more than sufficient to carry on the war for “ without competition ? And, has not this any length of time? Why, then, were we “ been done even al’eady? Has noi the rethus sulemnly remioded, that no attempt had “ cruiting service thriven throughout the been made to invade our country, except for “ country? Has it been equally Hourishing the purpose of leading us to couclude, ibar " for several years ? Facis will answer these The danger was now over? A conclusion. 66 questions in the affirmative; and we wish which, it is to be presumed, very few men " for nothing more to establish the superiowill be weak enough to adopt. It has been "rity of Mr. Pitt's incasure over thise which stated, over and over again, in this work, preceded it." So! the raising of titiyor that the evident policy of Buonaparié was, sixty new battalions; the loving couples of not to invade this country for, at least, a year battalions; all the system of sweet interor two; and, because he has not yet at- course, upon which Mr. Pitt dwelt in strains templed it, are we to conclude, that he has so melodious and moving that some of his totally abandoned the project? Yes, we are tender-hearted “ young friends" could harddesired so to conclude, because it would suit ly refrain from blubbering aloud; all this is the ministers to have it believed, that their Dow nothing in comparison with the effect measures have alarmed bim, and have placed which the measure has had in doing away the country in a state of perfect security ; the competition against the regular army, and this belief they must be particularly which was proposed to be done by Mr. Ad. aoxious to inculcate, from a consciousness dington's mrasure, and which had been a that their measures for providing for our de- hundred times recommended by Mr. Windfence have proved miserably inefficient. ham! And yet these impudent hirelings They know they shall be charged with their dare tell their readers, that Mr. Pitt's meawant of wisdoun and energy in this respect, sure has proved to be “ superior to those and therefore it is, that they begin by throw- " which preceded it!” The Times, howing out hints, that no " additional force" is

ever, a newspaper which, as has been before necessary.

observed, is devoted to the junior main THE STATE OF OUR MILITARY Force. branch of The Family, takes care, on the ---This was the subject upon which Par- 10ih instant, to state, that Lord Hawkesliament was, at the close of their last meci- bury did not fail to observe, during bis ing, the most seriously engaged. It bad speech of the 15th, that the success of the been agreed, on all han is, that a great addi- recruiting service, during the last six months, top 10 our regular military force was abso- was to be ascribed to the measure of The lutely necessary. A measure for that pur- army of reserve, that is, a measure of Mir. pose was proposed by Mr. Addington and Arlington; but, his lordship should have bis colleagues. This measure Mr. Pitt op- added, thal, had it not been for Mr. Windposed, in order to make way for a more ef. ham, Colonel Craufard, Mr. Elliot, and ficient measure of his own. At the saine Dr. Lawrence, no provision would have time he represented the ministry as exhibit. been made in the army of reserve act, to ing every mark of incapacity and imbecility." enable men to leave that service and to enlist They were luroed out. He inmediately into the regular arony. How many men came in; not with a new set of men, but have thus enlisted, during the last half year, with a majority of those very persons, whom we are not yet officially iuformed; but, cer. he had so stigmatized. His “ efficient" | tanuly, no one will be found with assurance measure has completely failed. It has, all enough to say, that they have been induced over the kingdom, produced trouble, vexa- to enlist by the operation of Mr. Pili's addi. tion, confusios, expense, everything but tional force bill? Indeed, there is but 100 what it was intended to produce, and has, in much reason to fear, that, when the facis short, far surpassed in inefficiency, the very come to be known, it will appear, that the utmost that was predicted by its opponents. ordinary recruiting service has, during the But, we are told, that, notwithstanding, the last six months, produced but very few project has failed, with regard to the men men; and, that, including those from the to be raised by the parish officers, it has, in army of reserve, (chiefly in Ireland), the inits more important objeci, fully succeeded. crease has not been wore ihan equal to the " The number of men,” says the Sun news- waste of the army during the same periol. paper of the 15th instant, “ as yet raised by

The men inlisted from the army of ruserve the parish oficers, has certainly fallen must not be regarded as men raised; men

very short; but, were they the great ob- adile:l to our military force; they have mere"ject of the bill ? Was it not a much more ly changed regiments; and, Therefore, it

important object to facilitate the ordinary may be safely assorted, that the men raised, * recruiting with moderate bounties and since Mr. Pitt caine agaiu into the Treasury, are not equal in number to one-fijib, and, measures as might be necessary to make that perhaps, not to one-tenth, of the regular sol- defence more complete and permanent: the diers who have died, or deserted, or who | ground upon which lie maintained the exhave been discharged during that period. pediency and even the necessity of taking Such being the fact, one is forced to adınire this step, was, the urter incapacity and the hardihood of those, who would have us " imbecility of the then ministers, as folly exbelieve that the “ respectable and fortoida- hibi!ed in their measures relating in the are “ ble state of our army,” has contributed to


" All those," said he, “ who are con“ deter the enemy from so presumptuous " vinced, by experience, that, after twelve " and desperate an enterprise," as that of “ months have been given 10 these gentleinvading this country. “The respectable “men” (the ministers) "* to exhaust all the “ and forinidable state of the militia" can resources of their minds, to amend, and admit of no doubt, in the minds of those “ what they may have thought, to improve wbo consider the effect which must have " from the suggestion of others; all ihose been produced in the militia regiments by or who are convinced upon mature reflection, Mr. Pitt's bill, which condemned them to " that, from the present ministers, or under gradual decay. 66 The unabated zeal and " them, nothing is likely to originate 10 “ improved discipline of a numerous volun

give the country a fair chance of having “ teer force" are proved, perhaps, by a di- "o what is due to its own zeal and its own minotion of members and a discontinuance “ exertions (and, I confess I am one of of military exercise. There are not, pro- " those), will support this motion." bably, above 60,000 men, out of the boasted 6. There have been twelve months of war, 480,000, who now keep up even the ap- “ preceded by a peace, which, by the con. pearance of belonging to a military body; rc fession of ministers themselves, was a mere and, as to the improved discipline of any of 06 potice of that war, and a war, in which the volunteers, we have heard of no in- “ they themselves have been exhausted in stance of it, except in the conduct of the " their skill; and yet, in the course of the brave Cornish volunteers, who made use of " last twelve months, they have brought fortheir muskets for the purpose of attacking ward nothing, in which there has not an officer of a man of war and his party, been a variety of contradictions in the who were in quest of deserted sailors.*.

“ plans, repugnancies in the measures, and At at time when the military force of the " imbecilly in the execution. Nothing, in country is in such a fearful state of decrepi. " which every step has not been marked by tude and decay ; especially, when we are “ unnecessary delay; and, at last, the mea. entering upon a war with Spain in addition sures adopted anjounting almost to a reto our former contest, and are told of ex- “ traction of the principle upon which it pected alliances and co-operations upon the was founded. I should say, it is extraorContinent; at such a time it surely becomes “ dinary, indeed, if, after having such and the Parliament to enter into a full investiga- so many melancholy proofs that ministers rion of all matters relating to the military " themselves, after repeated trials, have force of the country; and, it will be strange proved what is to be expected from them indeed if any one, who professes to be a " by what they have produced, if this House partisan of Mr. Pitt, should disapprove of the “ did not inquire inio this important subject, motion, of which Mr. Windham has given u in hope of being able to devise some better notice, for the House of Commons to go

for the defence of the country than into a committee upon the state of our na- any which they have brought forward for tional defence. A similar motion was made “ that purpose ; a course in which, if they by Mr. Fox, on the 23d of April last, † and are permitted to go on, there can be do its adoption was strongly urged by Mr. Pitt, “ hope of safety to this country. Such has who insisted, and, indeed, clearly shewed, " been the mode in which they have mathat such a step was perfectly congenial with “ naged the important charge of defending the principles of the constitution and with co the country, that I feel myself called upon. the practice of Parliament. But, the ground " explicitly to declare, that I do consider upon which he maintained the expediency of " the measure for the increase of the regular going into a committee of the whole House

army as a measure for which ministers are to revise the several bills for the defence of “ unable to provide." +

16 What measures the country, and to consider of such further

" have they ever adopted that have not been

" thwarted by some other of their measures? * See the advertisement of the Lords of the Admiralty, Vol. VI. p. 950.-+ See the * Parliamentary Debates, Vol. II. p. 206. Parliamentary Debales, Vol. II. p. 199. + Ibid, Vol. II. p. 207.



No one

“ What efficient plan has been proposed for

*" Ministers have been equal. " recruiting the regular army? Is it upon “ ly injudicious in every other project of $ the wisdom, the vigilance and the energy “ defence.' The fact is, that ministers, so ** of these ministers that we can rely, when “ far froin having spontaneously taken any " we have seen that no one measure for the vigorous measures for the defence of the

public defence can they be truly said to country, I stale boldly, that no part of the

bave originated, when several they have measures for the increase of the military " retarded and enfeebled.";*-" The spirit “ establishment of the country has originated s and exertion ihat we have witnessed, be- “ with them. Any benefit that may have * long to the country, and are not to be ““ resulted from the army of reserve act, is “ ascribed to the direction or the energy of “not, I assert, attributable to ministers, who " the government.

Indeed, if there be any were quite at a loss what course to take, “ who ought peculiarly to separate that pride "s and who knew not, in fact, what measures from any feeling of persor al merit, it is the “ were applicable to the dangers of the present ministers, who have had so little

country."t--" Is not this enough to share in the national energy.

expose the mind of ministers ; to shew measure can they claim as their own; no " their disacquaintance with the means of

one measure have they improvedl or per- executing even their own purposes ? Infected ; very many they have weakened " deed, I am perfectly convinced of their

by their delays, and destroyed by their in- want of vigour ; every circumstance serves " congruities Whatever, ihen, the spirit " to shew it, and I have, therefore, the « and zeal of a free and brave people may " strongest conviction upon my mind, that “ have been, under the sense of danger, " they are incapable of acting upon any thing "ought fairly to be separated from the tar- 6 like system, of adopting or executing any “ diness, languor, and imbecility of mini- “ well-digested or energetic plan for the sters." --" They who, by a manifesto

defence of the country.

I do not, of " since published to the world, explained course, place any hope in their exertions, " that there were grounds, almost from im- “ and, therefore, concur in the propriety of " mediately after the conclusion of the “ the proposed committee, where every

peace, to complain of the conduct and to " question connected with our security inay suspect the intentions of Buonaparté, had be fully investigated.”I ---- The whole yet omitted to devise measures to counter- speech should be read; as also the speeches act his designs, and to put the country in of the same gentleman in the same volume, a state fitted for the description of hostili- pp. 205,311, and 593; and bis speeches in ty to bt apprehended. In this state the Vol. I. pp. 874, and 922, particularly the

country is noi, in fact, even now placed; passage pp. 923 and 924, where he repro" and this forms one of my reasons for con- bates the conduct of, and declares his total “ curring in the motion before the House, want of confidence in, the ministry, in terms " because, as they who thought the peace more strong, if possible, than those made use

not likely to continue,” [observe, he knew of in the passages above quoted. -- That all about this full as well as they did], this character and description of the theu not prepare for war, and who, since the

ministry was true the friends of the noble “ war has commenced, have not pursued Lord Viscount Sidmouth may possibly deny; " that course of vigorous exertion which the but, the truth has been acknowledged by the * situation of the empire called for, are not public voice, and has been stamped by the " those in whom I could confide for the decision of Parliament; at any rate, it is as establishment of our security.”I- Can

scarcely possible to believe, that it will be aoy man say, that there is to be found, in

denied by the partisans of Mr. Piit. It is any part of the structure of the volunteer not safe io speak quite positively upon this " system, as far as ministers are concerned, head, seeing that ihere have occurred se. “ that which can deserve the character of veral instances, in which these gentlemen ** discretion, or the approval of a stalesman? have treated our belief in the statements of " There was, in fact, no part of the conduct their hero as proofs of our ignorance of pere

pursued by ministers, with regard to the verseness. St:ll, however, “ under existing “ volunteers, which did not form sonne “circumstances,” it is liardly credible that

ground for complaint, which did not offer they will openly insist, that we ought to resome evidence of wavering and inconsisi- gard Mr. Pitt's solemn assertions as false,

" did

* Parliamentary Debates, Vol. II. p. 209. + Ibid. p. 210. Ibid. Vol. II. p. 211.

* Parliamentary Debates, Vol II. p. 215. † Ibid. p. 219. # Ibid, p. 219.

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called upon,

Proceeding upon this presumption, then, our imbecility" of the former cabinet mast be first business is to inquire, who were the regarded as contained in the present cabi.

incapable and imbecile" ministers, of whom net; and, therefore, Mr. Pilt must unsay Mr Pirt was speaking, and, on account of what he said upon Mr Fox's motion, he his total distrust in whom, he found himself must confess that be gave an untrue descrip

“ from a deep sense of duty 10 tion of seven of his present colleagues; or, « his Sovereign and his Country;" 10 sup

he must insist that he and the three others port a inotion for the House of Commons to who have come into the cabinet wiih him go into a coinntee to revise the measures possess all the preseni capacity and enesgy, necessary for our national defence; because, and the seven are mere NOSES;” or, he if we find them to be the very same persons, must assent to the propriety of going into who compose the present cabinet, it must the proposed com:viitee. Which of the appear difficult to discover the ground, upon three be will choose is uncertain ; but, if we which such a motion can now be opposed may judge from the language of his leading b. Mr. Pilt and bis partisans. The best way print, THE SUN, where the othice of Presiwill be to take a list of the names of each dent of The Council is termed " a sort of cabinet, distinguisbing them by the epithets balf relirement,an pffice of “ mere digo applied to each by Mr. Pilt himse!f.

nity, entirely separate from the originating

" or the decising upon great public measuris, « Incapable and imbecile Capable arisi (ficient Ministry."


particularly such as relate to war or peace;" Mr. Henry Addington Mr. Henry Addington now

if we may judge from this language, as well

Lord Vic. Sidmouth.) as from that which is heard in all the circles
Lord Eldon,

Lord Eldon,
Lord Hawkesbury,
Lord Hawkesbury,

of Mr. Pi t’s tiends, he will choose the seLord Hobart,

Lord Hobart (now Earl of cond ground of objection to the intended

Buckinghamshire), mction of Mr. Windham. If he should,
Earl of Chatham, Earl of Chath 1!!),

however, he will have to refer 10 something
Earl of Westmoreland, Eu of Westmoreland,
Lord Castlereagh,
Lord Castlercagh,

that he bas done, whence the parliament
Duke of Portlind,
Vr. Pitt,

ought to conclude, that he and his three colLord St. Vincent, Lord 1:lville,

leagues possess more capacity and energy Mr. Yorke, Lori Camiin,

than fall to the share of bis seven other colLord Muigruve.

leagues, and here his auditors will oaturally Thus, tben, it appears, that as to the num- turn to the effect of his measure for raising ber of us NOSES," the present cabinet pos

additional force and for providing a sesses a superiority of one tenib over the permanent supply for the regular arnıy." Jast; but, as the change from " incapability With respect to the last cnbinei, be called “ and imbecility'' to capability and cif- upon the parliament to judge of their future ciency" can scarcely be ascribed solely to mrasures by ibeir past measures; and, the this circumstance, we must seek elsewhere time now seems to be come, when his confor so powerful a cause. The partisans of duct is no longer to be exempted from the Mr. Pilt will, doubtless, perceive it in the rules whereby that of other men is to be inirodaction of that gentleman, together judged.---One of the ministerial writers, with those oiber stalesien, Lords Melville, , anticipating this embarrassment, has endeaCamden and Molgrave, into the cabinet. voured to pave the way for a pretext, where. But, still all the “ incapacity and imbecility": on the necessiry of the proposed committee remain, except that portion of them that is to be denied. " It can hardly be seriously were turned out with Lord St. Vincent and contended," says he, “ hai this country is Mr. Yoike; for, as to the Duke of Portland, now in any imminent danger." On this every one knows, that he meddled not with most impudent assertion a betier comment the measures relating to the military defence cannot be found than that which Mr. Pitt of the country. And, whatever errors might himself made upon the confidence in the have been justly imputed to Lord St. Vin- former cabinet, expressed by Sir William cent, there are very few persons, who will Curtis, " That blind and false confidence venture to say, that he was justly charge- “ which exposes the safety of our country ! able with " incapacity or imbecility." Want 66 That confidence which sacrifices our pube of capacity or of energy was never even " lic security for tlie sake of screening the thought to belong to his character. And, “ government from censure! Is this ihe io the general charges, of this sort, brought “ kind of security which the honourable Ba. against the former cabinet, Mr. Yorke was ronet boasts of as operating so powerfully never selected as a person more incapable or " on his mind, as to induce him to retire imbecile than any of his colleagues. Ar any " this evening, and lay down his head on rate, seveo tenihs of the “ incapacity and “his pillow with confidence? It is a dangerous


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“ and alarmiog confidence; a confidence « burdens" and " sacrifices.” And, is « which bepombs our senses, and lulls us to there, then, no necessity for inquiry? In “ sleep while the enemy is at our gates; a there less necessity for inquiring into the o confidence which cannot fail to excite the state of our military force than there was in v most lively emotions in the minds of men April last, because we have seen that the “ of serious reflexion, when contrasting ibe grand measure of the present minister has “ terrible activiiy of the enemy with the completely failed, and because he has now

alarming supineness of our government. formed a coalition with those persous whom " Some gentlemen, under the immediate in. he turned olit under ihe charge of incapa• Auence of such a confidence, may accuse city and imbecility ?" Or, has the necessity “ me of drawing a gloomy picture of pub- of inquiring inio military matters been done " lic affairs. I beg leave, however, to be away by the new war, in which he has in“ understood, that I by no means present volved us since the last motion for inquiry “ such a view of the times to depress our was made? Or by the prospect, which we “ national spirit. I mean no inelancholy are told there is, of continental alliances, and, " forbodings to check the career of prepara- of coure, of an English army being wanted " tion agairist our common enemy and that upon the Continent ? Indeed, it must be " of mankind. I only wish to remove the evident, that, if ever there was a time that “ veil of deception froin before our eyes, to called for the serious deliberation of parlia“ scout that false confidence under which meot upon the subject of our military means, “ ministers shelter themselves, a confidence, that tiine now is; and, when we recollect “ which, if passed over in silence, may en. The numerous instances, in which we have

danger the very existence of the nation, been told, that we ought not lo de'iberate, “ because it avou's and cherishes a trick upon because the occasion pressing, the objecitself." * How just was this! And how tion to deliberation now urged by the mijust will it be when applied to our present nisterial writers, cannot be ascribed to any situation, and to the language of those foul- other motive than that of the anxious wish, ish or designing men, who are now prepa- on the part of their einployers, to be screenring to resist inquiry upon the ground of ed from the effects of parliamentary investiconfidence in the ministers ! But, it is cu, gation.---This topic ought not to be dis, rious to observe, that, these very writers, who inissed without a remark or two upon the are, when inquiry is proposed, preparing to allempt, which these writers are making, 10 assert, that the dangers of the country are give to the proposed motion of Mr. Wind1:0W over, never let pass a single day, with- haw a paty complexion; to represent that out imploring us to join heart and hand “in. gentleman as having caught at a lucky co“ this awful crisis of our sale." By joining incidence of circunstances, in order to em. heart and hand, they mean joining in sap- barrass, and expose ihe inconsistency and port of the ministry, let thein do what they imbecility of the minister. Such notive, will; and, it was only a day or two before supposing Mr. Windham to be convinced parliament met, that the persou who writes that the prolongation of the minister's in the Morning Post newspaper, had a long power will stnd to the ruin of the country exhortation 10 " forbear froin all opposition (a supposition by no

(a supposition by no means improbable) " till be awful langers of the country were would merit applause rather than censure ;

over," and that 100 at the very time thal but, is it possible for any one, who has been he was asserting, that the catamarans and an observer of Mr. Windhani's conduct, and, Mr. Pitt's military measures, had “ set the particularly, any one who has paid attention " question of invasion at rest for ever!" to his unremitted efforts, to his continual laWhat, however, do we learn from higher an- bours, to his constant earnestness and anxiety, thority? The mover of ih address in the upon the subject of our military force; is it House of Commons begins by expressiug his possible for such a person to believe, that hope, that nothing will " disturb the una- the proposed motion proceeds from a party. " nimity which ought to prevail at so momen- motive, especially when that motive can ex" lous a crisis ;” and the seconder of that tend no further ihan the low desire of iriaddress ends with calling it ".a crisis so mo. umphing over him, who has now sought pro

milentous.The Speech itself calls on us tection under the shield of those, whom, but for continued exertions, for “ additional bur. a few months ago, he branded with the "dens," and “great efforts and sacrifices;" marks of " incapacity and imbecility,"" Can and, we koow too, that this call will not be any one, who witnessed the conduct of Ms. in vain, as far, at least, as relates to the Windham during the iwo vears following

the preliminaries of prace, who saw him yo* Parliamentary Debates, Vol. I. p. 923. ting in a minority of twenty, frequently sa.

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