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11. τον πλείστον όμιλον των ψιλών είργον το μή τα εγγύς της πόλεως κακουργείν. Point out a peculiarity in the use of the infinitive here, and explain it. How are the infinitives of the different tenses of the active voice expressed in Latin, when accompanied by av?
12. τίς δ' άν τι τοιουδ' ανδρός έυ πράξειεν άν. Explain this poetical construction. Distinguish the senses of auapráveiv when followed by an accusative and by a genitive; and of ávtiğv when followed by a genitine and by a dative?
13. Explain the oratio obliqua in Latin; and state how it influences the syntax of the context.
14. When two negatives come together in Latin, there results sometimes an indefinite, and sometimes an absolute affirmation : on what does the result depend?
15. Distinguish the use of sed, autem, and vero, as regards the relation of the statements which they connect; and give the corresponding Greek conjunctions.
16. State accurately what parts of the Latin verb are used in forbidding an action, distinguishing the different cases; and give instances.
17. "Pane egeo, jam mellitis potiore placentis.” “ Jacent suis testibus." These appear unusual constructions, why?
1. State the conclusions of Mr. Grote with respect to the historical value of the Grecian legends, with his arguments in support of those conclusions.
2. Enumerate and illustrate the several circumstances, events, and institutions which cemented the unity of the Hellenic body.
3. Review the prominent features in the legislation of Solon, under the heads of (a) provisional or exceptional measures, and (b) fundamental laws.
4. Give an account of the incidents which first brought the Persian power into collision with the European Greeks. Mention, with their dates, the most important events in the Persian wars.
5. What is the common account of the (so called) Cimonian peace ? and what are the circumstances which have awakened the scepticism of modern historians respecting it?
6. What were the causes which conferred on Athens the headship of Greece ? and how did this headship pass into an empire ?
7. Describe the constitutional and judicial changes introduced in the time of Pericles; also give an outline of the financial system of Athens at the same period.
8. Mention, with their dates, the several political transformations st Athens from B. C. 411 to B. C. 400.
9. Mr. Grote is at variance with most writers as to the character and social influence of the Sophists; explain his views on this subject.
10. What struggle was terminated by the peace of Antalcidas ? and what were the conditions of that peace ?
11. Enumerate, with dates and geographical notes, the principal incidents in the Eastern expeditions of Alexander. Describe the voyage of Nearchus.
12. Write a short history of the Lamian war. 13. Name the monarchies which arose out of the empire of Alexander. Give some account of the first three Ptolemies.
14. Trace the coast outline of the Greek seas from the Malean headland to Miletus, marking such littoral regions and cities, and adjacent islands, as are historically important.
15. Make a catalogue of the Grecian colonies : 1. in Asia Minor (under the heads of (a) Æolian, (6) Ionian, and (c) Dorian); 2. in Thrace and Macedonia ; and 3. in Lower Italy and Sicily.
Moderatorships in Gxperimental Physics.
Examiners. JAMES APJOHN, M.D., Professor of Chemistry. JOSEPH A. GALBRAITH, A. M., Professor of Experimental Physics. SAMUEL HAUGHTON, A. M., Professor of Geology.
1. Describe some experiments which show the identity of electricity produced by the machine, and that which is set in motion by the common battery.
2. State an experiment which demonstrates that the direction of a current between two metals depends on the nature of the solution.
3. Describe an experiment of Faraday's, which is inexplicable by the theory which requires the contact of dissimilar metals.
4. Describe the methods of investigating the laws of electrical attraction and repulsion by the torsion balance.
5. How may these laws be investigated by the method of oscillation?
6. Describe Volta’s condenser, its object, the method of using it, and the method of ascertaining its condensing power.
7. If a closed current can move freely round a vertical axis, what sition will it assume with reference to a rectilineal current placed underneath it?
8. Give the formula which expresses the mutual action of two elements of a voltaic current on each other.
9. Describe the instrument called the tangent-galvanometer. Why should the magnet be very short?
10. If l be the length of the magnet, and d the radius of the coil; and if u be the deviation produced by the coil on a magnet of indefinitely small dimensions, prove that the deviation may be thus expressed :
1. Describe the different methods of producing artificial magnets, specifying in each method how the marked end of the bar may be made a north pole.
2. Account for the directive force of the earth, according to Ampère's theory of magnetism.
3. Define the geometrical form of the lines in which iron filings distribute themselves when placed on a sheet of paper over the north and south poles of a magnet.
4. What is Biot's theory of terrestrial magnetism? According to this theory, what is the ratio of the intensity of the earth's magnetism at the equator and at the poles; and what is the method of expressing the dip or inclination:
5. According to this theory, how would you calculate the latitude and longitude of the north magnetic pole from two observations ?
6. What is Hansteen's theory? What is Gauss's theory of the earth's magnetism
7. How do you express in terms of the function 7 the three components of the earth's magnetic force ?
8. Describe the dip circle, and the method of using it. 9. Define a magnetic pole. How many magnetic poles are there? State their exact geographical position. State the position of the magnetic equator.
10. Give an account of the diurnal variation of the declination at Dublin during the summer half-year, and during the winter half-year, and illustrate by a graphic representation.
1. Describe and explain Vohl's method of determining the quantity of chromic acid in a chromate.
2. Explain Penny's process for the estimation of iron when present as a protosalt.
3. How would you apply Bunsen's method for estimating chromic acid as a chlorometric process?
4. What is the process for valuing the ores of Manganese by means of sulphurous acid
5. The amount of sulphuretted hydrogen in a sulphureous water may be determined volumetrically by means of iodine. What are the details and theory of the process ?
6. Describe an accurate method of making the analysis of gunpowder.
7. Explain the method which you would adopt for analyzing a mixture of alumina, peroxide of iron, and phosphoric acid.
8. Explain the nature of what is called Liebig's cyanide of potassium, the process by which it is obtained, and the manner of conducting this process so as to prevent the production of any cyanate of potash.
9. How, chiefly with the aid of cyanide of potassium, may the metals of the fifth group, viz., lead, bismuth, silver, mercury, copper, and cadmium, be separated from each other?
10. Explain the reaction between permanganate of potash and a protosalt of iron in a dilute solution containing free muriatic acid.
11. How would you estimate the amount of arsenious acid or of arsenic acid in a solution; and how would you analyze a mixture of them?
12. In an experiment with Soleil's saccharimeter on cane syrup, containing no glucose rotating to the right, a rotation of 830 was obtained; and, when the syrup was inverted, a negative rotation of 27°. How much cane sugar, and how much uncrystallizable glucose, did a gallon of such syrup contain ?
13. Write the formulæ of the alcohol, the ether, and the sulphovinic acid of the ethylic, methylic, and amylic series, and of the acids into which the alcohols admit of being converted by oxidation.
14. What are the results of the destructive distillation of benzoate of lime, and of the same salt when first mixed with hydrate of lime ?
15. How would you operate on benzine so as to obtain aniline from it?
16. Tartaric acid, when heated to 400° with an excess of potash, is resolved into two other acids. Name these, and explain their production.
17. Describe the conversion of alcohol into aldehyde, so that the explanation may accord with Dumas' theory of substitutions.
18. If in burning m grains of an azotized organic substance, the relative volumes of carbonic acid and azote are found to be v and , and that w is the weight of carbon in m grains, what will be the per-centage of the nitrogen?
19. Mention the mode of obtaining hippuric acid, write its formula, and explain the change which the acid experiences when boiled with pretty strong sulphuric acid.
20. In burning, according to the usual method, a compound of an or. ganic acid with a strong base, such as potash, a portion of the carbon remains in the combustion tube as an alkaline carbonate. How would you conduct the process so as to avoid such a result ?
PROFESSOR HAUGHTON. 1. Assign the geological position, and state the natural groups to which the following fossils belong :
Apiocrinus rotundus. 2. Give a list of the characteristic Gasteropods and Conchifers of the London clay; and state your opinion as to the inference which may be fairly drawn from these shells as to the climatal conditions of the lower tertiary period in England.
3: What is your opinion as to the true character and modern affinities of the following well-known fossils :