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- and episcopacy, the Presbyterians alone begun, continued, and would have ended, if they had not been bearied by that new party, with whom they could not agree about dividing the spoil. Swift. BE'A R D ED. adj. [from beard.] 1. Having a beard. Think every bearded fellow, that's but yok'd, May draw with you. Sbaïpeare. Old prophecies foretel our fall at hand, When bearded men in floating castlesland. Dryd. -2. Having sharp prickles, as corn. - As when a field Of Ceres, ripe for harvest, waving bends Her bearded grove of ears, which way the wind Sways them. JMilton. The fierce virago Flew o'er the field, nor hurt the bearded grain. ryden. 3. Barbed or jagged. Thou should'st have pull'd the secret from my breast, Torn out the bearded steel to give merest. Dryd. BE'A R D less. adj. [from beard.] 1. Without a beard. There are some coins of Cunobelin, king of Fssex and Middlesex, with a beardless image, inscribed Cunobelin. Camden. 2. Youthful. And, as young striplings whip the top for sport On the smooth pavement of an empty court, The wooden engine flies and whirls about, Admir'd with clamours of the beardless rout. Dryden. Be'A RER. n.s.. [from To bear.] 1. A carrier of any thing, who conveys any thing from one place or person to another. He should the bearers put to sudden death, Not shriving time ...]. Shakspeare. Forgive the learer of unhappy news; Your alter'd father openly pursues Your ruin. Dryden. No gentleman sends a servant with a message, without endeavouring to put it into terms brought down to the capacity of the bearer. Swift. 2. One employed in carrying burdens. And he set threescore and ten thousand of them to be learers of burdens. 2 Chronicles. 3. One who wears any thing. O majesty! When thou dost pinch thy bearer, thou dost sit Like a rich armour worn in heat of day, That scalds with safety. Shakspeare. 4. One who carries the body to the grave. 5. A tree that yields its produce. This way of procuring autumnal roses, in some that are good bearers, will succeed. Boyle. Reprune apricots, saving the young shoots; for the raw bearers commonly perish. Evelyn. 6. [In architecture.] A post or brick wall raised up between the ends of a piece of timber, to shorten its bearing; or to
prevent its bearing with the whole
weight at the ends only. ... [In heraldry.] A supporter. E’AR H E R D. m. s. [from bear and herd, as shepherd from sheep.] A man that tends bears. He that is more than a youth, is not for me; and he that is less than a man, I am not for him; therefore I will even take sixpence in earnest of the bearherd, and lead his apes into
1. The site or place of anything with te: spect to something else. " But of this frame, the bearing and the ties, The strong connections, nice dépendencies, Gradations just, has thy pervading soul Look'd through f or can a part contain the whole Pope, 2. Gesture ; mien ; behaviour. That is Claudio; I know him by his bearing. Shahpart. 3. [In architecture.] Bearing of a piece of timber, with carpenters, is the space either between the two fixt extremes thereof, or between one extreme and a post or wall, trimmed up between the ends, to shorten its bearing. . . - Builder's Dict, BE’AR war D. m. s. [from bear and ward.] A keeper of bears. We'll bait thy bears to death, And manacle the bearward in their chains.Shah The bear is led after one manner, the multitude after another; the bearward leads but que brute, and the mountebank leads a thousand. L’Estrange. BEAST, n. 4. [heste, Fr. bestia, Lat.] . 1. An animal, distinguished from birds, insects, fishes, and man. The man that once did sell the lion's skin. While the beast liv'd, was kill'd with hunting him. Shakpeare. Beasts of chase are the buck, the doe, the foo the martern, and the roe. Beasts of the fores: are the hart, the hind, the hare, the boar, and the wolf. Beasts of warren are the hare ano coney- Cowell. 2. An irrational animal, opposed to man; as, man and beast. I dare do all that may become a man; Who dares do more, is none.— —What beast was 't then That made you break this enterprize to me f Marketi,
2. Having the nature or form of heaso.
take Their liberties; make them of no more voice Than dogs, that are often beat for barking. Shakspeare. Mistress Ford, good heart, is heaten black and blue, that you cannot see a white spot about cr. - Shakspeare. There is but one fault for which children should be beaten; and that is obstimacy or rebellion. Locke. 3. To strike an instrument of musick. Bid them come forth and hear; Or at their chamber door I'll beat the drum, Till it cry, sleep to death. Slakspeare. 4. To break; to bruise; to spread; to comminute by blows. - - The people gathered manna, and ground it in mills, or beat it in a mortar, and baked it.
Numbers. They did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work it. Exodus.
They save the laborious work of oating of hemp, by making the axeltree of the mon wheel of their corn mills longer than: ordinary, and placing of pins in them, to raise logo hammers like those used for paper and fulling mills, with which they beat most of their hero. .. - ortioner. Nestor furnished the gold, and he beat it into leaves, so that he had occasion to use his anvil and hammer. - Broove. . To strike bushes or ground, or make a motion to rouse game. “. . . it is strange how long some men will lie in wait to speak, and how many other mattersthey will beat over to come near it. ... Bacon. when from the cave thou risest with the day To beat the woods, and rouse the boundinsp;
Together let us beat this ample field, Try what the open, what the covert, yield. Pope. 6. To thrash; to drive the corn out of the husk. she gleaned in the field, and heat out that she had gleaned. - Ruth. 1. to mix things by long and frequent agitation. - y long beating the white of an egg with a , hump of alum, you may bring it into white curds. - Boyle. 8. To batter with engines of war. And to eat down the tower of Penue), and slew the men of the city. judges. 9. To dash as water, or brush as wind. Beyond this flood a frozen continent Lie, dark and wild; seat with perpetual sons Of whirlwind and diré hail. . . Milton. with tempests beat, and to the winds a coin. Roscommon. while winds and storms his lofty forehead tect The common fits of all that's high or grea: APraha”. WOL. I.
As when a lion in the midnight hours, , Beat by rude blasts, and wet with wint'ry show’rs, Descends terrifick from the mountain's brow. . - Popo. Io. To tread a path. While I this unexampled task assay, * Pass awful gulfs, and beat my oway, Celestialdove! divine assistance bring. Blackmore. 11. To make a path by marking it with tracks. He that will know the truth of things, must leave the common and heaten track. Locke12. To conquer; to subdue ; to vanquish. If Hercules and Lichas play at dice, Which is the better man? The greater throw May turn by fortune from the weaker hand: So is Alcides locaten by his page. Shakspeare. You souls of geese, That bear the shapes of men, how have you run From slaves that apes would beat / Shatspeare. - Five times, Marcius, I have fought with thee; so often hast thou beat ine. . Shakspeare. I have discern'd the foe securely lie, Too proud to fear a letten enemy. ... Dryden. The common people of Lucca are firmly persuaded, that one Lucquese can beat five Florentines. Addison. . . Pyrrhus, king of Epirus, joining his ships to those of the Syracusans, beat the Carthaginians
at Sea. Arbuthnot. ,
13. To harass; to overlabour. It is no point of wisdom for a man to heat his brains, and spend his spirits, about things impossible. Hak-will, nd as in prisons mean rogues beat Heo, for the service of the great; So Whacum beat his dirty brains To advance his master's fame and gains. Hudio, Why any one should waste his time, and beat his head, about the Latin grammar, who does not intend to be a critick. ock-, 14. To lay, or press, as standing corn by hard weather. Her own shall bless her; Her foes shake like a field of beaten corn And hang their heads with sorrow. Shas peares 15. To depress; to crush by repeated opposition: usually with the particle down. Albeit a pardon was proclaimed, touching i. speech tending to treason, yet could not the boldness be beaten down either with that severity, or with this lenity be abated. Hayward. ur warriours propagating the French language, at the same time they are beating down their power. Addison. Such an unlook'd-for storm of ills falls on me, It beats down all my strength. Addison. 16. To drive o violence: with a particle. Twice have I sally'd, and was twice beat back. Dryden. He that proceeds upon other principles in his inquiry, does at least post himself in a party, which he will not quit till he be beaten car. acle. He cannot beat it out of his head, but that it was a cardinal who picked his pocket. Addisor. The younger part of mankind might be beat off trom the belief of the most important points even of natural religion, by the impudent jests of a profane wit. Js/uits. 17. To move with fluttering agitation. Thrice have I beat the wing, and rid with night About the world. Dryden.
Surveys rich moveablet with curious eye. Peit down the price, and threatens still to buy. 1}rydon. She rorsuaded him to trust the renegado with , the money he had brought over for their ransom; -- as not questioning but he would beat down the terms of it. Addi, on. #9. To beat down. To sink or lessen the value. Usury Feat, dozen the price of land: for the rmployment of money is chiefly either merchandizing or purchasing; and usury waylays both. Bacon. zo. To beat up. To attack suddenly; to alarm. They lay in that quiet posture, without mak?ng the least impression upon the enemy by .." up his quarters, which might easily have been done. Clarendon. Will fancies he should never have been the man he is, had not he knocked down constables, and beat up a lewd wonan's quarters, when he was a young fellow. Addison. 41. To beat the hoof. To walk; to go on foot. T, BEAT. T., n. 1. To move in a pulsatory manner. I would gladly understand the formation of a soul, and see it beat the first conscious pulse. Collier. a. To dash as a flood or storm. Public envy seemeth to beat chiefly upon ministers. Racon. Your brow, which does nofear of thunder know, Sces rowling tempests vainly beat below. D. -don. Qne sees many hollow spaces worn in the bottoms of the rocks, as they are thore or less able to resist the impressious of the water that heats against them. Addison. 3. To knock at a door. The men of the city beset the house round about, and beat at the door, and spake to the master of the house. judges. 4. To move with frequent repetitions of the same act or stroke. No pulse shall keep His nat'ral progress, but surcease to heat. Skałop. . . My temp'rate pulse does regularly beat; . Feel, and be satisfy'd. ryden. A man's heart beats and the blood circulates, which it is not in his power, by any thought or volition, to stop. J.orée. 5. To throb ; to be in agitation, as a sore swelling. A turn or two I'll walk, To still my beating mind. Shakspeare. 6. To fiuctuate; to be in agitation. The tempest in my mind - Doth from my senses take all feeling else, save what beats there. Shakspeare. }. To try different ways; to search : with about. , I am always katin: chout in my thoughts for something that may turn to the benefit of my dear countrymen. - Ziddison. To find an honest man I beat about, And love him, court him, praise him, in or out. - - - - - Pope. 2. To act upon with violence. The sun beat upon the head of Jonah, that he fainted, and wished in himself to die. footah. 9. To speak frequently; to repeat ; to enforce by repetition: with topon. We are drawn on into a larger speech, by reason of their so great earnestness, who beat more and more open these last alleged words. Hooker.
How frequently and fervently doth the scrip: ture beat upon this cause! Hakovils, 10. To beat up; as, to beat up for soldiers. The word up seems redundant, but enforces the sense; the technical term be. ing, to raise soldiers. BEAT. part. passive. [from the verb.] Like a rich vessel hear by storms to shore, 'T were madness should I venture out once more. Dryuso. B.E.A.T. n. 4. [from the verb.] 1. Stroke. 2. Manner of striking. Albeit the base and tieble strings of a violio tuned to an unison, yet the former wilso make a bigger sound than the latter, as makin; a broader beat upon the air. Grow. He, with a careless beat, , Struck out the mute creation at a heat. Dryer. 3. Manner of being struck; as, the beat of the pulse, or a drum. BEA’s EN. part. ad;...[from To beat.] What makes you, sir, so late abroad Without a guidé, and this no beaten road? - Drydo. BE’At E. R. n.s.. [from beat." - 1. An instrument with which any thing” comminuted or mingled. Beat all your mortar with a beater, three * four times over, before you use it; for thereby you incorporate the ...i and limewelltogether Moxar,
2. A person much given to blows. The boot or of our time was the greatest beater. Asch.in's Schoolinator. B. a ri'Fica L. adj. [beatificus, low Lat. BEAT 1'rick. § from beatis, happy.)That has the power of making happy, or com: pieting fruition; blissful. It is used only of heavenly fruition after death. Admiring the riches of heaven's pavement; Than aught divine or holy else, enjoy'd In vision beatifick. Milo. It is also their felicity to have no faith; o; enjoying the lots...al vision in the fruities." the object of fits, they have received the so evacuation of it. Brezen’s Polgar Erro; We may contemplate upon the greatness and strangeness of the 5-aft vision; i. a creat eye should be so fortified, as to bear all tho’ glories that stream from the fountain of * created light. * Seals. BEAT 1/f ic ALLY. adv. [from beatifical.] In such a manner as to complete happino: Beatifically to behold the fice of God, into fulness of wisdom, righteousness, and peaco o blessedness no way incident unto the creat" beneath man. Halewill. BEAT 1 fica’rio N. m. s. [from tratio A term in the Romish church, disti" guished from canonization. Beatifia" tion is an acknowledgment made by the pope, that the person beatified is inho. yen, and therefore may be reverenced 35 blessed; but is not a concession of the honours due to saints, which are conico red by canonization.
To BEATIFY. v. a. [beatifico, Lat.] 1. To make happy; to bless with the completion of celestial enjoyment.
The use of spiritual conference is unimo" able and unspeakable, especially if free **
‘estrained, bearing an image of that convériation which is among angels and beatified saints. Hammond. We shall know him to be the fullest good, the nearest to us, and the most certain; and consequently,the most beatifying of all others. Brown. I wish I had the wings of an angel, to have ascended into Paradise, and to have beheld the forms of those baatified spirits, from which I might have copied my archangel. Dryden. 2. To settle the character of any person, by a public acknowledgment that he is received in heaven, though he is not invested with the dignity of a saint. Over against this church stands an hospital erected by a shoe-maker, who has been !;ofted though never sainted. Addown. Bé'AT is G. n.s.. [from beat..] Correction; punishment by blows. Playwright, convict of publick wrongs to men, Takes private beatings, and begins again. Ben jonson. BeA'titude. n.s.. [beatitudo, Lat.] 1. Blessedness; felicity ; happiness: commonly used of the joys of heaven. The end of that government, and of all men's airns, is agreed to be beatitude, that is, his being completely well. ; . This is the image and little representation of aven: it is beatitude in picture. Taylor. He set out the felicity of his heaven, by the delights of sense; slightly passing over the accomplishment of the soul, and the beatitude of that part which earth and visibilities too weakly ect, Brown's Pulgar Errouri. 1. A declaration of blessedness made by our Saviour to particular virtues.
Beau. n. . [beau, Fr. It is sounded like bo, and has often the French plural beaux, sounded as bces.] A man of dress; a man whose great care is to deck his person.
What will not beaux attempt to please the fair?
The water nymphs are too unkind
ten, and the envy of alnety-nine beaux in a huned. wift. Beaver. n. 4. [hievre, French; sore.] 1. An animal, otherwise named the castor, amphibious, and remarkable for his art in building his habitation; of which many wonderful accounts are delivered by travellers. His skin is very valuable on account of the fur. The beaver being hunted, biteth off his stones, ing that for them only his life is sought. Hate-will. They placed this invention upon the beaver, for the sagacity and wisdom of that animal; inweed from his artifice in building. Brown. A. A hat of the best kind, so called from being made of the fur of beaver. You see a smart rhetorician turning his hat, imoulding it into different cocks, examining the lining and the button during his harangie : a leaf man would think he was cheapening a Beaver, when he is talking of the fate of a lation. Addison. The broker here his spacious beaver wears, Upon his brow sitjealousies and cares. Gay.
3. The part of a helmet that covers the face. [baviere, Fr.] His dreadful hideous head, Close couched on the beaver, seem'd to throw From flaming mouth bright sparkles fiery red. * Aenser. Big M. seems bankrupt in their beggar'd lost, And faintly through a rusty beaver peeps, Shak. He was slain upon a course at tilt, the splinters of the staff going in at his beaver. Bacona BE'Av E R F D. adj. [from beaver.] Covered with a beaver; wearing a beaver. His leaver'd brow a birchen garland bears, Lropping with infants blood and mothers tears. Pope. BEAU's H. adj. [from beau.] Befitting a beau; foppish. BEAU’r Eous, adj. [from beauty..] Fair ; elegarit in form ; pleasing to the sight; beautiful. This word is chiefly poetical. I can, Petruchio, help thee to a wife, With wealth enough, and young, and beauteour. w Shakpeare, Alas! not hoping to subdue, I only to the flight aspir’d; To keep the i....", foe in view, Was all the glory I desir'd. Prior, BEAU’s E ous LY. adv. [from beauteous.] In a beauteous manner ; in a manner pleasing to the sight ; beautifully Look upon pleasures not upon that side that is next the sun, or where they look beauteously; that is, as they come towards you to be enjoyed. - Taylor. BEAU’T Eous N Ess. n.s.. [from beauteous.] The state or quality of being beauteous; beatity. From less virtue and less beau!eousness, The gentiles fram'd them gods and goddesses. 100nne, BEAU’t I Fu L. adj. [from beauty and ful/.] Fair; having the qualities that constitute beauty. - He stole away and took by strong hand all the beautiful women in his time. Raleigh. The most important part of painting, is to know what is most beautiful in nature, and most proper for that art; that which is the most beautiful, is the most noble subject: so, in poetry, tragedy is more beautiful than comedy, because the persons are i." whom the poet instructs, and consequently the instructions of more benefit to mankind. .0ryden. Beautiful looks are rul’d by fickle minds, And summer seas are turn'd by sudden winds. - Arior, BEAU’TIFULLY. adv. [from beautiful.] In a beautiful manner. No longer shall the boddice, aptly lac'd, From thy full bosom to thy slender waist, That air and harmony of shape express, Fine by degrees, and &rautiño, less. Prior. Be Au’. Fu 1. Ness. n. . [from beautiful.] The quality of being beautiful; beauty; excellence of form. To Be A u’i IF Y. v. a. [from beauty..] To adorn ; to embellish; to deck; to grace; to add beauty to. Never was sorrow more sweetly set forth; their faces seeming rather to beautify their sorrow, than their sorrow to cloud the beauty o
their faces, Hayward.
sufficeth not that we are brought to Rome, To heavtify thy triumphs, and return Captive to thee and to thy Roman yoke? Shako. These were not created to beautify the earth alone, but for the use of man and beast. Raleigh. How all conspire to grace Th’ extended earth, and beautify her face. Blackmore. There is charity and justice; and the one serves to heighten and beautify the other. Atterbury. To BEAU’rify. v. n. To grow beautiful; to advance in beauty. It must be a prospect pleasing to God himself, to see his creation for ever beautifying in his eyes, and drawing nearer to him by greater degrees of resemblance. Addison. BEAUTY. n.s.. [beauté, Fr.] I. That assemblage of graces, or proportion of parts, which pleases the eye. Beauty consists of a certain composition of colour and figure, causing delight in the beholder. - Lotke. Your beauty was the cause of that effect, Your beauty, that did haunt me in my sleepIf I thought that, I tell thee, homicide, These nails should rend that beauty from my cheeks. Shakspeare. Fatty is best in a body that hath rather dignity of presence than beauty of aspect. The beautiful prove accomplished, but not of great spirit, o for the most part rather behaviour than virtue. Bacon. The best part of beauty is that which a picture ~ cannot express. Bacon. Of the beauty of the eye I shall say little, leaving that to poets and orators: that it is a very ion, and lovely object to behold, if we consider the figure, colour, splendour of it, is the least I can say. Ray. He view'd their twining branches with delight, And prais'd the beauty of the pleasing sight: Pope. Olona
2. A particular grace, feature, or ment. The ancient pieces are beautiful, because the resemble the beautics of nature; and nature will ever be beautiful, which resembles those beauties of antiquity. Dryden. Wherever you place a patch, you destroy a beauty. Addison. . Any thing more eminently excellent than the rest of that with which it is united. This gave me an occasion of looking backward en some beauties of my author in his former ks. * Dryden. With incredible pains have I endeavoured to copy the several beauties of the ancient and modern historians. Arbuthnot. 4. A beautiful person. Remember that Pellean conquerour. A youth, how all the beauties of the east He slightly view'd, and slightly overpass'd. Milt. What can thy ends, malicious beauty, be? Can he, who kill'd thy brother, live for thee? Dryden. To BEAU'TY. v. a...[from the noun.] To adorn; to beautify; to embellish. Not in use. The harlot's cheek, beautied with plast’ring
art Is not more ugly to the thing that helps it, Than is my deed to your most painted word. Shakspeare. BEAU'TY-SPOT. n. J. [from. beauty and spot.) A spot placed to direct the cye
to something else, or to heighten some beauty; a foil; a patch. The filthiness of swinemakes them the beautyspot of the animal creation. Grew. BEC Afisco. m. s. [becaffgo, Span. A bird like a nightingale, feeding on figs and grapes; a figpecker. Pineda. The robin-redbreast, till of late, had rest, And children sacred held a martin's nest; Till becaficos sold so dev'lish dear, To one that was, or would have been, a peer. Joe. To Beca'LM. v. a. [from calm.] of I. To still the elements. . The moon shone clear on the becalmed flood.
Dryder. 2. To keep a ship from motion. . A man becalmed at sea, out of sight of land, in a fair day, may look on the sun, or sea, or ship, a whole hour, and perceive no motion. Le.i. 3. To quiet the mind. Soft whisp'ring airs, and the lark's matin song, Then woo to musing, and becalm the mind Perplex'd with irksome thoughts. Philipt. Banish his sorrows, and becalm his soul With easy dreams. Addisor. Perhaps prosperity becalm'd his breast. Perhaps the windjust shifted from the east. Pope. 4. To becalm and to calm differ in this, that to calm is to stop motion, and to becairn is to withhold from motion. BECA’ME. The preterit of become. BECA’use, conjunct. [from by and cause.] I. For this reason that ; on this account that ; for this cause that. It makes the first part of an illative proposition, either expressly or by implication, and is answered by therefore ; as, I fied be. cause I was afraid; which is the same }. because I was afraid, therefore I tol. How great soever the sins of any person are, Christ 3. for him, because he died for all; and he died for those sins, because he died for all sins; only he must reform. Harmoross. Men do not so generally agree in the sense of these as of the other, because the interests, and lusts, and passions, of men are more concerned in the one than the other. Tillotser. 2. It has, in some sort, the force of a preposition ; but, because it is compounded of a noun, has of after it. Infancy demands, aliment, such as lengthens fibres without breaking, because of the state of accretion. Arłotbnet. To Bec HA'Nce. v.n.[from be and chance.] To befal; to happen to : a word proper, but now in little use. My sons, God knows what has betlanted them. - Shakup, art. All happiness bechance to thee at Milan. Siak. BE'chicks. n.s. [&#xx", of £ić, a cough.) Medicines proper for relieving coughs. Dict. To BECK. v. n. [beacn, Sax. bec, Fr. head..] To make a sign with the head. To Beg K. v. a. To call or guide, as by a motion of the head. Bell, book, and candle, shall not drive meback. When gold and silver become to come on. Skai. Qh this false soul of Egypt, this gay chorm, Whose eye beck'd forth my wars and call'd then home! Shaks. Anthony and Cocoars. Beck, n. 4. [from the verb.]