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of the latter written declaration, or, if Congress is not in session, within twenty-one days after Congress is required to assemble, determines by two-thirds vote of both Houses that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall continue to discharge the same as Acting President; otherwise, the President shall resume the powers and duties of his office.

The 25th amendment to the Constitution was proposed by the Congress on July 6, 1965. It was declared, in a certificate of the Administrator of General Services, dated February 23, 1967, to have been ratified by the legislatures of 39 of the 50 States. The dates of ratification were: Nebraska, July 12, 1965; Wisconsin, July 13, 1965; Oklahoma, July 16, 1965; Massachusetts, August 9, 1965; Pennsylvania, August 18, 1965; Kentucky, September 15, 1965; Arizona, September 22, 1965; Michigan, October 5, 1965; Indiana, October 20, 1965; California, October 21, 1965; Arkansas, November 4, 1965; New Jersey, November 29, 1965; Delaware, December 7, 1965; Utah, January 17, 1966; West Virginia, January 20, 1966; Maine, January 24, 1966; Rhode Island, January 28, 1966; Colorado, February 3, 1966; New Mexico, February 3, 1966; Kansas, February 8, 1966; Vermont, February 10, 1966; Alaska, February 18, 1966; Idaho, March 2, 1966; Hawaii, March 3, 1966; Virginia, March 8, 1966; Mississippi, March 10, 1966; New York, March 14, 1966; Maryland, March 23, 1966; Missouri, March 30, 1966; New Hampshire, June 13, 1966; Louisiana, July 5, 1966; Tennessee, January 12, 1967; Wyoming, January 25, 1967; Washington, January 26, 1967; Iowa, January 26, 1967; Oregon, February 2, 1967; Minnesota, February 10, 1967; Nevada, February 10, 1967.

Ratification was completed on February 10, 1967. The amendment was subsequently ratified by Connecticut, February 14, 1967; Montana, February 15, 1967; South Dakota, March 6, 1967; Ohio, March 7, 1967; Alabama, March 14, 1967; North Carolina, March 22, 1967; Illinois, March 22, 1967; Texas, April 25, 1967; Florida, May 25, 1967.

ARTICLE (XXVI) SECTION 1. The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.

SEC. 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

The 26th amendment to the Constitution was proposed by the Congress on March 23, 1971. It was declared, in a certificate of the Administrator of General Services, dated July 5, 1971, to have been ratified by the legislatures of 39 of the 50 States. The dates of ratification were: Connecticut, March 23, 1971; Delaware, March 23, 1971; Minnesota, March 23, 1971; Tennessee, March 23, 1971; Washington, March, 23 1971; Hawaii, March 24, 1971; Massachusetts, March 24, 1971; Montana, March 29, 1971; Arkansas, March 30, 1971; Idaho, March 30, 1971; Iowa, March 30, 1971; Nebraska, April 2, 1971; New Jersey, April 3, 1971; Kansas, April 7, 1971; Michigan, April 7, 1971; Alaska, April 8, 1971; Maryland, April 8, 1971; Indiana, April 8, 1971; Maine, April 9, 1971; Vermont, April 16, 1971; Louisiana, April 17, 1971; California, April 19, 1971; Colorado, April 27, 1971; Pennsylvania, April 27, 1971; Texas, April 27, 1971; South Carolina, April 28, 1971; West Virginia, April 28, 1971; New Hampshire, May 13, 1971; Arizona, May 14, 1971; Rhode Island, May 27, 1971; New York, June 2, 1971; Oregon, June 4, 1971; Missouri, June 14, 1971; Wisconsin, June 22, 1971; Illinios, June 29, 1971; Alabama, June 30, 1971; Ohio, June 30, 1971; North Carolina, July 1, 1971; Oklahoma, July 1, 1971.

Ratification was completed on July 1, 1971.

The amendment was subsequently ratified by Virginia, July 8, 1971; Wyoming, July 8, 1971; Georgia, October 4, 1971.

[EDITORIAL NOTE: There is some conflict as to the exact dates of ratification of the amendments by the several States. In some cases, the resolutions of ratification were signed by the officers of the legislatures on dates subsequent to that or which the second house had acted. In other cases, the Governors of several of the States "approved” the resolutions (on a subsequent date), although action by the Governor is not contemplated by article V, which requires ratification by the legislatures (or conventions) only. In a number of cases, the journals of the State legislatures are not available. The dates set out in this document are based upon the best information available.]

INDEX TO CASES

Page
490
476

239
343
351
502
203
175
173
230
353
312
269

322
327
149
169
422
410

Allen v. Department of Defense.....
Allen v. Federal Bureau of Investigation
American Family Life Assurance of Columbus v. American

Broadcasting Companies, Inc........
American Federation of Government Employees v. Pierce
American Foreign Service Association v. McPherson
Arieff v. Department of the Navy .......
Benford v. American Broadcasting Companies, Inc
Bodenmiller v. Stanchfield (Federal)....
Bodenmiller v. Stanchfield (state)
Brown v. American Broadcasting Companies, Inc ...........
Carmen v. Idaho
Chadha v. Immigration and Naturalization Service ......
Common Cause v. Bolger (formerly Bailar, formerly Klassen).
Consumer Energy Council of America v. Federal Energy Regu-

latory Commission .....
Consumers Union v. Federal Trade Commission
Crockett v. Reagan.
Food Service Dynamics v. Holtzman
Fremont Energy Corporation v. Seattle Post-Intelligencer..
Gaylor v. Reagan
Holy Spirit Association for the Unification of World Chris-

tianity v. Central Intelligence Agency......
Holy Spirit Association for the Unification of World Chris-

tianity v. Fraser...
Idaho v. Freeman (formerly Goulding).
In Re: IBP Confidential Business Documents Litigation
Jenrette v. Abdul Enterprises, Ltd....
Jones v. Guthrie
Laxalt v. Kimmitt
League of Women Voters of California v. Federal Communi-

cations Commission.
Lewis v. Sawyer....
McSurely v. McClellan (formerly McAdams)
Moore v. United States House of Representatives.
Municipal Electric Utilities Association of New York v.

Reagan.
Murray u. Buchanan (formerly Morton)..
National Organization for Women v. Idaho
Paul v. United States ....
Peter Kiewit Sons' Co. v. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Process Gas Consumers Group v. Consumer Energy Council of

America .....

462

165
353
413
121
240
294

391
331
181
382

536
249
353
382
524

322

Page 537 434 460 126

Smith v. McDonald ......
Tavoulareas v. Washington Post ......
United States v. Accardo.
United States v. Eilberg..
United States v. The House of Representatives of the United

States....
United States v. Jenrette (criminal)

nal)....
United States v. Jenrette (civil).
United States v. Kelly.
United States v. Lederer (criminal)
United States v. Lederer (civil)...
United States v. Murphy (criminal). .....
United States v. Murphy (civil)
United States v. Myers (criminal)
United States v. Myers (civil).
United States v. Richmond .....
United States v. Roth....
United States v. Thompson (criminal)
United States v. Thompson (civil)
United States v. Williams
Vander Jagt v. O'Neill...
Walker v. Jones

....... Webster v. Sun Company, Inc

509

23 148 63 91 144

75 147

39 146 123 449

75 147 107 297 244 545

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