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1678. Michael Ward, D. D., Bishop of Ossory, and afterwards of

Derry. 1681-2. Anthony Dopping, D.D., Bishop of Meath. 1697. Edward Smith, D. D., Dean of St. Patrick's, Dublin. 1698. Richard Tenison, D. D., Bishop of Meath. 1702. St. George Ashe, D. D., Bishop of Clogher, and afterwards

of Derry. 1713. John Vesey, Archbishop of Tuam. 1714. Thomas Smyth, D.D., Bishop of Limerick. 1721. John Stearne, D. D., Bishop of Clogher. 1713. John Hoadly, D. D., Lord Primate of all Ireland. 1716–7. Arthur Price, D. D., Archbishop of Cashel. 1752. George Stone, D. D., Lord Primate of all Ireland. 1765. Richard Robinson, D. D., Lord Primate of all Ireland. 1791. John, Baron Fitzgibbon, Lord High Chancellor of Ireland. 1802. Arthur, Viscount Kilwarden, Lord Chief Justice of the

King's Bench. 1804. John, Baron Rodesdale, Lord High Chancellor of Ireland. 1806. Right Hon. William Downes, LL. D., Lord Chief Justice of

the King's Bench. 1816. Thomas, Lord Manners, Lord High Chancellor of Ireland. 1829. Lord John George Beresford, D.D., Lord Primate of all

Ireland. 1852. Right Hox. Francis BLACKBURNE, LL.D., LORD HIGH

CHANCELLOR OF IRELAND.

The whole government of the University is committed to the Provost and Senior Fellows of Trinity College; the place of an absent Senior Fellow being supplied by the Junior Fellow next in order of seniority'.

The Provost and Senior Fellows (or the Provost and a majority of the Senior Fellows, viz., four), thus assembled, determine all elections of Fellows, Scholars, and College Oficers, and grant graces for all University Degrees.

Degrees are publicly conferred by the Chancellor or ViceChancellor in the Senate or Congregation of the University. All Masters of Arts and Doctors having their names upon the College Books, and resident in the College, are members of the University Senate or House of Congregation“.

The CAPUT SENATUS ACADEMICI is a council consisting of the Chancellor or Vice-Chancellor, the Provost (or, in his absence, the Vice-Provost), and the Senior Master non-regenta,

Now Lord Justice of Appeal.

By the Royal Statute of 1855, the Board are empowered to call upon any three Junior Fellows, being Professors, to assist in the Fellowship and Scholarship Examinations and Elections, although not next in seniority.

Rezulæ laiv. Dublin. some account of the authority of these rules or consuetuderes has been given in the University Calendar for 1833, Introduction, p. 5), el sent. They are alterable by the Provost and Senior Fellows, with the consent of the Visitors.

• Each Master of Arts is called a regent during the three years following the time he took that degree. The name originated from the duty formerly imposed on such Masters of regulating the disputations of the Schools.

resident in the College. Every grace must pass the Caput before it can be proposed to the rest of the Senate, and each member of the Caput has a negative voice.

The grace of the House for a Degree in any Faculty must be granted by the Provost and Senior Fellows, before it can be proposed to the Caput. Those who have thus been admitted to a degree are then presented to the Vice-Chancellor and the whole University, at a public congregation, by the Regius Professor of the Faculty in which the degree is to be taken ; or, if it be a Degree in Arts, by one of the Proctors. If no member of the Caput objects, the Proctor, in a prescribed form of words, supplicates the Congregation for their public grace; and, having collected their sutirages, declares the assent or dissent of the House accordingly; if the placets be the majority, the candidates (who have previously taken the oath prescribed by the Statute, 34 Geo. III.), having subscribed their names in the Register, kneel before the ViceChancellor, who confers the degree according to a formula fixed by the University Statutesa.

Public Commencements are held in this University on two days in every year, viz., Shrove Tuesday and the first Tuesday in July. No degrees excepting such as are merely honorary are ever conferred privately. A Diplomais sometimes given to those who are fully qualified for a Degree, but whose circumstances may render it inconvenient for them to wait for the public Comitia ; but such persons are never admitted to their Degree until they have appeared at a Commencement, and have had the Degree publicly conferred on them by the Chancellor or Vice-Chancellor.

The Terms of this University were formerly four, and depended on the moveable feasts--they were therefore of unequal length and variable; but by the Statute obtained in 1833, they are now three only, and are fixed by invariable rules.

MICHAELMAS, or October Term, begins on the 10th of October - ends on the 20th December.

HILARY, or January Term, begins on the 10th of January -ends on the feast of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

TRINITY, or Midsummer Term, begins on the 15th of April -- ends on the 30th of June. But if it should happen that Easter fall within the limits of Hilary or Trinity Term, then the Term within which it falls shall be increased by an additional week.

a See the forms of presentation and supplication, and also the forms of suspension and absolution, in the University Statutes. - Reg. Univ. after cap. 11. The forms for conferring degrees are given in cap. 5.

b By a Diploma in this University is meant an attestation that the private grace of the Honse for a Degree has been granted by the College, although the Degree has not been as yet publicly conferred by the University.

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TERMS AND EXERCISES

REQUIRED FOR THE SEVERAL DEGREES. TERMS in this University are kept during the Undergraduate Course, either by attendance on lectures (see p. 20), or by answering at the examinations held for the purpose at the beginning of each Term. But Terms in Divinity, Law, Medicine, and Engineering, are kept by attendance on the Lectures of the Professors, and therefore require residence either in the College or its vicinity.

To take the Degree of Bachelor of Arts, the student, if a pensioner, must keep four academic years, i. e. he must keep at least eight Terms; with at least four Catechetical Terms or Examinations.-See Regulations relating to the keeping of Terms by Undergraduates, p. 20; and Rules of Catechetical Examinations, p. 41.

The Scholastic exercises necessary for the degree of Bachelor of Arts are two declamations, one in Greek and one in Latin, and a thesis, also in Latin, in laudem philosophie; these must be read by every candidate, whether he be a Moderator or not. At a convenient time before the day tixed for performing the exercises, the Junior Proctor delivers to the Moderator three papers, each containing four questions in Logics, Natural Philosophy, and Morality. The Moderator, having selected a set of three candidate Bachelors, appoints them each to defend one of the three papers of questions, and to oppose the two others. Thus each disputant is in his turn opponent and respondent ; he opposes the papers which the other two disputants respectively have undertaken to defend, by bringing an argument, consisting of three syllogisms, against each of the eight questions contained in those papers ; he defends his own paper by briefly pointing out the errors contained in the syllogisms of his opponents, and also responds in two brief Latin theses on any two questions, not consecutive, of the paper he has undertaken to defend.

A Master of Arts must be A. B. of three years standing. The exercises are three declamations, similar to those read by Bachelors, one in Greek, the others in Latin : together with one Respondency and one Opponency.

A Bachelor in Dirinity must be A. M. of seven years' standing, and in Priest's Orders. Before the private grace of the House can be obtained for this degree, the candidate must perform the necessary exercises before the Regius Professor of Divinity, or his Deputy. These are, one Respondency, one Opponency, one Concio ad Clerum in Latin, and one sermon in English ad Populum.

A Doctor in Divinity must be B. D. of five, or a Master of Arts of twelve years' standing, and in Priest's Orders. The exercises performed before the Regius Professor of Divinity are, one Respondency, one Opponency, a Sermon ad Populum in English, and a Latin Sermon ad Clerum. When the degrees of B. D. and D.D. are taken together, the exercises for both must be performed.

A Bachelor in Laws must be A. B. of three years' standing; before the grace of the House can be obtained, the candidate must respond and oppose once before the Regius Professor of Civil Law.

A Doctor in Laws must be LL. B. of five years' standing, or of four, if he have already taken the degree of Master of Arts. The exercise consists of two theses on subjects appointed by the Professor, and two others on any questions in Civil and Canon Law, selected by himself.

Bachelor in Medicine : for the regulations respecting this degree see Title, “ School of Physic," p. 56.

A Doctor in Medicine must be M. B. of three years' standing. See p. 58.

A Bachelor in Music must be matriculated in Arts, and must compose a piece of music in five parts, which, if approved of by the Board, is to be publicly performed in such place and manner as they shall direct, at the expense of the candidate. The candidate must also produce a certificate signed by at least two musical persons of celebrity, to prove that he has studied or practised Music for seven years.

A Doctor in Music must be Mus. B. of five years' standing, and must compose a piece of Music in six or eight parts, which, if approved of by the Board, must be publicly performed at the expense of the candidate. He must also produce a similar certificate to prove that he has passed five additional years in the study and practice of Music.

The full score of the musical compositions of candidates for degrees in Music, legibly and clearly written, must be lodged with the Senior Proctor one month at least before the Commencements at which the degree is to be conferred.

Siz.,

TOTAL AMOUNT OF THE FEES PAID FOR EACH DEGREE.
Artium Baccal.--Nobilis,

£33 0 0
Soc. Comm.,

17 5 0 Pens.,

8 17 6

3 5 0 Magister,

9 16 6 Medicina Baccal.,

11 15 0

22 0 0 Legum Baccal.,

11 15 0 Doctor,

22 0 0 Mus. Baccal.,

11 15 0 Doctor,

22 0 0 S. Theologiæ Baccal.,

13 15 0 Doctor,

26 0 0

Doctor,

REPRESENTATION OF THE UNIVERSITY IN

PARLIAMENT. JAMES I., by his Charter dated May 12, A. D. 1613, first granted to the University the right of returning two Burgesses to represent it in Parliament. By the Act of Union“ in the year 1800, the number of representatives was reduced to one; but by the Irish Reform Billo the right of electing two members has been restored to the University.

The right of voting at the election of Members to serve in Parliament for the University of Dublin was originally contined to the Fellows and Scholars of Trinity College. By the Reform Act, 2 & 3 Will. IV. c. 88, it was extended to every person, being of the age of twenty-one years, who had obtained, or thereafter should obtain, the degree of Master of Arts, or any higher degree, or a Seholarship or Fellowship in the said University, subject to certain provisions regulating the registration of the names of the electors. These regulations have been altered by the Statute of 5 & 6 Vict. c. 74, which provides,

“That all persons with whom the College shall have compounded for a gross sum of £5 for their respective lives, under the provisions of the late Act (2 & 3 Will. IV. c. 88), shall be entitled to hare their names continued on the books of the University for their respective lives, and to vote at any election, without any further payment.

* Every elector whose name shall, at the passing of this Act (30th July, 1812), be upon the books of the University, and who shall not hare so compounded, who shall be desirous of the right to vote, shall, on or before the first day of December, 1842, pay to the College the sum of £5, together with all arrears due in respect of the previous annual payment of £1; or, at his option, such sum as, together with the sums already paid by him in respect of such annual payment, shall amount to £10 in the whole. And in default of such payment, and without any demand thereof, the Dame of such person shall be removed from the books of the University, and shall not be replaced thereon, unless it shall have been first replaced upon the College Books conformably to the rules and Statutes of the College: provided that if any person whose name shall have been so removed from the books of the University shall not have been within the United Kingdom from the time of the passing of this Act until after the 1st December, 1842, such person shall, upon making the above specified payment within six months after his return to the United Kingdom, have his name replaced upon the books of the University; provided also that no person whose name shall have been removed on account of the default of

& 40 Geo. JII. c. 38, Art. 4.

2 & 3 Will. IV. c. 88.

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