular men. In cory of ihe country, bot, on the contrary, my next, I shall submit some remarks upon argue, that it is calculated to do greai public the several branches of this very important jujury, to oppress the lower orders of the subject; and, in the mean time shall content people, and therely to render them discons myself with just expressing my feeling apos lenied, and, of con:se, less likely to be zea- the occasion; which is that of sincere satislous in the defence of the country. They faction, arising from the reflection, that, as deny thai the tax is dictaied by wisdom.

an inhabitant of Middlesex, I am now repreThey deny that it is founded in moderation. sented in parliament by a Gentleman ; a man They deny that the imposers of this tax have of ancient family, hereditary rank and poshad a due regard to the weight of ihe bor- sessions, of great talents, and of perfect indedels which already press upon the people. pendence of mind. All this ihry deny; this denial is the very The Irish CATHOLIC deputation have tvundation of their opposition; and, yet arrived in London, and have brought a pe. these writers have the assurance to draw tition to the parliament for the redress of their conclusion, just as if it had all been ad- chair grievances. But, this petition, it is mitled instead of denied; and as if, there- said, afier having bern submitted to the ai. fore, one was compelled to seek, in disaf- nisiers, is to be laiit iipon tbe lable, without Arction and disloyalty, for a reason for their any proceedings ibereon being urged, at opposition !--Upon such occasions the least, by the depuislion, unless the ministers dangers or the country are always mustered, choose it; and, that they will not chose at, and dressed out with a suitable uumber of we can want very little to satisfy us, when terrific epitheti. That the dangers of the we recollect what are the sentiments of the country are great, I willit noihing 10 con- Prime Minister, Lord Sidmouth. In ubat vince me; bur, it would take much to con- degree the members of this deputation con vince that those c'ingers are to be dimi- ploperly be regarded as the representatives of bished by adding to the weight of the peo- the Roman Catholics of Ireland, I know not; ple's buidens; and, in exemplitication of but, the course thry are said to have to bec, iny meaning, I will, by way of compliment though it may, for reasons 100 obvious to to the " young friend" who writes in the

mention, prove very satisfactory 10 thenisex, borrow so illustration from the con- selves, does not appear likely to procure any Jucü of an animal, in which he may, I relief to that numerous body, whose discouthink, fairly be presumed to bear some tents form, at this moment, il:e ground of alinity. 1. An old fellow," says Esop, our most serious apprehensions and dsagers.

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