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The repeated demands which the Author has received for the present work, are an evidence of the utility of such assistance, and of the increasing popularity of the volumes which it is intended to illustrate.
To Private Students, the following remarks will be useful;
1. In the first place, this volume must never be consulted, till the Rules and Observations on the corresponding portion in the Grammar have been diligently studied, and the Exercises on the same written out, with all the care and discrimination of which the Student is capable.—Writing the Exercises will be found decidedly preferable to mere verbal correction; for, by this means, the accuracy of the Student can be tested with greater ease and certainty.
2. On comparing bis own production with the Key, should several errors have been committed, it is recommended that the whole be re-written, and a second comparison instituted between the two. This process should be repeated till accuracy is secured.
3. In noticing the errors which have been committed, it is not enough simply to rectify them by means of the Key, but a careful reference to the Grammar should be had to ascertain the reason for such and such construction.
4. The last stage should be to correct the whole viva voce. This must, on no account, interfere with the previous stages.
5. When a portion has been thus corrected, a recapitulation of the whole will be found very useful, in impressing the different facts on the mind, and enabling it to enter upon the subsequent pages with increased energy.
Exercises, pages 2, 3.-Grammar, p. 1–7. Questions.-What is English Grammar? What is meant by established principles ? - by best usages ?—by a systematic form ?—by speaking and writing with propriety ?-Into how many parts is Grammar divided ? Mention them. Explain Orthography-Etymology-Syntax-Punctuation-Prosody. What part treats of the agreement of words ?-of letters 2-of classification ? of the division of a discourse into sentences and members ?-of the proper pronunciation of words ?
What is Orthography? What are letters ? Are the letters themselves sounds ? How many letters are there in English? How are they arranged ? How many kinds of letters are there? Explain each. How are letters divided? What is a vowel ?-consonant? Have consonants any sound of themselves ? Mention the vowels—the consonants. When are w and y consonants ?-when vowels ? Mention which are vowels or consonants in these words—Modesty in young persons is becoming. The morning is the best time for study. We should always speak the truth.
What is a diphthong?–a triphthong? Point out the diphthongs and triphthongs in the following words ;-beauty, guardian, know, each, cause, review, would, wondrous, virtue, coarse, decoy, avoirdupois.
When is c pronounced like k?- like s? When is g hard ?--when soft ? How is c pronounced before a, e,o, i, u, l, r, y, t?—at the end of a syllable ? How is g pronounced before a, o, e, u, i, l, y, r?-how in get, gewgaw, craggy?
What is a syllable? What must every syllable contain?
What are words? What is meant by speaking the same language? Give an example. What is a word of one syllable termed ?-of two ?—of three ? -of four or more? What is a monosyllable?—a dissyllable ?–a trisyllable ?